Biotechnology in the Philippines

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Biotechnology in the Philippines

  1. 1. Biotechnology in the Philippines An Nicole Canaway Emil Gabriel Gabrang
  2. 2. • The Philippinesis the first ASEAN country to initiate a biotechnology regulatorysystem with the issuanceof Executive OrderNo. 430 in 1990, which establishedthe National Committee on Biosafety of the Philippines (NCBP). The countries biosafety regulatory system followsstrict scientificstandards and has becomea model for member-countries of the ASEAN seekingto becomeproducers of agricultural biotechnologycrops.
  3. 3. • Agricultural biotechnologyis recognizedby the Philippinegovernment as one of the potent tools to attain food security and sustainable agriculture,and promote health and food/environmentalsafety. This section traces the development of modern agricultural biotechnologyin the country. It contains a slideshowof notable milestone events in the history of modern agricultural biotechnology R&D in the Philippinesthat evolvedsince 1970s.
  4. 4. 1979 Establishment of UPLB BIOTECH The National Institutes for Microbiology and Biotechnology (now called National Institute for Molecular Biology and Biotechnology) of the University of the Philippines Los Baños (UPLB), was established.
  5. 5. 1987 GE Guidelines Formulation Publicsector scientists formulated the guidelines for genetic engineering (GE).
  6. 6. 1990 Executive Order No. 430 The NationalCommittee on Biosafety of the Philippines (NCBP)was established by virtue of ExecutiveOrder No. 430 on 15 October1990.
  7. 7. 1991 NCBP Biosafety Guidelines NCBP issuedthecountry'sfirst biosafetyguidelinesthat coversprimarilythe importation,transportand containeduseofGMOs. It containsproceduresfor evaluationandrequired containmentlevelsforeach activity.
  8. 8. 1995 PresidentialProclamation No. 526 In February 2, 1995, then president Fidel Ramos issued Proclamationno. 526constituting the various biotechnology institutes within the University ofthe Philippines System as the network ofthe national institutes ofbiotechnology, and designating thesaid network as National Center of Excellence in Molecular Biologyand Biotechnology.
  9. 9. 1996 Bt corn greenhousetrial/ GM ricecongressional hearing The NCBPrevised thecountry's biosafety guidelines. The first greenhousetrial of Bt corn and the congressional hearingon genetically modified (GM) rice were conducted.
  10. 10. 1997 National BiotechnologyR&D Program Billed as the “Biotechnology: Pole-vaulting Philippine Agriculture in the 21st Century”, the Legislative-Executive DevelopmentAdvisory Council (LEDAC)approved the National Biotechnology R&D Program for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resourcesspearheaded by the DOST’s Philippine Council for Agriculture Forestryand Natural Resources(PCARRD). The Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act of 1997 (AFMA),which was passed and signed by then President Fidel V. Ramos, fully recognized the importance of biotechnology in modernizing Philippine agriculture.
  11. 11. 1998 Papaya Biotechnology Network Southeast Asiancountries, includingthe Philippines, formed the Papaya BiotechnologyNetworkto develop virus-resistant and delayed-ripening papaya varieties.
  12. 12. 1999 DOST-PCARRD Crop Biotechnology Program The DOST-PCARRD Crop Biotechnology Program (Coconut, Mango, Papaya, Corn and Banana)was implemented.
  13. 13. 1999 - 2001 FieldTesting of Bt Corn The first fieldtesting of Bt cornwas conducted in 1999. Monsanto Philippinesand Pioneer-HiBredconducted multi-locationfieldtrial of Bt corn in 2001.
  14. 14. 2000 DA Biotechnology Program The Department of Agriculture's BiotechnologyProgram ImplementationUnit was established.
  15. 15. 2001 PhilippinePolicy Statement on Modern Biotechnology FormerPresident GloriaMacapagal Arroyoissuedpolicy statement on safe and responsibleuse of modern biotechnology.
  16. 16. 2002 DA AdministrativeOrder No. 8 / Bt Corn Approval -TheDepartment of Agriculture issued Administrative Order No. 8 which governs the import and release into the environment of biotech plants/products. -After sevenyears of rigorous scientific study and evaluation, the Bt corn was approved for planting in the country.
  17. 17. 2005 Herbicide-tolerantCorn Approval -The second biotechcrop, a herbicide-tolerantcorn,was approved for cultivationin the country. -Former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo issued the Proclamation No. 861 establishing the National
  18. 18. 2006 National Biosafety Framework The National Biosafety Framework was established through the virtue of Executive Order No. 514.
  19. 19. 2007 Institutionalizationof the NationalBiotechnology Week -The Philippine government institutionalized theannual celebration of the National Biotechnology Week thru Presidential Proclamation 1414. -ThePhilippines became one of the signatories to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety on January 8, 2007.
  20. 20. 2008 Creation of Biosafety Clearing House (BCH)Pilipinas The National Committee on Biosafety of the Philippines (NCBP), Departments of Science and Technology (DOST), Agriculture (DA), Environmentand Natural Resources (DENR), and Health (DOH) announced the official launching of the BCH Pilipinas: The Philippine Biosafety Clearing House (BCH), on 7 August 2008.
  21. 21. 2009 Completion of Bt Eggplant Limited Confined Trial The NCBP issued the Certificationof Satisfactory Completion of Confined Trial of Bt eggplant to the Instituteof Plant Breeding, Crop ScienceCluster, University of the PhilippinesLos Baños.
  22. 22. 2010 Completion of Bt Cotton Confined FieldTesting -TheCotton DevelopmentAuthority has completed the confinec field testing of Bt cotton. -DA-BPIhas issued permits for Bt eggplant multilocation field trials for three sites in March 2010 and for the remaining four trial sites in June 2010. -Morethan 540,000 hectares planted with Bt corn.
  23. 23. 2011 Completion of Golden Rice Confined Field Testing / Launchingof Philippine Genome Center -ThePhilippine RiceResearchInstitute completed the confined field testing for Golden Rice. -ThePhilippine GenomeCenter (PGC) was launched in November2011 at the University of the Philippines Diliman. Health, agriculture, biodiversity for drug discovery and bioenergy, forensics and ethnicity, and ethical, legal, and social issues associated with genomics research
  24. 24. 2012 Philippinearea planted to biotech maize reached750,000 ha. In 2012, the area planted to biotech maize in the Philippines is projected to increase to 750,000 hectares, up 16% from the estimated hectares of biotech maize in 2011. Notably, the area occupied in 2012 by the stacked traits of Bt/HT maize is 675,000 hectares, compared with only 545,000 hectares in 2011, with the stacked trait maize occupying 90% of total biotech maize hectares in 2012, reflecting the preferenceof farmers for stacked traits and the superior benefits they offer over a single trait.

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