1. Nicholas SocratesTATE BRISTOLDesign Brief09.02.2013
2. 1 Tate Bristol 1.1 The Project 1.2 About the Design Brief 1.3 Current Site Situation2 Vision 2.1 Simply Stated: ‘The Best Art Gallery in the UK outside of London’ 2.2 Build the Creative and Cultural Economy 2.3 Invest in Children, Young People and Families 2.4 Promote Community Culture and Heritage 2.5 Learning Centre 2.6 The Tate’s Brand and Tate Bristol’s Niche 2.7 Vision 2.8 Objectives3 Urban Environment 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Global city with a local heart 3.3 Site and surroundings 3.4 A dialogue with the city4 Key Technical Issues 4.1 Core Design Principles 4.2 Integration of New and Emerging Technologies 4.3 Collections Handling and Delivery 4.4 Join Together Images and Sound 4.5 Staffing 4.6 Facilities Management 4.7 Utilities 4.9 Access, Circulation, Ergonomics and Visitor Comfort 4.10 Security 4.11 24-hour use of the building 4.12 Health and Safety 4.13 Environmental Conditions 4.14 Regulations and Standards for Sustainability 4.15 Acoustics 4.16 Public Art Program
3. 5 TATE BRISTOL (Public Areas) 5.1 General Access / Main Areas 5.2 Reception and Customer Services 5.3 Circulation Foyer(s) 5.4 Exhibition Galleries 5.5 Activities and Performance Spaces 5.6 Studio Spaces 5.7 Tate Bristol Bar 5.8 Catering Facilities 5.9 Picnic Area 5.10 Chill Out Zone 5.11 Meeting Point 5.12 Public Toilet Facilities 5.13 Buggy + EMV Park 5.14 Tate Park Plinth 5.15 Parking Area6 Functional Specifications (Back of House) 6.1 Staff Toilet Facilities / Cleaner’s Room + Stores 6.2 General Office + Facilities 6.3 Facilities Management 6.4 Commercial Retail 6.5 Studio Spaces 6.6 Exhibition Preparation and Storage Spaces 6.7 Workshops 6.8 Staff Offices 6.9 Loading Bay 6.10 Sorting Space 6.11 Cataloging Area 6.12 Photographic Office and Cataloguing Room 6.13 Interim Storage 6.14 Art Depository7 Strategies 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Sustainability 9.3 Structural & Civil 9.4 Inclusive Design 9.5 Fire Engineering 9.6 Building Services
4. 1 Tate Bristol
5. 1 Tate Bristol1.1 The ProjectTate Bristol brings the art world together to inspire creativity and discovery’.Tate Bristol will not only be one of the art galleries in the United Kingdom, but it will also aspire to be a major catalyst forthe regeneration of the city of Bristol.1.2 About the Design BriefThe most appropriate time for major decisions in building projects is in the pre-design stage, at the very beginning of aproject. At this stage the range of options is still extensive and decisions and changes to requirements do not yet have costlyconsequences. It is recognised that at the early stages of the project a shortfall of information means that it can be difficult tomake lasting decisions. It is also important to underline that this can lead to delays well into the design and constructionstages. When design and construction begin, decision possibilities and changes become more restrictive, tend to be morecostly, also in terms of time, and can lead to unsatisfactory solutions.Establishing a comprehensive Design Brief in the pre-design stage helps to increase the level of information and knowledge,well before the commencement of the actual design work. The main purpose of this detailed Design Brief, is to map,describe and distil the ambitions and aspirations of the various stakeholders that form the Client body into a foundation forall further decision-making, design work and approvals.Essential project knowledge consists not merely of information supplied by me (the architect), but also knowledge held bythe staff and designated users of the future building. This information includes work styles, processes and the resultingspatial requirements. Staff knowledge of the day-to-day working processes is also an essential contribution to understandingthe functional requirements. The Design Brief is a result of close cooperation with those individuals, at the existing Tategalleries around the UK (in London: Tate Modern and Tate Britain, Tate Liverpool and Tate St. Ives). Through a series ofinterviews and meetings I have acquired detailed information about the project. At this stage, the Design Brief has identifiedvarious competing pressures and aspirations that will require further resolution. Under these conditions this Design Brief ofFebruary 2013 it cannot not be viewed as a definitive document, but rather as an on-going part of the design development. Ittherefore allows for small modifications and some additional elaboration within the stated framework. In order to reach thehighest level of aspirations for this project it must be recognised that a level of managed flexibility will be of key importance.1.2.1 Centre of DiversityThe design of Tate Bristol, must grow out of the multi-ethnic and cultural diversity of Bristol, promoting understanding andcommunity confidence. The city will become a part of Tate Bristol, and Tate Bristol a part of the city. The qualities of TateBristol should be self-evident for everyone. Tate Bristol must represent the social heart of the Bristol citizens. Tate Bristolshould be advanced both technologically and functionally; it will offer maximum diversity. The experience should besurprising and inspiring. This needs to be reflected in bi-monthly programming of Tate Bristol. The building should be easilyaccessible for adults but especially for young people and children. Tate Bristol will be egalitarian, fostering the inclusion ofthe widest possible audience.The site of Tate Bristol on Spike Island will create a flow of visitors and provide an open anchor, an interior public spaceand a meeting place for pedestrians and they will become the city’s new icon, whilst addressing deficiencies in accessibility,adaptability and lack of space for creative enterprise. Tate Bristol will become a creative and cultural centre for the city.
6. 2 Vision
7. 2 Vision2.1 Simply Stated: The Best UK Art Gallery outside of London’The Tate’s mission is to deliver the best art gallery in the UK outside of London. A gallery that will be an asset to the City ofBristol and attract visitors and users both locally and nationwide. Bristol has had many identities in its lifetime and iscurrently re-charting its path to become a cultural based, creative city: one that brings together people from all over the UKto change lives by enriching them culturally and creatively. This creative-based economy will be fuelled by its own citizens,and as a result of Bristol ’s investment in providing the training and guidance necessary to enter the culture and creativeworkforce. Tate Bristol will be its catalyst.Tate Bristol will be the social and creative heart of the city, connecting people of all ages, cultures and backgrounds. As amultifunctional service centre, it will appeal to a broad spectrum of people. The building will function as a core ofinformation, art and culture centred on people and community life. It will be a supermarket of creativity and art. Tate Bristolwill be a microcosm of Bristol itself, reflecting its potential economic strength and the multiple cultures of its citizens.The fundamental objectives of Tate Bristol will be to:• Build the creative and cultural economy.• Invest in children, young people and families.• Promote community, culture and heritage.2.2 Build the Creative and Cultural EconomyBristol aspires to become a cultural city by providing extensive and unimpeded provision for creativity and the arts. TateBristol will provide that platform. The effects of this will be felt throughout the broader community as personal successtranslates into a stronger economic success for the city and the wider city region.2.3 Invest in Children, Young People and FamiliesA core objective of Tate Bristol will be the necessity for the project to appeal to children, young people and families in everysense.Tate Bristol will be designed to offer an adaptable service where children and young people can access resources as theymake the transition to adulthood. The spaces must be designed to offer a flexible and diverse choice of learning settings andstyles that are safe, welcoming and stimulating. Interactive technology will be pervasive throughout, encouraging theopportunity to explore and learn by discovery and in different ways.The provision of informal learning environments will support parents and carers in helping their children to learn. TheChildren’s Area will cater to the specific needs of children and young people.Ultimately, Tate Bristol will play a unique role in enabling children and young people to realise their full potential.2.4 Promote Community Culture and HeritageTate Bristol will be a major new meeting place, a focal point for citizen and community activity. The design of Tate Bristolwill be welcoming and inviting to all, where no barriers (attitudinal, cultural, emotional, institutional, economical,intellectual, physical or sensory) to participation can exist. It will be fully accessible to people with mobility difficulties andto people with all forms of disability.Tate Bristol must appeal to the citizens of Bristol by instilling a sense of pride and ownership. As a significant andmeaningful community space it should become a landmark that comes to define Bristol as a city. Bristol must genuinely
8. meet the needs of the city, and its many diverse communities. The key to the future success lies in being inclusive, open andaccessible. This must be a place where everyone feels they belong.Exhibition’s taking place in Tate Bristol will include the Tate’s new interest to promote emerging artists. Many of theseemerging artists will be invited to take residence in the Tate Bristol’s studios. Their work will be exhibited and in thededicated Emerging Artists Galleries and they will continue to work on new pieces during their stay, which in turn will beexhibited again. The studio’s will be accessible to the public on specific days and will act as greater publicity for each artist.As well as Tate Bristol being dedicated to emerging talent it will also exhibit the Tate’s new and fast growing collection ofAsian and African contemporary art. Also exhibitions will be curated to connect with national, regional and local culturalevents.City events such as major festivals will be supplemented by this venue. Tate Bristol will have spaces that will beprogrammed distributing activity over the entire day - from morning to evening. The diversity of facilities, spaces andactivities will draw a diverse audience, reflecting the diversity of Bristol itself.2.5.1 Community ResourceTate Bristol will be the central point for citizen access and community participation, with the specialised support necessaryto help people to realise their personal and democratic rights and aspirations. The nature of a community space should becommunicated where the people of Bristol can feel ownership and pride. For all to feel welcome in the Tate Bristol,unambiguous accessibility is important. The building will be family and children friendly throughout and it will welcomeyoung people. There can be no barriers, physical or otherwise when entering the building. The removal of all barriers toaccess including attitudinal, economical, cultural, emotional, institutional, intellectual and physical should be of the highestpriority in order to foster and ensure the widest possible audience.Once inside, there will be clear and immediate different functions and places where one can sit, drink a cup of coffee, viewthe exhibitions, hang out with friends from school.2.5.2 Memory Bank‘Without art galleries what have we? We have no past and no future.’Tate Bristol will gather, preserve, present, exhibit and help to interpret the collective memory and identity of the city and itscommunities and surroundings. The rich multi-media archive and heritage resources will be accentuated through theprovision of the highest quality gallery and exhibition space.As well as exposing people to new ideas and opportunities, Tate Bristol will create memorable experiences. Through spacesthat appeal to the senses, the facilities and services that Tate Bristol offer, memories will be created for generations of localpeople and visitors.2.5.3 Cyber-entry PointTate Bristol will be the entry point to an array of technologies in new media and communications, disseminating knowledgeand ideas that will further fuel the education of the young and the entire community at large. This will also prove that Bristolis a city on the cutting edge of technology. Technology has the potential to aid participation learning, which enhances theexperience of individuals, encouraging greater self-knowledge and awareness. Touch-ability, interaction and inviting placesto explore these technologies will integrate technology and human experience.
9. 2.5.4 Destination for Creativity and CultureThe diversity of resources and services presented in the Tate Bristol cannot be completely understood by the term ‘gallery’.Tate Bristol is more than an art gallery alone. It will offer visitors a place for recreation and cultural expression. Thediversity of services on offer means that everyone will be catered for. Tate Bristol events will take place in a multitude ofspaces both inside and outside the building. The building will seamlessly merge with the urban fabric of the city. One shouldexperience the Tate Bristol as a part of the urban promenade, a sequential walk, eventful and lengthy, but also with crossconnections for easy and direct use.2.5.5 Creator of Knowledge ResourcesTate Bristol will generate new forms of information in digital formats, sharing its unique collections for learning, creativityand cultural expression in innovative and imaginative ways. Tate Bristol, with its rich diversity of spaces, will foster furtherengagement with the available resources. The diversity of stimuli, venues and avenues for expression will mean lessdistinction between the consumer and producer of culture and creativity. Tate Bristol together will provide an unobstructedplatform to facilitate this process.2.5.6 A Promoter of SustainabilityAs a city, Bristol is in an important position to demonstrate through Tate Bristol the most technologically advanced buildingsystems and integrated sustainable principles available. Through the Tate Bristol’s own design, management and operationsand through highlighting relevant global developments in its information and services, the building will exhibit the latest insustainable technologies. Natural lighting would be provided for in both the main body of the Tate Bristol for any spaces thatline the building’s perimeter. Each studio and live-in studio, for the artist’s in residence, which surround the building’sparameter, will employ natural day lighting. Operable windows at the exterior would benefit individual interior comfort byenabling natural ventilation.Eco-technological strategies work well with more passive measures to create a dramatic structure that is both a socialactivator and successful precedent of sustainable practice that can allow the form of the building to remain true to the dramaof its concept. The best sustainable solutions should enhance aesthetic goals, limit resource consumption, improve buildingperformance, and promote health and productivity.2.5.7 Promoter of Bristol and the RegionThe building will be distinctively of Bristol, a statement of Bristol ’s global position and importance as the West ofEngland’s capital. Tate Bristol will be a people’s palace: warm and welcoming yet with a strong image and equally strong infunctionality.Tate Bristol will express the identity of Bristol through changing exhibitions as well as multimedia displays of events in andaround the city. It should be an interactive media experience, enlightening, educating, entertaining and uniquely Bristol.2.5.8 The Interior Presented on the ExteriorTate Bristol should become more of an environment than a building. The exterior should read the interior. There should beclear sightlines from anywhere within the building.
10. The entrance hall will offer a clear overview and functions as the information desk, with public functions, staircases andelevators, shops, café and toilets. From the entrance hall one is offered a view onto some of the functions located on upperand lower floors.Tate Bristol’s location on Spike Island presents an opportunity for the engagement with the public domain. The park plinthshould be part of the building. It should encourage people take a break for lunch or meet a friend. The park must be green.The city, with its considerable brickwork and concrete buildings, can very well use that. Any softening – even of theacoustics in the city - seems to be welcome in this part of the city, in materialisation as well as in scale.2.6 The Tate’s Brand and Tate Bristol’s NicheThe Tate, after over one hundred years, has developed a strong brand with a sense of place and purpose. In this case TateBristol will specifically place its focus on promoting UK emerging artists with an emphasis on video and digital art, whilstalso housing the Tate’s new growing collection of Asian and African contemporary art (predominantly drawings, paintingsand sculptures). Other than this the Tate wishes to replicate many aspects of the Tate Modern here in Bristol. The concept of2.7 Vision - Summary • Reflects the aspirations of Bristol in relation to a creative and cultural economy. • Reflects the aspirations of the city to develop its cultural assets. • Retains a clear focus on people: Tate Bristol will achieve inspiration for people, and will offer something for everyone, a truly universal service, • Creates a centre for learning, information arts and culture. • Becomes an enduring beacon for Bristol, raising the city’s international profile and achieving excellence with local communities. • Will be accessible and welcoming to all, reaching out to some of the city’s most disadvantaged citizens. • Will be a universal meeting place, a hub for the region, an engine for the cultural and creative economies . • Tate Bristol will link the people of Bristol to the world. It will bring the world to Bristol through audio, visual and interactive art, resources and technologies.2.8 Objectives - SummaryTate Bristol will:• Build the Creative and Cultural economy.• Drive economic and social regeneration, enabling citizens to realise their full potential.• Promote networking and knowledge exchange, enabling people to come together and learn from one another, in a community space that is open and inclusive to all.• Be a hub for culture, creativity and skills through the exploitation of art and communications technology.• Support artistic and design research, scholarship and study.• Be a model of sustainable design, responsive to technological, social and behavioural change in the information age.• Invest in children, young people and families.• Be physically child and family friendly.• Inspire children and young people as future participants in the world economy.• Promote a love of creativity and a need for the arts.
11. • Foster life-long learning.• Promote community culture and creativity.• Be the heart of a regional, local and community network of creative and cultural places.• Provide a focal point for community life, contributing to a high quality of life for local residents.• Celebrate culture through the audio, visual, multimedia, performance and other art forms.• Exhibit and interpret the Tate’s assets to provide inspiration for a learning culture.• Conserve Tate’s assets and collections for future generations.
12. 3 Urban Environment
13. 3 Urban Environment3.1 IntroductionIn a response to current cultural movements and developments in the city, Tate Bristol represents an opportunity to use thesecontextual conditions as a fundamental basis for the design process.Tate Bristol will become a vital organ in the public domain of the city, and will be required to respond to the dynamic anddiverse audience that the Bristol inhabitants represent.A key consideration of the design will be how to translate the city’s context, both physically and socially, into the contentand appearance of the Tate Bristol.3.2 Global city with a local heart3.2.1 Bristol FabricThe structure of pedestrian, vehicle, boat and train connections has developed into a rich tapestry of squares, roads, rivers,bridges and tunnels. This urban fabric, clearly representing the city’s history, is one of the significant identities of the Bristolcity centre.Seen as a layered network, the upper most dominant layer of this network is the pedestrian route. Tate Bristol presents anopportunity to reinforce this established network. Tate Bristol, located on Spike Island will be a key landmark along thisriverside pedestrian route - connecting central Bristol back to Spike Island by route and by a landmark on the skyline fromacross the river.3.2.2 Diversity of culturesThe global aspect of the local heart can be best appreciated when looking at the broad variety of cultures currently inhabitingBristol. It is by far one the most multicultural cities within the UK and therefore more than many places, connected to theoutside world. For the design of Tate Bristol, this would mean finding a way to represent all of these people into one singlebuilding. The starting point for this would be the understanding these cultures and their specific values.3.2.3 Historic developmentThe industrial revolution has been a major catalyst of physical and social development of the city. It has given an enormousboost in the explosive way the city has grown and is still an image with which the city is being identified.For the city of Bristol, the role of water has been a key factor; particularly in the way the city has improved its economicdevelopment. The expansion of the estuary structure around the industrial era provided the artery for the transportation ofgoods and people related to the city’s industries. The man made floating harbour now offers the opportunity to regenerateand enhance the leisure and cultural experiences of the city.3.3 Site and surroundingsOn the East side of Spike Island, the site for the Tate Bristol will replace the existing surface car park adjacent to and behindthe M-shed. The only building on the site to be demolished will be a medium sized shed/warehouse to the West/adjacent toM-shed. This will be to accommodate for Tate Bristol and allow it to have a harbour-side frontage.
14. 3.3.2 Tate Bristol’s Plaza and Park.The location and function of the building provides an ideal opportunity to merge an outdoor public space (presently a surfacecar park) with the building, creating a fundamental dialogue and connection between city and the building both in thephysical and metaphorical sense. Potentially being one of Bristol ’s most important public spaces, “Tate Square” and the“Park plinth” are vital parts of the pedestrian route between Cumberland Road and central Bristol. It will become animportant arena for a variety of leisure purposes and events throughout the year.3.4 A dialogue with the city‘We define ‘Public Space’ as those places where an exchange between different social groups is possible and also occurs. Itis in essence a space that is freely accessible for everyone: public is the opposite of private. In philosophical discussions thepublic sphere is the place where society is formed, or at least the arena where the collective will is formed with regards to thefuture of society. But the public realm, as it is also called, also occupies a unique place in society: it is the sphere where weencounter the proverbial ‘other’ and where we must relate to other behaviour, other ideas and other preferences. This meansit is also a domain of surprise and reflection. The public realm is ‘the sphere of social relations’ going beyond our own circleof friendships, family and professional relations. The idea of the public realm is bound up with the ideas of expanding one’smental horizons of experiment, adventure, discovery and surprise.’‘In search of new public domain’ by Maarten Hajer & Arnold Reijndorp’.3.4.2 Tate Bristol: the potentialsTate Bristol is destined to be the impulse to future development on Spike Island. It has the potential to reconnect this area tothe core of the city in a meaningful way, establishing important routes and sightlines between Spike Island and the other sideof the harbour.The building has the potential to make Spike Island as a city destination. It will become an important node as a place todwell rather than a transition space as experienced today. Tate Bristol together with the other buildings in the proposedmasterplan will form an ensemble of buildings that will convey cohesion of the existing urban fabric by reinforcingestablished edges of the Whapping Wharf development. The ground plane will become a lively activated zone to the benefitof the urban realm. The use of good architecture and improvements to public space will give Whapping Wharf and byexpansion Spike Island renewed importance, reigniting civic pride in its citizens.Given the current area requirements, the building’s volume offers the potential for extending the public domain to anelevated location affording expansive views across the city. As a landmark, the building will attract a new local, regional andinternational audience. Raising the city’s profile but also having a significant impact on the local visitor economy.
15. 4 Key Technical Issues
16. 4. Key Technical Issues4.1 Core Design PrinciplesThere are six core principles that underpin the Design Brief:1. Flexibility2. Adaptability3. Sustainability4. Accessibility5. Physically connected and visible to the city6. FunctionalityThese principles are of equal importance and will be applied to the building as a whole. In the following paragraphs, the keytechnical issues related to these principles are reviewed.4.2 Integration of New and Emerging TechnologiesThe integration of new technologies is a fundamental part of Tate Bristol. Tate Bristol will be both a physical as well as avirtual place - where citizens will experience new media, expand their knowledge and meet with each other for manydecades to come.4.3 Collections Handling and Delivery4.3.1 Storage ModelThe establishment of the Tate goes hand in hand with the development of a design model for the storage, care, deploymentand access to resources. The major objective is to increase efficiency, to cater for user needs, future-proofing and greatpresentation and accessibility of resources.This storage model will result in:• An efficient management of the stocks.• A good preservation of stocks, allowing staff to fulfil their new role, i.e. providing (active) service to the visitors.• Improved physical and virtual accessibility of the stocks.• Improved self-learning and guided support by presentation in themes and providing links between resources.4.3.2 Tate Bristol Storage and Opening ResourcesCharacteristics:• 8,000 items of art. Including 1,000 on Display and 7,000 in the storage depository.• Need for active stock management.• Efficient storage which meets the need of the art whether it is size or sensitivity to light and temperature.• Effective and efficient use of staff resources and speed of delivery of art and/or materials to the exhibitions or other Tate Buildings.4.4 Joining Together Images and Sound.Along with the great opportunities for the use of new multi media technologies, the multilateral character of the Tate Bristolwill be enhanced by:
17. • Resources will be brought to life by exhibitions, events and activities, enabling users and visitors to experience and learn about culture. Formal and informal performance spaces will be particularly important in achieving this.• Showcasing the Tate’s image and sound collections in the Tate Bristol.• Promote the various cultural content of the Tate Bristol externally, to the city, to the network of other art galleries and art environments across the city and region.4.5 StaffingThe main objectives for the new premises of the Tate Bristol with the relation to staffing are:• An effective and efficient working environment to achieve excellent customer service with low amount of staff members.• An effective and efficient multifunctional foyer joining efficient logistics, providing overview and security, and opportunities for staff to interact with users.In addition:• Exhibitions and display management.• Events, activities and other promotions programming.• Commercial services.• Marketing and communications.• ICT and technical support, both organisational and for users.• Lifelong learning and support and guidance for learners to enable continued personal and skills development.• Access to content and content creation.• Building Management Services.The design will deliver the most efficient operating environment possible for the Tate Bristol.It will work and share expertise to maximise the use of skills and the efficient deployment of staff. These opportunities arecurrently being explored and will inform the design.4.6 Facilities ManagementTate Bristol will be a large and complex building. The design should enable the facility to be occupied and operational 24hours a day (which may become a reality in the future): it will operate as a single building. High standards of managementand maintenance will be essential to the efficient operation and functionality of the building. The building must be designedto be functional, flexible and practical to operate and manage. It must be designed to:• Recognise the specific operational needs and requirements of the exhibitions galleries (including studios).• Be highly sustainable and cost effective to operate and maintain.• Be fully flexible and adaptable in terms of infrastructure, controls, plant and internal fabric to meet future needs.• Ensure ease of access to all plant and services for safe service and repair.• Enable effective zoning to enable areas of the building to be in operation while others are closed. The specific needs of the galleries (including studios) must be taken into account, including consideration of acoustic separation.• Enable easy replacement/maintenance of the fabric of the building to ensure consistently high aesthetic standards are maintained and not compromised.• Incorporate intelligent building technologies to enable the integration of management information systems to ensure operational sustainability targets are being met ideally from two central locations via two central Building Energy
18. Management Systems. This will be required to meet Bristol City Council’s Energy management and Sustainability Section.4.7 Utilities4.7.1 New ConnectionsIt is currently unclear as to what the exact nature of the connection of the district energy generation plant will be. The extentof the connection to the district system and the performance of its associated energy generation plant (i.e. efficiency, carbonemissions etc.) will affect the building’s plant space requirements, the sustainability aspirations for the project. It is offundamental importance that this issue is resolved early in the design process to minimise risk to the program and cost planfor the project.The current understanding is that hot water and chilled water will be supplied to the building from the district systemsufficient to cover the base load (circa 75% of the annual demand) but there will be no electrical supply from the districtenergy system. Therefore, secondary heating and cooling systems will need to be located within the building to deal withpeak heating and cooling loads and a separate electrical connection to the grid will be required. On this basis the buildingwould not be served by CHP plant, rather a district heating and cooling system. Further detailed evaluations of the variousoptions available will be carried out during the next design stage.Electrical supplies for certain Life Safety systems and potentially back up systems for the Art depository, galleries and ICTfacilities may be sourced from another grid connection if possible or potentially from on site generation. Gas services will beprovided by the local gas network infrastructure to suit the building needs, such as kitchens within the catering facilities anda back up plant for critical services if required, Water and drainage connections will be served from local infrastructure.Further analysis of the utilities infrastructure local to the building and the building’s likely energy demands will be carriedout at the next design stage.4.8 Access, Circulation, Ergonomics and Visitor Comfort4.8.1. GeneralThe new premises of the Tate Bristol are to be appealing, open, and aims to attract and serve visitors, from a broad spectrumof society including children, elderly, tourists, etc. It will set new standards of access for people with disabilities enablingease of access to all areas of the building.The Tate Bristol’s visitor footfall is predicted to be in the region of 1,000 per day.The building must be designed to be highly legible and have simple, effective signage and guiding for intuitive way finding.Ease of circulation around the building is paramount, offering a variety of means of getting around the building to suitdifferent user needs.The foyers and entrances will be vital elements of the building. They must be designed to fulfil a number of functions for arange of different audiences throughout the day and evening and able to accommodate the peaks and troughs of people-flowthroughout. The challenge will be to design foyers, which attract new visitors, works equally well for all visitors to pass byor to stay.4.8.2 Visitors & StaffFor staff an efficient access to the building is needed. Besides the main entrance there will be a second entrance with security24/7. This entrance will be open beyond the Tate Bristol’s opening hours. From this entrance, an efficient route to the
19. various departments in the building without crossing the general areas will be required. This also applies for the entrancesfor the studios for the artists in residence.4.8.3 GoodsVertical access is to be provided via several decentralised cores (staircases, elevators). At least one core will be used fortransportation of goods. This elevator and connected spaces (corridors / rooms / doors) should be wide enough for thetransportation of big items, for example: furniture or large art works. This elevator(s) is connected to the loading bay areaand is not accessible by visitors.4.8.4 AccessibilityIt is very important that the new building provides an inclusive facility that is accessible for all users. Incorporating theprinciples of inclusive design will benefit the population at large particularly disabled people, older people and parents withchildren. Understanding and considering the access requirements of disabled people is imperative. In doing so, it is possibleto design an inclusive environment that reflects the diversity of people within society and breaks down unnecessary barriers.Key access issues to address in the design of the building include:• Approach routes and arrival at the building.• Way finding around the site.• Main entrances.• Reception areas.• Vertical and horizontal circulation around the building.• High quality places of communication including access to resources.• Sanitary accommodation.• Lighting.• Acoustics.• Signage.• Emergency egress for disabled people.4.9 SecurityOne of the main conditions for the successful functioning of the Tate Bristol is an appropriate security system, offeringexcellent security for everyone, without being too perceptible or influencing the building’s attractiveness to visitors.Besides the specific security needs for the various functions in the building the security systems should follow theseprinciples:• Security has to be unobtrusive but effective.• ‘Natural ways’ of security: social control by staff as well by visitors, enabled by creating overview and sightlines Demarcation of areas by layout of areas or furnishing, rather then creating barriers• The security must meet the highest industry standards where needed.• The security system should be very flexible and adaptable.
20. 4.10 24-hour use of the buildingThe zoning of Tate Bristol should result in a safe and efficient building, with a minimum of safety regulations, security andphysical safety systems. Zoning must be an integral feature of the design, enabling different parts of the building to open atdifferent times of the day, whilst maintaining security in other areas that may be closed. It must be possible to shut downindividual areas both from an operational and a servicing point of view. Key spaces including the foyer, entrance hallmeeting rooms and catering facilities will operate outside the normal opening hours of the main exhibition areas. Parts of thebuilding may need to be open 24 hours, for example loan returns and some study space. A 24-hour return and internet areashould at least be covered, well lit and located in such a way that people feel safe and secure. Of course 24-hour access to thelive-in studios, for the artists in residence is necessary and this access must be separated from any routes connecting thepublic galleries for out-of-hours access.4.11 Health and SafetyThere is a stated intent of making health and safety an integral part of the building and working ethos of Bristol. The strategyof Health and Safety is of major importance due to the mixture of uses in one building complex and the various types ofusers daily and occasional visitors.The building should provide a healthy environment for staff so accidents and ill-health are eliminated and work forms part ofa satisfying life for the benefit of both the individual and the organisation. Staff members need to be aware of theresponsibility that the conduct of work does not endanger anyone including members of the public.The building should be healthy and safe for visitors too. Safe access to the building and clear routing are the main points ofattention. In addition, information is to be clearly presented in case of emergency. Staff members should have a role increating a safe environment for visitors.As in any public building, there are a number of specific threats identified. Wherever possible the opportunity to reducethese threats and they must be taken into account and designed out of the environment so risks can be minimized.Identification of hazards, risk assessments, implementation of procedures, and provision of adequate resources is to be a partof the design. In cooperation with the Tate, a Health and Safety program is to be developed simultaneously with designdevelopment.4.12 Environmental ConditionsThe design of the Tate Bristol building and its installations should ensure that the indoor climate will be comfortable andhealthy for all users of the building, for example in terms of temperature, air quality and daylight. The indoor climate shouldfeel natural in relation to the activities that take place within individual rooms.To achieve the desired internal environments within the various parts of the building, suitable strategies will be developedwith consideration of issues such as air quality, thermal comfort, acoustics, security and level of control and flexibilityrequired.The selection of external environmental design criteria has a significant effect on both the capital cost and operation ofcertain building services. The frequency of abnormal environmental conditions and the risk if internal conditions deviatefrom the desired set points must be reviewed to determine appropriate criteria. Where spaces are being conditioned to strictcriteria, i.e. to preserve the Tate’s collection of art and the exhibition spaces, it is likely to be seen as critical that the plantserving these spaces can maintain the desired conditions at all times. However, in other areas it may be acceptable duringinfrequent abnormal external conditions that the internal conditions deviate slightly. Therefore, as a guide the building
21. services systems serving the storage, depository and exhibition areas could be designed with reference to the followingexternal temperatures.Extreme seasonal temperature extents are:• Summer 32°C. This represents a 0.01 % occurrence over a 24 hour period.• Winter -7°C. This represents a 0.01% occurrence over a 24 hour period.While the building services serving all other areas of the building could be designed with reference to a different set ofcriteria such as the following, with the likely effect of reduced capital cost and improved efficiency of certain buildingservices.Acceptable season temperature extents are: • Summer 28°C This represents a 0.34% occurrence over a 24 hour period. • Winter -5°C This represents a 0.9% occurrence over a 24 hour period.The design of the building envelope will be critical in maintaining a high quality indoor environment and limiting thebuilding energy consumption, and will be key consideration during the design process. The design of the building envelopewill reflect not only aesthetic considerations, but will also be configured for optimum thermal performance i.e. the façadedesign will aim to maximise daylight penetration, mitigate excessive solar gain and reduce heat loss.A range of different environmental conditions will be needed to protect the materials and exhibitions whilst allowing publicaccess, however storage areas will not be accessed by the publicThe key considerations are:• Temperature.• Humidity.• Light levels/UV control.• Air quality and dust/particle filtration.• Protection from physical damage.4.13 Regulations and Standards for Sustainability4.13.1 SustainabilityTate Bristol, as a public and educational institution, has a strong obligation to care for the physical and social environment.The construction of the building and the building itself throughout their lifespan should comply with the following:• Optimum use of natural resources and reduction in the environmental impact inline with the economical and social requirements.• Reduction of energy consumption in the operation of the building.• The sustainability approach is incorporated in the physical and technical layout of the building and should go beyond simply meeting standards and regulations where possible.Main subject of attention:• Physical building layout in relation to compactness, flexibility and adaptability during its lifespan.• Specific needs of functions.• Use of natural resources.• Environmental aspects of construction method and materials.• Maintenance and lifespan aspects.• Minimising the energy demand for heating and cooling.
22. 4.13.2 BREEAMThe Design will aim to obtain a BREEAM rating of Excellent for Tate Bristol and meeting the Council’s target forrenewable technologies and sustainability without undue increase in the cost of the works. The design must source the bestsustainable solutions, using the process of consultation, collaboration and engagement with all the key stakeholders. Theseshould enhance aesthetic goals, limit resource consumption, improve building performance and promote health andproductivity. Bristol has a distinguished creative tradition: the Tate Bristol will reinforce this by employing elegant andinnovative engineering.Achieving a BREEAM excellent rating alone will not necessarily achieve the sustainability targets and therefore theSustainability Strategy identified below will need to encompass a wide range of strategies and include the whole life cyclecosting and investment pay back options.4.13.3 Going for Green‘Sustainable development is about ensuring a better quality of life for everyone now and for generations to come by bringingtogether objectives around social, economic and environmental goals’The Bristol City Council is fully committed to the sustainable development of the City and a fundamental objective of this isthe protection and enhancement of the environment. Bristol City Council is also committed to procurement decisions thathave a direct influence on the Sustainability Strategy.4.13.4 Bristol Climate Change StrategyThe Bristol Climate Change Strategy aims to reduce Bristol ’s carbon emissions by 20% from 1990 levels by 2010, and 60%by 2026. The energy targets aim to “ensure that 15% of energy use in Bristol is from renewable sources and that 30% of it isgenerated locally by 2020”.Tate Bristol project will therefore form a key part of this strategy through both the on site application of integratedtechnologies and also by interfacing with the City’s wider approach to decentralised energy systems.4.13.5 Energy Performance Building DirectiveTate Bristol will require compliance with the Energy Performance Building Directive. There are many factors associatedwith energy performance in buildings and in the course of the project: research will be taken to investigate different methodsof building design.On completion of the project an Energy Performance Certificate will need to be produced (based on the theoretical CarbonDioxide emissions for the building) and displayed to comply with the new EU directive on Energy Performance in BuildingsAfter 12 months a Display Energy Certificate, which determines the actual Carbon Dioxide emissions based on meteredenergy readings, will need be produced and displayed. During the next design stage preliminary energy performancecalculations will be carried out to inform the design development of the energy efficiency of the proposed design.
23. 4.14 AcousticsAs the site is located on the East of Spike Island, therefore the Tate Bristol can be exposed to a certain levels of noise. Thisshould be taken into account.Noise from cars and traffic in general and for example the occasional events taking place on the new “Tate Park” or noisefrom the foyer can cause inconvenient noise or vibrations in the building. For the main function, the Tate Bristol, noisecontrol is of great importance. To avoid this generally two measurements have to be taken:• Zoning of sound-sensitive and sound producing areas.• In the layout of the building, especially areas containing various functions, or areas with flexible use close attention to acoustic qualities is crucial. Rooms must be acoustically regulated (and comply to standards) to best suit the function of this rooms and adjacent areas.• Floors and slabs between levels must be designed so that impact noise will not spread to adjacent rooms and is not loud in the room itself. Technical installations in the building should emit as little noise as possible so that they do not cause noise pollution inside or outside the building.4.15 Public Art ProgramThe future Tate Bristol as an important public place to gather and to educate, also with regard to local and global issuesconcerning culture and arts. The first task will be to make a clear inventory of the current collection proposed for TateBristol. Needless to say, that the Tate’s collection is too is extensive and would be of immeasurable benefit to the citizens ofBristol. In this case, the Tate’s collection housed in Tate Bristol will ebb and flow – migrating to the other Tate Galleriesaround Britain. However there will be a dedicated depository for up to 8,000 pieces of art, including the Tate’s collection ofaudio/visual archives to be permanently housed in the Tate BristolShowcases for these pieces, but also showcases for other pieces of art will be integrated within the design of the building andsite. The object, painting or other kind of pieces should contribute to the experience of the public area.Due to the size of the building and the size of the site, various types and sizes of pieces of art are conceivable, ranging from,for example, small objects in internal or external showcases to a collection of pieces that form a storyline through out the siteand building.The planning for exhibiting art should be in accordance with the Tate’s specific guidance.
24. 5 TATE BRISTOL: Areas specific to Tate Bristol
25. 5. TATE BRISTOL (Public Areas)5.1.0 General Areas‘General areas’ refers specifically to those spaces that appear throughout the building serving primarily as necessarysupportive function. These areas occur throughout the building.5.1.1 Main Entrance and Foyer - IntroductionThe arrival areas of the Tate Bristol are to function as an extended public space. The location and function of the buildingprovide an ideal opportunity to merge an outdoor public space with the building creating a fundamental dialogue andconnection between city and the building, both in the physical and metaphorical sense.The arrival space will be the ‘first impression’ of Tate Bristol and will therefore be key in ensuring an unforgettableexperience that will live long in local, regional and international collective memory.The nature of a community space should be communicated where the people of Bristol can feel ownership and pride. Theremoval of all barriers to access including attitudinal, economical, cultural, emotional, institutional, intellectual and physicalshould be of the highest priority in order to foster and ensure the widest possible audience.5.1.2 Main FoyerCore Function:The foyer should be the place from which the flow of arriving people is spread out into the rest of the building. It shouldoffer a number of experiences catering to the diversity of visitor requirements.The foyer space plays a key role in representing the main values and mission of Tate Bristol supporting the distinct brandingrequirements of the Tate organisation.The foyer will become the space where visitors will receive the first information about the activities in the building and theoptions available to them. This space should provide and communicate to visitors their customer access choices, service andinformation as well as circulation and navigation information of Tate Bristol.Generally, the requirement is to provide a highly accessible environment for both specific and diverse target groups. Someusers attend individually, some in small groups and some, in particular school student groups, attend in large numbers. Allshould feel equally at home in this space.Accessibility in every sense of the word is a key consideration.Relationship + Connections:Adjacent to main entrances.Space Requirements:Design Capacity requirements: The foyer should be able to accommodate an agreed peak or range of visitor capacity basedon 24/7/365 facilities access and a predicted daily peak capacity (during Christmas and Summer) of 2,500 people per day.Remarks (Specific Requirements):Accessibility is a core requirement in the design of this space.5.1.3 Main EntranceCore Function:Of key consideration is the legibility and accessibility of the main entrance whilst providing an immediate sense of arrival.Although there may be multiple entrances to the building there should be a main entrance providing access to the shared
26. foyer areas. The values of the Tate must be communicated and the status of the ‘whole’ should be integral to and leadnaturally into the main foyer.Relationship + Connections:One entrance must access the promenade to the North, the other to the new “Tate Park” to the South. It should directlyaccess the central foyer space housing their central reception facility. Other entrances (required for maximum occupancyand/or fire safety) should be sited in discreet appropriate areas.Close proximity to blue-badge parking facilities, coach and car drop-off points, public parking, taxi bays, bicycle racks andthe closest public transport will be vital. The city’s transport plan and new bus route must be considered in this context toensure that access, business and navigation needs are satisfied in the location and design of the entrances.The entrance should also be a close to ATM, toilets, service lifts and stairs/lifts/escalators.Space Requirements:Occupancy capacity requirements: The foyer should be able to accommodate an agreed peak or range of visitor capacitybased on 24/7/365 facilities access and a predicted daily peak capacity (during Christmas and Summer) of 2,500 people perday.Remarks (Specific Requirements):The entrance doors should be intelligent and part of the security system and capable of resisting significant attempts atintrusion. Highly robust finishes to be applied to these spaces.5.2 Reception and Customer ServicesCore Function:This is where people should have fast and easily accessible information about the Tate Bristol. The reception area shouldclearly show that this is the interface between visitors and its respective building. It must be highly visible and capture theattention of people entering the building. It must be absolutely clear that this is a place where visitors can get help.This area will link the visitor to the purpose, functions, services, events and facilities of the entire building. As such the areamust communicate openness and accessibility. This area may also provide a tourist information centre and other suchfacilities and will provide an information outlet for the many community partnerships with which each organisation engages.The area will be supported by self-service information and navigation of the building therefore allowing staff to focus onindividual requirements. Consideration of a modular/ adjustable counter system may facilitate adaptation to various visitordemands.Relationship + Connections:This area needs to be central to the main ground foyer. It should be close to public facilities such as toilets, cloakrooms andupper level access – i.e stairs, escalators, lifts to all parts of the building. Adequate and accessible storage will be vital inmaintaining a tidy and clean environment. This area must link to a secure office/non-public space where cash collection,counting and balancing can take place securely.Space Requirements:Occupancy capacity requirements: The foyer should be able to accommodate an agreed peak or range of visitor capacitybased on 24/7/365 facilities access and a predicted daily peak capacity (during Christmas and Summer) of 2,500 people perday.Remarks (Specific Requirements):A queue management system is to be provided. It should be clear that this area is ‘neutral territory’.
27. 5.3 Circulation Foyer(s)Core Function:Flowing from the main foyer, the circulation foyer should direct visitors accessing specific parts of the building. In essence,the circulation foyer acts as a threshold between the main foyer and the specific functions of the Tate. These areas may needto be zoned off and secured according to operational requirements.The circulation foyer should reflect the very different and specific individual requirements of Tate Bristol. The foyer needsto consider a generally more constant customer flow with seasonal peaks and the ambition for it to become a 24/7 operationover time. The Tate Bristol foyer is required on at least two floors: one to the North promenade and one to the South “TatePark” on plinth (upper ground) level.Each foyer in the Tate Bristol need to be able to operate independently as customer numbers fluctuate. To maximise use ofeach area for activities independent of exhibitions, the ability to easily zone areas would be advantageous. Effective lightingand acoustic management of the area is key in this regard.Relationship + Connections:The Tate Bristol foyers need to be adjacent to the major exhibition spaces via stairs, escalators, lifts. Both foyers shouldcontain toilets and accessible toilets and provide easy security monitoring. The Tate Bristol foyer particularly, must complywith all licensing, health and safety and fire evacuation requirements. They will be close to ATM, toilets and accessibletoilets, service lifts and stairs/lifts/escalators.5.3.1 Cloakroom and Locker FacilitiesCore Function:All visitors to the building should easily access these facilities.This is an area where personal items such as bags and coats can be left. The area may only be staffed at certain timestherefore the space should be designed to retain its function as a self-service cloakroom. These facilities could also becompletely self-service.These could be in a less ‘central location’ but would require an increased security system.The gallery visitors can demand up to 150 ‘coat spaces’ plus up to 50 bags/suitcases/shopping items, at any one time, duringChristmas and summer months.Relationship + Connections:The area needs to be central to each entrance. It must be close to toilets, reception and under surveillance of the securitysystems.Space Requirements:Amount: 1 area.Dimensions: to be determined.Size: approx. 25m2 gross floor area.Total area: 50m2 gross floor area.Remarks (Specific Requirements):Heighten security risk.
28. 5.4 Exhibition Galleries - IntroductionThe Exhibition Galleries are key in expanding the audience of the Tate Bristol. The exhibitions will focus on showcasing theTate’s collections to visitors. The exhibition space should be stimulating and will incorporate a level of interactively towholly engage with the viewer both intellectually and spiritually.Tate Bristol’s focus will be placed on UK contemporary emerging artists, audio visual installations and also showcasing theTate new and fast growing collection of Asian and African contemporary art.Technical and environmental conditions should be of the highest quality whilst allowing for creative and flexible layout forvarious exhibitions types.5.4.2 Main Exhibition SpacesCore Function:This space will be considered as a destination space providing a multi-sensory experience and be used for a programme ofthematic and format based exhibitions. It should appeal to a broad audience and therefore allow for many types ofexhibitions of varying media. The gallery should incorporate a modular approach to spatial configurations – capable of beingconverted into more than one space or a smaller space(s).Relationship + Connections:Most important adjacencies are digital lab, the art depository/ storage, loading bay and main building entrance. The Galleriesneed not be on the same floor as these areas, although should be on an adjacent floor at least. Service routes should avoidpassing through this area.Space Requirements:Amount: 4.Dimensions: To be determined.Total size: approx. 4000m2 gross floor area.Occupancy capacity requirements: To be determined.Remarks (Specific Requirements):The internal environment of the Main Exhibition Space is to be designed to American Standard for Heating Refrigerationand Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Class of Control AA. ASHRAE standards have been selected as there iscurrently no relevant Chartered Institute of Building Services (CIBSE) standard. This should provide a suitable compromisebetween the internal conditions required for exhibits and visitors to the gallery. It is proposed that exhibits that requiredifferent environmental conditions would be stored within conditioned display cases with inbuilt temperature and humiditycontrol as per recommendations in BS5454. To comply with the National Heritage Act 1980 the relative humidity,temperature and light levels will be monitored.5.4.3 Exhibition Preparation SpaceCore Function:This space will be used for preparing materials for exhibitions and will need to be immediately adjacent and have access tothe main exhibition spaces and their associated storage space. The space should be a regular shape and flexible with poweravailability throughout and with access capable of taking large to extremely large objects.Relationship + Connections:(See main exhibition space).
29. Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Dimensions: To be determined.Total size: approx. 275m2 gross floor area.Remarks (Specific Requirements):As this space will be used for the preparation of exhibits, which require specific environmental conditions, it is proposed thatthe temperature and humidity are controlled in a similar manner to the Main Exhibition space. This will reduce the need foracclimatization when materials are moved between the two spaces. However, as certain materials may be without displaycases in this area, the temperature band would be reduced to 20degC ±1degC. To comply with the National Heritage Act1980 the relative humidity, temperature and light levels will be monitored.5.4.4 Exhibition Storage SpaceCore Function:This space will be used for storing exhibition equipment such as frames, vitrines, lights etc and will need to be immediatelyadjacent and have access to the Main exhibition space and associated preparation space. The space should be a regular shapeand flexible with power availability. The space will need to be able to store moveable display modules, frames and displaycases. The frame store will need an efficient racking system.Relationship + Connections:Immediately adjacent to main exhibition space and exhibition preparation space.Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Dimensions: To be determined.Total size: approx. 275m2 gross floor area.Remarks (Specific Requirements):Full climatic control where necessary, adjustable lighting conditions. High level of security required.5.5 Activity and Performance SpacesCore Function:Throughout Tate Bristol a series of informal performance and activity spaces should be made available.Flexibility and adaptability is of key consideration in order to maximise use. The space needs to be identifiable yet flexible,easily deconstructed or redefined.A less formal approach to this space is appropriate, as the area should accommodate the possibility for impromptuperformances. Performers and performances will be varied and could range from professionals to children and communitymembers.The space should maintain high visibility to other visitors passing by, rather than enclosed activity: as such the space mayincorporate a small demountable stage.Relationship + Connections:Not adjacent to quiet study areas.Space Requirements:Occupancy capacity requirements: To be determined.
30. Remarks (Specific Requirements):Provision of adequate supporting infrastructure such as digital media, power, lighting etc5.6 Studio SpacesCore Function:Tate Bristol provisions of new studio spaces where a wide variety of artists, designers and makers can work in residenceincreasing the potential for greater participation and collaboration and attracting new audiences. The new studio spaces willbe designed to ensure maximum flexibility in terms of differing working needs of the artists and designers, whilst alsoallowing for personal adaptation in every aspect of its operation. All studios will have a live-in function, allow the artists toimmerse themselves in their work. Studios will be open to the public on specific days.Relationship + Connections:The studios will wrap around the outside of the Tate Bristol. As the exhibition galleries themselves do not need natural light,but the live-in studios do then the studios will be located on the outer circumference of the building and the galleries on theinner.Amount: 60Total size: approx. 25-30m2 each.Remarks (Specific Requirements):All studios will have access to water, a sink, self-contained bathroom units and a small kitchenette. All units must be fittedwith fire alarms and smoke detectors. All studios to allow for a bed on maisonette floor, therefore the ceiling height must beat least 4.2 metres.5.7 Tate Bristol BarCore Function:The bar forms a key facility for the Tate Bristol. In this area provision should be made for alcohol, beverages, confectionaryand snacks to any visitor to the building, but in particular for servicing the gallery visitors. The bar should also providemeeting spaces, hospitality and private party areas with the flexibility to support conference activity during the daytime. Thebar must be large and well organised, allowing for optimum service during the peak ‘pinch-points’ for serving up to 400people.Users will be a very diverse group. Acoustic management and in particular enhancement systems for deaf or hard of hearingcustomers will be needed. Layout, sight lines and security systems need to accommodate the need for effective managementof anti-social behaviour. Stock and equipment must be easy to lock-down and open, clean and maintain. Given the diversityof the customer base these areas should be egalitarian allowing for a range of styles/lighting/colours/layouts.There should be provision of an alcohol-free bar area to service children, families and customers whose religion proscribesalcohol.Relationship + Connections:The bar needs to be in close proximity to the toilets, service lifts and primary catered facilities/kitchens. They should beconnected to the main foyer and/or a part of the circulation foyers for the exhibition spaces. The bar must be an integratedpart of a stock control system. There must be adequate provision for the secure handling of floats, till management and cash-ups. Such a secure area with a day safe could be a shared facility with reception and tickets sales to the featured exhibitions.Personal security of staff and customers is important so surveillance and ease of access for security staff is important. The
31. bar must support easy access for daily cleaning and high standard cleaning. Signage to other parts of the building and inparticular the exhibitions must be clear and accessible.Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Dimensions: To be determined.Size: approx. 20m2 gross floor area.Total size: approx. 20m2 gross floor area.Occupancy capacity requirements: The area should accommodate up to 250 people comfortably.5.8 Catering facilitiesThe details for this requirement will be informed by the outcome of consultancy studies currently underway. This functionrequires detailed resolution and forms part of on-going investigation.Core Function:This area consists of restaurant type facilities, kitchen and its associated storage as well as retail ancillary space. The detailsfor this requirement will be informed by the outcome of consultancy studies currently underway. This function requiresdetailed resolution and forms part of on-going investigation.Relationship + Connections:Catering areas will need to be adjacent and accessible to the Picnic Area, bar and conferencing facilities.Space Requirements:Amount: 1.5.9 Picnic SpaceCore Function:The picnic space should be a spacious area allowing for multi-functional use. It should invite and provide visitors with anopportunity to bring and consume their own food and beverages. It should be large enough to accommodate groups andindividuals with varied types of furniture and furniture arrangements. The space should have the possibility of offering aspace reservation basis only for groups, and some on an ad hoc drop in basis. The former could therefore be used for otheractivities when available.Particular attention must be paid to the ease of cleaning and also provision for adequate food and rubbish disposal. The spaceshould have vending and water facilities, sinks and hand dryers. They should be fully accessible, but with secure exits forsafely accommodating groups of young children. The space should not be specifically designed for children, howeveranticipation of high child use means that it should accommodate their behaviour and needs.Relationship + Connections:It should be located within easy access of the Tate Bristol services. The space should also be as close as possible to theentrances for ease of access to coaches and other transport. Accessible toilets should be within easy reach and should beclose to ATM, exhibition galleries, service lifts and stairs/lifts/escalators.Space Requirements:Occupancy capacity requirements: To be determined.Remarks (Specific Requirements):
32. The space and its layout should be able to handle noisy groups, as such special consideration should be given to acousticcontrol. It is essential that the space has access to a music installation system. Furniture must be easy to move.5.10 Chill Out ZonesCore Function:This space should be a designated and identifiable area within Tate Bristol with no specifically programmed use. It shouldallow for occupation by any number of users from individuals to groups. Given the flexibility of use of this space,consideration should be given as to how to navigate conflicting requirements of accommodating all whilst making anallowance for the needs of specific users.Provision should be made for both low and high technology areas, accommodating both lively and quiet users. The areasshould include some food and beverage vending machines.The areas should have comfortable soft furnishings that are easy to clean, maintain and move for maximum flexibility.Relationship + Connections:These areas should be available on each floor, close to catering facilities as well as toilet facilities.Space Requirements:Amount: Space allocation will be required per floor.Occupancy capacity requirements: To be determined.Remarks (Specific Requirements):The space should respond to preferred customer usage as they emerge. An emphasis on varied types of furnishings forhighest flexibility is essential.5.11 Meeting PointCore Function:The meeting point is a designated area where people can meet each other. It should be clearly defined, legible and visible.This area should not be considered a room but rather a zone with a distinctive space and character. The area should be ableto accommodate large groups of people with comfortable seating, internet accessible computers and reading materials. Itshould be designed to deter anti-social ‘grouping’ and be close to the reception support with low-key supervision.Relationship + Connections:This area should be central to the main entrances and reception areas, toilets and public services. Close to ATM, toilets andaccessible toilets, service lifts and stairs/lifts/escalators.Remarks (Specific Requirements):Seating should be fixed yet demountable to allow the space to be used for other purposes if required. Fixtures andfurnishings must be easy to clean and robust.5.11.1 Group Visit AreasCore Function:Groups should be adequately accommodated throughout Tate Bristol. Spaces for these groups should incorporatecomfortable furniture that supports initial briefings and short presentations. Capacity for small refreshments and technologyis also preferred.
33. Space Requirements:Occupancy capacity requirements: Groups of up to 25 people.Remarks (Specific Requirements):Access to technology and presentation facilities should be provided.5.11.2 Help PointCore Function:Areas away from the interactive zones will require help points for staff to support customers with quick enquiries/issues.Issues of adaptability should be considered in order to respond to customer demand and organisational needs. These could beunobtrusive facilities available for brief enquiries.Help points should be child friendly and of a suitable scale.5.12 Public Toilet FacilitiesCore Function:These facilities will service customers and visitors to the foyer areas. This means that potentially a broad public will usethese facilities. Given the diverse groups of people visiting the building, the facilities should therefore reflect this diversity ofrequirements and include adequate provision for children and parents as well as disabled visitors. Facilities may vary indimension in order to address these needs specifically.Consideration should also be given to the way in which facilities will be used throughout the day. Moments of intense useoccur during lunchtimes and also coincide with both Tate Bristol events. Events taking place in the new “Tate Park” willalso place high demands on these facilities.Further, sustainable use of water and cleaning products should be prioritised. This subject is detailed as part of thesustainability strategy.Focus should be placed on the ease of use and robustness. In addition, given the high public usage envisaged for the building,all fixtures, fittings and surfaces selected should be of adequate and appropriate quality to reflect this imperative. Naturally,provision of good light and ventilation are essential.Relationship + Connections:Public toilet facilities should be in close proximity to exhibiting gallery’s entrances and general reception areas, proximity tocleaning services and general maintenance access is also a priority. Catering and bar facilities will also require specific toiletprovision.Space Requirements:Dimensions: 0.90 x 1.50 m per toilet cubicle minimum.Size: 4m2 gross area per toilet cubicle minimum (includes entrance area).Remarks (Specific Requirements):Allow for effective, deep and high standard cleaning. Allow for self-cleaning functions where possible.Attention to the prevention of misuse and vandalism including the use of anti-graffiti surfaces. Incorporate environmentallyefficient disposal of sanitary waste.Fittings and fixtures to possibly provide for particular cultural needs of users.
34. 5.12.1 Toilets, Unisex ToiletsCore Function:The facilities should be designed for both adults and children. Facilities should include fixtures for when children aretraining. Consideration must be given to the high demand on these services at peak periods.Relationship + Connections:Proximity to baby change / feeding facilities.Space Requirements:Amount: 2 minimum – more preferred.Dimensions: 0.90 x 1.50 m.Size: approx. 6m2 gross floor area.Total area: 12m2 gross floor area.5.12.2 Baby Changing / Feeding FacilitiesCore Function:This area should be suitable for parents and carers visiting the Tate Bristol to comfortably feed and change babies, toddlersand younger children. This needs to be a unisex environment.For reasons of discretion, private lockable cubicles for breastfeeding mothers should be provided.Facilities in these areas should include bottle heating facilities, hand wash basins, changing tables, individual toilets withchanging facilities and washbasins, adequate and environmentally efficient food and sanitary waste system: potable watersupply, fixed microwaves, and highchairs.Relationship + Connections:It needs to be accessible for cleaning and close to security surveillance. The buggy park should be as close as possible.Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Total size: approx. 8m2 gross floor area.Occupancy capacity requirements: To be determined.Remarks (Specific Requirements):The safety and security of children is to be of paramount importance.Allow for clear and multi-lingual facility information.5.13 Buggy + EMV ParkCore Function:The users of Tate Bristol should be provided with adequate space to safely park buggies and EMVs.These areas could be accommodated close to the outside of the entrances rather than inside the foyer as self-service lock-ups,assuming secure and appropriate locations and ease of access to foyer.This space needs to be very accessible, user-friendly and adaptable to accommodate demand.Consideration of door openings and corridors leading to this area should be sufficiently wide for ease of access andmovement.Relationship + Connections:These areas should also be close to entrance and toilets.
35. Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Dimensions: To be determined.Total size: approx. 25m2 gross floor area.Occupancy capacity requirements: The area should accommodate up to 30 buggies and 10 EMVs.Remarks (Specific Requirements):It should be under the surveillance of security systems.Remarks (Specific Requirements):The safety and security of children is to be of paramount importance.The allowance for clear and multi-lingual facility information is also necessary.5.14 Tate Park PlinthIntroduction:Tate Bristol’s location on Spike Island presents an opportunity for the engagement with the public domain. The Tate plinthshould be part of the building. It should encourage people to read a book in the sun, take a break for lunch or meet a friend.The park must be green. The city, with its considerable brickwork and concrete buildings, can very well use that. Anysoftening – even of the acoustics in the city - seems to be welcome in this part of the city, in materialisation as well as inscale.Core Function:Potentially being one of Bristol ’s most important public spaces, “Tate Square” or “Tate Park” is a vital part of the pedestrianroute between Cumberland Road and central Bristol. It will become an important arena for a variety of leisure purposes andevents throughout the year.Space Requirements:Amount: 1Dimensions: To be determined.Total size: approx. 1000m25.15 Parking AreaCore Function:As well as the Tate Bristol’s 2 bays for articulated lorries which can also be used for 4 general delivery vans: there will beample parking (100 cars) for visiting contractors and general visitors in the public car park situated adjacent to Tate Bristolbeneath the ‘Tate Park’ plinth.Relationship + Connections:Beneath the ‘Tate Park’ plinth, adjacent to loading bays.Space Requirements:Amount: 100.
36. 6 Functional Specifications (Back of House)
37. 6.0 Functional SpecificationsThe functional specification states both the operational and aspirational requirements that will form the basis of the designphase tasks. Some of these items have conflicting requirements that must be reconciled and resolved during the next phasesin the design process. It contains detailed information concerning the amount, size and quality of spaces as well as therequired proximity of functions and spaces, requirements concerning the functional and essential technical requirements,image and appearance as well as other requirements specific to the project as known to date. The functional specificationdescribes the functional requirements all areas of the project, encompassing also general service areas and ‘back of house’zones.6.1.1 Staff Toilet FacilitiesCore Function:These facilities will service staff of the Tate Bristol.Similar to the public toilets functional requirements, staff toilets should reflect the diversity of staff requirements includingprovision for disabled staff.For operational purposes these facilities may be located in close proximity to staff areas. Further, sustainable use of waterand cleaning products should be prioritised. This subject is detailed as part of the Sustainability strategy.Focus should be placed on the ease of use and robustness. In addition, all fixtures, fittings and surfaces selected should be ofadequate and appropriate quality. Naturally, provision of good light and ventilation are essential.Relationship + Connections:Catering and bar facilities will also require specific toilet provision.Staff toilet facilities will need to be located close to other staff areas such as staff offices and facilities.Space Requirements:Dimensions: 0.90 x 1.50 m per toilet cubicle minimum.Size: 4m2 gross area per toilet cubicle minimum (includes entrance area).Remarks (Specific Requirements):Allow for effective, deep and high standard cleaning. Allow for self-cleaning functions where possible.Attention to the prevention of misuse and vandalism including the use of anti-graffiti surfaces. Incorporate environmentallyefficient disposal of sanitary waste.Fittings and fixtures to possibly provide for particular cultural needs of users.6.1.2 Accessible ToiletsCore Function:Provision must be made to serve wheelchair, EMV and other mobility impaired users and their caregivers with facilities.Accessible toilets must be of equal standard to other toilets.Thought must be given to robustness, as well as the ease and modesty of ingress and egress. These facilities must beaccessibility compliant and exceed DDA requirements. One accessible toilet should be a full personal care suite and be ableto accommodate a mobile bed and/or allow an EMV, large wheelchair, a hoist, its user and caregivers with comfortableaccess and space to use the facilities with ease. Furthermore, these facilities shall be linked to the emergency responsesystem with easy access for staff to respond.
38. Naturally, provision of good light and ventilation are essential. In addition, given the high public usage envisaged for thebuilding, all fixtures, fittings and surfaces selected should be of adequate and appropriate quality to reflect this imperative.Further, sustainable use of water and cleaning products should be prioritised. This subject is detailed as part of theSustainability strategy. The provision of at least one facility on every floor is also required.Relationship + Connections:All facilities should be directly accessible from the exhibition galleries, bar, catered areas and general reception area. Wherea priority is needed, these toilets should be nearer to the service area in question than those for non-disabled customers.Preference is given to locate these facilities close to cleaning services and general maintenance access. Obvious, direct andeasy access to main entrance and exit doors is also required.Space Requirements:Dimensions: 1.60 x 2.80 m per toilet cubicle minimum.Size: 8m2 gross floor area per toilet cubicle minimum (includes entrance area).Remarks (Specific Requirements):Allowance must be made for effective, deep and high standard of cleaning. Where possible self-cleaning functions should beincluded. Attention to the prevention of misuse and vandalism including the use of anti-graffiti surfaces should beincorporated.6.1.3 Cleaner’s Room + StoresCore Function:Cleaner’s rooms and associated store should provide space for all necessary general and specialist equipment and cleaningmaterials, including all necessary sinks, drainage and waste systems to cope with the range of cleaning needs. The provisionof four low level sinks with hoses, a sluice/incinerator or similar waste disposal system for solid matter, two large lockablecupboards for storage of cleaning materials and chemicals, shelves for stocks of sanitary materials, space for spare wastebins, sanitary bins and other equipment, racks for storage of cleaning equipment such as vacuum cleaners and mop buckets,a washing machine and dryer and a domestic sink unit is to be included within this area.It is essential that the space provide a safe and healthy working environment for all users, with specific consideration forthose who will be using chemicals, hot water, steam and other hazardous materials.Relationship + Connections:The space should be accessible to all aspects of the customer service functions with particular focus on exhibition areas andbar/cafe areas. It must have good service lift access to support safe and efficient operations and ease of waste disposal.Access for cleaning staff to the staff briefing/rest room will be required to support necessary meetings and breakrequirements.Space Requirements:Amount: 5.Dimensions: To be determined.Size: 4m2 gross floor area minimum.Remarks (Specific Requirements):Highly robust finishes to be applied to spaces.
39. 6.2.1 General Staff Offices + FacilitiesCore Function:A particular part of the building should be determined to accommodate staff, relating specifically to the operationalmanagement of Tate Bristol related activities. Bearing in mind the need for a durable, adaptable office environment, amaximum amount of flexibility should be integrated within its design. The possibility to create multiple variations of floorlayouts with regards to furniture is part of that demand. Necessary spaces to house lockers and kitchen areas are required forthese functions.Relationship + Connections:As the offices with their necessary functional spaces should be considered a unity, they should be located in close proximityto each other as they provide interdependent services. If adjacent to the cleaner’s room, the staff briefing and rest roomscould accommodate cleaning staff also.Furthermore, this unit will need to be near to the toilets, service lifts and stair/lifts/escalators.Space Requirements:Schedule of accommodation: To be determined.Design Capacity requirements: To be determined.1,500m2 will adequately cover a minimum capacity of 50 workstations.Remarks (Specific Requirements):Office spaces need to be flexible and adaptable to changing user requirements. They must be accessible for disabled staffand visitors.6.2.2 First Aid/Changing RoomsCore Function:These spaces are an essential requirement of the building. A comprehensive first aid service must be provided for both staffand visitors. First Aid rooms should house a bed, locked supply cabinet, toilet and washbasin, adequate and appropriatewaste disposal system (i.e. bodily fluids) and room for patient, first aider and patient’s attendants.Changing facilities are required for adults and carers who may require this facility in relation to accessible toilet facilities.Staff changing facilities for motor/cyclists will need to be made available elsewhere as a separate facility with lockablechanging rooms including shower facilities to provide adequate space for individuals to change their clothing includingspace for mirror and chair. Particular attention to the health and safety of users and ease of cleaning (surgical and general)are also important. Pairs of rooms should be able to break down into one larger room.Relationship + Connections:Accessible from public foyer area and close to entrance. Accessible by paramedic team/ambulance or other vehicles. Closeto security surveillance. Close to ATM, toilets and accessible toilets, exhibition galleries, service lifts andstairs/lifts/escalators.Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Dimensions: To be determined.Total size: approx. 20m2 gross floor area.
40. 6.2.3 Storage SpacesCore Function:This staff-only accessed area will provide a storage facility for programmes and scripts, merchandise and retail items, ticketstock for the Tate Bristol, stationery items, publicity, first aid stock, display boards and third party equipment and stock forboth organisations etc. For aesthetic and operational reasons storage stock will be limited in the reception area, therefore afacility that sufficiently caters to this need will be required for both organisations.This facility should allow for access by couriers and delivery services to either load in directly from the street or fromservice lift provision from the loading bays. The area must be secure and safe, with appropriate racking, shelving, access andretrieval equipment to minimise any health and safety risks for staff.This space should be easily and safely accessible for staff and be under security surveillance.Relationship + Connections:This area does not need to be central to the foyer, but should be reasonably close to reception, service lift and unloading baysprovision for ease of operation.Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Dimensions: To be determined.Total size: approx. 20m2 gross area.6.2.4 Staff Briefing / Rest RoomsCore Function:The staff briefing/rest room should adequately accommodate up to twenty-five staff. This area will also serve toaccommodate ancillary staff members such as firemen, ushers and catering/bar staff.This area should also include secure lockers and a kitchen area. The staff rest room could be adjacent to the cleaner’s roomto accommodate cleaning staff as well.Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Dimensions: To be determined.Total size: approx. 20m2 gross floor area.Occupancy capacity requirements: The area should accommodate up to 25 staff.Remarks (Specific Requirements):In accordance with statutory requirements offices need to be accessible for disabled staff and visitors.6.3 Facilities Management6.3.0 Security Operations IntroductionThe diverse nature of this building will require a clear understanding and management strategy that will deal with the uniqueoperational aspects of the building. Some parts of the building are to be open when others will be closed, in particular, theConference Rooms, Restaurants and Bar, exhibition areas. Systems should be designed so that areas can operate discreetly:this includes the security of these areas. The security system should emphasise balance through the appropriate use of staffand technology. Security should be unobtrusive yet effective.
41. Clear site lines, no dead legs both inside and out, and well-defined security lines will facilitate a balanced approach tosecurity. As in any public building, there are a number of threats identified. The theft of stock and equipment, intellectualproperty theft, opportunistic crime, disruptive behaviour, anti social behaviour, violent visitors, visitors with mental healthissues and terrorism.The foyer will play a key role in establishing the system of security to be implemented. It is envisaged that there will besecurity presence in the foyer in the form of meet and greet and concierge personnel.Stock will need to be protected and detection devices incorporated behind the Tate Bristol’s security line discreetly, but withan ability for a member of staff to challenge if the device is activated.Specific areas such as the Galleries and storage areas for the Tate Bristol will require an individual approach for a high levelof specialist security.The security systems must be capable of being modified and added to satisfy future requirements. The security for the TateBristol must meet the highest industry standards.Core Function:Fully integrated CCTV office covering monitoring facilities to the complex, Linked back to the BCC and Police ControlOffice. It will house the BMS/Fire/ Intruder/ Personal Attack/ Flood and Tannoy System.Relationship + Connections:This area should be next to the Services reception(s) and foyer(s).Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Total size each: approx. 40m2 gross floor area.6.3.1 Security Interview RoomCore Function:This room needs to be front of house, in a discreet area near to the foyer. The use will be for customers who are detained andpolice interviews.Relationship + Connections:This area should be next to the Services reception and foyer.Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Dimensions: To be determined.Total size each: approx. 20m2 gross floor area.6.3.2 Secure Storage AreaCore Function:A secure storage area for small deliveries/packages will be a function of this area. Staff will bank monies: there will be arequirement for a safe so the office area must be secure.Relationship + Connections:Adjacent to Security Control room.Space Requirements:Amount: 1.
42. Dimensions: To be determined.Total size: approx. 20m2 gross floor area.6.3.3 Building Management Services OfficeCore Function:The space will be used by the Facilities Team. These include spaces for the Finance and Administration and someManagement functions for the building. It will include the Facilities Help Desk/Services Reception/Conference RoomBooking Team on site base for contractors, including BMS functions and Controls for the building, Van Drivers, SecurityManager and Onsite Maintenance.Relationship + Connections:Adjacent to: Staff Entrance, Loading Bay, Security Control, Goods lift, ICT workshop and store, bib services. Stores, staffchanging rooms, showers for staff, cycle store and Loading Bay Records Management.Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Total size: approx. 120m2 gross floor area.Occupancy capacity requirements: There would be approx. 8 permanent staff/contractors and 4 hot desk spaces. An officefor back of house visitors for approx. 12 people.6.3.4 Services Reception/FacilitiesCore Function:This is an area for a helpdesk and management office. The area is designed to be multi-functional in order to carry out anumber of duties whilst servicing reception.Waiting area will also need to be incorporated.Relationship + Connections:Adjacent to the main back of house entrance area.Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Dimensions: To be determined.Total size: approx. 30m2 gross floor area.Occupancy capacity requirements: Should support minimal permanent staff.6.3.5 Staff Entrance Area and Ancillary SpacesCore Function:This areas will be the main back of house entrance, they should be able to be standalone so they can be opened when theTate Bristol are closed. This area will service the staff and visitor entrance and as such it must be durable for operations withhigh traffic. The main controls for BMS/Fire Panels/ Security are to be housed in this area and repeated in an adjacentsecurity control room.Relationship + Connections:Adjacent to Security Control room.
43. Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Dimensions: to be determinedTotal size: approx. 100m2 gross floor areaRemarks (Specific Requirements):ICT and Power supply must be maintained at all times with a UPS back up.6.3.6 Facilities Management StorageCore Function:The Facilities Management store will be the centralised storage area for the Tate Bristol. An extensive list will be producedthrough dialogue to produce a definitive list of items to be stored Storage will need to accommodate cloakrooms, furniturestorage and chairs, publication material and internal stationery.An area will be nominated for skips and recycling bins.Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Dimensions: To be determined.Total size: approx. 300m2 gross floor area.6.4.1 Commercial RetailCore Function:Note: This function requires detailed resolution and forms part of an on-going investigation.Relationship + Connections:Investigation on-going.Space Requirements:Amount: To be determined.Dimensions: To be determined.Total size: approx. 227m2 gross floor area.6.4.2 Tate Bristol salesCore Function:This area provides the opportunity for independently operated retail. It also provides a possible income stream from TateBristol sales.Resolution is required for the retail concept through on-going investigation by the client body.Relationship + Connections:Catering areas will need to be adjacent and accessible to the Picnic Area.Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Dimensions: To be determined.Size: approx. 250m2 gross floor area.Remarks (Specific Requirements):
44. Metered service connections will be provided to suit the retail offer requirements. Connection to Fire Alarm, drainage willalso be provided as required.6.5 Studio SpacesCore Function:Tate Bristol provisions of new studio spaces where a wide variety of artists, designers and makers can work in residenceincreasing the potential for greater participation and collaboration and attracting new audiences. The new studio spaces willbe designed to ensure maximum flexibility in terms of differing working needs of the artists and designers, whilst alsoallowing for personal adaptation in every aspect of its operation. All studios will have a live-in function, allow the artists toimmerse themselves in their work. Studios will be open to the public on specific days.Relationship + Connections:The studios will wrap around the outside of the Tate Bristol. As the exhibition galleries themselves do not need natural light,but the live-in studios do then the studios will be located on the outer circumference of the building and the galleries on theinner.Amount: 60Total size: approx. 25-30m2 each.Remarks (Specific Requirements):All studios will have access to water, a sink, self-contained bathroom units and a small kitchenette. All units must be fittedwith fire alarms and smoke detectors. All studios to allow for a bed on maisonette floor, therefore the ceiling height must beat least 4.2 metres.6.6.1 Exhibition Preparation SpaceCore Function:This space will be used for preparing materials for exhibitions and will need to be immediately adjacent and have access tothe main exhibition spaces and their associated storage space. The space should be a regular shape and flexible with poweravailability throughout and with access capable of taking large to extremely large objects.Relationship + Connections:(See main exhibition space).Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Dimensions: To be determined.Total size: approx. 275m2 gross floor area.Remarks (Specific Requirements):As this space will be used for the preparation of exhibits, which require specific environmental conditions, it is proposed thatthe temperature and humidity are controlled in a similar manner to the Main Exhibition space. This will reduce the need foracclimatization when materials are moved between the two spaces. However, as certain materials may be without displaycases in this area, the temperature band would be reduced to 20degC ±1degC. To comply with the National Heritage Act1980 the relative humidity, temperature and light levels will be monitored.
45. 6.6.2 Exhibition Storage SpaceCore Function:This space will be used for storing exhibition equipment such as frames, vitrines, lights etc and will need to be immediatelyadjacent and have access to the Main exhibition space and associated preparation space. The space should be a regular shapeand flexible with power availability. The space will need to be able to store moveable display modules, frames and displaycases. The frame store will need an efficient racking system.Relationship + Connections:Immediately adjacent to main exhibition space and exhibition preparation space.Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Dimensions: To be determined.Total size: approx. 275m2 gross floor area.Remarks (Specific Requirements):Full climatic control where necessary, adjustable lighting conditions. High level of security required.6.7.1 WorkshopsCore Function:The workshop area is used for construction, assembly and finishing of all in house produced items for the Tate Bristol. Theartists in residences will have supervised access to these facilities.Relationship + Connections:The workshop should be adjacent to staff facilities, goods lift, loading bay, exhibition galleries and studios.Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Total size: approx. 400m2 gross floor area.Remarks (Specific Requirements):Each working area to have environmental controls. Space must have a minimum height of 6m.Sound baffles should be included in machine areas. Provision is also needed for adequate ventilation and extract systemsfrom woodworking/metalworking machines.6.7.2 Workshop OfficeCore Function:The workshop office is required for staff working in the workshop area.Relationship + Connections:The workshop office should be adjacent to staff facilities, goods lift, loading bay, workshop, exhibition galleries and artiststudios.Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Total size: approx. 11m2 gross floor area.Remarks (Specific Requirements):Each working area to have own environmental controls.
46. 6.7.3 Workshop Tea RoomCore Function:The tea-room is a staff facility equipped with a kitchen and basic food preparation facilities. The tea-room is principally usedby staff working in the workshop.Relationship + Connections:The workshop tea-room should be adjacent to staff facilities, goods lift, loading bay, workshop and exhibition galleries.Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Total size: approx. 15m2 gross floor area.Remarks (Specific Requirements):Each working area to have own environmental controls.6.7.4 Design OfficeCore Function:Staff accommodation. Provision for workstation to be made.Relationship + Connections:The design office should be adjacent to staff facilities, goods lift, loading bay, workshop and exhibition galleries.Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Total size: approx. 28m2 gross floor area.Remarks (Specific Requirements):Each working area to have own environmental controls.6.7.5 Metal workshopCore Function:The metal workshop area is used for construction, assembly and finishing of all steel in house produced items for the TateBristol. The artists in residences will have supervised access to these facilities.Relationship + Connections:The workshop should be adjacent to staff facilities, goods lift, loading bay, and studio spaces.Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Total size: approx. 110m2 gross floor area.Remarks (Specific Requirements):Each working area to have own environmental controls. Space must have a minimum height of 5.5m.Sound baffles should be included in machine areas. Provision is also needed for adequate ventilation and extract systemsfrom woodworking/metalworking machines.
47. 6.7.6 Wood storeCore Function:This space will store all wood and woodwork related items.Relationship + Connections:The wood store should be adjacent to staff facilities, goods lift, loading bay, workshop, particularly the wood workshop,exhibition galleries and studio spaces.Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Total size: approx. 69m2 gross floor area.Remarks (Specific Requirements):Each working area to have own environmental controls.Sound baffles should be included in machine areas.6.7.7 Wood workshopCore Function:The wood workshop area is used for construction, assembly and finishing of all wood in house produced items for the TateBristol.Relationship + Connections:The workshop should be adjacent to staff facilities, goods lift, loading bay, wood store, exhibition galleries and studio spaces.Space Requirements:Amount: 1Total size: approx. 68m2 gross floor areaRemarks (Specific Requirements):Each working area to have individual environmental controls. Space must have a minimum height of 5.5m. Sound bafflesshould be included in machine areas. Provision is also needed for adequate ventilation and extract systems fromwoodworking/metalworking machines.6.7.8 StorageCore Function:The storage area is used as necessary support space for the construction, assembly and finishing of all in house produceditems for the Tate Bristol. These are produced mainly in steel and wood. This space should be insulated and lockable.Relationship + Connections:The storage area should be adjacent to staff facilities, goods lift, loading bay, exhibition galleries, workshop, and studiospaces.Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Total size: approx. 210m2 gross floor area.Remarks (Specific Requirements):Each working area to have own environmental controls.
48. 6.7.9 Changing areas and LockersCore Function:These facilities with service the staff employed throughout the workshop areas.Relationship + Connections:The change areas and lockers should be adjacent to staff facilities and workshop.Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Total size: approx. 20m2 gross floor area.Remarks (Specific Requirements):Each area to have own environmental controls.6.8.1 Staff OfficesCore Function:This staff area relates specifically to those functions dealing with the art gallery house management. A total of five officespaces are required. Three of these offices will accommodate a maximum of eight staff, workstations, desks, filing andmiscellany in each will be required. Of the five offices, the Tate Bristol also requires two multi-purpose offices, which canbe used for visitors, conference organisers and internal meetings.All staff areas need to be ergonomic and adaptable with good light and ventilation. All need to provide security for staff andequipment.Relationship + Connections:Ideally all the offices would be in close proximity to each other as they provide interdependent services. They must belocated to efficiently support the functions of the staff concerned. The sales manager office could be located next to theticket office/sales function (for the featured exhibitions). There is less need for the two other visitor offices to have a specificlocation.Space Requirements:Amount: 5.Dimensions: To be determined.Size: approx. 10m2 gross floor area.Total area: 50m2 gross floor area.6.8.2 Staff Offices and WorkroomsCore Function:This is the general working area for Tate staff – mainly public service. Office rooms and works rooms for various kinds ofactivities. The area needs to be flexible and adaptable meeting future changes in organization and developments intechnology. The area should be quiet and comfortable for concentrated working patterns.Specification of area layout:• Office desks (large)/ computer workstations.• Work area (large benches).• Rest area.Relationship + Connections:
49. Adjacent to Reception Area, Open Research Area and Supervised Search Room.Space Requirements:Amount: 1Dimensions: to be determined.Total size: approx. 110m2 gross floor area.Occupancy capacity requirements: up to 20 people.6.9 Loading BayCore Function:The Loading bay area will be required to serve the Tate Bristol. The function is the safe delivery and dispatch of materialsand parking of vehicles. The space should be designed to enable the safe and efficient loading and unloading, reducing theneed for manual handling so minimising the risk. The area needs to be well lit, ventilated and secure. There will be dedicatedTate Bristol staff to deal with deliveries, a small secure office area is required for these staff, which must have a clear line ofsite for the entire area including the entrance, which must have a security barrier. The Loading Bay should be able to operateon a standalone basis so it can be operated when the Tate Bristol is closed.Relationship + Connections:The loading bay needs to have first line security, so a security presence must be accommodated, this could be incorporatedwithin the security control function or staff offices. These should be adjacent to Goods Lift, Tate Bristol Workshop, TateBristol Storage/Depository Areas, Exhibition Galleries and Catering StorageStorage Area.Space Requirements:Amount: 2 articulated lorries.Dimensions: To be determined.Size: approx. 300m2 gross floor area.6.10 Sorting SpaceCore Function:Room for sorting the small to medium sized artwork prior to cataloguing or digitisation. The area should be quiet andcomfortable for concentrated working patterns.Specification of area layout:• Office desks (large)/ computer workstations.• Work area (large benches).• Storage.• Wide passageways.Relationship + Connections:• Immediately adjacent to Cataloguing Area.• Easy access Loading Bay Area, Storage area, Interim and isolation storage.Space Requirements:Amount: 1.Dimensions: to be determined.
50. Total size: approx. 50m2 gross floor area.Occupancy capacity requirements: 3 persons.6.11 Cataloguing AreaCore Function:The Cataloguing Area is used for the cataloguing of (precious) art works. The area will need to be flexible and adaptablemeeting the future developments in technology. The area should be quiet and comfortable for concentrated working patterns.Specification of area layout:• Office desks (large)/ computer workstations.• Work area (large benches).• Storage.• Secure storage (sensitive archival).• Wide passageways.Relationship + Connections:Immediately adjacent to Sorting AreaEasy access to the Loading Bay Area, and Interim and Isolation storageSpace Requirements:Amount: 1Dimensions: to be determined.Total size: approx. 300m2 gross floor area.Occupancy capacity requirements: up to 8 persons.6.12 Photographic Office and Cataloguing RoomCore Function:The Photographic office area is used for the management cataloguing the incoming and outgoing artwork to insure thecondition of the art has not changed since being at the Tate Bristol. The office operates as a facilitator to curatorial projects,cataloguing, packing and unpacking the incoming and outgoing artwork and the Tate’s collections.The office will need to be flexible and adaptable meeting the growth and future developments in technology. The areashould be quiet and comfortable for concentrated working patterns.Specification of area layout:• Spacious room with: 6 Office desks (large)/ computer workstations / washing area / bookshelves [min. 4m x 2m] / fixed and portable light boxes / projection facilities.• Office with 6 computer workstations (separate room).• Room for ICT / printing room.• Cataloguing workroom (large benches, 9 x 5m).• Storage (shelving at least at least 10m x 2m x 1m).Relationship + Connections:Adjacent to Cataloguing areaEasy access Loading Bay Area, Interim and isolation storage and exhibition galleries.Space Requirements:
51. Amount: 1.Dimensions: to be determined.Total size: approx. 150m2 gross floor area.6.13.1 Interim Storage (Clean Room)Core Function:Storage room for clean incoming artwork prior to cataloguing, digitisation or storage treatment. Users of the storage arepermanent staff members of the Tate.Specification of area layout:• Open area with shelving.• Wide passageways.Relationship + Connections:Easy access to Loading Bay Area (lift), Cataloguing Area, Digital Lab, Photography Office, Cataloguing Area and StorageAreas.Space Requirements:Amount: 1Dimensions: to be determinedTotal size: approx. 50m2 gross floor areaRemarks (Specific Requirements):It is proposed that this area meets the recommendations for environmental conditions for BS 5454 for paper and parchment.All non-essential building services equipment should be located outside of the storage spaces and services routes should notpass through storage areas6.13.2 Interim Storage (Isolation Room)Core Function:Storage room for contaminated incoming artwork.Specification of area layout:• Open area with shelving.• Wide passageways.Relationship + Connections:Adjacent to Sorting AreaEasy access Loading Bay Area, Interim storage (clean room), Storage Area and Conservation AreaSpace Requirements:Amount: 1Dimensions: to be determinedTotal size: approx. 50m2 gross floor areaRemarks (Specific Requirements):It is proposed that this area meets the recommendations for environmental conditions for BS 5454 for paper and parchment.This room should be located at the end of the air-flow to avoid spreading impurities to clean rooms.
52. All non-essential building services equipment should be located outside of the storage spaces and services routes should notpass through storage areas.6.14 Art DepositoryCore Function:The establishment of the Tate goes hand in hand with the development of a design model for the storage, care, deploymentand access to resources. The major objective is to increase efficiency, to cater for user needs, future-proofing and greatpresentation and accessibility of resources.This storage model will result in:• An efficient management of the stocks.• A good preservation of stocks, allowing staff to fulfil their new role, i.e. providing (active) service to the visitors.• Improved physical and virtual accessibility of the stocks.• Improved self-learning and guided support by presentation in themes and providing links between resources.Relationship + Connections:• 8,000 items of art. Including 1,000 on Display therefore 7,000 in the storage depository.• Need for active stock management.• Efficient storage, which meets the need of the art whether it is size or sensitivity to light and temperature.• Effective and efficient use of staff resources and speed of delivery of art and/or materials to the exhibitions or other Tate Buildings.• Located adjacent to Loading Bay, Cataloguing Rooms, and also with easy accessibility to the Exhibition Galleries.Space Requirements:Amount: 1Dimensions: to be determinedTotal size: approx. 500m2 gross floor area
53. 7 Strategies
54. 7 Strategies7.1 IntroductionThe technical design of the building will be a response to the challenges defined within this brief and resolved within theconstraints stated within these strategies.The biggest design issue will be anticipating the future needs of a technologically advanced building that will not becompleted until May 2013. The building will accommodate a wide range of diverse functions that will operate at differenttimes around the clock.7.2 Sustainability7.2.1 GeneralThe environmental performance of Tate Bristol will be inherent in the design.The design must establish the key sustainability targets for the project have highlighted that sustainability is a priority forboth clients and for the City of Bristol as a whole. This is reflected in the requirement for Tate Bristol to undergo aBREEAM Assessment to demonstrate its sustainability credentials through a nationally recognised indicator ofenvironmental building performance.After gaining a high level appreciation of the client’s sustainability aspirations, it is proposed to develop and integrate theseinto the design using the approach outlined below.7.2.2 The ProcessThe next step in the process will be to establish detailed sustainability objectives specific to the development.The outcome of these initial workshops will establish the sustainability aspirations for the developments, which will form a‘sustainability framework’. The framework records the targets for the project, which will be updated as the project develops.This tool manages the process and communicates the sustainability targets across all aspects of the design and development.The framework will set out the project’s aims in terms of performance but not how these aims will be achieved by specifictechnologies. The framework will be based around key topics, as well as the City’s sustainable development objectives,established by Bristol City Council, and national guidelines. These are:• Energy and CO2 Emissions.• Sustainable Construction.• Water.• Pollution.• Materials.• Waste.• Land Use.• Ecology.• Social.• Health and Wellbeing.• Transport.• Innovation in Design.• Management and Operation.• Local Planning Policies/ Regulations.
55. 7.2.3 The ComponentsThe sustainability framework will comprise key headings and components, as follows:7.2.4 Energy and CO2 EmissionsBristol City Council has stated that one of the key aims of the development is to minimise carbon emissions as far aspossible within the constraints of the project. This will primarily be achieved by incorporating passive design concepts(Lean), efficient building services (Mean) and where appropriate, utilising renewable and low carbon technologies to furtherreduce emissions (Green). Feasibility studies will be undertaken to review possible renewable and low and zero carbontechnologies that can be implemented on the site.Examples of some of the technologies that will be considered are:• Ground Source Heat Pumps – Open loop and closed loop, dependant on ground conditions and suitable aquifer.• Linking into existing city-wide CHP/district heating network.• Solar thermal.• Photo Voltaic Panels.7.2.5 Sustainable ConstructionOpportunities for sustainable construction and operation will be identified and agreed with the client. This will includeadvice on design and detailing for the construction and registering the project under the ‘Considerate Constructors Scheme’.These go significantly beyond best practice site management principles.WaterOpportunities for potable water use reduction, water recycling and reuse will be highlighted and assessed for thedevelopment. Particular attention will be given to the water usage in toilets given the large people flow expected in the newbuilding.MaterialsIdentify opportunities for the use of materials, which are recycled, rapidly renewable, durable, low maintenance, responsiblysourced and low in embodied energy. Applicable materials will be suggested and investigated.WasteA Waste Management Plan that covers waste minimisation, reuse and recycling at all stages of the development will beproduced. The plan will reference procurement policy and the Government’s draft waste management strategy, which setstargets for recycling or composting of 25% of domestic waste by 2005, 30% by 2010 and 35% by 2015
56. 7.2.6 Realization of StrategyThe concept design Tate report will detail how the objectives and aims of the sustainability strategy can be achieved.Following establishment of the sustainability framework, a series of sustainability concepts will be developed to guide andinform scheme design development to ensure the objectives of the charter are met.The strategies included would generally involve the following key steps: • Analysis of the project specific conditions and constraints. • Assessment of likely impacts of project. • Assessment of potential options for achieving the objectives. • Assessment of costs, risk and benefits of each approach. • Recommendations of most appropriate approach(es).7.2.7 Environment Assessment MethodThe project’s sustainable credentials will be measured using the Building Research Establishment’s EnvironmentalAssessment Method (BREEAM). Under this assessment process Tate Bristol are aiming to achieve a BREEAM ‘Excellent’rating.During the Design Stage the following process will be undertaken:• Register assessment with British Research Establishment (BRE).• Agree assessment methodology.• Highlight opportunities for additional BREEAM Innovation credits (opportunity to add an additional 10% onto the final BREEAM score).• Advise on progress towards achieving the ‘Excellent’ BREEAM rating.• Collate information from the project team and prepare initial BREEAM assessment report setting out the route to achieving the ‘Excellent’ BREEAM rating for the new build element of the development.• During the design process, provide advice on how to maintain the ‘Excellent’ BREEAM rating when design changes are proposed that affect the rating.• Collate final information and prepare formal BREEAM ‘design stage’ interim report for submission to Clients and ultimately BRE.• Submit interim report to the BRE.7.3 Structural & Civil7.3.1 Structural EngineeringGeneralThe criteria for the design and specification of the structure including structural loadings, analysis, tolerances, materials, fireresistance, quality control, testing and workmanship shall be as described in the current British Standards, Codes of Practiceand Building Regulations, modified where necessary by specific project requirements.The design life shall be 50 years as defined in BS 7543.Superimposed loading requirementsEach part of the structure shall be designed for superimposed loading suitable for its intended use. No allowance shall bemade for increased loading from change of use, unless specifically noted in the brief.
57. Wind and snow loadingThe design wind and snow loads shall be derived from the Codes of Practice current at the time of design. In the absence ofbest practice guidance on the effect of climate change on future wind and snow loads, no specific increased allowanceshould be made beyond that in current Codes of Practice and Building Regulations.Corrosion protection of structural elementsConcrete structures should be designed with appropriate mix design and cover to give a design life at least that of thebuilding.Steel structures should be designed to have corrosion protection systems appropriate to their location and ease ofmaintainability. In general, no structural steelwork should have a life to first maintenance of less than 15 years.Structures in other materials shall be designed with durability suitable for their location and ease of maintenance.Movement jointsStructural movement joints shall be kept to a minimum. Where necessary to provide an economic and serviceable structure,they should be designed and located so that inspection, maintenance and repair is possible during the life of the structure.OperationalThe Building Contract shall require that a structural maintenance manual is produced, which shall include the requirementsfor structural inspection and maintenance works over the life of the building.7.3.2 Civil EngineeringDrainageDrainage shall be designed to carry surface and foul water from the development to the nearby existing sewage system.Drainage systems shall be designed in accordance with current British Standards and Codes of Practice, and shall includesufficient access points to facilitate rodding and jetting from easily accessible locations. The proposed drainage systems shallmeet the requirements of the planning authority, the relevant water authorities and the Environment Agency.Roads and Hard standingsRoads and hard standings within the site shall be designed to accommodate the anticipated traffic and maintenance vehicleuse. Access from the public highway shall comply with the requirements of the local authority.7.4 Inclusive DesignGeneral Inclusive Design parameters7.4.1 The Disability Discrimination ActsThe Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (DDA) brought in measures to prevent discrimination against disabled people. ThisAct was amended, most recently by the Disability Discrimination Act 2005, with further measures introduced to preventdiscrimination against disabled people.The Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) requires that employers, service providers, educational bodies, Public Authoritiesin carrying out their functions and transport providers do not discriminate against disabled people.DDA 2005 introduces the Disability Equality Duty, the aim of which is to ensure public authorities are proactive in respectof disability equality issues. The intent is that public authorities build in equality between disabled and non-disabled peoplefrom the outset.
58. 7.4.2 Planning Policy Statement 1: delivering sustainable development (PPS1)The Government released ‘Planning Policy Statement 1: delivering sustainable development’ (PPS1) in 2005 to address theland-use planning aspects of sustainable development through the planning system, and to deliver on the SustainableCommunities initiative.The statement clearly elevates the importance of high quality and inclusive design, placing it at the centre of thedevelopment process and requiring it to be the objective of all stakeholders.7.4.3 Involvement of user-groupsThere should be on-going and structured consultation with and the involvement of disabled people to inform the design ofBristol and the Tate Bristol, as required by the Disability Equality Duty and Bristol’s own Disability Equality Scheme.It is good practice and will be of great benefit for the project to involve user groups fully reflecting the diversity of the targetaudience, in the development of Tate Bristol.Consultation should focus on both specific facilities to enable an equitable service as well as the ’culture’ of the building andhow people want it to make them feel.Inclusive Design will support the on-going and structured consultation and involvement of disabled people throughout theproject delivery and ensure that the issues arising are clearly met.Issues to consider include:• Using existing networks and contacts of Bristol City Council including local access panel and those consulted during the development of the Bristol City Council’s Disability Equality Scheme.• Ensuring that the diversity of the target audience is fully represented in all consultation including hard to reach groups such as asylum seekers and refugees, people in care and disabled people from Black Minority Ethnic communities and other groups of disabled people.• Ensuring that consultation is fully inclusive of everyone and takes account of their diverse needs. This is particularly important for disabled people and for people who do not have English as a first language and who are often excluded from consultation and opportunities to participate.7.4.4 Security Design DriversFrom the “Functional Specification” the security operational stance is indicated. In addition, a number of locations/activitiesrequiring enhanced security, or particular measures, are identified. There will need to be a security threat risk assessment(threat, vulnerability, likelihood and impact) undertaken for the project. However, in advance of this a number of issues canbe assumed (list not exhaustive) that are likely to impact on and influence the security design (in addition to programme,budget and operability considerations):Civil contingency – including emergency response.Incident response, crisis management and business recovery/continuity.Liaison with emergency services and local authority emergency planners.Crime reduction strategy – surveillance, control of access and exclusion of ‘nuisance’.Protection of children and vulnerable persons – probably including consideration of the Office for Standards in Educationrequirements.Loss prevention and prevention of recurrence – including requirements of insurers.Event management and security treatment for VIP and special occasions held within Tate Bristol.
59. Management of the complex and concept of operations – including security operations.Planning – including preparation of the ‘Design and Access’ statement.Coordination with other disciplines – notably: Fire Engineering, Inclusive Design, People Movement in addition toStructures and MEP.7.4.5 Security DesignIn developing the security design particular attention should be given to:SBD (security by design)– the Home Office Initiative, which aims to achieve security by introducing appropriate designfeatures, that enable ‘natural surveillance and minimise features that provide opportunity for criminal activity (includingterrorism). These features include: secure vehicle parking, adequate lighting of common areas, control of access toindividual and common areas, defensible space, and a landscaping and lighting scheme, which when combined, enhancesnatural surveillance and safety and creates clear areas of ownership and responsibility. Embedding security in design in sucha manner also enables security to become ‘transparent’, with mitigation being provided by the building design and layout:rather than the deployment of obvious security features.This gives clear guidance as to the generic security issues and also gives general and specific guidance for the following:• Physical defences.• Intruder alarms.• Displays & exhibitions - including asset tagging and tracking.• Security staffing & CCTV.• Operating procedures.• Personal security.• Children & vulnerable persons.7.5 Fire Engineering7.5.1 IntroductionThe fire strategy for the entire project must fulfil all statutory life safety requirements as well as the requirements of BristolCity Council relation to property protection, contents protection and business continuity.The fire strategy should include appropriate measures to protect:• Life safety of occupants (Staff and visitors):• Life safety of fire service personnel during any rescue and fire fighting operations within the building.• Property.• Contents.• Business continuity.7.5.2 Functional Intentions & Acceptance CriteriaThe fire strategy must be developed in order to:• Minimise the likelihood of a fire occurring.• Ensure that if a fire does occur in any location that it is detected at the earliest opportunity.• Ensure that clear and concise directions and warning are given to occupants in the event of a fire.
60. • Ensure upon fire detection and warning, all occupants within the building are provided with the ability to evacuate quickly to a place of safety removed from the fire.• Ensure upon fire detection, response time for the fire service is minimised.• Ensure upon detection the early activation of installed fire suppression systems.• Ensure that fire and smoke spread throughout the facility is controlled to acceptable levels.This should:• Minimise the risk to occupants.• Minimise the risk of fire and smoke spreading throughout the building.• Minimise the damage caused by a fire, or the resultant fire fighting water applied by the fire service.• Minimise the cost.• Limit business interruption, or down time caused by any fire.7.5.3 Reference DocumentsThe fire strategy for the entire project must meet the functional requirements of the Building Regulations 2000, or anysubsequent revisions that may come into force prior to submission for statutory approvals.In the preparation of the fire strategy the following documents should be referred to and the recommendations followed forthe relevant and specific areas of the project:• Approved Document B Volume 2 – Buildings Other than Dwelling houses 2006 Edition or subsequent revisions.• BS 5454: 2000 Recommendations for the Storage & Exhibition of Archival Documents.• BS5588-4: 1998 Fire Precautions in Design Construction & Use of Buildings Code of Practice for Smoke Control using Pressure Differentials.• BS 5588-5: 2004 Fire Precautions in Design Construction & Use of Buildings Access & facilities for the Fire Service.• BS 5588-6: 1991 Fire Precautions in Design Construction & Use of Buildings Code of Practice for Places of Assembly.• BS 5588-7: 1997 Fire Precautions in Design Construction & Use of Buildings Code of Practice for the Incorporation of Atria in Buildings.• BS 5588-8: 1999 Fire Precautions in Design Construction & Use of Buildings Code of Practice for Means of Escape for Disabled People.• BS 5588-9: 1999 Fire Precautions in Design Construction & Use of Buildings Code of Practice for Ventilation & Air Conditioning Ductwork.• BS 9999: 2008 Code of Practice for Fire Safety in the Design, Construction & Use of Buildings.• BS 7346-4: 2003 Components of Smoke and Heat Control Systems. Functional Requirements & Calculation Methods for Smoke and Heat Exhaust Systems.• BS 7346-5: 2005 Components of Smoke and Heat Control Systems. Functional Requirements & Calculation Methods for Smoke and Heat Exhaust Systems.• The Fire Protection Association Design Guide for the Protection of Buildings.• Pace Crown Fire Standards – Fire Standards F1-F7.• Model National Standard Conditions for P laces of Entertainment and Associated Guidance.• Guide to Security and Environmental Conditions under the Government Indemnity Scheme, National Heritage Act 1980, Section 16.
61. 7.5.4 Fire Safety EngineeringA fire safety engineering approach offers an acceptable alternative approach to the recommendations of the documents statedif this is deemed to be appropriate. In preparation of a fire safety engineering approach BS 7974: 2001, or suitable equivalentshould be followed and used.Where fire safety engineering is to be used the acceptance criteria must be agreed by all key stakeholders at the outset. Thefire engineering approach must meet the agreed acceptance criteria to be deemed suitable for use in the project concerned.7.5.6 Fire Strategy DocumentationThe design Fire Strategy should take the form of a Tate report with all necessary and relevant drawings, illustrations andcalculations. The Tate report and drawings should document the passive and active systems that together form the entire firestrategy.Upon completion of the construction stage and prior to handover an “as built” fire strategy report should be compiled andhanded over to the clients for record purposes.7.5.7 Fire Safety Team & ConsultationThe Fire Strategy design for the project should be compiled by a professionally qualified fire safety engineer consultant whois registered with the Institute of Fire Engineers in the UK, or an equivalent international organisation.A multi disciplinary fire safety teamwork approach should be adopted for the development of the fire safety strategy. This isrecommended to ensure that most effective fire protection measures are applied which are appropriate to this specific project.Early consultation with the main stakeholders is therefore essential.Key stakeholders in this case include:• Client representatives.• Client fire safety advisor.• Authority having jurisdiction.• Building insurers.• An appropriately qualified fire safety-engineering consultant.It is expected that the Fire Safety engineering consultant will chair the fire safety team.7.5.8 Operational Fire Safety Management & Regulatory Reform OrderThe Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 imposes a general legal duty on the building owners to carry out a fire riskassessment of the premises upon completion of this project.In order for the building owners to do this, the design for this project must provide an accurate as built record of the firestrategy and its related systems. This should also contain all of the necessary operations and maintenance requirements forthe particular systems.7.5.9 Additional Basic RequirementsThe following requirements set out the basic additional requirements to the Building Regulations that must be implementedin the design of the project
62. 7.5.10 Places of High Fire RiskThe following rooms should be enclosed in 30 minute fire resisting construction as a minimum:• Stores.• Cleaners Rooms.• Workshops.• Lift Motor Rooms.• Kitchens.• Staff Changing & Locker Rooms.• Plant Rooms.• Refuse Storage Areas.• Fire Control Room.Where the recommendations of relevant statutory documentation suggest a higher period of fire resistance, then this shouldbe adopted for the areas concerned.7.5.11 Active Fire Protection SystemsFire Detection• A full coverage, early warning, automatic, analogue addressable fire detection system must be installed throughout the building in accordance with BS 5839-1: 2001.• The type of fire detectors used should be chosen to be specific to the risks present. A combination of smoke and heat detectors should be used in appropriate locations throughout the building.• The fire detection system must be interlinked with an autodial facility for alerting the fire service in the event of fire.• The cause and effect schedule and evacuation procedure to be adopted requires to be agreed with the building owners and users.Fire Warning Systems• A live and directive public address voice alarm system in accordance with BS 5389-8: 1998 should be installed throughout the new building.• Flashing warning beacons should be installed throughout the building for warning of occupants with hearing difficulty.• Informative fire warning and directional signage should be installed between the differing areas of the building.Fire Suppression• The building should be protected with an appropriate form(s) of automatic fire suppression in accordance with BS EN 12845: 2004 and other relevant standards. The choice of fire suppression system used in each area of the building should be tailored to the use and contents of the spaces concerned.• The fire suppression measures within the Archive must comply with BS 5454 or be shown to be equivalent.Fire Control Room• A fire control room should be provided to house the control and monitoring equipment for all of the active fire safety systems.• It is expected that the control room will be sited on an external wall with direct communication to outside.• Where appropriate it would be acceptable to integrate the fire control room with the security control room.• The fire control room should be enclosed in FR120 construction.
63. Evacuation Lifts• Evacuation lifts must be installed throughout the building as the primary means of vertical evacuation for disabled occupants.• Evacuation lifts must comply with the requirements of BS 5588-8: 1999.Disabled Refuge Two Way Communication SystemsAn electronic system of 2 way communication in emergency conditions must be provided in every escape stair throughoutthe building. The location of the system within the staircase should be confirmed by the designers.Fire Fighting RequirementsFire fighting access and facilities should be installed as per the requirements of Approved Document B and BS 9999: 2008.Secondary Power SystemsAll active fire safety systems must be provided with a suitable emergency back up power supply in case of failure of theprimary supply.First Aid Fire Fighting MeasuresPortable fire extinguishers should be installed throughout the building in accordance with BS 5306-Part 8 to tackle smallincipient fires. A range of extinguisher types should be installed to cover the various types of fire risks present within thepremises e.g. water, CO2, dry powder, and fire blankets should be grouped at fire points in conspicuous locations sitedalongside escape routes. All extinguishers should comply with BS EN3. Fire points should be located such that they may bereached in 30m travel from any point within the building. In conjunction with this fire equipment, signage should beinstalled to give general instruction / direction on the use of the various fire extinguishers.In accordance with BS 7937: 2000 Class F portable extinguishers should be located within Kitchens.7.6 Building ServicesServices within the Tate Bristol are generally comprised of the following and in accordance with the Core principles providea flexible solution for the client wherever possible:• Heating (including warm air, underfloor heating, radiators, etc.).• Cooling (including cool air, chilled beams, underfloor cooling, etc.).• Ventilation (including natural ventilation , Air Handling Units, smoke ventilation, localised extract ventilation, etc.)• Power.• Data/Comunications (cabling and containment only).• Lighting (including General & Emergency, Decorative, Scene Setting, etc.).• Security (CCTV, Intruder Alarm, Access Control, etc.).• Public Health (including sanitary, plumbing and drainage installations).With continued emphasis on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, and with new Energy Performance Certificates required for allnon-domestic buildings from 1 October 2008, it will be important to ensure that all new systems and services beingintroduced to Tate Bristol are designed, installed and maintained with this in mind.The Heating, Cooling and Ventilation installations shall be zoned where practical in order to provide greater control inindividual areas throughout the building. Natural Ventilation shall also be exploited where possible.A new Building Energy Management System (BEMS) shall be used to help setup, adjust and maintain design parameters forall of the above systems, and shall assist the end user in monitoring overall energy use. The BEMS shall also perform faultindication and diagnostic functions for certain items of plant. This should help reduce maintenance and plant down-time and
64. will ultimately save energy, time and money. All power distribution boards, control panels and large items of plant will beseparately metered. These meters will be linked to the BEMS from which they can each be scrutinised to gain usefulinformation on power usage. Sub-metering will be designed in accordance with guidance in Chartered Institute of BuildingServices (CIBSE) TM39. Consideration will be given to the integration of a new BEMS with the existing software protocolsused by Bristol City Council.Lighting control will be optimised by the use of daylight linking the presence detection switching to reduce energyconsumption.In storage and exhibition areas with rigid environmental control requirements high thermal mass and reduced air infiltrationshall be utilised to promote environmental stability and minimise energy consumption. The use of materials with highthermal and hygroscopic capacity will be considered in these areas where possible. However, it is unlikely that passivemeasures alone will be able to achieve the environment conditions recommended in BS 5454, so these areas will likely beheavily serviced.The requirements for some art material to be stored at relatively low temperatures (some as low as -5ºC) under therecommendations or BS 5454, will require an alternative method of cooling to the district CHP scheme proposed.The internal environment of the Gallery Space shall be designed to American Society for Heating, Refirgeration and AirConditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Class of Control AA. This will provide a suitable compromise between the integralconditions required for exhibits and visitors. It is proposed that exhibits that require different environmental conditionswould be stored within conditioned display cases with inbuilt humidity, with temperature and light levels monitored.The requirement for any resilience in the building services serving these areas is to be confirmed. The main considerationsarising when adding resilience are capital cost, maintenance, plant space requirements and risk.