1
Nick Wates
www.nickwates.co.uk
author and consultant
Site Editor: communityplanning.net
Community Planning:
Principles, ...
2
1. Present a simple framework for addressing
community involvement in planning.
2. Provide a taster of the options avail...
3
Community Planning = ‘Planning carried
out with the active participation of the
end users. Similarly community
architect...
4
Community Planning = ‘Planning carried
out with the active participation of the
end users. Similarly community
architect...
5
 Urban Design Group
 The Prince’s Foundation
 South Bank University
 Department for International
Development
 Depa...
6Launched 2001
Global resource
72003
Universal applicability
2008
8
 Principles
Apply to almost any situation. Worldwide applicability
 Methods
Huge menu of different techniques and
appr...
9
 Principles
Apply to almost any situation. Worldwide applicability
 Methods
Huge menu of different techniques and
appr...
10
 Principles
Apply to almost any situation. Worldwide applicability
 Methods
Huge menu of different techniques and
app...
11
 Principles
Apply to almost any situation. Worldwide applicability
 Methods
Huge menu of different techniques and
app...
12
 Analysis of good practice
guide produced by
Passenger Transport
Executive Group (PTEG),
based on dozens of case
studi...
13
Universally
applicable good
practice
Principles
14
Ore Valley, Hastings, UK Pakistan
People of different ages, gender, backgrounds and culture invariably have different
p...
15
Wherever possible, base community planning activities physically in the area being planned.
This makes it much easier f...
16
People can participate more effectively if information is presented visually rather than in
words. Use graphics, maps, ...
17
Use all available media to let people know what you are doing and how they
can get involved. Simple methods often work ...
18
Effective participation processes take time and energy. This image is
a reminder that the costs of building the wrong t...
19
Build local capacity
Follow up
Mixture of methods
Local ownership of the process
Plan your own process carefully
O...
20
•Clarity over status of proposals
e.g. simple maps with text in boxes
•Involve those on route and travellers
•Timescale...
21
How do you
go about it
in practice?
Methods
22
Public meetings
politicians like them but only vociferous
participate - can lead to conflict.
Questionnaires and surv...
23
People engaging in the issues and debate, on
their own and in an enjoyable way, by making
additions or alterations to p...
24
Makes it possible to secure the views of larger numbers of people than is
possible indoors. Particularly useful where t...
25
A good way to help people
understand the planning
process and other people’s
viewpoints. Also an
enjoyable way to get p...
26
The inspection of the environment being dealt with by mixed teams of local people
and technical experts. Used to famili...
27
Simple, easy-to-
organise working
sessions where
people work in small
groups to identify key
issues and possible
soluti...
28
Method: Design workshop
Hands-on sessions allowing
small groups of professionals and
non-professionals to work creative...
29
Very effective for getting
people involved. Particularly
useful for generating
interest, presenting ideas
and helping p...
30
Method: Art workshop
A workshop programme in which local people
work with artists and crafts people to design -
and oft...
31
Method: Ideas competition
A good way of stimulating
creative thinking and
generating interest and
momentum. They can be...
32
Method: Electronic map
The internet provides
huge scope for new
participation methods.
E.g. Allowing people
to explore ...
33
Method: Video soapbox
A slightly bizarre high
tech way of allowing
members of the public
to broadcast their
opinions ab...
34
Method: Community planning event
Carefully structured
collaborative event at which all
stakeholders, including the loc...
35
Introductions and briefings
Briefing workshops
issues and opportunities
Plenary session
Lunch and site walkabout
D...
36
Method: Planning weekend
Thursday
Team arrivals
Saturday
Briefing workshops
Design workshops
Brainstorm dinnerFrida...
37
Presenting design ideas to the public and securing
reactions in an informal manner.
Less structured than a workshop; mo...
38
The creation or strengthening of user groups is a key element of most
community planning. They act as clients in champi...
39
Places set up to help people
understand, and engage in,
the design of local buildings
and the built environment.
Method...
40
Brochure with information
about project and
involvement process.
Method: Brochure with
questionnaire
Main proposals in
...
41
“Here in Greater
Manchester we’re
fully committed to
community
involvement in
local rail services.
We want to see
the i...
42
An involvement
strategy for every
development
situation
Scenarios
43
Scenario: Local
Neighbourhood
initiative
Local people in a rundown neighbourhood and
agencies working with them take th...
44
Scenario:
Derelict site
re-use
An initiative to make use of a derelict urban
site in public ownership.
Research
Publi...
45
Scenario:
Village revival
A village community takes steps to protect theA village community takes steps to protect the
...
46
Scenario:
Public transport
corridor
A town wants to establish aA town wants to establish a
route for a public transport...
47
Scenario:
Public transport
corridor
A town wants to establish a route for a publicA town wants to establish a route for...
48
The
Community
Planning
Website
www.communityplanning.net
49
www.communityplanning.net
 Google’s No 1 of over 250 million results for
‘community planning’
 Over 1,000 visitors pe...
50
www.communityplanning.net
51
For your local
situation
Plan your strategy
52
Be clear what overall aim is.
Be aware of principles.
Piece together a sequence
of methods to achieve the aim.
Invo...
53
Strategy planner download
Download all three versions of the Strategy
Planner from the Toolbox forms section:
http://ww...
54
Plan your strategy
resources on www.communityplanning.net
Process planning session
You can also learn how to hold a wor...
55
Methods Menu
Explore the vast menu of methods available in the
Methods A - Z section
http://www.communityplanning.net/m...
56
Engagement strategy the key.
Summing up
Ever-expanding menu of
methods to suit aims and resources.
Huge potential of...
57
Follow up
nick@nickwates.co.uk
info@communityplanning.net
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Community Planning: Principles, Methods & Strategies relevant for Sustainable Mobility

2,313

Published on

How to create a community engagement strategy for sustainable mobility projects. Presentation for Civitas conference on Stakeholder Consultation and Citizen Engagement, Gent, Belgium, 18 & 19 November 2009.

Published in: Real Estate, Technology
0 Comments
5 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,313
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
5
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Community Planning: Principles, Methods & Strategies relevant for Sustainable Mobility

  1. 1. 1 Nick Wates www.nickwates.co.uk author and consultant Site Editor: communityplanning.net Community Planning: Principles, Methods & Strategies relevant for Sustainable Mobility
  2. 2. 2 1. Present a simple framework for addressing community involvement in planning. 2. Provide a taster of the options available – especially those most useful for sustainable mobility. 3. Look at how one can develop an involvement strategy for any particular situation – including a scenario for a public transport corridor. 4. Introduce some online resources including communityplanning.net This session
  3. 3. 3 Community Planning = ‘Planning carried out with the active participation of the end users. Similarly community architecture, community design and so on.’ (Community Planning Handbook, 2000) Definition
  4. 4. 4 Community Planning = ‘Planning carried out with the active participation of the end users. Similarly community architecture, community design and so on.’ (Community Planning Handbook, 2000) Definition
  5. 5. 5  Urban Design Group  The Prince’s Foundation  South Bank University  Department for International Development  Department of the Environment, Transport & the Regions  European Commission Humanitarian Office Published 2000 Research
  6. 6. 6Launched 2001 Global resource
  7. 7. 72003 Universal applicability 2008
  8. 8. 8  Principles Apply to almost any situation. Worldwide applicability  Methods Huge menu of different techniques and approaches new ways of people interacting | new types of event | new support frameworks  Scenarios How one might use a combination of methods in a particular development situation - creating an involvement or empowerment strategy. Community Planning framework
  9. 9. 9  Principles Apply to almost any situation. Worldwide applicability  Methods Huge menu of different techniques and approaches new ways of people interacting | new types of event | new support frameworks  Scenarios How one might use a combination of methods in a particular development situation - creating an involvement or empowerment strategy. Community Planning framework
  10. 10. 10  Principles Apply to almost any situation. Worldwide applicability  Methods Huge menu of different techniques and approaches new ways of people interacting | new types of event | new support frameworks  Scenarios How one might use a combination of methods in a particular development situation - creating an involvement or empowerment strategy. Community Planning framework
  11. 11. 11  Principles Apply to almost any situation. Worldwide applicability  Methods Huge menu of different techniques and approaches new ways of people interacting | new types of event | new support frameworks  Scenarios How one might use a combination of methods in a particular development situation - creating an involvement or empowerment strategy. Community Planning framework
  12. 12. 12  Analysis of good practice guide produced by Passenger Transport Executive Group (PTEG), based on dozens of case studies.  Principles  Methods  Scenarios Research method sustainable mobility
  13. 13. 13 Universally applicable good practice Principles
  14. 14. 14 Ore Valley, Hastings, UK Pakistan People of different ages, gender, backgrounds and culture invariably have different perspectives. Make sure a full spectrum of the community is involved. This is usually more important than involving large numbers. Principle: Involve all sections of the community
  15. 15. 15 Wherever possible, base community planning activities physically in the area being planned. This makes it much easier for everyone to bridge the gap from concept to reality. Wallingers Walk, Hastings, UK Kenya Principle: Work on location
  16. 16. 16 People can participate more effectively if information is presented visually rather than in words. Use graphics, maps, illustrations, cartoons, drawings, photomontages and models wherever possible. Wenceslas Square, Prague, before ……… and after Principle: Visualise
  17. 17. 17 Use all available media to let people know what you are doing and how they can get involved. Simple methods often work best but be imaginative - get members of the community to help Hulme, Manchester, UK Principle: Communicate
  18. 18. 18 Effective participation processes take time and energy. This image is a reminder that the costs of building the wrong thing in the wrong place can be astronomical and make the cost of proper community involvement insignificant. Budget generously. Principle: Spend money
  19. 19. 19 Build local capacity Follow up Mixture of methods Local ownership of the process Plan your own process carefully Other principles These are just some examples. There are over 50 on the website.
  20. 20. 20 •Clarity over status of proposals e.g. simple maps with text in boxes •Involve those on route and travellers •Timescales for full consultation •Buy space in local newspapers. •Allow comment by different means •Take consultation to the coalface e.g. late night bus stops Some mobility principles
  21. 21. 21 How do you go about it in practice? Methods
  22. 22. 22 Public meetings politicians like them but only vociferous participate - can lead to conflict. Questionnaires and surveys useful for getting views of a representative sample of the population but danger of uninformed comment Suggestion boxes at point of service - at the bus stop for instance All have their uses - but there is a constantly expanding range of more creative approaches. Some standard Methods
  23. 23. 23 People engaging in the issues and debate, on their own and in an enjoyable way, by making additions or alterations to pre-prepared exhibits. Method: Interactive displays
  24. 24. 24 Makes it possible to secure the views of larger numbers of people than is possible indoors. Particularly useful where the views of people using a particular street or public space are wanted. Method: Street stall
  25. 25. 25 A good way to help people understand the planning process and other people’s viewpoints. Also an enjoyable way to get people working together. - Street theatre - Role play - Board games Method: Gaming
  26. 26. 26 The inspection of the environment being dealt with by mixed teams of local people and technical experts. Used to familiarise everyone with the physical environment and key issues at the start of a project and to review progress at intervals. Method: Reconnaissance trip
  27. 27. 27 Simple, easy-to- organise working sessions where people work in small groups to identify key issues and possible solutions Method: Briefing workshop What is wrong? What is your dream? How can it happen?
  28. 28. 28 Method: Design workshop Hands-on sessions allowing small groups of professionals and non-professionals to work creatively together developing proposals.
  29. 29. 29 Very effective for getting people involved. Particularly useful for generating interest, presenting ideas and helping people think in three dimensions. Lots of different kinds. Method: Models
  30. 30. 30 Method: Art workshop A workshop programme in which local people work with artists and crafts people to design - and often construct - environmental artworks. This can be an end in itself or part of a wider regeneration effort. Community arts projects are particularly useful for helping people express their creativity (and develop skills, a sense of identity and community pride.)
  31. 31. 31 Method: Ideas competition A good way of stimulating creative thinking and generating interest and momentum. They can be designed to allow everyone a chance to put forward their ideas.
  32. 32. 32 Method: Electronic map The internet provides huge scope for new participation methods. E.g. Allowing people to explore an area and make comments at computer terminals.
  33. 33. 33 Method: Video soapbox A slightly bizarre high tech way of allowing members of the public to broadcast their opinions about local public open spaces on video screens erected in public places.
  34. 34. 34 Method: Community planning event Carefully structured collaborative event at which all stakeholders, including the local community, work closely with specialists from all relevant disciplines to make plans for the future of that community or some aspects of it.
  35. 35. 35 Introductions and briefings Briefing workshops issues and opportunities Plenary session Lunch and site walkabout Design workshops options and proposals Plenary session Next steps  Method: Planning days
  36. 36. 36 Method: Planning weekend Thursday Team arrivals Saturday Briefing workshops Design workshops Brainstorm dinnerFriday Launch & introductions Reconnaissance Briefings Social event Sunday Team working Monday Team working Public presentation
  37. 37. 37 Presenting design ideas to the public and securing reactions in an informal manner. Less structured than a workshop; more interactive than an exhibition. Method: Open house event
  38. 38. 38 The creation or strengthening of user groups is a key element of most community planning. They act as clients in championing the views of those who will use the end product and keep the momentum going. Method: User groups
  39. 39. 39 Places set up to help people understand, and engage in, the design of local buildings and the built environment. Method: Architecture and planning centres
  40. 40. 40 Brochure with information about project and involvement process. Method: Brochure with questionnaire Main proposals in words and graphics. Tear off questionnaire with tick box AND open ended questions. Free postage.
  41. 41. 41 “Here in Greater Manchester we’re fully committed to community involvement in local rail services. We want to see the ideas turned into practice, with more and more stations being adopted by their local community. This toolkit is designed to help you do that.” Chris Mulligan Director General, GMPTE Method: Adopt a station
  42. 42. 42 An involvement strategy for every development situation Scenarios
  43. 43. 43 Scenario: Local Neighbourhood initiative Local people in a rundown neighbourhood and agencies working with them take the initiative to speed up the regeneration process. Process planning session Steering group Co-ordinator appointed Planning weekend Development forum Neighbourhood office Review session Development trust
  44. 44. 44 Scenario: Derelict site re-use An initiative to make use of a derelict urban site in public ownership. Research Public meeting or forum Ideas competition Development partnership Art workshop Open house or street stall Implementation Management body formed
  45. 45. 45 Scenario: Village revival A village community takes steps to protect theA village community takes steps to protect the traditional character and develop new facilitiestraditional character and develop new facilities  Community profiling  Community planning forum  Local design statement  Countryside design statement  Review session  Project groups  Local design statement revised
  46. 46. 46 Scenario: Public transport corridor A town wants to establish aA town wants to establish a route for a public transportroute for a public transport quality mobility corridor andquality mobility corridor and then get people to use it.then get people to use it. 4 Stages: 1. Overall route consultation To firm up aims of project and explore strategic options 2. Specific neighbourhood consultation To explore options for route and detailed planning 3. During construction To build momentum 4. In use To monitor progress and encourage improvements
  47. 47. 47 Scenario: Public transport corridor A town wants to establish a route for a publicA town wants to establish a route for a public transport corridor and then get people to use it.transport corridor and then get people to use it. Publicity Planning day for key stakeholders Brochure with questionnaire Planning day for key stakeholders Open House events and Mobile unit Formal statutory consultation Education pack, toolkit, DVD Launch activities Management bodies established
  48. 48. 48 The Community Planning Website www.communityplanning.net
  49. 49. 49 www.communityplanning.net  Google’s No 1 of over 250 million results for ‘community planning’  Over 1,000 visitors per week  Users from 100 countries per month  UN-HABITAT study features site as good practice toolkit for urban governance  Good framework to build on  Need partners and funding to add content on sustainable mobility planning
  50. 50. 50 www.communityplanning.net
  51. 51. 51 For your local situation Plan your strategy
  52. 52. 52 Be clear what overall aim is. Be aware of principles. Piece together a sequence of methods to achieve the aim. Involve community in creating this strategy. Plan your strategy
  53. 53. 53 Strategy planner download Download all three versions of the Strategy Planner from the Toolbox forms section: http://www.communityplanning.net/useful/forms.php Plan your strategy resources on www.communityplanning.net 1. Have a quick look at the Sample 2. Print out the Blank and spend 10 minutes brainstorming and rapidly completing it for your chosen example. 3. Use the Template to work up your strategy in more detail.
  54. 54. 54 Plan your strategy resources on www.communityplanning.net Process planning session You can also learn how to hold a workshop with key stakeholders to devise a community planning strategy 1. Go to the Methods A - Z section 2. Select Process planning session http://www.communityplanning.net/methods/process_planning_session.php
  55. 55. 55 Methods Menu Explore the vast menu of methods available in the Methods A - Z section http://www.communityplanning.net/methods/methods.php Plan your strategy resources on www.communityplanning.net and browse the rest of the site to see what others have done and are doing.
  56. 56. 56 Engagement strategy the key. Summing up Ever-expanding menu of methods to suit aims and resources. Huge potential of internet. Planning for sustainable mobility requires knowledge of particularly appropriate principles and methods. Build on previous work by many people and groups all over the world.
  57. 57. 57 Follow up nick@nickwates.co.uk info@communityplanning.net

×