Chapter 7


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Chapter 7

  1. 1. Educational Aids and Technology in the Classroom<br /><ul><li>Classes need to be learner-centered using a variety of teaching methods.
  2. 2. Must be adapted to both the individual and collective needs of learners.
  3. 3. There are several benefits of using educational aids.</li></ul>Enhances the class.<br />Ensures greater opportunity for the learner.<br />Offers a change of pace.<br />Helps clarify important information<br />
  4. 4. Advantages of Using Instructional Aids and Technology<br />
  5. 5. Important Concepts<br /><ul><li>When selecting and preparing visual aids for use in the classroom, the master educator will consider a number of important concepts.</li></ul>Visibility<br />Clarification<br />Colorful<br />Proportion<br />Construction<br />Mobility<br />Terminology<br />Protection<br />
  6. 6. Educational Aids and Technology in the Classroom<br /><ul><li>They are used primarily for reference, independent study, or as handouts rather than as visual aids during a presentation.
  7. 7. Some of the most common printed materials used in adult education are listed.</li></ul>Textbooks- includes basics required for licensure.<br />Workbooks- Includes test, exercises and projects. Can be use independently and self paced.<br />Newspapers, Journals and Articles<br />Brochures and Pamphlets- Sources include trade associations, state agencies, and the U.S. Department of Labor. <br />Reference Books<br />
  8. 8. Audiovisual Materials-Non Projected<br /><ul><li>Audiovisuals includes pictures, photographs, flipcharts, bulletin boards, compact discs.
  9. 9. Can increase retention, develop continuity of thought, provide variety and make effective use of time.
  10. 10. Tips for using these tools such as bulletin boards include:</li></ul>Keep them current.<br />Properly attach the material.<br />Keep it simple.<br />Encourage creativity.<br />Use of digital cameras.<br />Encourage humor.<br /><ul><li>Exhibits can be as simple as a mannequin with a specific hair cut.
  11. 11. Multi-purpose boards are effective in communicating information.
  12. 12. Can use boards to list objectives, outline material, sketch items, list new vocabulary and list assignments.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>There are a number of advantages of using a multipurpose board.</li></ul>Flexible<br />Erasable<br />Available in Most Classrooms<br />Material Can Be Prepared in Advance<br /><ul><li>Disadvantages include:</li></ul>Boring and Common.<br />Temporary.<br /><ul><li>Guidelines for Effective Use of Multipurpose Boards.</li></ul>Always begin with a clean board.<br />Prepare a layout to ensure sufficient space.<br />Use printed letter at least 2” tall.<br />Speak to the learners, not the board.<br />Use a laser pointer or a ¼” dowel that is about 2’ long.<br />Practice simple sketching techniques such as stick figures.<br />Write material on the top half. The bottom of the board should be 36-42” from the floor.<br />
  13. 13. <ul><li>Flip charts are approximately 30”x36”.
  14. 14. Often the pages are perforated.
  15. 15. Useful for teaching sequential steps in a process.
  16. 16. They are portable and inexpensive.
  17. 17. Key Points for Flip Chart Use.</li></ul>Determine key points in advance and pencil lightly. They will serve as an outline for using brightly colored marker during the presentation.<br />Prepare in advance as appropriate.<br />Use a varietyofcolors.<br />Write in the top 2/3rd of the sheet.<br />Enhance appeal by underlining, boxing and shapes.<br />Use for brainstorming sessions.<br />
  18. 18. Activity<br />Directions<br />Using regular white sheets of paper, practice creating a flip chart presentation on the following topic:<br />Guidelines for Multipurpose boards.<br />Focus on using different colors and diagrams.<br />Place in your learning binder when you are done.<br />
  19. 19. Audiovisual Materials- Projected<br /><ul><li>Projected visual aids include: opaque projectors, overhead transparencies, laser disc imagery, liquid crystal display, video tapes, DVD’s, computer software and electronic delivery.
  20. 20. Guidelines for Preparing and Using Transparencies</li></ul>Limit work area on original to 8x10”.<br />Cover 1 idea per transparency.<br />Less is MORE! No more than 6 lines per page and 6 words per line.<br />Use at least 18 point, bold simple fonts. Limit to two types of font.<br />Vary type size to emphasize points.<br />Lease a space equal to the height of an uppercase letter between each line.<br />Be creative. Use cartoons, charts, graphs.<br />Avoid vertical lettering.<br />Think in bullets.<br />Never leave on a blank screen.<br />
  21. 21. <ul><li>LCD Display- A device that is used to display video images or data.
  22. 22. Light from a lamp passes through a glass panel and produces an image that projects onto any flat surface.
  23. 23. More real than printed pictures because colors are more brilliant.
  24. 24. Slides may be created from word-processing programs such as PowerPoint.
  25. 25. Can be accomplished in a fully lit room.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>DVD’s and Television gives the educator the advantage of showing motion.
  26. 26. Most commonly used instructional materials in the classroom today.
  27. 27. Anytime VIDEO is used, it is referring to video or DVD technology.
  28. 28. Guidelines for Video/DVD Education</li></ul>Consider objectives of lesson.<br />Prepare discussion questions for before and after the video.<br />Introduce key points.<br />Discourage note taking. Hand out sheet afterwards.<br />Eliminate distractions.<br />Show video second time when possible.<br />
  29. 29. General Guidelines When Using Projected Materials<br />Bottom of viewing screen or board should be at least 42” from floor.<br />Screen should be placed in a front corner at an angle facing the CENTER of the room.<br />Overhead projector should not obstruct the view of the screen by learners.<br />Tilt the top of the screen forward at a 90-degree angle. This will eliminate distortion.<br />A matte-surface screen should be used.<br />The distance from the screen to the FIRST row of seats should equal no more than twice the width of the screen. (ex: screen is 6’ wide, no more than 12’ to first row.<br />The distance from the screen to the LAST row of seats should equal no more than six times the width of the screen. (ex: screen is 6’ wide, no more than 36’ to the last row.<br />No row of seats should be wider than its distance to the screen.<br />