Cell Facts There are 2 types of primary cells, eukaryotic and prokaryotic. Cells are too small to be seen without magnification. Cells are 1 to 100 micrometers Scientists believe Single-celled organisms were the earliest forms of life on earth. Single celled organisms are called Prokaryotic. There are more bacterial cells in the body than human cells. Cells commit suicide. When they get infected or damaged, it will self destruct. Cells have varying life spans.
Nucleus• Nucleus is the brain of the and the most important of all cell parts.
Plastids• Plastids are those plant cells which carry pigments.
Ribosome• These are the parts that mainly contain RNA[ribonucleic acids]. Ribosomes are those parts that are responsible for production of proteins in cells.
Mitochondria• The mitochondria is responsible for breaking down carbohydrates and sugars.
Golgi Body• The Golgi Body is used to transport material inside and outside the cell.
Endoplasmic Reticulum• Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) is a system of convulsed sacs, which are in turn interconnected.
Vacuoles• Vacuoles are the storage area. They hold the water and energy for the cell.
Peroxisomes• Peroxisomes contain certain parts that are responsible for breaking such fatty acids into simpler forms. They help chloroplasts in the process of photosynthesis.
Cell wall• The cell wall protects and supports the plant cell.
Cell membrane• The cell membrane covers and gives the cell it’s shape. It allows materials to come in and out of the cell.
Cytoplasm• Cytoplasm is the gel like liquid that holds in all the organisms.
Amyloplast• They are responsible for the synthesis and storage of starch granules.
Centrosome• An organelle near the nucleus of a cell that contains the centrioles.
Nucleolus• A small structure in the nucleus of a cell.
Nuclear membrane• Separates the nucleus from the cytoplasm of the cell. It is similar to the cell membrane.
Golgi Apparatus• It is made up of folded membranes within the cytoplasm of most singled cells.
Lysosome• An organelle in the cytoplasm of singled cells containing degradative(The reduction of a chemical compound to a less complex compound) enzymes (substance produced by a living organism) enclosed in a membrane.