The Norwegian FPSO Cluster

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The Norwegian FPSO Cluster

  1. 1. GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 <br />The cluster characteristics and competitiveness of the Norwegian FPSO industry - Competitive for the future?<br />TorleivOpsal<br />Nicolai A. Kirkeng<br />1<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />Cluster and national competitiveness<br />Recommendations<br />What is an FPSO<br />The emergence and current position of the industry<br />Agenda<br />GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal<br />Introduction<br />What is an FPSO<br />The emergence and current position of the industry<br />Cluster and national competitiveness<br />National diamond analysis<br />Challenges for the cluster<br />Recommendations<br />For the industry<br />For the government <br />2<br />2<br />
  3. 3. Introduction<br />Cluster and national competitiveness<br />Recommendations<br />What is an FPSO<br />The emergence and current position of the industry<br />What is an FPSOFloating Production, Storage and Offloading unit<br />GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal<br />3<br />Turret and fluid/control transfer swivel<br />Process and utilities e.g. separation train, gas compression, power generation<br />Accommodation, central control and helideck<br />Hull & marine utilities e.g. cargo, ballast,boilers, propulsion<br />Moorings and risers<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Introduction<br />Cluster and national competitiveness<br />Recommendations<br />What is an FPSO<br />The emergence and current position of the industry<br />In the intersection of shipping and offshore<br />Emerged from two traditionally strong industries<br />Unique international position<br />10 of 28 international actors are Norwegian<br />No other country has similar agglomeration<br />More national than regional agglomeration<br />4<br />GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal<br />4<br />
  5. 5. Introduction<br />Cluster and national competitiveness<br />Recommendations<br />What is an FPSO<br />The emergence and current position of the industry<br />The industry is spread around the country<br />Trondheim:<br /><ul><li> R&D
  6. 6. Education</li></ul>Oslo:<br /><ul><li> Maritime operations
  7. 7. Ship owners
  8. 8. Financial</li></ul>Stavanger area:<br /><ul><li> Oil & Gas
  9. 9. Offshore</li></ul>Arendal area:<br /><ul><li> R&D
  10. 10. Ship Equipment</li></ul>5<br />GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal<br />
  11. 11. Introduction<br />Cluster and national competitiveness<br />Recommendations<br />National diamond analysis<br />Challenges for the cluster<br />The national diamond<br />Firm strategy, structure and rivalry<br />Factor conditions<br />Demand conditions<br />Related and supporting industries<br />6<br />GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal<br />
  12. 12. Introduction<br />Cluster and national competitiveness<br />Recommendations<br />National diamond analysis<br />Challenges for the cluster<br />The national diamond<br />Firm strategy, structure and rivalry<br />Factor conditions<br />Demand conditions<br /><ul><li>Specialized skills
  13. 13. Available capital
  14. 14. Marintek and NODE </li></ul>Related and supporting industries<br />7<br />GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal<br />
  15. 15. Introduction<br />Cluster and national competitiveness<br />Recommendations<br />National diamond analysis<br />Challenges for the cluster<br />The national diamond<br />Firm strategy, structure and rivalry<br />Factor conditions<br />Demand conditions<br /><ul><li>Specialized skills
  16. 16. Available capital
  17. 17. Marintek and NODE
  18. 18. Global demand
  19. 19. Demanding conditions
  20. 20. Strict regulatory framework</li></ul>Related and supporting industries<br />8<br />GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal<br />
  21. 21. Introduction<br />Cluster and national competitiveness<br />Recommendations<br />National diamond analysis<br />Challenges for the cluster<br />The national diamond<br />Firm strategy, structure and rivalry<br />Factor conditions<br />Demand conditions<br /><ul><li>Specialized skills
  22. 22. Available capital
  23. 23. Marintek and NODE
  24. 24. Global demand
  25. 25. Demanding conditions
  26. 26. Strict regulatory framework</li></ul>Related and supporting industries<br /><ul><li> Oil & Gas
  27. 27. Shipping
  28. 28. Offshore
  29. 29. Ship equipment</li></ul>9<br />GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal<br />
  30. 30. Introduction<br />Cluster and national competitiveness<br />Recommendations<br />National diamond analysis<br />Challenges for the cluster<br />The national diamond<br />Firm strategy, structure and rivalry<br /><ul><li>Numerous actors
  31. 31. High rivalry
  32. 32. Heterogeneity </li></ul>Factor conditions<br />Demand conditions<br /><ul><li>Specialized skills
  33. 33. Available capital
  34. 34. Marintek and NODE
  35. 35. Global demand
  36. 36. Demanding conditions
  37. 37. Strict regulatory framework</li></ul>Related and supporting industries<br /><ul><li> Oil & Gas
  38. 38. Shipping
  39. 39. Offshore
  40. 40. Ship equipment</li></ul>10<br />GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal<br />
  41. 41. Introduction<br />Cluster and national competitiveness<br />Recommendations<br />National diamond analysis<br />Challenges for the cluster<br />The national diamond<br />Firm strategy, structure and rivalry<br /><ul><li>Numerous actors
  42. 42. High rivalry
  43. 43. Heterogeneity </li></ul>Factor conditions<br />Demand conditions<br /><ul><li>Specialized skills
  44. 44. Available capital
  45. 45. Marintek and NODE
  46. 46. Global demand
  47. 47. Demanding conditions
  48. 48. Strict regulatory framework</li></ul>Related and supporting industries<br /><ul><li> Oil & Gas
  49. 49. Shipping
  50. 50. Offshore
  51. 51. Ship equipment</li></ul>Government<br />11<br />GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal<br />
  52. 52. Introduction<br />Cluster and national competitiveness<br />Recommendations<br />National diamond analysis<br />Challenges for the cluster<br />Challenges<br />Lack of competitive scale<br />Keeping the right activities in Norway<br />Future access to qualified labor<br /><ul><li>FPSO projects are risky – smaller actors lack sufficient financial strength
  53. 53. Pressured margins
  54. 54. Low profitability
  55. 55. High cost labor
  56. 56. Focus on knowledge intensive and core activities
  57. 57. Qualified engineers
  58. 58. Workers with operational experience</li></ul>12<br />GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal<br />
  59. 59. Introduction<br />Cluster and national competitiveness<br />Recommendations<br />National diamond analysis<br />Challenges for the cluster<br />Challenges<br />Lack of competitive scale<br />Keeping the right activities in Norway<br />Future access to qualified labor<br /><ul><li>FPSO projects are risky – smaller actors lack sufficient financial strength
  60. 60. Pressured margins
  61. 61. Low profitability
  62. 62. High cost labor
  63. 63. Focus on knowledge intensive and core activities
  64. 64. Qualified engineers
  65. 65. Workers with operational experience</li></ul>13<br />GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal<br />
  66. 66. Introduction<br />Cluster and national competitiveness<br />Recommendations<br />National diamond analysis<br />Challenges for the cluster<br />Challenges<br />Lack of competitive scale<br />Keeping the right activities in Norway<br />Future access to qualified labor<br /><ul><li>FPSO projects are risky – smaller actors lack sufficient financial strength
  67. 67. Pressured margins
  68. 68. Low profitability
  69. 69. High cost labor
  70. 70. Focus on knowledge intensive and core activities
  71. 71. Qualified engineers
  72. 72. Workers with operational experience</li></ul>14<br />GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal<br />
  73. 73. Introduction<br />Cluster and national competitiveness<br />Recommendations<br />National diamond analysis<br />Challenges for the cluster<br />Challenges (2)<br />Political instability<br />Decreasing activity on the Norwegian continental shelf<br /><ul><li>Changing policies
  74. 74. FPSOs not included in NIS tax beneifts
  75. 75. No recent major oil findings
  76. 76. Restrictions Lofoten and Vesterålen
  77. 77. Activity push innovation and new technology</li></ul>15<br />GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal<br />
  78. 78. Introduction<br />Cluster and national competitiveness<br />Recommendations<br />For the industry<br />For the government<br />Industry recommendations<br />A strengthened and competitive Norwegian FPSO cluster – With a bright future<br />Challenges<br />Lack of competitive size<br />Keeping key activities<br />Future access to labor<br />Political instability<br />Decreased activity in the home market<br />16<br />GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal<br />
  79. 79. Introduction<br />Cluster and national competitiveness<br />Recommendations<br />For the industry<br />For the government<br />Industry recommendations<br />A strengthened and competitive Norwegian FPSO cluster – With a bright future<br />Industry consolidation<br />Challenges<br /><ul><li> Increase size & financial strength
  80. 80. Increased bargaining power
  81. 81. Still maintain cluster dynamics</li></ul>Lack of competitive size<br />Keeping key activities<br />Establish a cluster initiative<br />Future access to labor<br /><ul><li> Cluster promotion
  82. 82. Address common issues
  83. 83. Cooperate with government, universities and industry actors</li></ul>Political instability<br />Decreased activity in the home market<br />17<br />GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal<br />
  84. 84. Introduction<br />Cluster and national competitiveness<br />Recommendations<br />For the industry<br />For the government<br />Governmentalrecommendations<br />A strengthened and competitive Norwegian FPSO cluster – With a bright future<br />Secure long term policy stability<br />Challenges<br /><ul><li> Consensus driven decisions
  85. 85. Cooperation with the industry</li></ul>Lack of competitive size<br />Open oil & gas activity in the North<br />Keeping key activities<br /><ul><li> Activity crucial to innovativeness
  86. 86. Recent report degrading environmental hazard</li></ul>Future access to labor<br />Invest in cluster related knowledge<br />Political instability<br /><ul><li> Strengthen scientific infrastructure
  87. 87. Joint effort from the government, industry and universities</li></ul>Decreased activity in the home market<br />18<br />GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal<br />
  88. 88. Introduction<br />Cluster and national competitiveness<br />Recommendations<br />For the industry<br />For the government<br />Conclusion<br />19<br />GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal<br />19<br />
  89. 89. Introduction<br />Cluster and national competitiveness<br />Recommendations<br />For the industry<br />For the government<br />GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal<br />20<br />Conclusion<br />By implementing the suggested recommendations the FPSO cluster might develop into a stronger FPSO hub for the future and prove to be an important industry in the exciting intersection of the oil & gas, offshore and shipping industry.<br />20<br />
  90. 90. Thanks for your attention!Q&A<br />

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