NICK SOCRATES  CONTAINER HOMES   2012
NICHOLAS SOCRATES                        Introduction                        There is growing interest in the use of shipp...
Shipping Containers as Building   Components for Home Construction. No two building projects are the same.      Even with ...
There are “what to do” and “how to do    it” articles for container home and non    container home applications. Bear in m...
Conceive It.                                                             Establish planning and design goals. Define and e...
Container Architecture6
Concern yourself with big picture issues. Like, can    you build a house(s) on the land/site, and what is the       maximu...
Passive vs. Active heating and cooling                                         There are two types of building designs. Th...
Picking where to build on siteThere are many factors to consider including grade, soil bearing,existing landscaping, poten...
Landscaping and shading     are very effective passive     design strategies. When     you        consider    where     to...
Views and privacy willalso be important thingsto consider.     Every siteis different and has itsown potentials.      If y...
Approach     You should have a good     sense of your site, your     budget, and a rough     conceptual design for your   ...
Designing Your Shipping                                                                 Container Home     Finalize buildi...
Drawings and DocumentationThe drawings of a typical homeconstruction project evolve through eachof the design milestones -...
Permitting DrawingsIf for what every reason you are notsubject to any building department/jurisdictional approval (very ra...
Build StrategyRegardless if you are going to bid the project out to generalcontractors (GC) or build yourself, you should ...
The design and manufacturing of shipping container homesis a viable alternative to conventional construction for manyreaso...
Foundations              Building a house is no small feet. Even a small one. There are thousands of              material...
Container ModificationsShipping containers have monocoque bodies.             The corrugation panels(roof, sides, and back...
Set and Secure Containers to Foundationand Each Other                                          When the shipping container...
Install windows, exterior doors, flashing,                                                                                ...
Inspection and Sign-off     Staged inspections through the build with contractor and building official -                  ...
Cargo-containers      There is growing interest in the use of shipping containers as the basis for habitable structures. T...
standard container                             Standard containers are also known as general purpose                      ...
high-cube containers                                                                                        hard-top conta...
standard containerFlatracks consist of a foor structure with a high loadingcapacity composedof a steel frame and a softwoo...
platforms          Platforms consist solely of a foor structure with   extremely high loading capacity; they have no side ...
project examplesLOT-EK MDULOT-EK is the New York based studio of Ada Tolla and GiuseppeLignano. LOT-EK’s Mobile Dwelling U...
BLUEBASE                             Modular accommodation system     Bluebase.MAS responds to issues raised by contempora...
Key features:            10 No. one bedroom apartments - 100%                                     factory built      26.8 ...
container art                31
Bernardes JacobsenArchitects: Bernardes Jacobsen ArchitectureLocation: Parque Villa-Lobos, São Paulo, BrazilPartners in Ch...
33
34
35
36
37
Maziar Behrooz             ArchitectureArchitects: Maziar Behrooz ArchitectureLocation: Amagansett, NY, USAProject Area: 8...
39
Benjamin                  Garcia Saxe                 ArchitectureArchitects: Benjamin Garcia Saxe ArchitectureLocation: S...
41
Yasutaka Yoshimura           ArchitectsLed by Yasutaka Yoshimura Architectsin association with Nowhere Resort,the main pur...
43
Ex-Container Project      Yasutaka Yoshimura               ArchitectsYasutaka     Yoshimura     Architects    arecontinuin...
45
AnL studioArchitects: AnL Studio /Keehyun Ahn, Minsoo LeeLocation: Song-do New City,Incheon, South KoreaPlanning & Produci...
47
LOT-EK                   Young Woo &                      AssociatesThe Hudson River Park Trust has recentlyannounced the ...
The pier’s basic structure will be preserved, with layers of containersholding a mix of studio, retail and community space...
Yet, before being selected, LOT-EK had to prove to the jury thatthe shipping-container designwould satisfy building codesa...
51
Platoon      + Graft   ArchitectsConcept       Design:     Platoon     CulturalDevelopmentLocation: Seoul, KoreaArchitectu...
Architecture+Interior Designers, AnL Studio(Keehyun Ahn & Minsoo Lee) have designed a public observatory        deck, call...
54
55
Hut at the Evergreen’s Brick Works          Levitt Goodman ArchitectsArchitect: Levitt Goodman ArchitectsLocation: 550 Bay...
To greet visitors in the months before its officialopening later this year, Evergreen Brick Workscommissioned a temporary ...
58
Elevated and painted Evergreen’ssignature eye-popping green, thecontainer commands attentionwhile also providing barrier-f...
NICHOLAS SOCRATES    Online portfolio                     www.nicksocrates.com                     www.socratesbooks.com  ...
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  • Great presentation. I think that this form of structural design is under appreciated. the greatest challenge is to overcome the perceptions of decision makers.
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Shipping Container Architecture

  1. 1. NICK SOCRATES CONTAINER HOMES 2012
  2. 2. NICHOLAS SOCRATES Introduction There is growing interest in the use of shipping containers as the basis for habitable structures. These “icons of globalization” are relatively inexpensive, structurally sound and in abundant supply. Although, in raw form, containers are dark windowless boxes (which might place them at odds with some of the tenets of modernist design...) they can be highly customizable modular elements of a larger structure.2
  3. 3. Shipping Containers as Building Components for Home Construction. No two building projects are the same. Even with modular kit applications, variations due to location and climate, site factors such as grading and slope, and home owner preferences (to name a few factors) create substantial differences between projects. There is no single perfect shipping container home design solution, and the most important thing in any home building project is preparation. Preparation, preparation, preparation. Ever hear the old carpenter’s axiom “measure twice,cut once”? Did we mention preparation is important? 3
  4. 4. There are “what to do” and “how to do it” articles for container home and non container home applications. Bear in mind, that a shipping container house is just a small steel building and much of the information/ detailing of steel buildings (and wood framed as well) is applicable and relevant to shipping container home building as well. The details of the steps and stages require to turn recycled shipping containers into shipping container homes and buildings. Including (but not limited to) feasibility, budgeting, scheme design, technical hurdles, site concerns, foundation, envelope, modifying structure, passive enhancements, construction documents, and permitting. Many are looking to containers today for their building projects.4
  5. 5. Conceive It. Establish planning and design goals. Define and evaluate space requirements. Review benchmark standards, codes, and guidelines. 90% of good architectural design is planning - knowing what you want from your home, what you can afford budget wise, and what the external factors (site, code, costs, etc..) are. Preparation is an important part of the design process. As you start to design your shipping container home, the “limitations” brought about by site, code, and budget can serve to inform many of the necessary design decisions along the way. Being aware of these issues and how they could potentially impact (productively or negatively) the design and budget, will keep the design economical and efficient. And buildable. This is a critical phase where expectations are set, and budget ceilings determined. The primary objective isto establish a conceptual design with input from design professionals, potential contractors, modular suppliers, and material/equipment suppliers. A comprehensive budget and schedule are also developed so a trueprofile of scope, budget and risk can be understood and assessed early on. 5
  6. 6. Container Architecture6
  7. 7. Concern yourself with big picture issues. Like, can you build a house(s) on the land/site, and what is the maximum square footage you can build. It is also important to get a list of what drawings, permits and inspections, including fees, will be required. Find outwhat drawings must be professionally stamped as well. You should also check if their are any deed restrictions on your title. Some jurisdictions dictate zoning and planning in deeds, especially subdivisions. This is a critical phase where expectations are set, and budget ceilings determined. The primary objective is to establish a conceptual design with input from design professionals, potential contractors, modular suppliers, and material/ equipment suppliers. A comprehensive budget and schedule are also developed so a true profile of scope, budget and risk can be understood and assessed early on. 7
  8. 8. Passive vs. Active heating and cooling There are two types of building designs. Those that embrace the site, and those that impose themselves on the site. The house pictured above on the left is Frank Lloyd Wright’s solar hemicycle Jacob’s house. The house on the right is Mies van der Rohe’s Farnsworth house. Both are icon’s of 20th century modern architecture built/designed by masters. They are both comparative in size, use, and initial project budget. The maintenance and yearly energy expense for the two however, are substantially different. The contrast is due to the buildings’ different shapes, orientations, and wall/ surface materials. 8
  9. 9. Picking where to build on siteThere are many factors to consider including grade, soil bearing,existing landscaping, potential views, and proximity to easements/site boundaries/roads. Generally speaking, if soil bearing capacity isconsistent throughout the site, flat/level areas are best suited. Theyrequire less grading/excavation, and allow for the most economicalfoundation designs for shipping container homes. 9
  10. 10. Landscaping and shading are very effective passive design strategies. When you consider where to locate your house/ building on site try to take advantage of as much existing greenery as possible. The location of dense, coniferous trees on the elevation against the prevailing wind (usually west or northwest) may decrease heat loss due to infiltration and wind chill factor in the winter. Sites with deciduous shade trees can reduce summer solar gain if positioned properly on the south and west elevations of the buildings.10
  11. 11. Views and privacy willalso be important thingsto consider. Every siteis different and has itsown potentials. If youdont already have a landsurvey of the site, itsprobably a good time toget one done. Theyre fullof relevant informationand could bring thingsto your attention (likeeasements and utilityaccess locations) thatyoure unaware of. If youare lucky you receivedone when you purchasedthe land or will be able toget one from the recordfiles of your buildingdepartment. 11
  12. 12. Approach You should have a good sense of your site, your budget, and a rough conceptual design for your shipping container home.12
  13. 13. Designing Your Shipping Container Home Finalize building location on site. Remember, flat sites are best as they require minimumexcavation and grading. If you are planning a build which consists of more than one container, you should talk with an engineer or contractor early. Foundation costs are potentially very expensive, especially if the bearing capacity of the soil is poor or land substantially sloped. 13
  14. 14. Drawings and DocumentationThe drawings of a typical homeconstruction project evolve through eachof the design milestones - Conceptual/Scheme Design, Design Development,Permitting, and Bid/ConstructionDocuments. Conceptual/SchemeDesign and Design Developmentdrawings are important to develop thenecessary design, floor plans, elevations,and the budget square footage takeoffs.Typically, they are a communication toolbetween the designer and client as theyvet through the design of the home. Ifyou are the designer, you will developthese drawings loosely yourself as yououtline/document the design. You canuse hand sketches or utilize one of themany consumer modeling and draftingapplications. But, they are for your ownreference and not necessary for filing. 14
  15. 15. Permitting DrawingsIf for what every reason you are notsubject to any building department/jurisdictional approval (very rare)you will not need to assemble aPermitting Drawing set. If you are,which is most cases, first thing to dois call the building department andget a permitting submittal checklist.Things typically required will beplans (site, foundation, floors, androof), elevations, land survey, watertreatment (septic and run-off), energycode compliance, structural drawings,and soils report. Also make sure tocheck which of these documents willneed to be stamped by a licensedprofessional. 15
  16. 16. Build StrategyRegardless if you are going to bid the project out to generalcontractors (GC) or build yourself, you should speak with asmany potential GC’s as possible throughout the design process.Having done this prior to bidding the project will do three things;help get accurate pricing for budget development, assemble alist of general contractors to bid competitively for the project(if you are not building yourself), and problem solve the design.If you go the GC route, there are fundamentally three projectdelivery methods: Design/Bid/Build, Construction Management,and Design/Build. The different methods are distinguishedby the way the contracts between the Owner, the Architect (ifthere is one), and the Contractor/Factory are formed and thetechnical relationships that evolve between each party insidethose contracts. Typically, there is no single “best” method for allprojects, and no method delivers fastest, cheapest, and highestquality simultaneously. What distinguishes each is the amount ofdesign information and drawings available prior to constructionand whether the build price is fixed or relative to actual costs. 16
  17. 17. The design and manufacturing of shipping container homesis a viable alternative to conventional construction for manyreasons, but despite a strong showing of successful containerprojects, building with shipping containers is still in it’s earlystages. From the design perspective, there are many designentities with “Kit” shipping container home offerings. Thesehowever, are very far from turnkey. Virtual none of the“design entities” have shop/manufacturing capabilities. Theones that do, have very small custom shops with limitedoutput which is highly customized and high in price. Fromthe manufacturing perspective, there are more and morefactories/companies building with containers. Typically, theyhave a “stock” catalogue of very base shipping container homedesigns to purchase turnkey. Some can provide customizedsolutions (design to your specs), at higher cost points. 17
  18. 18. Foundations Building a house is no small feet. Even a small one. There are thousands of materials, pieces, and tasks involved. Unless you are a builder or experienced it’s intimidating. But, what containers as perfect modules allow you to do, is simplify the entire process. Think of a typical 1,000 square foot house. Try and work through in your head the total length of timber for the framing, square footage of sheathing, number of floor joists required, and ceiling rafters. Can’t do it. Not too many can. Now think about that 1,000 square foot house made out of shipping containers. It’s 3 forty foot containers. By reducing the house into 3 base component pieces (modules), it’s much easier to understand, design, and build. This is a critical phase where expectations are set, and budget ceilings determined. The primary objective is to establish a conceptual design with input from design professionals, potential contractors, modular suppliers, and material/equipment suppliers. A comprehensive budget and schedule are also developed so a true profile of scope, budget and risk can be understood and assessed early on.18
  19. 19. Container ModificationsShipping containers have monocoque bodies. The corrugation panels(roof, sides, and back), floor, purlins, front doors, frame, and rails form anintegrated structural skin. They are strong and made to carry floor loads farin excess of what is required for typical home construction. But, when youmodify them, cutting holes or penetrating members, they are weakened.Regardless of what level of modification your shipping container home designcalls for, it is recommended to review with a structural engineer or architect.Steel cutting, framing, and welding is a large part of shipping containerhome design and construction. Typically, steel construction is not usedmuch in single family or smaller home design because of expense. Costof steel vs. wood/light guage framing is substantial and the labor cost forsteel vs.carpentry is also higher. To combat this, it is best to have as muchof the welding and reinforcing done off-site before setting the containerson site and starting the interior fit-out. Most (if not all) container re-sellershave the facilities to make these modifications. If you don’t have experiencein metal work, or are not hiring a general contractor, you should plan ondoing most of the container modification work off-site prior to delivery. 19
  20. 20. Set and Secure Containers to Foundationand Each Other When the shipping containers arrive on site, they are crane- lifted one by one onto the foundation, hooked into place, and welded down to marry them completely to the foundation. These heavy-gauge steel containers are so strong—each is designed to carry 57,000 pounds—that they need only be fastened at the corners to hold fast, much as they would be on a ship. In the example above, the shipping container bottom corner blocks are welded to steel plates imbedded in the concrete slab to secure the house to the foundation 20
  21. 21. Install windows, exterior doors, flashing, and any sky lightsWindows are set into openings that were measured and cut priorto delivery of the shipping containers or roughed out on site.All openings for windows and doors should be framed with asteel section. Hollow rectangle sections work the best, but an Lsection will work as well. Images below show openings or slidingdoor systems in the end and sidewall panels of a container. 21
  22. 22. Inspection and Sign-off Staged inspections through the build with contractor and building official - foundation, plumbing and electrical, architectural, and fire. Put together final check/punch list for contractor Review punch list with contractor Final inspection with building official for certificate of occupancy22
  23. 23. Cargo-containers There is growing interest in the use of shipping containers as the basis for habitable structures. These “icons of globalization” are relatively inexpensive, structurally sound and in abundant supply. Although, in raw form, containers are dark windowless boxes (which might place them at odds with some of the tenets of modernist design...) they can be highly customizable modular elements of a larger structure.Even though container modifcation-examples are abundant, just 3 are chosen here to give an idea of the range and variety. First the spacebox, designed by ‘De Vijf’ and ‘Holland Composites’. Secondly the architecturefrm LO-TEK. These two examples show the manipulation of a sinlge container-box and the different spatial and conceptual possibiliites. Bluebase.MAS responds to issues raised by contemporary cities such as London, where our increasingly transient lifestyles are resulting in more work related communities in which living clos- er to the workplace and being able to move quickly a predominant factor in our choice of the home. This shift in emphasis will fundamentally change the way we view our cities. 23
  24. 24. standard container Standard containers are also known as general purpose containers. They are closed containers, i.e. they are closed on all sides. A distinc- tion may be drawn between the following types of standard contain- er: - Standard containers with doors at one or both end(s) - Standard containers with doors at one or both end(s) and doors over the entire length of one or both sides - Standard containers with doors at one or both end(s) and doors on one or both sides In addition, the various types of standard container also differ in1 - Corner casting di- mensions and weight, resulting in a wide range of standard2 - Forklift pocket contain- ers.3 - Bottom cross member4 - Floor5 - Bottom side rail6 - Corner post Standard containers are mainly used as 20’ and 40’ containers.7 - Top side rail8 - Front top end rail Con- tainers with smaller dimensions are very seldom used.9 - Front end wall Indeed, the trend is towards even longer dimensions, e.g. 45’.10 - Roof bows The principal com- ponents of a standard container are shown11 - Roof panel12 - Door header above in diagram of a13 - Hinge 20’ plywood container .14 - Door locking bar15 - Cam16 - Cam keeper17 - Door gasket18 - Door sill 24
  25. 25. high-cube containers hard-top containers The walls of hard-top containers are generally made of corrugated steel. The foor is made of wood.High-cube containers are similar in structure to standard containers,but taller. In contrast to standard containers, which have a maximum It has two typical distinguishing structural features. On the one hand,height of 2591 mm (8’6”), high-cube containers are 2896 mm, or it is equipped with a removable steel roof. In some types, this roof has9’6”, tall. High-cube containers are for the most part 40’ long, but are points for accommodating forklift trucks, allowing the roof to be liftedsometimes made as 45’ containers. by forklift truck. The roof weighs approx. 450 kg. In addition, the door header may be swivelled out.A number of lashing rings, capable of bearing loads of at most 1000 kg,are mounted on the front top end rail and bottom cross member and These two structural features greatly simplify the process of packingthe corner posts. and unpacking the container. In particular, it is very easy to pack and unpack the container from above or through the doors by crane or crab when the roof is open and the door header is swivelled out.Many 40’ containers have a recess in the foor at the front end whichserves to center the containers on so-called gooseneck chassis. Theserecesses allow the containers to lie lower and therefore to be of taller In the case of transport of an overheight cargo, the container roof mayconstruction. be left open and fastened directly to a side wall on the inside of the container. To do this, the roof only needs approx. 13 cm (5 1/8”) of space. Lashing rings, to which the cargo may be secured, are installed in the upper and lower side rails, the corner posts and the middle of the side walls. The lashing rings on the side rails and corner posts may take loads of up to 2000 kg. The lashing rings in the middle of the side walls may take loads of up to 500 kg, provided that the roof is closed. Usual hard-top container dimensions are 20’ and 40’. 25
  26. 26. standard containerFlatracks consist of a foor structure with a high loadingcapacity composedof a steel frame and a softwood foor and two end walls,which may either be fxed or collapsible. The end wallsare stable enough to allow cargo securing means to beattached and several fatracks to be stacked on top of onean- other. Flatracks are available in 20’ and 40’ sizes.A number of lashing rings, to which the cargo may besecured, are installed in the side rails, the corner postsand the foor. The lashing rings may take loadsof up to 2000 kg in the case of 20’ fatracks or up to 4000kg in the case of 40’ Flatrack:fatracks. steel frame with fxed end walls and softwood foor, 20’ long and 8’6” highSome types of 20’ fatracks have forklift pockets. internal dimensions: foor length 5980 length between corner posts 569840’ fatracks have gooseneck tunnels at each end. In foor width 2230addition, they are some- times equipped with lashing widht between stanchions 2245winches with 2 metric ton lashing belts. height 2250 height of foor 336 max. gross weight 24000For transport of certain cargoes, fatracks may be tare weight 2500provided with stanchions. max payload 21500 26
  27. 27. platforms Platforms consist solely of a foor structure with extremely high loading capacity; they have no side orend walls. This high loading capacity makes it possible to con- centrate heavy weights on small areas. A platform consists of a steel frame and a wooden foor structure. Platforms are available in 20’ and 40’ sizes. 40’ platforms have a gooseneck tunnel at each end. Lashing rings, to which the cargo may be secured, are installed in the side rails. The lashing rings may take loads of up to 3.000 kg. 27
  28. 28. project examplesLOT-EK MDULOT-EK is the New York based studio of Ada Tolla and GiuseppeLignano. LOT-EK’s Mobile Dwelling Unit (MDU) began as anexperimental design project in 1999. A constructed versionfeatures in a current traveling exhibition LOT-EK: MobileDwelling Unit which was organized by the University ArtMuseum at the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) inconjunction with the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis.MDU is a 40ft shipping container that has been modified intoa relocatable dwelling. The container accommodates severalmodules for various functions such as cooking, washing andsleeping. These modules sit within the container so that duringtransportation the MDU largely resembles any other containersitting on a ship or a dock.Once the MDU has been deliveredto a site, the modules slide out of the container like extrusionsand create an inner hallway in the newly created void inside thecontainer.The plan below shows the layout of the slide-out sub-volumes: 28
  29. 29. BLUEBASE Modular accommodation system Bluebase.MAS responds to issues raised by contemporary cities such as London, where our increasingly transient lifestyles are resulting in more work related communities in which living closer to the workplace and be- ing able to move quickly a predominant factor in our choice of the home. This shift in emphasis will fundamentally change the way we view our cities, which will need to become more adaptable to meet short-term change in demand. This more flexible approach will result in a less clustered, more efficient urban environment. Bluebase.MAS consists of two mass-produced elements: Theaccommoda- tion module, based on the external dimensions and performance of a 40ft cargo container, and the core module based on a 20ft cargo container. All elements can be easily plugged together and taken apart. A specialist lift / hoist is able to move individual accommodation modules on and off the core tower so a standard container truck can deliver a module with- out additional handling equipment. The construction and fnishes are com- parable to a yacht or high speed train. 29
  30. 30. Key features: 10 No. one bedroom apartments - 100% factory built 26.8 m2 accommodation module passenger lift / escape stair 50m2 minimal footprint on 200m2 site fast and independent relocation sustainable technology use of existing global distribution system compliant to statutory requirements international patent pending external 10 unit tower dimensions: 19m(h) x 12m(l) x 7.5m(w)30
  31. 31. container art 31
  32. 32. Bernardes JacobsenArchitects: Bernardes Jacobsen ArchitectureLocation: Parque Villa-Lobos, São Paulo, BrazilPartners in Charge: Thiago Bernardes and Paulo JacobsenCollaborators: Bernardo Jacobsen, Edgar Murata, Daniel Vannucchi and RafaelOliveiraDesign year: 2008Setting up: 2008Photographs: Leonardo Finotti 32
  33. 33. 33
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  35. 35. 35
  36. 36. 36
  37. 37. 37
  38. 38. Maziar Behrooz ArchitectureArchitects: Maziar Behrooz ArchitectureLocation: Amagansett, NY, USAProject Area: 840 sq ftProject Year: 2010Photographs: Dalton Portella & Francine Fleischer 38
  39. 39. 39
  40. 40. Benjamin Garcia Saxe ArchitectureArchitects: Benjamin Garcia Saxe ArchitectureLocation: San Jose, Costa RicaProject area: 100 sqmProject year: 2011Photographs: Andres Garcia Lachner 40
  41. 41. 41
  42. 42. Yasutaka Yoshimura ArchitectsLed by Yasutaka Yoshimura Architectsin association with Nowhere Resort,the main purpose of the Ex-ContainerProject is to provide immediate housingfor those who were displaced followingthe earthquake and tsunami that hitJapan on 11th of March, 2011.Utilizing the format of ISO shippingcontainers the homes are easy totransport and offer a higher qualityhousing solution at an affordable price.Thinking beyond the short-term, the Ex-Container Project can initially be built asa temporary house and then convertedto a permanent architectural structure. 42
  43. 43. 43
  44. 44. Ex-Container Project Yasutaka Yoshimura ArchitectsYasutaka Yoshimura Architects arecontinuing to move forward assisting thosewho have been displaced following theJapan earthquake and tsunami. The Ex-Container Project, which we featured justlast week, is one affordable design solutionoffering easy transport and installationwithout compromising quality.44
  45. 45. 45
  46. 46. AnL studioArchitects: AnL Studio /Keehyun Ahn, Minsoo LeeLocation: Song-do New City,Incheon, South KoreaPlanning & Producing: ChangGil-Hwang, Kim Yong-BaeConstruction team: Ju Kwon-Jung, Choi Hui-hyun, KimChung-bong, Lee Seung-Ho,Park Kwon-ui, Kang Jung-Tae,Ham Yun-KiClient: Incheon MetropolitanCity, South KoreaSite area: 350 sqmBuilding area: 91 sqmProject Year: 2010Photographs: AnL Studio46
  47. 47. 47
  48. 48. LOT-EK Young Woo & AssociatesThe Hudson River Park Trust has recentlyannounced the winning design for NewYork City’s Pier 57, a long floating pier builton concrete caissons in 1952. The pier,located in Chelsea at West 15th Streetand West Street on the western edge ofthe Meat Packing District, is part of theHudson River Park development. New Yorkfirm Lot-EK with developer Young Woo &Associates are set to design a rooftop parkcrowning a small shopping center of localartisan stores built with recycled shippingcontainers. The center will also include acontemporary culture center with spacesfor exhibitions, galleries, auctions andentertainment.48
  49. 49. The pier’s basic structure will be preserved, with layers of containersholding a mix of studio, retail and community spaces. Many of thesmall spaces will be rented to local artisans as a way to bring in revenueand give the pier street-credibility and community ties. The proposal’semphasis on creating a niche for local artists and fusing an innovativemix of uses offers an attractive solution for the site. “The community working group liked the fact that the proposal generated fewer vehicular trips,” explained President of the Board Connie Fishman. Others found the proposal attractive due to its estimated $191 million cost, as oppose to the other proposals that were estimated at over $330 million. 49
  50. 50. Yet, before being selected, LOT-EK had to prove to the jury thatthe shipping-container designwould satisfy building codesand also create a high-qualityexperience. Although the jurywas apprehensive about thecontainers, upon seeing LOT-EK’s earlier container projectsfor Puma City, the jury wasconvinced the project wasfeasible.The pier design still has a longway to go before its visionswill be a reality. The plan stillhas to clear the ULURP andenvironmental review hurdlesbefore beginning construction. 50
  51. 51. 51
  52. 52. Platoon + Graft ArchitectsConcept Design: Platoon CulturalDevelopmentLocation: Seoul, KoreaArchitectural Consultancy: Graft Architects+ Baik JiwonExecutive Architect: U-il Architects &EngineersPrefab Engineering: Ace special container,KoreaStructural Engineering: MIDAS IT, KoreaInterior Design: URBANTAINER, KoreaMain Contractor: Hyojung construction &development, KoreaProgram: Exhibitions, Bar & Restaurant,Event Hall, Artist Studios, Library Lounge,Office Studios, Workshop Room, Roof TopBarStructure: M. CabestanyFootprint Area: 415 sqmMain hall Area: 272 sqmProject year: 2008-2009Photographs: Platoon 52
  53. 53. Architecture+Interior Designers, AnL Studio(Keehyun Ahn & Minsoo Lee) have designed a public observatory deck, called Oceanscope, in Incheon, Korea made of recycled materials, including old shipping containers. 53
  54. 54. 54
  55. 55. 55
  56. 56. Hut at the Evergreen’s Brick Works Levitt Goodman ArchitectsArchitect: Levitt Goodman ArchitectsLocation: 550 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, CanadaProject Team: Janna Levitt (Partner-in-Charge), Katrina Touw(Project Architect)Project Size: 96 sqfProject Area: 2010Photographs: Ben Rahn / A-Frame Inc.56
  57. 57. To greet visitors in the months before its officialopening later this year, Evergreen Brick Workscommissioned a temporary Welcome Hut forthe 12-acre community environmental centre.Designed by Levitt Goodman Architects, this96 sqf hut is provides an immediate node forvisitors and to support the Evergreen’s mission toshowcase for green design and environmentallysustainable initiatives. 57
  58. 58. 58
  59. 59. Elevated and painted Evergreen’ssignature eye-popping green, thecontainer commands attentionwhile also providing barrier-freeaccess and preventing flooding(the Brickworks is in a floodplain).Barn-like doors at either end of thecontainer open it up to the elementsand invite entry with a gesture likeopen arms. A bumped-out steelframe window gives the containera new dimension and transformsit into architecture. Adding to thehut’s purpose, a scupper on the rooffunnels rainwater into an adjacentrain barrel. 59
  60. 60. NICHOLAS SOCRATES Online portfolio www.nicksocrates.com www.socratesbooks.com Container Homes Contact phone: 07821646183 email: nicholassocrates@live.com facebook.com/nick.socrates twitter.com/nick_socrates
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