Good for the Earth®CONTROLLED ENVIRONMENT AGRICULTUREAdvantages, Opportunities, ChallengesPaul Selina, Vice President Appl...
Good for the Earth®www.villagefarms.comWhat is Indoor Agriculture?
Good for the Earth®www.villagefarms.comGrowing without the sunshine
Good for the Earth®www.villagefarms.com
Good for the Earth®www.villagefarms.comRooftop greenhouses
Good for the Earth®www.villagefarms.comHorizontal ! Greenhouses
www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Large Scale Controlled Environment AgricultureVillage Farms GATES Monahans, TX. 30...
Good for the Earth®www.villagefarms.comInside our Delta BC. facility
www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Greenhouses around the world
10State of the IndustrySignificant Canadian & U.S. Producers (in Acres)1 2008 Village Farms AIF2 VFF management estimates ...
www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Some of the big greenhouses
 Indoor production v field (using tomatoes as example)www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Advantages to Indoor Growin...
Mexico >5,000 acreswww.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Lower – tech greenhouses
High tunnels in USAwww.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Lower – tech greenhouses
CertificationAll ‘greenhouses are not created equal’ and so Village Farms,Houweling, Windset and others are members of Cer...
Photosynthesis 101Plants uses solar energy to combine waterand carbon dioxide to form sugars More sunshine, more sugars ...
 Sunshine and/or lighting ?www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Light Energy
 Sunshine and/or lighting ?www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Light Energy
 Sunshine and/or lighting ?www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Advantages to Indoor Growing
www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Evaporative cooling
www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Air moving systems
www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Temperature results
www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Humidity results
www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Active Cooling SystemsEvaporative cooling is only effective in dry climates, for o...
www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Perfect Results
www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®What we measure Growth Length, leaf,flowers, fruit Diameter Color and formPlan...
www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®
www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth® Water uptake Stomata open CO2 available Maximize light Temperature andhumidi...
 Inputs Energy – electricity, natural gas (carbon dioxide) Water – irrigation and cooling, quality is important Labor ...
www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Wastewater management
 Inputs Energy – electricity, natural gas (carbon dioxide) Water – irrigation and cooling, quality is important Labor ...
Greenhouse cogeneration. What is it?Natural Gas CombustionEngineLightHeatCarbonDioxideGlassGreenhouseNatural gas is used t...
Standardized greenhouse cogen system design
 Lettuce and Herbswww.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Other crops suitable for indoor growing
 Lettuce and Herbswww.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Multilevel applications
www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Vancouver rooftop garden
Sinfully Sweet Campari® 1lb or 2lb clamshellDelectable TOV® 11lb box and 13 lb RPC Loose, stickered, netted bags 2lb c...
www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Sweet Bells ®Sweet Bell Peppers 11lb box bulk Red, Yellow, or Orange 6 count or ...
www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Marketing a range of produceLuscious Seedless Long English ®Cucumbers 12, 16, 18 ...
www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Scale and infrastructure
www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Advantages to Indoor Growing
www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®
 Gotham Greens .. Brooklynwww.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Advantages to Indoor Growing
 Whats in a Lufa Farms basket? Lufa Farms is insipred by the Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) model,delivering fres...
Indoor agriculture can take many forms Large, medium, small Rooftop, urban, suburban, rural Using sunshine or electrica...
 Indoor production v field (using tomatoes as example)www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Never stop dreaming …… the ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Paul Selina of Village Farms at Nevada Indoor Agriculture Conference

680 views
525 views

Published on

Paul Selina of hydroponic produce firm Village Farms discusses hydroponic, aquaponic and aeroponic growing during his keynote at the Nevada Indoor Agriculture Conference on April 24, 2013. More at www.indooragnv.com.

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
680
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
137
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Paul Selina of Village Farms at Nevada Indoor Agriculture Conference

  1. 1. Good for the Earth®CONTROLLED ENVIRONMENT AGRICULTUREAdvantages, Opportunities, ChallengesPaul Selina, Vice President Applied Research, Village Farmswww.villagefarms.com
  2. 2. Good for the Earth®www.villagefarms.comWhat is Indoor Agriculture?
  3. 3. Good for the Earth®www.villagefarms.comGrowing without the sunshine
  4. 4. Good for the Earth®www.villagefarms.com
  5. 5. Good for the Earth®www.villagefarms.comRooftop greenhouses
  6. 6. Good for the Earth®www.villagefarms.comHorizontal ! Greenhouses
  7. 7. www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Large Scale Controlled Environment AgricultureVillage Farms GATES Monahans, TX. 30 acres“Production facilities that control the plantenvironment 24/7/365 for reliable quality supplyyear round”• Diffused sunshine plus supplementary lights•Managed airflows for uniformity and high CO2•Natural gas heating with heat storage•Integrated evaporative cooling•Complete water management•Advanced plant monitoring•Pest exclusion and biological control
  8. 8. Good for the Earth®www.villagefarms.comInside our Delta BC. facility
  9. 9. www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Greenhouses around the world
  10. 10. 10State of the IndustrySignificant Canadian & U.S. Producers (in Acres)1 2008 Village Farms AIF2 VFF management estimates of assets owned3 Includes propagation greenhouses which service numerous industry growersNote: North American capacity excludes Mexico2, 3 2 Greenhouse tomato capacity in Canada and the U.S. is approximately 2,152 acres1 1,144 acres in Canada 1,008 acres in United States231823216011095
  11. 11. www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Some of the big greenhouses
  12. 12.  Indoor production v field (using tomatoes as example)www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Advantages to Indoor GrowingType ofproductionKG/M2 Tons / acre Increase peracre v. fieldField Production 3.0.-3.6(USDA Average)12-15 1Small Scale GH < 10Acres25-50 100-200 10XAverage Large ScaleGH (>20 Acre)55-75 220 - 300 20xNew CEA greenhouses(>20 Acre)80 – 100+ 320 - 400 30x
  13. 13. Mexico >5,000 acreswww.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Lower – tech greenhouses
  14. 14. High tunnels in USAwww.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Lower – tech greenhouses
  15. 15. CertificationAll ‘greenhouses are not created equal’ and so Village Farms,Houweling, Windset and others are members of CertifiedGreenhouse Farmers, an independent certification programaudited by Scientific Certification Systems for standards inproduce quality, controlled environment, food safety, andenvironmental performanceGood for the Earth®www.villagefarms.comFood SafetyAll of Village Farms company owned greenhousefacilities are audited by third party food safetystandards and certified by Primus Global Food SafetyIndustry Standards
  16. 16. Photosynthesis 101Plants uses solar energy to combine waterand carbon dioxide to form sugars More sunshine, more sugars Temperature dependent Too cold and sugars are stored as starch Too hot and the sugars are consumed in respiration Must balance distribution of sugars within the plant Stomata must be open to absorb CO2www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®
  17. 17.  Sunshine and/or lighting ?www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Light Energy
  18. 18.  Sunshine and/or lighting ?www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Light Energy
  19. 19.  Sunshine and/or lighting ?www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Advantages to Indoor Growing
  20. 20. www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Evaporative cooling
  21. 21. www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Air moving systems
  22. 22. www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Temperature results
  23. 23. www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Humidity results
  24. 24. www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Active Cooling SystemsEvaporative cooling is only effective in dry climates, for other areas cooling will alsoinclude dehumidification. This requires the use of heat pumps and coils
  25. 25. www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Perfect Results
  26. 26. www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®What we measure Growth Length, leaf,flowers, fruit Diameter Color and formPlant balance
  27. 27. www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®
  28. 28. www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth® Water uptake Stomata open CO2 available Maximize light Temperature andhumidity Growth rates 500g/m2/day 4,400lbs/acre/day 180lbs/hour 3lbs / minPlant performance monitoring
  29. 29.  Inputs Energy – electricity, natural gas (carbon dioxide) Water – irrigation and cooling, quality is important Labor – some mechanical aids, but we still have to performmillions of manual operations Young plants, fertilizer, growing media, bees and biologicalcontrols, hooks, string and other supplies. Outputs Fresh vegetables, old leaves and vines, wastewater.www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®
  30. 30. www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Wastewater management
  31. 31.  Inputs Energy – electricity, natural gas (carbon dioxide) Water – irrigation and cooling, quality is important Labor – some mechanical aids, but we still have to performmillions of manual operations Young plants, fertilizer, growing media, bees and biologicalcontrols, hooks, string and other supplies. Outputs Fresh vegetables, old leaves and vines, wastewater.www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®
  32. 32. Greenhouse cogeneration. What is it?Natural Gas CombustionEngineLightHeatCarbonDioxideGlassGreenhouseNatural gas is used to generate electrical power for onsite use or sale.The heat and CO2 are used in the greenhouse
  33. 33. Standardized greenhouse cogen system design
  34. 34.  Lettuce and Herbswww.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Other crops suitable for indoor growing
  35. 35.  Lettuce and Herbswww.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Multilevel applications
  36. 36. www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Vancouver rooftop garden
  37. 37. Sinfully Sweet Campari® 1lb or 2lb clamshellDelectable TOV® 11lb box and 13 lb RPC Loose, stickered, netted bags 2lb clamshellLip-Smackin Grapes®10oz or 2lb clamshellwww.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Marketing and packagingJuicy Beefsteak ® Vine ripened & harvested withcalyx Variety of sizes available 15lb box or 3lb clamshellSavory Roma®tomatoes 1.1lb, 2lb, or 3lb clamshellBaby Beefs® 20oz or 16oz 4cnt clamshellMini Sensations ® Cherry tomatoes 12oz netted bag or 12oz clamshell
  38. 38. www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Sweet Bells ®Sweet Bell Peppers 11lb box bulk Red, Yellow, or Orange 6 count or 2lb bag R, R/Y/O, Y/O 4 count Rainbow stand up zip pouch 3 count Rainbow pack bagMarketing a range of produce
  39. 39. www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Marketing a range of produceLuscious Seedless Long English ®Cucumbers 12, 16, 18 & 24 count box Single, 2 pack, 3 pack wrappedScrumptious Minis ® Mini Cucumbers 2lb handled bags 1lb, 8cnt or 6cnt tray
  40. 40. www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Scale and infrastructure
  41. 41. www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Advantages to Indoor Growing
  42. 42. www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®
  43. 43.  Gotham Greens .. Brooklynwww.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Advantages to Indoor Growing
  44. 44.  Whats in a Lufa Farms basket? Lufa Farms is insipred by the Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) model,delivering fresh and responsibly-grown food baskets every week to over 50 droppoints in Greater Montreal. Our baskets are 100% local and contents varyaccording to the season, availability of produce and the size of basket you’veselected. Every week, you’ll receive a variety of vegetables grown on our rooftop usingsustainable practices. Lufa Farms produce is picked in the morning and deliveredto you in the afternoon – as fresh as it gets.www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Other marketing models
  45. 45. Indoor agriculture can take many forms Large, medium, small Rooftop, urban, suburban, rural Using sunshine or electrical light Vertical or horizontal Single or multilayered Vine crops or leaf crops Not one size fits all… each situation is differentThank you !!www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Wrap-up
  46. 46.  Indoor production v field (using tomatoes as example)www.villagefarms.com Good for the Earth®Never stop dreaming …… the Sahara Forest project

×