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The Norwegian FPSO Cluster

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  • 1. GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010
    The cluster characteristics and competitiveness of the Norwegian FPSO industry - Competitive for the future?
    TorleivOpsal
    Nicolai A. Kirkeng
    1
  • 2. Introduction
    Cluster and national competitiveness
    Recommendations
    What is an FPSO
    The emergence and current position of the industry
    Agenda
    GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal
    Introduction
    What is an FPSO
    The emergence and current position of the industry
    Cluster and national competitiveness
    National diamond analysis
    Challenges for the cluster
    Recommendations
    For the industry
    For the government
    2
    2
  • 3. Introduction
    Cluster and national competitiveness
    Recommendations
    What is an FPSO
    The emergence and current position of the industry
    What is an FPSOFloating Production, Storage and Offloading unit
    GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal
    3
    Turret and fluid/control transfer swivel
    Process and utilities e.g. separation train, gas compression, power generation
    Accommodation, central control and helideck
    Hull & marine utilities e.g. cargo, ballast,boilers, propulsion
    Moorings and risers
    3
  • 4. Introduction
    Cluster and national competitiveness
    Recommendations
    What is an FPSO
    The emergence and current position of the industry
    In the intersection of shipping and offshore
    Emerged from two traditionally strong industries
    Unique international position
    10 of 28 international actors are Norwegian
    No other country has similar agglomeration
    More national than regional agglomeration
    4
    GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal
    4
  • 5. Introduction
    Cluster and national competitiveness
    Recommendations
    What is an FPSO
    The emergence and current position of the industry
    The industry is spread around the country
    Trondheim:
    Oslo:
    • Maritime operations
    • 7. Ship owners
    • 8. Financial
    Stavanger area:
    • Oil & Gas
    • 9. Offshore
    Arendal area:
    5
    GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal
  • 11. Introduction
    Cluster and national competitiveness
    Recommendations
    National diamond analysis
    Challenges for the cluster
    The national diamond
    Firm strategy, structure and rivalry
    Factor conditions
    Demand conditions
    Related and supporting industries
    6
    GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal
  • 12. Introduction
    Cluster and national competitiveness
    Recommendations
    National diamond analysis
    Challenges for the cluster
    The national diamond
    Firm strategy, structure and rivalry
    Factor conditions
    Demand conditions
    • Specialized skills
    • 13. Available capital
    • 14. Marintek and NODE
    Related and supporting industries
    7
    GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal
  • 15. Introduction
    Cluster and national competitiveness
    Recommendations
    National diamond analysis
    Challenges for the cluster
    The national diamond
    Firm strategy, structure and rivalry
    Factor conditions
    Demand conditions
    • Specialized skills
    • 16. Available capital
    • 17. Marintek and NODE
    • 18. Global demand
    • 19. Demanding conditions
    • 20. Strict regulatory framework
    Related and supporting industries
    8
    GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal
  • 21. Introduction
    Cluster and national competitiveness
    Recommendations
    National diamond analysis
    Challenges for the cluster
    The national diamond
    Firm strategy, structure and rivalry
    Factor conditions
    Demand conditions
    • Specialized skills
    • 22. Available capital
    • 23. Marintek and NODE
    • 24. Global demand
    • 25. Demanding conditions
    • 26. Strict regulatory framework
    Related and supporting industries
    9
    GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal
  • 30. Introduction
    Cluster and national competitiveness
    Recommendations
    National diamond analysis
    Challenges for the cluster
    The national diamond
    Firm strategy, structure and rivalry
    • Numerous actors
    • 31. High rivalry
    • 32. Heterogeneity
    Factor conditions
    Demand conditions
    • Specialized skills
    • 33. Available capital
    • 34. Marintek and NODE
    • 35. Global demand
    • 36. Demanding conditions
    • 37. Strict regulatory framework
    Related and supporting industries
    10
    GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal
  • 41. Introduction
    Cluster and national competitiveness
    Recommendations
    National diamond analysis
    Challenges for the cluster
    The national diamond
    Firm strategy, structure and rivalry
    • Numerous actors
    • 42. High rivalry
    • 43. Heterogeneity
    Factor conditions
    Demand conditions
    • Specialized skills
    • 44. Available capital
    • 45. Marintek and NODE
    • 46. Global demand
    • 47. Demanding conditions
    • 48. Strict regulatory framework
    Related and supporting industries
    Government
    11
    GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal
  • 52. Introduction
    Cluster and national competitiveness
    Recommendations
    National diamond analysis
    Challenges for the cluster
    Challenges
    Lack of competitive scale
    Keeping the right activities in Norway
    Future access to qualified labor
    • FPSO projects are risky – smaller actors lack sufficient financial strength
    • 53. Pressured margins
    • 54. Low profitability
    • 55. High cost labor
    • 56. Focus on knowledge intensive and core activities
    • 57. Qualified engineers
    • 58. Workers with operational experience
    12
    GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal
  • 59. Introduction
    Cluster and national competitiveness
    Recommendations
    National diamond analysis
    Challenges for the cluster
    Challenges
    Lack of competitive scale
    Keeping the right activities in Norway
    Future access to qualified labor
    • FPSO projects are risky – smaller actors lack sufficient financial strength
    • 60. Pressured margins
    • 61. Low profitability
    • 62. High cost labor
    • 63. Focus on knowledge intensive and core activities
    • 64. Qualified engineers
    • 65. Workers with operational experience
    13
    GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal
  • 66. Introduction
    Cluster and national competitiveness
    Recommendations
    National diamond analysis
    Challenges for the cluster
    Challenges
    Lack of competitive scale
    Keeping the right activities in Norway
    Future access to qualified labor
    • FPSO projects are risky – smaller actors lack sufficient financial strength
    • 67. Pressured margins
    • 68. Low profitability
    • 69. High cost labor
    • 70. Focus on knowledge intensive and core activities
    • 71. Qualified engineers
    • 72. Workers with operational experience
    14
    GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal
  • 73. Introduction
    Cluster and national competitiveness
    Recommendations
    National diamond analysis
    Challenges for the cluster
    Challenges (2)
    Political instability
    Decreasing activity on the Norwegian continental shelf
    • Changing policies
    • 74. FPSOs not included in NIS tax beneifts
    • 75. No recent major oil findings
    • 76. Restrictions Lofoten and Vesterålen
    • 77. Activity push innovation and new technology
    15
    GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal
  • 78. Introduction
    Cluster and national competitiveness
    Recommendations
    For the industry
    For the government
    Industry recommendations
    A strengthened and competitive Norwegian FPSO cluster – With a bright future
    Challenges
    Lack of competitive size
    Keeping key activities
    Future access to labor
    Political instability
    Decreased activity in the home market
    16
    GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal
  • 79. Introduction
    Cluster and national competitiveness
    Recommendations
    For the industry
    For the government
    Industry recommendations
    A strengthened and competitive Norwegian FPSO cluster – With a bright future
    Industry consolidation
    Challenges
    • Increase size & financial strength
    • 80. Increased bargaining power
    • 81. Still maintain cluster dynamics
    Lack of competitive size
    Keeping key activities
    Establish a cluster initiative
    Future access to labor
    • Cluster promotion
    • 82. Address common issues
    • 83. Cooperate with government, universities and industry actors
    Political instability
    Decreased activity in the home market
    17
    GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal
  • 84. Introduction
    Cluster and national competitiveness
    Recommendations
    For the industry
    For the government
    Governmentalrecommendations
    A strengthened and competitive Norwegian FPSO cluster – With a bright future
    Secure long term policy stability
    Challenges
    • Consensus driven decisions
    • 85. Cooperation with the industry
    Lack of competitive size
    Open oil & gas activity in the North
    Keeping key activities
    • Activity crucial to innovativeness
    • 86. Recent report degrading environmental hazard
    Future access to labor
    Invest in cluster related knowledge
    Political instability
    • Strengthen scientific infrastructure
    • 87. Joint effort from the government, industry and universities
    Decreased activity in the home market
    18
    GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal
  • 88. Introduction
    Cluster and national competitiveness
    Recommendations
    For the industry
    For the government
    Conclusion
    19
    GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal
    19
  • 89. Introduction
    Cluster and national competitiveness
    Recommendations
    For the industry
    For the government
    GRA 6829 Strategy for Industrial Competitiveness 2010 | Nicolai A. Kirkeng & TorleivOpsal
    20
    Conclusion
    By implementing the suggested recommendations the FPSO cluster might develop into a stronger FPSO hub for the future and prove to be an important industry in the exciting intersection of the oil & gas, offshore and shipping industry.
    20
  • 90. Thanks for your attention!Q&A

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