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Helen Foord   General Motors
Helen Foord   General Motors
Helen Foord   General Motors
Helen Foord   General Motors
Helen Foord   General Motors
Helen Foord   General Motors
Helen Foord   General Motors
Helen Foord   General Motors
Helen Foord   General Motors
Helen Foord   General Motors
Helen Foord   General Motors
Helen Foord   General Motors
Helen Foord   General Motors
Helen Foord   General Motors
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Helen Foord General Motors

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SEI Electric Vehicles Conference, April 2009

SEI Electric Vehicles Conference, April 2009

Published in: Automotive
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  • 1. General Motors Electrification of the Automobile Helen Foord 18th February 2009
  • 2. Environmental Strategy – removing the automobile from the energy and environmental equation Improved Reduced Vehicle Fuel Petroleum Economy & Consumption Hydrogen Emissions Fuel Cell Vehicles Propulsion System Battery Electric Vehicles (E-REV) Alternative Fuel Vehicles IC Engine and Transmission Improvements Time Fuel Petroleum (Conventional & Alternative Sources, CNG) Infrastructure Bio Fuels(Ethanol E85, Biogas, Biodiesel) - Electricity Hydrogen 2
  • 3. Overcoming range anxiety Many technologies available to reduce CO2 emissions on a well-to-wheel basis but the challenge is always refuelling infrastructure.  fuel providers have always been reluctant to make early investments before significant volumes of vehicles are on the road Consumer won’t buy the vehicles unless infrastructure is widely available  From EV-1, we learned that:  Consumers don’t want to take the risk of being stranded Consumers don’t want to wait for a ubiquitous refuelling infrastructure Consumers don’t want to have own/rent second vehicle for longer trips In short, most consumers won’t make sacrifices for a low carbon car 3
  • 4. 4
  • 5. 2/19/2009 5
  • 6. E-Rev meets consumers needs In Europe over 75% of 29% customers 22% 17% commute 60 10% Km or less 7% 5% 8% 2 - 10 12 - 20 22 - 30 32 - 40 42 - 50 daily 52 - 60 3% 62 - 70 >70 miles 6 6
  • 7. = No Regrets Personal Mobility Full Utility 60 km on plug-in charge + several hundred km of extended range driving Under current European test Cycle (ECE R101) < 40g/km No Compromises Meets all European Safety Standards 2/19/2009 7
  • 8. 2/19/2009 8
  • 9. Coming soon…… the Opel Ampera 2/19/2009 9
  • 10. Enablers for early commercialisation Strategic Policy required to send complementary signals to vehicle producers, consumers, infrastructure providers Enablers for vehicle producers: support for continued development via “Super Credits” in EU CO2 legislation for cars under 50g CO2/km Support for continued research to improve battery technology and reduce costs  Consumers; Rebate at purchase to offset initial premium costs Free access to city parking, recharging bays Accelerated depreciation to encourage company car fleets. Infrastructure providers: Roll-out plan for recharging infrastructure – enable private home, multi resident, shopping centres charging Building standards revised to require easily accessible recharging points Initial volume to use off-peak power Match growth on demand to additional renewable energy capacity 2/19/2009 10
  • 11. The future – Hydrogen fuel cell  Part of GM’s fleet of over 100 4th generation Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles  The World’s largest FCEV market test  Gain experience from “real world” driving  Get customer feedback on vehicle and refueling 2/19/2009 11
  • 12. Clean Energy Partnership (CEP) The European Lighthouse Project for Hydrogen Vehicles Phase II: 05/2008 – 2010  More than 40 hydrogen vehicles  3 fully integrated hydrogen refueling stations: Total Total/StatoilHydro/Linde Shell 2/19/2009 12
  • 13. GM HydroGen 4  Fourth generation fuel cell propulsion system with improved every-day suitability, performance and durability  Capable to start and operate in sub-freezing temperatures  Acceleration (0-100 km/h): 12 s  Top speed: 160 km/h  Customer friendly refueling  Fuel: 4.2 kg CGH2 (700 bar)  Fast fill: 3 min.  Range: 320 km 2/19/2009 13
  • 14. Thank you - any questions ?

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