The use of FLOSS in Governments

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Governments across the world are implementing Free/Libre and Open Source Software. This presentation highlights some key factors to assist Governments to achieving their FLOSS objectives.

Governments across the world are implementing Free/Libre and Open Source Software. This presentation highlights some key factors to assist Governments to achieving their FLOSS objectives.

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  • 1. Presentation by: N ico Elema GOVERNMENT OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE RESOURCE CENTRE – GOV-OSS-RC www.gossrc.org THE USE OF FLOSS IN GOVERNMENTS The use of FLOSS in Governments by Nico Elema islicensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. www.gossrc.org
  • 2. GOVERMENT OPENSOURCE SOFTWARERESOURCE CENTREwww.gossrc.org
  • 3. Where did it all begin?
  • 4. GOV-OSS-RC Endorsements● University of the Western Cape (South Africa)● Free Software and Open Source Foundation for Africa (FOSSFA)● Open Source Software Institute (USA)● Government Open Source Conference GOSCON
  • 5. What do we do?Helping you accessinformation on howGovernments, from around theworld, are using Free/Libreand Open Source Software
  • 6. What do we do?Collect information on globallevel.TrainingResearch
  • 7. GOV-OSS-RC Research ENTERPRISE GIS Proprietary Solution: FLOSS Solution • MS SQL; Oracle; PostgreSQL • PostgreSQL (database) (database) • PostGIS (spatially enables PostgreSQL) • ArcGIS Server – Standard (SDE + • Mapserver (Internet map generator) Map serving on web) • MapWindow GIS/Quantum GIS (desktop • ArcEditor (1 license)(Edit maps on GIS analysis and capture) desktop) • ArcView ( 15 nonc licenses (3 per LA)) for Desktop analysis• 15 non-concurrent desktop users; • Unlimited desktop and browserunlimited browser viewers. users• 1 GIS user that can edit data. • GIS & Db License fees:• Min GIS License fees: US$0.00 (Excluding US$ 52 500.00(excluding servers)server and Database software)
  • 8. Syndication contributors* Free Software and Open Source Foundation for Africa (FOSSFA)and mailing lists* GOSCON (USA)* NRCFOSS - India* Open Source Industry Australia* OSOR.eu – Open Source Observatory and Repository (Europe)* ossa.org.za (SA)* OSSI News and Updates (USA)* Tectonic (SA)* UKGovOSS.org (UK)
  • 9. Is it possible to report on Government FLOSS useper country?It is possible to report on focus areas and lessonslearnt
  • 10. Source: Redhat.com
  • 11. It is possible to report on focus areas and lessonslearnt
  • 12. Focus of governments and pressure groups Developing FLOSS policies Promote open standards Procurement – levelling the playing field
  • 13. FLOSS Policy
  • 14. Why do gov need FLOSS Policy?India 2010 (GoI):GoI aim to make Government services accessibleto the common man in his locality and ensureefficiency, transparency & reliability ofsuch services at affordable costs; in additionto this, GoI endeavours to provide services to allother stakeholders like public agencies andtheir employees and business communities.
  • 15. Example of a FLOSS PolicySouth Africa22 February 2007 the SA Cabinet approved the Policyon Free and Open Source Software use forSouth African Government 5 Key points and are as follows:
  • 16. South African Government Policy on Free and Open Source Software - 11) The South African Government willimplement FLOSS unless proprietary softwareis demonstrated to be significantly superior.Whenever the advantages of FLOSS and proprietarysoftware are comparable FLOSS will be implementedwhen choosing a software solution for a new project.Whenever FLOSS is not implemented, then reasonsmust be provided in order to justify theimplementation of proprietary software.
  • 17. South African Government Policy on Free and Open Source Software - 22) The South African Governmentwill migrate current proprietarysoftware to FLOSS whenevercomparable software exists.
  • 18. South African Government Policy on Free and Open Source Software - 33) All new software developed for orby the South African Governmentwill be based on open standards,adherent to FLOSS principles, andlicensed using a FLOSS licensewhere possible.
  • 19. South African Government Policy on Free and Open Source Software - 44) The South African Government willensure all Government content andcontent developed using Governmentresources is made Open Content, unlessanalysis on specific content shows thatproprietary licensing or confidentiality issubstantially beneficial.
  • 20. South African Government Policy on Free and Open Source Software - 55) The South African Governmentwill encourage the use of OpenContent and Open Standards withinSouth Africa.
  • 21. LESSON 1: Governments FLOSS policy need accountability Internal auditing mechanisms External pressure and communication groups
  • 22. Governments FLOSS policy need accountabilityInternal auditing mechanismsBrazil – Auditor General
  • 23. Governments FLOSS policy need accountabilityExternal pressure andcommunication groups
  • 24. Governments FLOSS policy need to be accountableExternal groupsCanada (Nov 2010)LAPELL - tender number 999103730 "MIGRATION OFWORKSTATIONS AND TECHNOLOGYINFRASTRUCTURE CSPQ OF MSG AND SERVICESQUÉBEC". APELL questioned the legality of the tenderawards as de facto market to multinational proprietarysoftware, without competition, without comparison withthe solutions in free software
  • 25. Open Standards
  • 26. Open Standards – News just in...“...political parties in the Portugueseparliament want to make the use of openstandards mandatory for publicadministrations.”Source: www.OSOR.eu
  • 27. Promote Open StandardsInteroperability to enable the exchangeof data and harmonisation ofbusiness transactions acrossgovernment.Open Standards covers commonmethods, data formats, concepts,terms and document styles for thecommunication, storage, processing andpresentation of data.
  • 28. Open Standards There are various open standards integrating● Systems● Hardware● Protocols● File formats● Programming languages
  • 29. Procurement
  • 30. ProcurementWhy is procurement processesimportant?
  • 31. Companies want to do business with government and visa-versa CNLL** says that Frances public administrations spend an amountequal to one-tenth of the countrys GDP on public procurement. . Source: OSOR.eu**National Council of Free Software (CNLL), a group representing French providers of free and open source software services
  • 32. Bee-keeper model
  • 33. Bee-keeperSource: James Dixon: Pentaho
  • 34. Source: James Dixon: Pentaho
  • 35. Source: James Dixon: Pentaho
  • 36. ProcurementFRANCE:Research by OpenForum Europe, at least 20 percentof all IT tenders are breaking the procurement rulesby requesting a single solution or technology.Source: OSOR.eu
  • 37. Way forwardGovernments:Create FLOSS Policies making andmake provision for Open Standardsand fair Procurement.Possibly start with the educationsystems.Implement internal accountabilitystructures.
  • 38. Way forward I want YOU to... support pressure and communication groups; be vocal; ask questions … AND...
  • 39. Way forward I want YOU to... Support the GOV- OSS-RC at www.gossrc.org and at LinkedIn
  • 40. Contact information:Nico Elema: (nico@elema.co.za)LinkedIn: nicoelemaGOV-OSS-RC: www.gossrc.org