How EU Funding Works

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Presentation to internal Collections Trust workshop on bidding for EU funding

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How EU Funding Works

  1. 1. How does EU funding work?Nick Poole, CEO, Collections Trust
  2. 2. Contents• The European Union• Why does the European Commission fund?• What does the European Commission fund?• Previous European Funding Frameworks• The next financing period (2014-20)• A typical programme• Where to start
  3. 3. Europe
  4. 4. A Short History of the EU• Formed originally from the European Economic Community in 1958• Formally became the European Union under the Maastricht Treaty in 1993• A single market under a standardised system of laws• Aims to ensure the ‘free movement of goods, services, people and capital’• 27 Member States (UK joined the EEC in 1973)• The eurozone comprises 17 of the 27 Member States• Population: 503m people
  5. 5. Institutions of the EUEuropean ParliamentDirectly-elected parliamentary institution of theEuropean Union, with 754 MEPs. Passes laws.European CommissionAdministrative centre of the European Union,proposes legislation & implements decisions.Council of the European Union27 Ministers of State (one per Member State) whomeet to discuss and set policy – eg. CommonAgricultural Policy
  6. 6. Why does the EC fund?• “The Commission makes direct financial contributions in the form of grants insupport of projects or organisations which further the interests of the EU orcontribute to the implementation of an EU programme or policy. Interestedparties can apply by responding to calls for proposals.”• To support the ‘free movement of goods, services, people and capital’• Increasingly, to support jobs, innovation and growth in Europe• To promote collaboration and exchange between EU citizens• To promote the competitiveness of the European single market against the US,China and other emerging economies
  7. 7. What does the EC fund?Agriculture, fisheries and foodsAnimal welfareAquacultureCAPCFPPlant healthRural developmentBusinessClimate actionCompetitivenessEnterprise and IndustryFree movementInternal marketSMEsCulture, education and youthAudiovisual and mediaCultureEducation and trainingInterpretationSportYouthEconomy, finance and taxCompetitionEconomyFight against fraudFinancial servicesTaxation and custom unionEmployment and social rightsEmploymentEuropean Social FundSocial affairs and equal opportunitiesEnergy and natural resourcesClimate actionEnergyIntelligent Energy EuropeTrans-European networksEnvironment, consumers and healthConsumersEnvironmentHealthMaritime policySustainable developmentExternal relations and foreign affairsCommon Foreign Security PolicyDevelopment and CooperationEnlargementExternal tradeForeign policiesHumanitarian aidJustice, home affairs and citizens rightsCitizenshipFight against fraudImmigrationJusticeSecurity and Fundamental RightsRegions and local developmentDisaster assistanceRegional Development FundRegional policyScience and technologyAudiovisual and MediaInformation SocietyResearch
  8. 8. What does the EC fund?• Public or private organisations, chosen by the Commission on the basis ofcompetence and capacity• Based on the principle of complimentary financing – the Commission does notusually fund 100% of project costs (with some exceptions)• Grants cannot be applied retroactively to things that have already happened• Grants have to be applied to the purposes for which they are awarded, andcannot yield a profit for the grantee• Looking for impact and sustainability beyond the period of the grant• Usually require involvement from institutions in multiple Member States
  9. 9. Why does the EC fund culture?• “Europe’s cultural richness and diversity is closely linked to its role andinfluence in the world.The European Union is not just an economic process or a trading power, it isalready widely - and accurately - perceived as an unprecedented andsuccessful social and cultural project.The EU is, and must aspire to become even more, an example of a "softpower" founded on norms and values such as human dignity, solidarity,tolerance, freedom of expression, respect for diversity and interculturaldialogue, values which, provided they are upheld and promoted, can be ofinspiration for the world of tomorrow.”European Commission Communicationon the European Agenda for Culture
  10. 10. Why does the EC fund culture?• Culture cuts across a range of European policy priorities, including:– Travel & tourism– Research & innovation– Education– Youth– Audiovisual & media– Internal market (copyright)• Perhaps equally important, culture is key to soft diplomacy – promoting theuniqueness and values of European identity and providing a coherent narrativeto a complex administrative & geographical idea
  11. 11. Previous Funding frameworks• 3 key sources of funding (mostly now fully allocated):– 7thResearch Framework Programme (€50bn between 2007-2013)– Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (€3.6bn between2007-2013 to promote the competitiveness of European enterprises)– Structural Funds (€86bn between 2007-2013)• European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)• European Social Fund (ESF)• Cohesion Fund• A total investment of €140bn over 6 years
  12. 12. Next financing period• Welcome to the Multiannual Financing Framework 2014-20– Smart and Inclusive Growth (€491bn)– Sustainable growth, natural resources (€383bn)– Security & Citizenship (€18.5bn)– Global Europe (€70bn)– Administration (€62.6bn)• A total budget allocation of just over €1trn over 6 years• But…
  13. 13. Next financing period• A lot is still to be decided• There are likely to be priorities around:– Culture– Research & innovation– Knowledge transfer– ICT• The remaining calls under this financing period will appear January – March2013• Broad outline of future calls likely to be communicated mid/late 2013
  14. 14. A typical programme• Each Department (Directorate) of the EC publishes an Annual WorkProgramme by 31stMarch of each year• Calls for Proposals against these Work Programmes are published on the Weband via C-Series, the official Journal of the European Union• A consortium is formed, and produces a proposal, usually led by one centralorganisation• Proposals are assessed by independent experts in closed session• The lead for your consortium is invited to negotiate• A contract is agreed with the Commission, along with any financial provisions
  15. 15. A typical programme• Each Department (Directorate) of the EC publishes an Annual WorkProgramme by 31stMarch of each year• Calls for Proposals against these Work Programmes are published on the Weband via C-Series, the official Journal of the European Union• A consortium is formed, and produces a proposal, usually led by one centralorganisation• Proposals are assessed by independent experts in closed session• The lead for your consortium is invited to negotiate• A contract is agreed with the Commission, along with any financial provisions
  16. 16. Where to start…• Your appetite for European working:– How does your organisation feel about international collaboration?– Are you already engaged within Europe?– Is your management/leadership Eurosceptic?– Are you already networked with colleagues in Europe?• Securing funding from Europe is not hard, once you know what you’re doing.Building competence and capacity requires an investment of time and effort. Ifyour organisation is anti-Europe, it is going to be a lot harder to make thatinvestment.
  17. 17. Where to start…• Your Strategic Objectives:– What are the strategic objectives of your museum?– How do they map to EU priorities & agendas?– Are you already conducting research?– Is your focus on public programmes?• Ad-hoc responses to EU funding opportunities rarely work as well as proposalsthat build on an existing priority for your organisation. The Commission likes tofund additionality – to enable things that might have happened anyway tohappen better.
  18. 18. Where to start…• Your capacity:– Do you have time to lead a consortium?– Do you have capacity to participate in someone else’s?– Can you afford the time to create project documents?– Do you have a decent eye for detail?– Can you afford to invest in travel and effort if your proposal doesn’tsucceed?• Programmes vary significantly – some are light-touch, some are large-scale –but all require the input of effort and expense without a guaranteed outcome.You need the financial and strategic backing of your organisation to getinvolved.
  19. 19. Where to start…• Build your network!• Lead times on Calls for Proposals are usually 4-6 months, which is very littletime to activate a consortium, build social capital and trust, create thedocumentation, draft and re-draft and agree budget allocations.• Proposals work best where they build on pre-existing networks andrelationships – they are fuelled by social capital, trust and energy.• Networking with European counterparts is productive for your wholeorganisation, and should be ongoing, rather than just ignited in response to aCFP.
  20. 20. Where to start…• Talk to us!• Collections Trust leads on or participates in some €15m of European fundedprogrammes, we have an excellent reputation in Europe and an extensivenetwork of European partners. We’re looking out for partners from 2013onward!• The UK Cultural Contact Point at Visiting Arts has extensive experience ofadvising and supporting cultural and creative institutions through planning andsubmission of proposals – talk to Christoph & Mary!• We’re both very happy to talk to you about your ideas and objectives and tosee how they might fit with the emerging financing framework.
  21. 21. How does EU funding work?• EU funding works best where there is an alignment between your strategicaims, an existing set of relationships and the European Commission’s policypriorities• The Commission issues a call for proposals and you respond to it, usually bycompleting a form or forms (commonly via an online portal)• There is no guaranteed way of securing EU funding, but the quickest way notto is not to read the forms and do what they say• You need to expect to find between 20-50% match-funding• You need to pay close attention to eligible costs – most programmes focus onstaff and some capital costs, not on overhead or contracting
  22. 22. Take it further!http://www.collectionslink.org.uk/programmes/european-projects - CollectionsLink (information about current and proposed projects from Collections Trust)http://www.culturefund.eu/ - The Cultural Contact Point for the Creative Europeand Culture Programmeshttp://ec.europe.eu – European Commission website, including information aboutthe Multiannual Financing Framework & forthcoming Calls for Proposalshttp://ec.europa.eu/culture/index_en.htm - European Commission website onthe Culture Programme & the Culture Agenda for Europehttp://cordis.europa.eu/home_en.html - CORDIS information service on researchand innovation funding in Europe
  23. 23. Thanks for listening!Nick PooleCEO, Collections TrustWC209 Natural History MuseumCromwell RoadLondonSW7 5BDTel: 0207 942 6080Email: nick@collectionstrust.org.uktwitter: @NickPoole1
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