About the Programme• A joint programme with the Arts Council England and theAssociation of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) Crime Prevention Unit– Increased awareness of museum security as a core element of goodCollections Management practice;– Improved capacity and expertise in basic museum security andhousekeeping;– Enhanced awareness of the Arts Council’s support through the NationalSecurity Adviser;– A self-supporting community of practice to share knowledge;– Improved usage of existing published material on the subject
What is ‘Heritage Crime’?• Defined as “any offence which harms the value of England’sheritage assets and their settings to this and future generations”• Technically:– Architectural Theft– Planning Enforcement refusal, unauthorised development and excavation– Public Urination (Anti-social Behaviour)– Arson and Unauthorised fires– Metal Theft and Unauthorised metal detecting (‘Nighthawking’)– Advertising / Fly posting– Criminal Damage / Graffiti (Anti-social Behaviour)– Vehicular damage
Key risk areas• Buildings• Collections• Stock/plant• Information• People
The theft problem…• Theft– Petty theft– Personal property theft– Metal theft– Pickpocketing– Shop stock– Theft-to-order (jade, Rhino horn)– Burglary– Inside theft– Opportunistic theft– Building materials/plant theft
Lack of evidence• No equivalent to EH ‘Heritage Crime’ survey in museums• 90%+ of the 200-300 institutions involved in our workshops had been affectedby heritage crime• No coherent national picture of the scale of the problem, or trends• Lack of information sharing about current threats among museums• Support from the National Security Adviser, Facewatch and recently-established National Museums Security Network
Key risk factors• Attractive targets• High-value collections/inventory• Limited risk awareness• Reluctance to invest strategically• Reductions in staffing capacity• Gradual upgrade path for key equipment
Challenges post-incident• Loss of trust/reputational damage• Difficulties in borrowing items on loan• A culture of fear• Challenging innocent visitors• Lack of holistic/strategic response• A burglary at work is as unsettling as one at home
Key lessons learned• Rational choice perspective• There is a tremendous amount heritage sites/venues can do to deter crime• A culture of risk/security awareness• Relationship with local CPO• Access control/surveillance• Develop & train response• Prevention/deflection is better than cure• Hire good people, be aware of emergent risks
Self-assessment tools• Environmental Visual Audit (EVA) – ‘walk the perimiter’• Security Check – ‘develop a culture of security/risk awareness’• Used as in-house training tools, for staff development and audit
Next steps• Real need for just-in-time information sharing about current threats/targets• Partnership with Securitas to provide information & expertise• Understanding Security as a facet of a strategic approach to risk,environmental and collections management• Looking at interaction of security with insurance & indemnity• Further workshops during 2013-14• Security Checklist/External Visual Assessment
Take it further…www.collectionslink.org.uk/discover/security
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