About Lithuania Loretas Speaking


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About Lithuania Loretas Speaking

  1. 1. Lithuania The capital of The Lithuania is Vilnius
  2. 2. <ul><li>The flag of Lithuania is a horizontal tricolor of </li></ul><ul><li>yellow, green and red. The flag was adopted on </li></ul><ul><li>March 20, 1980 on the re-establishment of </li></ul><ul><li>Independence from the Soviet Union. Before its readoption, the flag </li></ul><ul><li>had been used from 1918 until 1940, when Lithuania was occupied </li></ul><ul><li>And annexed by the Soviet Union. This flag had lighter colours. After </li></ul><ul><li>A brief occupation by Nazi Germany (1941-1945) from 1945 until 1989 </li></ul><ul><li>The Soviet Lithuanian flag consisted first of a generic red Soviet flag </li></ul><ul><li>with white and green bars at the bottom. The last alteration to the </li></ul><ul><li>current flag occurred in 2004 when the aspect ratio changed from </li></ul><ul><li>1:2 to 3:5 </li></ul>About Flag
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Coat of Arms of Lithuania is called Vytis ( the Knight ) or Raitelis ( the Rider ). It is one of the oldest Coat of Arms in Europe. Article 15 of the Constitution of Lithuania approved by national referendum in 1992, stipulates, &quot;The Coat of Arms of the State shall be a white Vytis on a red field&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>The modern heraldic shield adopted in September,1991 </li></ul><ul><li>features the field Gules (red) with an armoured knight </li></ul><ul><li>on a horse salient Argent (white). The knight is holding </li></ul><ul><li>in his Dexter hand a sword Argent above his head. A shield </li></ul><ul><li>Azure hangs on the sinister shoulder of the knight with a double cross Or (yellow) on it. The horse saddle, straps, and belts are Azure. The hilt of the sword and the fastening of the sheath, the stirrups, the curb bits of the decoration of the harness are or (gold). </li></ul>Coat of Arms of Lithuania
  4. 4. <ul><li>Lithuania is a official state language </li></ul><ul><li>of the Republic of Lithuania, spoken by about 4 million native speakers. </li></ul>Lithuanian language
  5. 5. <ul><li>Like many of the Indo-European languages, Lithuanian employs a modified Roman script. It is composed of 32 letters. </li></ul><ul><li>A Ą B C Č D E Ę Ė F G H I Į Y J K L M N O P R S Š T U Ų Ū V Z Ž </li></ul><ul><li>Acute, grave, tilde and macron accents can be used to mark stress and vowel length. However, these are generally not written, except in dictionaries, grammars, and where needed for clarity. In addition, the following digraphs are used, but are treated as sequences of two letters for collation purposes. It should be noted that the &quot;Ch&quot; digraph represents a velar fricative, while the others are straightforward combinations of their component letters. </li></ul><ul><li>Ch Dz Dž ch dz dž </li></ul><ul><li>When I first came to England I found it quite easy to adjust to the English alphabet and the different learning styles. </li></ul>Writing system
  6. 6. <ul><li>The largest and most populous of the Baltic states, Lithuania has 60 miles of sandy coastline, of which only 24 miles face the open Baltic Sea, between Latvia and Russia. Lithuania's major warm-water port of Klaipėda lies at the narrow mouth of Curonian Lagoon, a shallow lagoon extending south to Kaliningrad and separated from the Baltic sea by Curonian Spit, where Kuršių Nerija National Park was established for its remarkable sand dunes. </li></ul>Geography of lithuania
  7. 7. <ul><li>Lithuanian folk music is based around songs ( dainos ), which include romantic, wedding songs, as well as work songs and more archaic war songs. These songs were performed either in groups or alone, and in parallel chords or unison. Duophonic songs are common in the renowned sutartines tradition of Aukstaitija. Another style of Lithuanian folk music is called rateliai, a kind of round dance. </li></ul>Folk music
  8. 8. <ul><li>kankles- is a Lithuania </li></ul><ul><li>plucked string musical instrument related to the </li></ul><ul><li>zither. The instrument fitted with several wire or gut </li></ul><ul><li>strings under tension which produce tones when </li></ul><ul><li>plucked. It is usually rested on the player’s lap and </li></ul><ul><li>played with fingers or a pick made of bone or quill </li></ul>Folk instrument Pan flute is a ancient musical instrument based on the principle of the stopped pipe, consisting usually Of ten or more pipes of gradually increasing length. The pan flute has a long been popular as a folk Instrument.
  9. 9. <ul><li>Mikalojus Konstantinas Ciurlionis (September 22 1875 in Varėna— </li></ul><ul><li>and April 10 1911 in Pustelnik near Warsaw) was a Lithuanian painter and composer. During his short life he created about 200 pieces of music. His works have had profound influence on modern Lithuanian culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Čiurlionis studied piano and composition at the Warsaw Conservatory (1894-1899). Later he attended composition lectures at the Leipzig Conservatory (1901-1902). </li></ul>Classical music
  10. 10. <ul><li>Polka is a type of dance, and also a genre of dance music. It originated in the middle of the 19th century in Bohemia, and is still a common genre of Czech, Slovenian folk music; it is also common both in Europe and in the Americas. </li></ul><ul><li>The name comes from Czech word půlka , which means a half , and is related to a half rhythm in the music. </li></ul>Polka
  11. 11. <ul><li>Kibinai Very similar to Cornish pasties, kibinai are </li></ul><ul><li>filled with mutton (or pork, or chicken) and are </li></ul><ul><li>delicious though very hot </li></ul><ul><li>The famous Lithuania Zeppelini! Jeremy had some </li></ul><ul><li>wonderful food in Lithuania. </li></ul><ul><li>Beetroot soup. Normally eating in summer, it was </li></ul><ul><li>delicious. It is eaten cold with fried slices of potatoes . </li></ul>Food
  12. 12. Holiday in Lithuania 30 minutes outside of Vilnius is the village of Trakai and the beautiful Trakai Historical National Park. The TV Tower was built in 1980. Its height is 326 meters . This is a Gedimino tower