enhanced publications eHumanities Group proposal

  • 842 views
Uploaded on

full proposal of e-Humanities Group enhanced publication project (excepting budget and letters)

full proposal of e-Humanities Group enhanced publication project (excepting budget and letters)

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
842
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
11
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group Enhancing Scholarly Publishing in the Humanities and Social Sciences: Innovation through Hybrid Forms of Publication Revised proposalSubmitted to:SURFfoundationPlatform ICT en Onderzoekt.a.v. John Doove Postbus 22903500 GG UtrechtCoordinating institution:KNAW e-Humanities Group[Successor to the Virtual Knowledge Studio for the Humanities and Social Sciences (VKS),Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, KNAW]Cruquiusweg 311019 AT Amsterdam, NLT: +3120 8500470F: +3120 8500271Project coordinator:Dr. Nicholas W. JankowskiVisiting Fellow, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Groupnick.jankowski@vks.knaw.nlDate of Revised Submission: 10 January 2011 1
  • 2. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities GroupSummaryThis is a revised version of the proposal for enhanced publications submitted to theSURFfoundation on 22 November 2010. This version has been extensively modified basedon the comments made by the SURFfoundation commission and by members of the KNAWe-Humanities Group. The main comments from the SURFfoundation commission areincluded in Appendix 1, together with an overview of how these comments have beenaddressed in this version of the proposal.1The first objective of this project is to develop hybrid forms of publications. These willconsist of Web sites to complement four books originally or currently being prepared asprinted volumes for commercial and university-based publishers. These Web sites willcontain a broad range of features that are designed to enhance the printed versions ofthese books with regard to:  supplementary resources (e.g., links, blogs, chapter appendices, author profiles);  chapter visualizations (e.g., animations, figures, tables) in color;  hyperlinks, both internal and external to the book texts;  author updating of site materials;  search features.A provisional template with most of these Web site features is already available. Thevarious functionalities will be explored and tested so that, once finalized, the template willserve as the general framework for each of the Web sites complementing the printedversions of the books.The second objective is to develop a database allowing for aggregation of contentattributes and associations across the individual book Web sites, such that topicalrelationships, intellectual underpinnings, and contextual factors can be made explicit.Together with a user interface, this aggregation database and related features will supportad-hoc queries and real-time visualizations of discursive threads on the Web sites.Fundamental to this approach is a focus on Web-based texts as dynamic and evolvingdiscourses rather than completed works to be archived. While there is significant value inarchiving Web-based texts and related repositories of scholarly work, this aspect is notaccentuated. Instead, we focus on engagement with emerging new scholarly practices,particularly in the realm of informal scholarly communication. Given this, we aim tointroduce book-related texts, and associated materials, as digital proxies in the realm ofscholarship. It is common to find a wide variety of book reviews and associatedcommentary on the Web. However, it is still uncommon to find the full book content on theWeb. From this perspective, scholarly work published in book format can be viewed as aless influential contribution to Web-based discourses. This objective of the proposal isdesigned to help rebalance this situation. The rationale underlying this objective is furtherelaborated in Section 2, and in the specific activities are noted in Work Package 5.The third objective of the project is to disseminate the results of the experiences inpreparing enhanced publications. This objective involves sharing experiences through thenetworks of the host institution and participating staff, and with the readership of theenhanced publications. This sharing will occur at various moments, but most concretely1 In preparation of this revised version we have benefited greatly by interventions from colleagues atthe KNAW e-Humanities Group, and staff members of the SURFfoundation and DANS. Withoutnaming these persons directly, we wish to express our appreciation for their remarks andsuggestions. 2
  • 3. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Groupduring two panels planned for an upcoming symposium organized by the Oxford InternetInstitute (OII) and a workshop to be proposed for the Association of Internet Researchers(AoIR) conference. An anticipated result of one of the OII panels is a journal theme issue onscholarly publishing, and the participants in this project will be preparing contributions tothat issue. This objective also involves extending previous instructional experiences (e.g.,workshops, individual tutoring) in the use of VKS Web sites by institution personnel to anew target group: book editors and authors. One of the deliverables related to thisobjective will be Web-based instructional materials and a related video intended for thistarget group, particularly for editors and authors active in the humanities and socialsciences. This material is designed to assist other scholars in preparing Web sites tocomplement traditionally published scholarly books, and constitutes the basis for theworkshop to be proposed for the AoIR conference.The project is to begin on 19 January 2010 and is to be completed five months later on 31June 2010. Four scholars affiliated with the VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group arecollaborating in this project:  Dr. Nicholas W. Jankowski, Visiting Fellow, Virtual Knowledge Studio for the Humanities and Social Sciences (VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group)  Dr. Anne Beaulieu, Senior Research Fellow, Virtual Knowledge Studio for the Humanities and Social Sciences (VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group)  Clifford Tatum, Digital Scholarship Fellow, Virtual Knowledge Studio for the Humanities and Social Sciences (VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group)  Dr. Andrea Scharnhorst, Senior Research Fellow, Virtual Knowledge Studio for the Humanities and Social Sciences (DANS/ VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group); Scientific Coordinator Computational Humanities Programme.In addition, the editors of three book-length anthologies and the author of one university-level textbook are involved in the project. These persons and books are noted below inrelation to the work packages described in this proposal; Appendix 2 contains shortdescriptions of each book:  Work Package 1: book editor, Nicholas W. Jankowski, e-Research: Transformation in Scholarly Practice (published by Routledge, 2009).  Work Package 2: book editors, Paul Wouters, Anne Beaulieu, Andrea Scharnhorst, and Sally Wyatt, Virtual Knowledge (submission to MIT Press, Nov. 2010)  Work Package 3: book author, Nicholas W. Jankowski, Digital Media: Concepts & Issues, Research & Resources, (under contract with Polity Press, part of Digital Media and Society series, forthcoming 2011)  Work Package 4: book editors: David Park, Nicholas W. Jankowski, & Steve Jones, The Long History of New Media: Technology, Historiography, and Newness Contextualized (under contract with Peter Lang, part of Digital Formations series, forthcoming 2011).The KNAW e-Humanities Group, the successor to the Virtual Knowledge Studio (VKS) as of 1January 2011, is serving as coordinating institution and providing expertise for theconstruction of Web sites to complement the above-mentioned books. Inasmuch as thisproposal was initiated during the period when the VKS was operational, the name has beenincluded in the identifier of host institution: VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group.The main results of this project will constitute Web sites complementing the four scholarlybook publications. Similarities in Web site functions being developed allow for utilization ofa basic site template prepared with open source WordPress software and further refined by 3
  • 4. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Groupthird-party software designers. These Web sites will contain a wide range of functionsfacilitating information access, searching and retrieving data, and exchanging informationand communicating with other scholars.In addition to these Web sites, practitioner-oriented Web-based instructional materials areplanned, which will serve as illustrations for preparing enhanced publications. Each of thebooks will be represented in this document with short video clips involving book editorsand authors describing the complementing sites. These instructional materials aredescribed in Work Package 6, which addresses project dissemination more generally.The results of this project are to be disseminated through:  networks of scholars directly affiliated with the book publications for which complementing Web sites are developed;  international networks of institutions and scholars maintained by the KNAW e- Humanities Group;  conference papers and presentations to be revised for consideration in a journal theme issue;  presentation and discussion of the instructional materials at a conference workshop.1. Project ObjectivesThe central objective of this project is to contribute to and increase awareness andutilization of the features and functions available in a Web environment for traditionallyprepared and printed scholarly books in the humanities and social sciences. In someacademic disciplines, particularly in the natural sciences, enhanced publications havereached an advanced stage of development, but in the humanities and social sciences suchinitiatives are fewer and more limited. See Appendix 3 for a definitional text and panoramaof initiatives in developing enhanced publications. This appendix also includes description ofa model of enhanced publications and tools prepared by the SURFfoundation, and a list ofadditional resources related to enhanced publications. These materials have been consultedduring preparation of this revised version of the SURFfoundation proposal and will bestudied in more detail during the course of the project. The Web sites will incorporatevarious tools developed in previous SURFfoundation enhanced publication projects, in pan-European initiatives such as ESCAPE and DRIVER, and in previous Web sites prepared byVKS. Selection of suitable tools will take place during the course of the project.This project is directed at publications in the humanities and social sciences, and involvesthree sets of activities: 1. Preparation of Web sites complementing a series of four book publications initially and primarily prepared as printed books (to be) published by commercial or university-based publishers; 2. Incorporation of specially-designed tools to facilitate intertextuality between materials on the book Web sites (e.g., chapter texts and supplementary materials) and the printed books; 3. Dissemination of the results of the project through a range of conference events, journal articles, and instructional materials.The first activity, preparation of Web sites to complement four traditionally publishedbooks, involves development of those Web sites making use of a template already initiatedand nearly completed by VKS. This template makes use of WordPress as platform for 4
  • 5. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Groupconstruction of Web sites. VKS has developed considerable experience using this platform. Atotal of 31 Web sites have been developed for VKS-related activities, including the generalWeb site for the host institution (VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group), sites for specificprojects (e.g., e-Research Ethics), and conference events (e.g., ‘CYSWIK’). Screen shots ofthe Web sites of some of these projects are included in Appendix 5. Various applicationshave been incorporated into these sites so as to increase functionality. For example, we willcustomize a plug-in previously developed at the VKS that facilitates management ofbibliographic data in the WordPress environment. One particular application relevant to thisproposal is adaption of a review annotation tool developed by MediaCommons, which willbe utilized in illustrative fashion on some of the book Web sites. A second additionalapplication to be incorporated on these sites prepared on the WordPress platform is asearch function for information about other relevant publications, a tool utilizing GoogleScholar.The specific Web site functionalities to be implemented on the Web sites are detailed in thework packages below. Generally speaking, these functionalities relate to three areas: (1)accessibility and interlinking of information, (2) provision of supplementary resources, and(3) exchange and communicative functions (e.g., commenting on texts, sharing information,interacting between authors and readers). The staggered completion of each book site willenable learning within the framework of the project, since each completed project caninform the further development of the others. This will result in increased quality andsophistication in the preparation of subsequent sites.The second activity augments basic WordPress functionality with the development ofspecial plug-ins designed to manage aggregation of content across the book Web sites anddisplay of intertextual discourses. To accomplish this, we develop a database to facilitateaggregation of content attributes and associations across the individual book Web sites,such that topical relationships, intellectual underpinnings, and contextual factors can bemade explicit. Together with a user interface, this aggregation database and relatedfeatures will support ad-hoc queries and real-time visualizations of discursive threads thattraverse the participant Web sites. The purpose of this functionality is to intensifyintertextuality among related Web-based texts, which is simultaneously intertextual withinthe broader domain of the World Wide Web. Database development will be accomplishedusing an open source platform (WordPress) and with the creation of open source pluginsthat extend the functionality of WordPress. The notion of intertextuality is elaborated inthe next section, Project Rationale, and the development work is described in WorkPackage 5.The third activity, dissemination of project results, brings together a series of presentationsand discussions of scholarly communication / publishing. Two conference panel sessions areplanned; see Appendix 7 for details. An objective of these panels involves preparation of atheme issue on scholarly publishing, of which enhanced publishing is considered a specifictopic. This theme issue may be limited to a single journal of which the project coordinator isco-editor, New Media & Society, but may also be extended to a second, open access journaltitle, thereby providing a range of functionalities and opportunities not present in atraditional journal owned by a commercial publisher. This activity also involves preparationof instructional materials that build on existing documentation developed for VKS staff toupdate Web site pages. This material, essentially a Web-based tutorial on how to modifyWeb site pages prepared within the WordPress platform, is to be revised in such a mannerthat it will be suitable for a new target group: authors and editors of the books involved inthis project. This component strives to increase the dynamic quality of the book Web sites 5
  • 6. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group(the sites can be easily updated by persons directly involved in a book project) and tocontribute to a more horizontal organizational structure, reducing dependence on Webspecialists and increasing reliance on input from those directly involved in a specificpublication. We plan to test these instructional materials during a workshop at the annualconference of the Association of Internet Researchers; the proposal for this workshop willbe one of the deliverables of Work Package 6.2. Project Rationale and OrganizationRationaleExploration of alternative modes of scholarly communication, including preparation ofenhanced publications, has been of concern among members of the Virtual KnowledgeStudio (VKS) since inception of this initiative of the Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences(KNAW) a half-decade ago. VKS staff and fellows, along with scholars involved in the newlyformed e-Humanities Group of the KNAW, have contributed to alternative modes ofscholarly communication in addition to traditional and conventional forms. The collection ofbook-length manuscripts comprising the thrust of this proposal offers opportunity to extendthe boundaries through development of Web sites to complement these manuscripts beingreleased by established publishers of scholarship. Although the proposed Web features forthese enhanced publications may seem limited by practitioners in disciplines such asbiology,2 the features proposed are at the forefront of what is presently being consideredacross the humanities and social sciences. Our conviction is that the proposed Web sites tocomplement traditionally printed and published books are pioneering in the humanities andsocial sciences.3 The Web sites focus on the co-creation of intertextual discourses, onincorporation of new media into traditional forms of publishing, on notions of emergentlearning, and on user-centered approaches to development of Web environments.Through hyperlinking, a common discursive practice in Web-based scholarlycommunication, documents, collections of documents, and related audio and visualresources are structured across the Web. This textured connectivity of scholarly discourse iscreated with hyperlinking, both by human and machine (e.g., databases) actors. Unliketraditional citations in printed text, the immediacy of hyperlinks facilitates the constructionof intertextual discourses, which are dynamic in both production and consumption. A textpublished on the Web and in compliance with open Web standards can be commented onby others, updated at a later time, and reacted to in other blogs that link back to the text.The potential for response is both immediate and enduring. This situation implies thatmeaning is more fluid in the co-construction of hyperlinked discourses when the potential2 For illustrations in the radical transformation of biology journals, see Figure 4.8 in Appendix 4showing accentuation on visualizations; see Figure 4.9 for a video that elaborates the changes in CellPress biology journals. A few of these functionalities are being incorporated into social sciencejournals owned by houses such as SAGE Publications. In June 2010 SAGE introduced a range offunctionalities (e.g., pop-up abstracts and references) in the articles of its 500-plus journals that areavailable on the site SAGE Journals Online (SJO).3 Although the proposed work in this document is pioneering, it would be misleading to claim that noinitiatives have been undertaken in the humanities and social sciences regarding enhancedpublication. One of the most far-reaching initiatives in the humanities is reflected in The Mark TwainPapers & Project undertaken by the University of California Press. Closer to home, the Van GoghLetters Project, involving the Van Gogh Museum and the KNAW Huygens Institute, is similarlypioneering. We intend to examine these and other initiatives in more detail during the course of thisproject. 6
  • 7. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Groupfor new contributions can develop over time. Consumption of hyperlinked discourses is alsoinfluenced by this dynamic: in the opportunities to follow unique paths of hyperlinks in aparticular text, and in the potential for additions and changes over time.A key activity is development of a central database to make connections between the Websites of the four books. In addition to development of individual book Web sites, this projectprovides opportunity to develop a multi-book Web site with book-specific entrances. Thefocus here is on the possibilities for creating a knowledge node from the contributing books.Each book will be situated at a top-level (book title and topic). At the intermediate level,contextual information is provided such as (a) connections to contributing authors andrelated work from these authors, (b) connections to related work at other institutes anddepartments, and (c) connections through organization and/or searching features thatreveal associative relationships across book contributions. It is important to stress theillustrative nature of this initiative because of the limited availability of the texts from thefour books: sample chapters, chapter abstracts, authors biographical sketches, referencelists, and indices. The enhancement from this activity occurs at three levels ofinterconnectivity: at the level of each individual book Web site, at the level of the collectionof book Web sites, and at the level of the Web itself. Intensifying intertextual connectionsat the book and collection levels is based on aggregation functionality. As this functionalitywill be developed in compliance with open Web standards, the intertextual structurecreated increases visibility of book content in specialized (and popular) search engines.With the addition of relevant contextual materials, the aim is to make visible relevantknowledge scaffoldings associated with each book. As this component is planned tocontinue beyond the end of the project, the topical focus of such a network would evolve.Through the addition of books, another expected outcome is the emergence of thematicclusters within the collection. Visibility of these sorts of relationships across books may alsobe of interest to publishers, and this point will be accentuated in the various disseminationactivities and, most concretely, in a proposal to a publisher of scholarly monographs inmedia and communication studies. This proposal will be one of the deliverables of WorkPackage 5.Development of the database will occur once the book Web sites are underway. Rather thandesigning the database first to ensure that content is formatted appropriately, we willsimultaneously design both the Web sites and the central database to be used on theWordPress CMS platform.The editors and contributors to the volumes noted in this proposal represent scholars in thefields of communication and media studies, sociology, law, cultural studies, Internet andnew media studies, science and technology studies, history, anthropology, computerscience, and political science. This diversity is advantageous in exposing a wide range ofscholars in these disciplines to the possibilities and challenges of enhancing scholarlypublications.Although it is difficult to assess the size or long-term effect that the proposed project forenhanced publications may have on members of the above disciplines, a safe observation isthat the target group is very broad and international in scope. Furthermore, with thosepublications that have instructional objectives, students are exposed to new forms oflearning materials. Within the context of Work Package 6, this project intends to contributeto both showcases of enhanced publications and to development of instructional materialssuitable for other scholars to prepare their work in a similar manner. This symbiosis of 7
  • 8. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Groupcontent and ‘how-to’ is likely to be especially convincing to the intended audience since itlinks demonstration and instruction in a context relevant for these scholars.Restrictions & LimitationsThe activities in this proposal are limited to a few publications, but the books selected aretypical of the kind of scholarly monographs presently being prepared in the humanities andsocial sciences. Through the contacts of the scholars involved it is anticipated thatconnections will develop with other, similar initiatives elsewhere in the world. It isparticularly anticipated that contacts with the publishing houses of the books selected forthis project will extend awareness and increase contacts.It is important to address here the uncertainty related to acquiring access to the texts for allfour books. Each of the books is in a different stage of development: one has already beenpublished, the manuscripts of two have recently been submitted to the respectivepublishers, and the manuscript for the fourth is still being completed. This aspect reflects,from one perspective, a limitation as to what may be achieved regarding Web availability offull book texts. From another perspective, however, it reflects opportunity to engage innegotiation and development of enhanced publications during different stages ofcompletion with different commercial and university-based publishers of scholarly texts.From this perspective, this project will be a potentially rich learning experience for allinvolved: editors, authors, and publishers.To emphasize the central objective, this project involves publication of Web-based materialsas complementing printed books, termed a hybrid form of publication in the title of thisdocument. Given copyright, it may not be possible to publish all of the material contained inthe printed books in an online environment. Although the SURFfoundation commissionassessing proposals for enhanced publications, ‘strongly recommended’ dual publication ofbook texts and complementing Web sites, such arrangements can only be achieved throughnegotiation with the copyright holders. We are optimistic that some materials in the fourbook projects will appear in a Web-based venue and will constitute a critical mass. However,we are not able to establish what and how much text of the books will be made availableprior to negotiations with the respective publishers. As mentioned above, one of thestrengths of this proposal is the manner in which preparation of Web sites for the four bookprojects is staggered. This will give us opportunity to demonstrate the actual potential ofenriched publications. As we engage each publisher subsequently, we will be able toelaborate the concrete steps already taken, which may be a persuasive manner to securecooperation. Although linking of materials is facilitated when all materials are on the Web,in the event this is not always possible alternate forms of linking will be explored, such asuse of QR tabs.Project organizationThis proposal for enhanced publications is being undertaken by scholars affiliated with theVirtual Knowledge Studio (VKS) and, as of 1 January 2011, with the new organizational unitknown as the KNAW e-Humanities Group. As general objective, the VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group aims to support researchers in the humanities and social sciences in theNetherlands in the creation of new scholarly practices, and to stimulate reflection on e-research. A core feature of the work of this KNAW unit is the integration of analysis anddesign in close cooperation between social scientists, humanities researchers, informationtechnology experts, and information scientists. This integrated approach provides insightinto how e-research can contribute to new research questions and methods in thehumanities and social sciences. A logical extension of this approach implies how enhanced 8
  • 9. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Grouppublishing can facilitate scholarly presentation and discourse of research findings. Furtherbackground and an overview of projects in which the VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group isengaged can be found on the VKS Web site and the Web site of the KNAW e-HumanitiesGroup.Project coordinatorDr. Nicholas W. Jankowski was a Visiting Fellow at the Virtual Knowledge Studio for theHumanities and Social Sciences (VKS) and continues in the same capacity at the KNAW e-Humanities Group. In 1997 he initiated and co-edits the journal New Media & Society(NM&S). In that capacity he closely follows developments in scholarly publishing, togetherwith more general transformations in scholarship in the social sciences, frequently labeled‘e-science’ and ‘e-research’. This interest resulted in his editing a journal theme issue(JCMC) on e-science and editing a book on e-research (Routledge, 2009), both of whichchart contemporary developments in scholarship. He contributes regularly to conferencesand seminars on scholarly publishing, including a keynote address to the Association ofLearned and Professional Society Publishers (ALPSP, September 2009), a panel at aconference of the Association of Internet Researchers on digital scholarship (IR11Roundtable, October 2010), and an invited lecture at the University of Tampere, Finland, onscholarship in the digital age (slides from CORE lecture, November 2010).Project participantsIn addition to the project coordinator, three persons affiliated with VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group are responsible for project activities: Dr. Anne Beaulieu, Senior ResearchFellow and VKS Deputy Program Leader, Clifford Tatum, Digital Scholarship Fellow, and Dr.Andrea Scharnhorst, DANS, KNAW e-Humanities Group, and Scientific coordinator of theComputational Humanities Programme.Beaulieu has extensive experience in using new media for communicating outcomes ofresearch, as editor of Web-based journal issues (e.g., JCMC, Forum Qualitative Research)and as developer of blogs (VKS Ethnography, Network Realism). In her past and presentresearch, she has been particularly committed to the use of digital visual material for thecommunication of research, and this aspect will figure prominently in the current project.Tatum is a designer and developer of Web-based digital scholarship platforms. Recentprojects at the Virtual Knowledge Studio are aimed at increasing visibility of researchpractice as it happens in the field (VKS Fieldnotes), facilitating contributions to a conferenceroundtable discussion (IR-11 Digital Scholarship), facilitating community co-creation of apublishable text (eResearch Ethics), and facilitating collaborative learning (UW Honors inAmsterdam). Tatum’s research examines the role of openness in technology-mediatedcollaboration.Scharnhorst has a background in physics and philosophy of science. Her work concentrateson the transfer of concepts and methods from physics to social sciences. In this context shehas developed websites for on-line simulations (EVOLINO - (together withBeaulieu/Hüsing/Ebeling); multi-functional websites for workshops (seehttp://mod_know.virtualknowledgestudio.nl/; http://modelling-science.simshelf.virtualknowledgestudio.nl/) and CMS for research documentation(http://simshelf2.virtualknowledgestudio.nl/). 9
  • 10. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group3. Activity PlanningPreparation of the Web sites complementing the four books involves a number of commontasks:  Negotiations with book publishers regarding content acquisition and preparation;  Communication and coordination with book editors and authors;  Domain management and hosting;  Basic Web site setup: layout, graphics, info architecture, security, syndication, and search engine optimization;  Insertion of book content to Web sites: intro, sample chapter, TOC, chapter abstracts, reference list(s), word and name indices, links to publisher and purchase opportunities;  Author profiles: bio, image, institution, relevant publications;  Integration of supplemental content related to book: conference presentations, videos, teaching materials.Special Web site features are unique to the book Virtual Knowledge, which is elaborated inWork Package 2. Inclusion of these features accounts for the slightly larger budgetaryallowance noted in the above overview table. These features are:  Video introductions for each chapter (authors);  Video introduction to the book, presented by book editors;  Chapters developed as individual, author-managed spaces.Regarding evaluation, the activities related to each Work Package are examined atcompletion of the Web sites. The overall project is evaluated at the end of the proposalperiod.Work PackagesThis project consists of six work packages: one for each of the four enhanced bookpublications, one for the project Web site and aggregated database’ and one fordissemination of materials. Because the objectives, activities, deliverables, and evaluationare nearly identical for the four enhanced book publications, there is overlap in thepresentation of this information. The time plan and budget, however, are different for eachbook and this is reflected in the separate work packages.Work Package 1: Web site complementing book: e-Research: Transformation in ScholarlyPractice. Objective: Completion of Web site complementing e-Research book. Responsibility: Project coordinator Jankowski is primarily responsible for this work package. He will work closely with project participant Clifford Tatum. Activities: As previously mentioned, work has already been initiated to prepare a complementing Web site for the e-Research book, published in 2009. This work resulted in a preliminary version of the site, available here (see also Figure 4.1 in Appendix 4 showing a screen shot of the opening page of the site), which includes most of the following features:  Book-related materials: description of book, table of contents, chapter abstracts, tables and figures from chapters, compilation of references, and publisher information; 10
  • 11. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group  Profiles of contributors: photos and bios of authors and editor;  Supplementary resources: lists of institutions, publications, videos, and presentations related to e-research (see Figures 4.6 and 4.7 in Appendix 4);  Topic-related blogs: group blog for authors of the book, individual blogs by book authors, and other blogs relevant to the themes in the book. Although several chapter authors already are practitioners of blogging in an academic environment, we do not anticipate that all authors will contribute to this component of the site. We do anticipate, however, sufficient frequency and linking of postings from other venues to merit inclusion of this functionality. The following features are scheduled for completion as part of this proposal:  Interlinking index terms with book text;  Figures and tables reproduced on Web site; figures in color;  Chapter references with hyperlinks and an overall bibliography for book;  Author search via Google Scholar for other publications by author (see Figure 4.3 in Appendix 4);  Key word search for similar publications based on chapter. In addition, conditional on publisher agreement, the full text of the book chapters will be made available in pdf and html formats on the Web site. Negotiations have been initiated with the publisher regarding such availability. Since the book was published almost three years ago, we anticipate that there will be no commercial reservation in making the texts available on a publically accessible Web site. If approval is granted, the chapters will be placed on the site as both pdf and html files. Such availability will provide the basis for four additional features of enhanced publication:  Search facility through chapter texts;  Hyperlinks embedded in chapters;  Pop-up figures and tables in chapters (see Figures 4.2 and 4.8 in Appendix 4 for illustrations);  Reference pop-ups in html version of chapter text (see Figure 4.3 in Appendix 4). In the event negotiations with the publisher are not successful in acquiring permission to include full text files of the book chapters, the Web site will provide more limited versions of these features as follows:  Search facility through book index with listing of page numbers where search terms appear in chapters;  Lists of hyperlinks in activated form as found in book chapters. Deliverable: Web site complementing e-Research book. Time plan & activities: The Web site will be completed by 11 February. Work is related to the above-mentioned activities. Dissemination: Announcement of completion to contributing authors, to publisher, and to scholars involved in the VKS / KNAW e-Humanities networks.Work Package 2: Web site complementing the book Virtual Knowledge. Objective: Web site complementing the book Virtual Knowledge. 11
  • 12. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group Responsibility: Project participants Beaulieu and Scharnhorst are primarily responsible for this Work Package. They will work closely with the other book editors (Professors Paul Wouters and Sally Wyatt) and with project participant Clifford Tatum. Activities: The Web site template constructed in Work Package 1 that complements the e-Research book is to serve as a template for the book Virtual Knowledge in Work Package 2. The following features are to be included in this book Web site:  Book-related materials: description of book, table of contents, chapter abstracts, tables and figures from chapters, compilation of references, and publisher information;  Profiles of contributors: photos and bios of authors and editor;  Supplementary resources: lists of institutions, publications, videos, and presentations related to e-research;  Topic-related blogs: group blog for authors of the book, individual blogs by book authors, and other blogs relevant to the themes in the book;  Interlinking index terms with book text;  Figures and tables reproduced on Web site; figures in color;  Chapter references with hyperlinks and an overall bibliography for book;  Author search via Google Scholar for other publications by author (see Figure 4.4 in Appendix 4 for illustration);  Key word search for similar publications based on chapter titles. The manuscript for this book was submitted to the publisher in early December 2010. Informal discussions with representatives of the publisher have been initiated regarding preparation of a Web site to complement the printed version of the book. In the next phase of discussions the possibility of having the full text of the book chapters made available in pdf and html formats on the Web site will be raised. Since MIT Press, the publisher to whom the book has been submitted has a reputation for innovation in utilizing Web features and forms of online availability of book manuscripts and since initial conversations were positive, we anticipate that the publisher will be amenable to making the texts available on a publically accessible Web site. If approval is granted, the chapters will be placed on the site as both pdf and html files. Such availability will provide the basis for four additional features of enhanced publication:  Search facility through chapter texts;  ‘Hot’ hyperlinks embedded in chapters;  Pop-up figures and tables in chapters (see Figure 4.2 in Appendix 4 for illustration);  Reference pop-ups in html version of chapter text (see Figure 4.3 in Appendix 4). In the event negotiations with the publisher are not successful in acquiring permission to include full text files of the book chapters, the Web site will provide more limited versions of these features as follows:  Search facility through book index with listing of page numbers where search terms appear in chapters;  Lists of hyperlinks in activated form as found in book chapters. Deliverable: Web site complementing the book Virtual Knowledge. Time plan & activities: The Web site will be completed by 6 May. Work is related to the above-mentioned activities. 12
  • 13. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group Dissemination: Announcement of completion of Web site to contributing authors, to publisher, and to scholars involved in the VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group networks. Furthermore, the widespread readership of the book – see detailed information in Appendix 6 – will ensure further exposure to the possibilities of Web-enhanced books.Work Package 3: Web site complementing book: The Long History of New Media:Technology, Historiography, and Newness Contextualized Objective: Completion of Web site complementing the book Long History of New Media. Responsibilities: Project coordinator Jankowski is primarily responsible for this work package. He will work closely with the other book editors, Professors Steve Jones and Dave Park, and with project participant Clifford Tatum. Activities: The Web site template constructed in Work Package 1 that complements the e-Research book is to serve as a template for the book Long History of New Media in this work package. The following features are to be included in this book Web site:  Book-related materials: description of book, table of contents, chapter abstracts, tables and figures from chapters, compilation of references, and publisher information.  Profiles of contributors: photos and bios of authors and editor;  Supplementary resources: lists of institutions, publications, videos, and presentations related to e-research;  Topic-related blogs: group blog for authors of the book, individual blogs by book authors, and other blogs relevant to the themes in the book;  Interlinking index terms with book text;  Figures and tables reproduced on Web site; figures in color;  Chapter references with hyperlinks and an overall bibliography for book;  Author search via Google Scholar for other publications by author (see Figure 4.4 in Appendix 4 for illustration);  Key word search for similar publications based on chapter titles. The manuscript for this book was submitted to the publisher mid-December 2010; the manuscript is presently being prepared for publication and will be released by late May 2011. In January 2011 discussion will be initiated with a representative of the publisher regarding preparation of a Web site to complement the printed version of the book. This publisher, Peter Lang, has developed an extensive list of titles related to Internet studies and new media, and the house may be willing to experiment in utilizing Web features and forms of online availability of book manuscripts. If approval is granted, the chapters will be placed on the site as both pdf and html files. Such availability will provide the basis for four additional features of enhanced publication:  Search facility through chapter texts;  ‘Hot’ hyperlinks embedded in chapters;  Pop-up figures and tables in chapters (see Figure 4.2 in Appendix 4 for illustration);  Reference pop-ups in html version of chapter text (see Figure 4.3 in Appendix 4). In the event discussions with the publisher do not result in acquiring permission to include full text files of the book chapters, the book Web site will provide more limited versions of these features as follows: 13
  • 14. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group  Search facility through book index with listing of page numbers where search terms appear in chapters;  Lists of hyperlinks in activated form as found in book chapters. Deliverable: Web site complementing Long History of New Media book. Time plan & activities: The Web site will be completed by 6 May. Work is related to the above-mentioned activities. Dissemination: Announcement of completion of Web site to contributing authors, to the book publisher, to scholars involved in the VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group networks, and to the networks of the communication historians contributing to the volume.Work Package 4: Web site complementing book: Digital Media: Concepts & Issues, Research& Resources. Objective: Completion of Web site complementing the book Digital Media. Responsibility: Project coordinator Jankowski is primarily responsible for this Work Package. He will work closely with project participant Clifford Tatum. Activities: The Web site template constructed in Work Package 1 that complements the e-Research book is to serve as a template for the book Digital Media in this work package. The following features are to be included in this book Web site:  Book-related materials: description of book, table of contents, chapter abstracts, tables and figures from chapters, compilation of references, and publisher information;  Profiles of contributors: photos and bios of authors and editor;  Supplementary resources: lists of institutions, publications, videos, and presentations related to e-research;  Topic-related blogs: group blog for authors of the book, individual blogs by book authors, and other blogs relevant to the themes in the book;  Interlinking index terms with book text;  Figures and tables reproduced on Web site; figures in color;  Chapter references with hyperlinks and an overall bibliography for book;  Author search via Google Scholar for other publications by author (see Figure 4.4 in Appendix 4 for illustration);  Key word search for similar publications based on chapters. The manuscript for this book is scheduled to be submitted to the publisher in April 2011. Informal discussions with representatives of the publisher have been initiated regarding preparation of a Web site to complement the printed version of the book. In the next phase of discussions the possibility of having the full text of the book chapters available in pdf and html formats on the Web site will be considered. Since the publisher with which the book is under contract, Polity Press, has developed an innovative series on digital media and has also prepared its own Web portal for the titles in the series, it is anticipated that the publisher will be amenable to making some texts available on a publically accessible Web site. If approval is granted, the chapters will be placed on the site as both pdf and html files. Such availability will provide the basis for four additional features of enhanced publication:  Search facility through chapter texts; 14
  • 15. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group  ‘Hot’ hyperlinks embedded in chapters;  Pop-up figures and tables in chapters (see Figure 4.2 in Appendix 4 for illustration);  Reference pop-ups in html version of chapter text (see Figure 4.3 in Appendix 4). In the event discussions with the publisher do not result in permission to include full text files of the book chapters, the Web site will provide more limited versions of these features as follows:  Search facility through book index with listing of page numbers where search terms appear in chapters;  Lists of hyperlinks in activated form as found in book chapters. Deliverable: Web site complementing Digital Media book. Time plan & activities: The Web site will be completed by 6 May. Work is related to the above-mentioned activities. Dissemination: announcement of completion of Web site to contributing authors, to publisher, and to scholars involved in the VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group networks.Work Package 5: Project Database Objective: Develop a central database to facilitate interconnections between and among the initial books and with the possibility to add books over time. While ensuring that the individual book Web sites remain the primary entryway to the book, the database serves to make interconnections more explicit. As book Web sites typically provide only a summary of the full book content, this feature of the project is an effort to make visible inter-book relationships such that more of the knowledge context is made explicit and consumable. In this way, book consumers can benefit from individual books being situated within a larger discourse and the book publishers would stand to benefit from a potential increase in traffic to the individual books. Responsibilities: Clifford Tatum is responsible for preparation of this work package; he will confer as necessary with the other project participants. Activities: The following activities are central to this work package:  Make index/bibliography data available in the individual book sites via open source standard (e.g., RSS/Atom).  Create an aggregation plug-in to retrieve index/bibliography data from individual book sites. Based on characteristics of the data, the aggregation plug-in may cache data into a backend database for further data processing.  Implement user interface to interact with the aggregated data. Central to this interface is navigation between the central site and individual book sites.  Facilitate export of database content to a RDF/XML formatted document. Native WordPress functionality allows for export to XML format. This activity is specifically aimed at exporting ad-hoc query data from our aggregation database. Deliverable: This work package is to deliver a portal-style Web site for all four books and an aggregation database containing the objects related to each book. Once the portal-style site has been prepared, a short proposal will be prepared and shared with a number of publishers have titles in the general area of media and communication 15
  • 16. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group studies. The project coordinator has contacts with these publishers and will initiate the discussions with representatives. Time plan & activities: The portal Web site and aggregation database will be completed by 31 May 2011.Work Package 6: Project Dissemination Objective: The objective of this work package, Project Dissemination, is to make scholars and publishers aware of our initiatives to enhance traditionally prepared book publications. Through the journal articles, panel discussions, instructional materials and conference workshop we hope others will consider the tools and procedures with which we have experimented in this project. Responsibility: Each project participant will contribute materials related to the other work packages related to dissemination; Jankowski will coordinate collection of the material and preparation of journal theme issues. Tatum is primarily responsible for preparation of the instructional materials of this work package. He will collaborate with the other project participants, Beaulieu, Jankowski, and Scharnhorst, about specific details in the instructional materials. All project participants will be involved in panel presentations and workshop instruction. Activities: dissemination of materials related to this project is concentrated around: (1) papers for conference panels, (2) preparation of articles for journal publication, and (3) preparation of instructional materials. Proposals for two conference panels have been submitted and we anticipate hearing whether these have been accepted for the events by February 2011. Both panels provide present and reflect on facets of this project. The papers for these panels can be considered candidate manuscripts for the journal theme issue (the proposal for that theme issue is one of the deliverables of this work package). Finally, a series of activities regarding project dissemination relate to preparation of the instructional materials; these activities include:  Web-based tutorial to include instructions on: o Introduction to the workspace o Adding or editing a text o Adding and editing bibliographic content o Adding images or uploading file attachment o Posting to a collaborative blog  WordPress templates for creating a new book Web site: o Basic content layout with supplemental plug-ins o Reference management plug-in o Author profile template  Video Production: produce an instructional video intended for editors and authors active in the humanities and social sciences: o Filming o develop graphic aids o film editing Deliverables: The deliverables for this work package are directly related to the above- mentioned three clusters of activities: conference panels, journal theme issue, and instructional materials. Regarding the conference panels, preliminary drafts of papers 16
  • 17. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group will be prepared during this project for the two panels (see proposals for these panels in Appendix 87). The final versions of these papers will be prepared after completion of this project and by the conference deadline of 1 August 2011. Regarding the journal theme issue, a proposal will be prepared within the time frame of this project, and will be submitted to the journal editors for consideration by late May 2011. Consultation with candidate authors and journal editors will have taken place prior to that date in order to ascertain whether the theme issue will involve a single journal title or, possibly, a second open access title. Regarding the Web-based instructional materials, a proposal for a pre-conference workshop will be prepared and submitted by the conference call deadline: 1 March 2011. This workshop will provide opportunity to test out the instructional materials noted above. This workshop, like the above-mentioned panels, is scheduled after completion of this project. Much of the preparation for the workshop, however, will be undertaken during the project and will be included in the instructional material deliverable. Time plan & activities: The materials for this work package will be completed by 31 May. Dissemination: Information on this project will be provided through: announcement of completion of the materials to editors, authors, and publishers of the books described in the other work packages. Also, announcement of the materials will be made via the networks of scholars and practitioners maintained by the VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group.4. Knowledge DisseminationThis project is directed at broad dissemination of the materials emerging from the work,both the Web sites complementing the four books as well as the instructional materialsrelated to preparation of the Web sites. As previously indicated, the networks of scholarsdirectly involved with each of the books (editors, contributing authors) and the extensivenetworks of the host institution, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group, will be made aware ofthese Web sites complementing the books. It is anticipated that preparation ofcomplementing Web sites will contribute to further exploration of a hybrid business modelby university and commercial publishers allowing for both print and Web-based publication.Finally, readers of the books, both scholars and students, will constitute an important targetaudience for the dissemination of these enhanced publications. This last category, readers,is particularly important inasmuch as they are members of the wider scholarly communityfor which enhanced publications are intended.Various conference presentations and papers, and preparation of journal articles based onthose presentations, will contribute to further dissemination of the fruits of this project. Atthis point two proposals have been submitted for inclusion in a symposium organized by theOxford Internet Institute, entitled ‘A Decade of Internet Time’. These panels involve thecollaborators of this SURFfoundation proposal for Enhanced Publications as well as theeditors and authors of the four books. These two proposals are included in Appendix 7 andserve to illustrate the additional forms of dissemination being planned. 17
  • 18. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities GroupIn addition, a special pre-conference workshop being proposed for the annual Association ofInternet Researchers conference provides opportunity to test out the instructional materialsprepared and to discuss more generally the possibilities of enhanced publication within thehumanities and social sciences.5. Time Plan OverviewBelow is an overview of the main tasks for the work packages of this proposal, together withwhen tasks are expected to be completed.14 January Launch of project; meeting of project participants to discuss work package tasks and completion; preparation of presentation at SURFfoundation launch meeting.19 January Pending SURFfoundation approval, participation in kick-off meeting of SURFfoundation enhanced publication projects; presentation of this e-Humanities Group project.20 January Presentation of project in Research Meeting of KNAW e-Humanities Group11 February Completion of remaining features of Web site template, the deliverable for Work Package 1; this template is to be used by other book publications described in Work Packages 2, 3, and 4. Evaluation of Work Package 1.1 March Deadline for submission of workshop proposal for the AoIR conference (deliverable for Work Package 6)11 March Initial preparation of book Web sites related to Work Packages 2, 3, and 4; meeting of project participants responsible for these packages. Initial preparation of materials for Work Package 6, Project Dissemination.8 April Monitoring of progress on preparation of book Web sites; specification of remaining tasks for completion of sites. Monitoring of progress on instructional materials (part of Work Package 6); specification of remaining tasks.6 May Completion of book Web sites; near completion of instructional materials; annotated outline of final report; division of tasks in preparation of report by project participants.31 May Deliverables for Work Packages 1 through 6 completed (book Web sites, project database and portal Web site, and dissemination activities; final report in draft version; evaluation of work packages; overall evaluation of project.10 June Submission of project final report.14 June Participation in concluding meeting of SURFfoundation enhanced publication projects.6. Budget OverviewThe budget overview has been deleted from this version of the proposal. 18
  • 19. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group7. Risk Assessment and ManagementThere are several potential risks involved in this project; these are noted below along withstrategies to deal with the possibilities. The presentation is per Work Package.Work Package 1: enhanced publication to complement book e-ResearchThe main uncertainty regarding this work package is whether the publisher of the book,Routledge, subsidiary of Taylor & Francis, will be willing to make available digital files of thebook chapters in both pdf and html formats. As described in the description of WorkPackage 1 above, most Web site features can be implemented without the texts of the bookchapters, but several features (e.g., pop-up visualizations and references, text searching) aredependent on the text.A second uncertainty is whether contributors to the volume will be willing to update thematerials supplementing their chapters (e.g., new analyses, new resources resources).Although the book editor is in frequent contact with several of the contributors, thereremains a degree of uncertainty that requests for material will be honored. In the eventthere is limited response, the Web site complementing the book remains intact andvaluable.Work Package 2: enhanced publication to complement to the book Virtual Knowledge.As with the book in Work Package 1, there is uncertainty whether the targeted publisher ofthe book, MIT Press, will be willing to make available digital files of the book chapters inboth pdf and html formats. As described earlier, preliminary conversations with theacquisition editor from this publisher were positive and MIT Press has a history ofinnovations in book and journal publishing; based on these signals, we remain confident. Inthe event full text is not made available, the Web site complementing the book will havemost of the features described, but not those requiring full text.Unlike the book e-Research, all of the contributing authors to Virtual Knowledge are closelytied to VKS and we anticipate full cooperation in providing requested materials related totheir chapters. We also anticipate willingness to periodically update the material over thenext two to three-year period.Work Package 3: enhanced publication to complement to book Long History of New Media.As with the books in Work Packages 1 and 2, there is uncertainty whether the publisher ofthis book, Peter Lang, will be willing to make available digital files of the book chapters inboth pdf and html formats. Given the long-standing work relation between one of the bookeditors as series editor for this publisher, it is imaginable that Peter Lang will be willing toexperiment with a business model gaining a degree of acceptance among university houses:a hybrid model involving Web access to full text and purchase of printed versions of thesebook texts. In the event full text is not made available, the Web site complementing thebook will have most of the features described, but not those requiring full text.Work Package 4: enhanced publication to complement to book Digital Media.As with the books in Work Packages 1 and 2, there is uncertainty whether the publisher ofthe book Digital Media, Polity Press, will be willing to make available digital files of the bookchapters in both pdf and html formats. Such accessibility is not anticipated and the WorkPackage has been prepared in such a way that the complementing Web site is presentablewithout features requiring full text. 19
  • 20. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities GroupWork Package 5: project databaseRisk in database development activities is mitigated by maintaining a distributed(decentralized) development architecture. Each website will have a dedicated databasewhereby localized functionality occurs independently of the other sites. The aggregationdatabase will not store data from the others sites. Rather, queries will be facilitated throughstandard syndication interfaces (e.g., RSS, Atom).Work Package 6: dissemination of project materials.The proposals for conference panels have been submitted, but not accepted. The pre-conference proposal for a workshop related to the instructional materials will be submittedbut it is not known whether the conference organizing committee will accept the proposal.Similarly, a proposal for a journal theme issue will be prepared, but submission is notequivalent to acceptance. These are clearly uncertainties regarding the activities of thiswork package. At the same time, there is much reason to anticipate positive response for allof the above initiatives: we, both as individuals and as an institution, are well known by theorganizers of the conferences and we anticipate a positive reaction to the proposals.There is a similar degree of risk involved in having a proposal for a theme issue of a journalaccepted. In the case of one of the journal titles, New Media & Society, the projectcoordinator is co-editor of that journal and responsible for coordinating theme issues. In thecase of a possible second open access journal, we have working relations with the editors ofthe main title under consideration and anticipate serious consideration of a proposal thatwill be submitted pending consultation with candidate authors.Regarding the instructional materials, given previous work in preparing such materials, nouncertainties are envisioned.6. Project SustainabilityEnhanced publishing is an ongoing interest on the part of Virtual Knowledge Studio andKNAW e-Humanities Group. Other KNAW institutes such as DANS are also developingexpertise in this area. The KNAW embraces enhanced publishing at the level of individualinstitutes as well as at the level of cross-institutional collaborative efforts (e.g., AlfaLab andComputational Humanities Programme). The VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group anticipatesincorporating the experiences of this project in future publications and in promoting suchforms of scholarly communication among its partners in other initiatives, particularly underthe new institutional construction of VKS, the KNAW e-Humanities Group. For example, theCenter for Language and Speech Technology (CLPT) has a long-range objective to developtools for speech and technology research, and development of enhanced publications is onecomponent of that objective. We have initiated discussions with members of this center andenvision collaboration in the future, preparing enhanced publications where full text ofbook manuscripts is available, allowing for incorporation of CLPT tools for text annotationand searching.In addition, discussions have been initiated with members of DANS regarding enhancedpublications. Particularly through the dual affiliation of project participant Scharnhorst, weanticipate being able to intensify the alliance between this institution and the KNAW e-Humanities Group with regard to development of enhanced publications.The VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group plans to maintain accessibility to the Web sitesdeveloped in the context of this proposal in the foreseeable future, and will invest the 20
  • 21. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group relatively minimal expenses associated with annual domain name registration (ca. 200 Euros per year). More substantially, the book editors are continuing within the new institutional construction of the KNAW e-Humanities Group and will be periodically updating the sites, together with the scholars that have contributed to these publications. For longer range matters of sustainability, discussions will be initiated with representatives from research libraries in the Netherlands experienced in archiving materials related to enhanced publications. Once suitable arrangements have been made, the materials related to the four enhanced publications will be transferred to the digital holdings of an institutional research library. In the meanwhile, the Web objects related to these enhanced publications will remain accessible and secure on the servers of the KNAW e-Humanities Group. Appendices Appendix 1: Assessment of Proposal This appendix contains a summary of responses by proposal authors to report and letter. Reactions to SURFfoundation Commission EvaluationNr. Comments: SURFfoundation Commission Responses: proposal authors1 Hoewel genoemd wordt dat ook “exchange and This point will be elaborated in the revised proposal. communicative functions” zullen worden toegevoegd, waarbij er dus interactie tussen lezer en auteur is, is mij dit niet duidelijk geworden uit het projectvoorstel.2 Het staat niet bij voorbaat vast dat de publicatie The uncertainty regarding availability of book texts in an online zelf ook online komt, in alle gevallen zijn hierover environment may be seen as an element of risk. It is, nevertheless, nog geen harde afspraken met de uitgever reflection of the dominant reality of scholarly book publishing. The challenge in such situations is to explore with stakeholders, including gemaakt. Dit wordt dan ook gezien als een risico, the copyright holders of the texts, possibilities for Web-based maar de websites kunnen ook zelfstandig presentation. As described in the proposal, we are optimistic in functioneren. some instances; in other instances we anticipate need for creative exploration with some of the publishers to achieve a degree of Web- based availability of texts. This reference to preparation of an article is to be elaborated further3 Daarnaast zal er een artikel geschreven worden in the revised proposal. At this point, we anticipate two conference over dit project. papers that will be deposited in the Social Science Research Network (SSRN) repository. These papers will be candidates for theme issues planned for one, possibly two journals. The overarching plan involves a conference panel and subsequent journal issues; these plans, as developed in a proposal submitted to a conference, will be appended to the revised version of the SURFfoundation proposal. Collaboration entails, virtually by definition, dependence on the4 Bij het samenstellen van de extra informatie is contributions of the involved parties. The collaborative endeavors of minstens één publikatie erg afhankelijk van de the three book anthologies noted in the proposal involve scholars goede wil van de schrijvers van het boek, bij een with relatively long and productive histories of cooperation. That andere publikatie kunnen ze die bijdragen beter said, some contributors will be involved less than others. Overall, we sturen. anticipate high levels of interest and contribution to the preparation of the three Web sites. The fourth Web site is to complement a single-authored textbook that is being prepared by the principle investigator of this SURFfoundation proposal; for that book, no dependence or author collaboration is involved. Yes, these features are illustrations of enhanced publications and will5 De genoemde faciliteiten die de websites zullen be included in all four books. Depending on availability of bieden, kun je inderdaad een verrijking noemen copyrighted materials, some of these features may be extended and voor de mensen die de papieren versie reeds in will be elaborated in the revised proposal. bezit hebben, zoals bijvoorbeeld een zoekindex op het papieren boek met referentie naar de pagina. 21
  • 22. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group The revised proposal will refer to persistent identifiers and we will6 In het projectvoorstel wordt niet gerefereerd aan include development of them in a new proposed work package. Persistent Identifiers / Persistent URL’s o.i.d.. Reference will also be made to the various models developed Evenmin wordt gerefereerd aan het informatie en regarding enhanced publications, especially the OAI-ORE model and datamodel van verrijkte publicaties; voor zover ik the general model / formulation of enhanced publications prepared kan zien is het opslaan van onderzoeksdata hier by Woutersen-Windhouwer and Brandsma (2009). Yes, these niet aan de orde. publications do not involve archiving and making available research data. That is, interestingly, one of the topics in a chapter in the e- Research book title, and that chapter explores how such access varies radically between disciplines. The point of preservation of the Web sites will be elaborated in the7 Wel wordt opgemerkt dat de websites na het revised proposal. The EUR repository may not be the most suitable project toegankelijk blijven en bijgewerkt zullen location because that institution is not presently involved in Web worden en waarschijnlijk in de repository van EUR site archiving. Related to archiving is the issue of updating material; opgeslagen gaan worden. this, too, will be elaborated in the revised proposal.Nr. Summary points in Response: proposal authors letter from SURF1 …the evaluation This proposal involves publication of Web-based materials in addition to the printed books. Given commission would copyright issues, we may not be able to publish all of the material contained in the printed strongly recommend that books in the online environment. Although such dual publication may be ‘strongly recommended’, such arrangements can only be achieved through negotiation with the online publications are copyright holders. While we remain optimistic that some materials in the four book projects will published as well as the appear in an online venue, we are not able to establish what and how much prior to negotiations proposed traditional with the publishers. Yes, linking becomes easier when all materials are online, but in the event there paper publications. is a difference between what is available online and offline, an alternate form of linking will be explored, such as QR tab employed by JALC.2 …possible solution for the Yes, subsequent publications such as the originally mentioned journal article, will link to the sites uncertainty of the use of proposed in this proposal. The initial idea for a journal article has been expanded into one and online publications possibly two journal theme issues, which will emerge from preparations for a conference panel; this plan is detailed in an appendix to the revised proposal. This development provides (books) is to link all the additional opportunities for linking materials that are Web-based and printed on paper. This material to the proposed panel and related journal issue also provides increased opportunity to explore both facets of journal article. enhanced publishing and, more generally, transformations in scholarly publishing and communication.3 …publication date of the The publication dates of the four printed books vary from already published to forthcoming in publications is one of the 2011 and 2012. We see this as a potentially positive situation: the book already published in major concerns for the 2009, the e-Research title, will probably result in copyright release of the text and provide opportunity for preparing many of the links between components of the text about which the commission. commission has expressed concern. The new media history book is planned for release in May 2011. We anticipate sample materials will be authorized by the publisher for inclusion on the book Web site, and some of these may lend themselves to linking as recommended by the commission. Further, we anticipate a high level of engagement among the contributing authors to this book in preparing a Web site complementing the printed text. During the launch of the book, either at a conference in May (ICA) or another event in October (AoIR) we will organize a roundtable discussion that will allow presentation and promotion of both the print and online versions of this title. The VKS anthology probably will not be available before late 2011 or early 2012, but a panel discussion of the book is being planned during a conference (OII) in September 2011. This event provides opportunity to present materials from the printed and online versions of the book. We anticipate strong commitment among contributors to this book in preparing materials for the online version. Finally, the digital media textbook will rely heavily on Web- based materials. The text for the printed book is being prepared simultaneously to the materials for the Web site, and the two will relate directly with each other. That said, the full text of the printed book will not appear in its entirety on the Web. 22
  • 23. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group4 …how the project relates Explicit reference will be made regarding various details related to preparation of enhanced to the Enhanced publications, particularly creation of referencing. Regarding linking, we will explore use of RDF/XML Publication standards and rather than HTML; we understand that the commission regards this as a condition and we will do all possible to work in that direction. Use of persistent identifiers will also be techniques (the creating incorporated into development of the sites. Much of these aspects are elaborated in a new and storing relationships Work Package in the revised proposal. between the publication(s), website material and other information)…. are the intended links merely HTML or would the RDF/XML be used for describing the relationships? It is actually a condition that RDF/XML is used.5 …whether the proposed The printed books are being published by established (and largely traditional) commercial and publications (and the university publishing houses. One title may be open access inasmuch as the publisher (MIT journal article) are Press) has some prior experience in developing such titles. The other three books are under contract with commercial publishers and will not be open access. This is not an unusual intended to be Open situation; most scholarly books prepared by commercial and university publishing houses are not Access? available in an open access form. The exceptions to this situation (e.g., Duke University Press, University of Michigan Press) are few and far between. Regarding the article, the planned article will probably be included in the overarching idea for one or two journal theme issues. One of the components of that idea is to arrange collaboration between a traditional scholarly journal (New Media & Society) with an open access title (e.g., First Monday) in order to allow the features (and advantages) of both venues for contributors. Although it is too early to present concrete details on this plan, various aspects are already in place to facilitate such a project (e.g., editorship of the traditional journal title, close relations with the editors of the open access title). 23
  • 24. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities GroupAppendix 2: Descriptions of Books with Complementing Web SitesBook Serving as Basis for Work Package 1 Jankowski, Nicholas W. (ed.), e-Research: Transformation in Scholarly Practice. New York: Routledge, 2009). No less than a revolutionary transformation of the research enterprise is underway. This transformation extends beyond the natural sciences, where ‘e-research’ has become the modus operandi, and is penetrating the social sciences and humanities, sometimes with differences in accent and label. Many suggest that the very essence of scholarship in these areas is changing. The everyday procedures and practices of traditional forms of scholarship are affected by these and other features of e-research. This volume, which features renowned scholars from across the globe that are active in the social sciences and humanities, provides critical reflection on the overall emergence of e-research, particularly on its adoption and adaptation by the social sciences and humanities.Book Serving as Basis for Work Package 2 Wouters, Paul, Beaulieu, Anne, Scharnhorst, Andrea, & Wyatt, Sally (eds.), Virtual Knowledge. Submitted to MIT Press, Nov. 2010. The long-established hierarchies and practices of scholarly knowledge production are undergoing change, challenged from within and also by broader social developments. Over the past 50 years, universities have become accessible to a wider range of people and many new (inter)disciplines have emerged. National and international science and other policy makers have played an increasingly important role in steering and evaluating academic output in both teaching and research. They have also been engaged in promoting particular forms of work organization, by investing in research infrastructures and by encouraging large scale collaboration often on an interdisciplinary and/or international basis. A wider range of social actors, including for-profit corporations as well as civil society organizations, are no longer simply the passive recipients of knowledge produced elsewhere but are increasingly active in its production. Digital technologies have a role to play in all of these processes, including the facilitation of collaboration, monitoring and evaluation as well as communication of results both within the scientific community as well as to wider audiences. The implications of digitization, globalization and commercialization for the natural sciences and engineering have already received a great deal of attention in the literature. The proposed volume starts from the observation that the social sciences and humanities (SSH) are also undergoing profound changes that bring to the fore the very notion of knowledge. Digital technologies provide a useful probe enabling a deeper understanding of the processes affecting SSH. This is not to suggest that these processes are reducible to technology (which certainly is the suggestion by some policy actors) but rather that analysis of the use of technology offers a way into understanding how traditional locations, hierarchies and processes of knowledge production in the SSH are being disrupted. Contributors to this volume analyze changing work practices of scholars, involvement of new actors in new locations, development and use of new forms of representation, new and hybrid forms of data, as well as the content of research itself. The Virtual Knowledge Studio for the Humanities and Social Sciences (VKS) was established by the Royal Netherlands Academy for Arts and Sciences at the beginning of 2006. Its mission is to analyze the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in the social sciences and humanities (SSH) in order both to better understand the dynamics of knowledge creation and to contribute to policy discussions about the development of research infrastructures, methods and techniques in SSH. 24
  • 25. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities GroupBook Serving as Basis for Work Package 3 Park, David, Jankowski, Nicholas W., & Jones, Steve (eds), The Long History of New Media: Technology, Historiography, and Newness Contextualized. New York: Peter Lang forthcoming 2011. To be published in Digital Formations series. This edited collection is designed to explore the historical grounding of ‘new media’. Historical attention to new media is, in itself, a scholarly challenge, and this volume represents an attempt on the part of the editors and contributors to counteract presentist tendencies evident in many descriptions of new media through a sober and scholarly approach to the history of new media. Some chapters in this volume are dedicated to historical descriptions of the development of new media, asking questions concerning the oft-concealed formation and emergence of media forms. Other chapters hinge on the issue of new-ness as it relates to existing practices in media history. Still others address the shifting patterns of storage at work in media inscription, as they relate to the practice of history, and to the past and contemporary cultural formations. This proposal emerges from two pre-conferences held at meetings of the International Communication Association (2008 & 2009). These pre-conferences addressed the relation between new media and history. A selection of these papers, combined with a small number of specially commissioned papers, constitutes the material from which chapters have been developed.Book Serving as Basis for Work Package 4 Jankowski, Nicholas W., Digital Media: Concepts & Issues, Research & Resources. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, forthcoming 2011. To be published in Digital Media and Society series. The text below is excerpted from an annotated outline of the textbook and is intended to reflect the book structure and content of one of the chapters. The book consists of 12 chapters, each around 7500 words in length. The manuscript, including appendices, bibliography and indexes, is approximately 100,000 words. Below is the table of contents for the book with short sketches of each chapter. The book is designed as a textbook and, as such, is structured in a manner intended to serve as a learning tool. Various conventional features will be incorporated into the chapters: boxed texts as illustrations, generic chapter sub-divisions repeated for each of the chapters; suggestions for homework, assignments, and projects; short lists of annotated literature; and lists of additional resources, particularly to Web-based materials. The chapters will be related to a separate Web site dedicated to the book where many other resources will be provided with the ease of hyperlinks. Audio and video resources will be referenced on this site in more abundance than in the text. The introductory chapter sets the stage for the book and provides an overview of developments, characteristics and issues related to digital media. This chapter begins with a sketch that reflects the diversity and extensiveness of the transformations in media ongoing; it includes a ‘story’ that personalizes the change, bringing it into the everyday lives of the intended audience of this textbook, university students at both the undergraduate and master’s level, persons that have been, by and large, ‘born digital’. A panoramic overview is offered for digital media, and comparisons made with related developments including new media, multimedia and Internet studies. Through this definitional exercise, the importance and centrality of digitalization is presented as well as the rationale for a new field of study. This chapter outlines how the book is organized and its relation to a Web site complementing the text. 25
  • 26. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities GroupAppendix 3: Enhanced Publication: Description and DevelopmentAn increasing body of literature is appearing that elaborates the idea of an ‘enhanced publication’;see list of resources at the end of this appendix for some of these materials. One of the moreextensive reviews of this literature has been prepared by Woutersen-Windhouwer and Brandsma th(2009), prepared as a deliverable of the EU 7 Framework project DRIVER-II (Digital RepositoryInfrastructure vision for European Research). On the basis of a review of various models, theseauthors propose a definition of enhanced publication: a publication that is enhanced with research data, extra materials, post publication data, database records (e.g. the Protein Data Bank), and that has an object-based structure with explicit links between the objects. In this definition an object can be (part of) an article, a data set, an image, a movie, a comment, a module or a link to information in a database. (Woutersen-Windhouwer & Brandsma, 2009: 20)In the SURFfoundation 2010 call for proposals further elaboration of the term is provided: Een Verrijkte Publicatie bestaat uit een publicatie, meestal in de vorm van tekst, verrijkt met extra materialen. Een publicatie kan een artikel in een tijdschrift, een proefschrift, rapport, notitie of een hoofdstuk uit een boek zijn. Voorwaarde is dat het over (wetenschappelijk) onderzoek gaat en een interpretatie of analyse bevat van primaire data of een afgeleide daarvan. Het begeleidende materiaal kan bijvoorbeeld bestaan uit onderzoeksdata, beeldmateriaal ter illustratie, metadatasets en post-publicatie data zoals commentaren en ranking gegevens. Door de veranderende post-publicatie data is het mogelijk dat een Verrijkte Publicatie zich blijft doorontwikkelen in de tijd. (Wat is een Verrijkte Publicatie?)Enhancement of publications involves a range of concrete tasks, and Woutersen-Windhouwer andBrandsma (2009: 54-55) propose a checklist for preparation of the objects included in an enhancedpublication:  persistent identifiers that are unique and global;  timestamp and citation information;  file types commonly available;  datasets with universal numeric identification;  satisfactory technical quality to merit preservation;  consideration of possible legal implications.They also suggest various forms of additional information related to objects in enhancedpublications: availability and sustainability; ownership and responsibility; and indication whether anobject has been peer reviewed, ranked, cited, and commented upon. The linking of objects within anenhanced publication merits consideration in a meaningful manner, they suggest, balancingcomplexity with utility. Moreover, the relation between linked objects (e.g., a chapter being part of abook) should be made clear.Various standards, protocols, and tools have been developed to facilitate preparation of enhancedpublications. Perhaps the most important is the Open Archives Initiative Object Reuse and Exchange(OAI-ORE), which “develops and promotes interoperability standards that aim to facilitate theefficient dissemination of content” Woutersen-Windhouwer and Brandsma (2009: 51). The figurebelow depicts the relation between the components of OAI-ORE. 26
  • 27. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities GroupModel of OAI-ORE (Source: Woutersen-Windhouwer & Brandsma, 2009: 19)Forms of enhanced publications, sometimes developed under different labels, are emerging outsidethe parameters of the DRIVER project and of the SURFfoundation. For example, the University ofCalifornia has developed a broad program of publishing activities, called eScholarship, and theUniversity of Michigan Press and UM Research Library have initiated a far-reaching collaborativeprogram between these two traditionally distinct divisions that is concerned with hybrid forms ofdissemination of scholarship, both printed and digital forms, and is concerned with preservation andaccessibility of these publications.A panorama of such initiatives was presented in a lecture by Jankowski at the University of Tamperein October 2010; see slides available at SlideShare. Perhaps the most pioneering initiative in thisseries is the Elsevier ‘Article of the Future’, launched in July 2009 and, as of August 2010,implemented in a dozen journal titles; see Cell Press announcement. Many of the Web featuresfound on the Cell Press journal articles are suitable for inclusion in Web sites accompanying printedbook monographs; screen shots of these features are illustrated in Appendix 3 of this proposal. Mostof these features are not commonly found on the Web sites prepared to accompany printedscholarly books in the humanities and social sciences, and in that regard incorporation of thesefeatures represents a significant step forward in the development of enhanced publications for thesedivisions of scholarship.ResourcesThis is a list of resources compiled during preparation of the revised version of the proposal for theSURFfoundation call for enhanced publications. These resources will be consulted in more detailduring the project.  Enhanced Publications o Verrijkte Publicaties. General publication prepared by SURF, 2010. o Enhanced Publications in Archaeology. Hoogerwerf et al. 2009. Background for launching an open access journal for this field: Journal of Archaeology in the Low Countries (JALC). o Enhanced Publications. Slides of presentation by John Doove, SURFfoundation, at rd 3 Scientific Publishing in Natural History Institutions, EDIT (European Distributed Institute of Taxonomy) October 2010.  ESCAPE materials o Durable Enhanced Publications. M. Hoogerwerf, Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS). Elaboration of ESCAPE project. 27
  • 28. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group o Enhancing Scientific Communication through Aggregated Publications Environments (ESCAPE). This publication, prepared in 2009 by an editor of the KNAW, Arjan Hogenaar, provides a panoramic overview of enhanced publications, including the OAI-ORE model. Has an extensive bibliography. o Blog for ESCAPE project. This blog is dormant; last entry is from February 2010. It contains basic information on the ESCAPE project. o ESCAPE-II project, ‘Report on Enhancing Interoperability between existing Open Access Publication Infrastructures’, A. Boulal , M. Lordanidis, A. Quast, J. Schirrwagen. Bielefeld University Library, 2 Sept. 2010.  DRIVER materials o DRIVER project, completed in 2009. DRIVER publications; Slides of DRIVER project. Final publication includes range of publications and presentations, many related to repositories, open access, enhanced publishing. o DRIVER-II. Grant agreement ‘Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research II’, Framework 7 document, SURFfoundation is centrally involved. DRIVER Web site contains much material. o Report on enhanced publications state-the-art, Woutersen-Windhouwer, S.; Brandsma, R., DRIVER report, 2009.  Tool-related materials o Open Archives Initiative Object Reuse and Exchange (OAI-ORE). o RDF / XML primer. A basic and technical elaboration of Resource Description Framework (RDF). o Persistent Identifiers: Considering the Options. Emma Tonkin, Univ. of Bath, no date, but prepared after 2008. Informational and technical. o Enhanced Publication Editor, DatapluS; for provision of metadata to statistical research data. Tool developer: CentERdata. o QR Tags: There are many Web resources that defines and illustrates QR tags; see examples below:  Microsoft blog post on QR Code  Tourism Keys  Wikipedia article on QR Code  Blog post comparing Microsoft Tab and QR tag  Sellsius blog post, comparison Microsoft Tag and QR Codes  Archiving Web sites o contact persons  KB: Barbara.sierman@kb.nl  Hielmcrone, Harald von, State library of Denmark (Aarhus): hvh@statsbiblioteket.dk  Kjell Nilsson(or Jerker Ryden), National library in Sweden (Stockholm): kjell.nilsson@kb.se o Selected publications  Schneider, S. M., Foot, K. A., & Wouters, P. (2009). Web archiving as e- Research. In N. W. Jankowski (ed.) e-Research: Transformation in Scholarly Practice, pp. 205-221. New York: Routledge.  Dougherty, M. (2007). Archiving the Web: Collection, documentation, display and shifting knowledge production paradigms. PhD dissertation. Univ. of Washington, Seattle.  Voerman, G. (2002). Archiving the Web: Political party Web sites in the Netherlands. European Political Science, 2(1): 68-75.  Heuvel, C. van den (2010). Web archiving in research and historical global collaboratories. In N. Brugger (ed.) Web History, pp. 279-304. New York: Peter Lang. 28
  • 29. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities GroupAppendix 4: Illustrations of Web site featuresThere is a large range of Web site features than can be considered within an enhanced publication. Alecture delivered in October 2010 at the University of Tampere provides a panorama of these features;see slides available at SlideShare. Screen shots of those features to be incorporated into the Web sitesfor the four books noted in this proposal are found below. The first screen shot is of the template for abook Web site VKS has been preparing that is still under construction. Although still in development,that site reflects the style and kind of functionalities to be incorporated into the four books mentionedin this proposal.Figure 4.1: Web site under construction for book e-Research: Transformation of ScholarlyPracticeSource: http://scholarly-transformations.virtualknowledgestudio.nl/Figure 4.2: Pop-up figures from journal articlesSource: http://ijlm.net/ 29
  • 30. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities GroupFigure 4.3: Pop-up Feature of In-text ReferencesSource: http://ijlm.net/Figure 4.4: Use of Google Scholar to Identify Additional Author PublicationsSource: http://nms.sagepub.com/content/early/2010/10/07/1461444810365311.abstract 30
  • 31. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities GroupFigure 4.5: Illustration of Commenting Feature Developed by MediaCommonsSource: http://mediacommons.futureofthebook.org/mcpress/ShakespeareQuarterly_NewMedia/Figure 4.6: Illustration of embedded video by authors of Journal ArticleSource: http://seminar.net/ 31
  • 32. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities GroupFigure 4.7: Illustration of pod cast Embedded in Online PublicationSource: http://contexts.org/Figure 4.8: Illustration of Pop-up Visualization from Elsevier ‘Article of the Future’ ProjectSource: http://beta.cell.com/erickson/ 32
  • 33. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities GroupFigure 4.9: Informational Video on Enhanced Features in Cell Press ArticlesSource: http://www.screentoaster.com/watch/stVUxVR0ZIR1FeQV9cXllfX1Bc/cell_press_reviews_format 33
  • 34. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities GroupAppendix 5: Screen Shots of VKS ProjectsVKS personnel have prepared more than a score of Web sites, most involving the WordPress platform.The figures below suggest the range of these sites. This experience informs the preparation of theWeb sites for the four enhanced publications of this project.Figure 5.1: Home page of VKSSource: http://virtualknowledgestudio.nl/Figure 5.2: Web site of VKS-initiated ProjectSource: http://eresearch-ethics.org/about/ 34
  • 35. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities GroupFigure 5.3: Web site of Collaboration Project Involving VKSSource: http://vks.cyswik.net/Figure 5.4: Web site of Conference Panel Organized by VKSSource: http://digital-scholarship.virtualknowledgestudio.nl/ 35
  • 36. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities GroupAppendix 6: Detailed Overview of Book Virtual KnowledgeThis appendix provides a detailed overview of the book constituting the basis for Work Package 2, aWeb site complementing the book Virtual Knowledge, edited by Paul Wouters, Anne Beaulieu, AndreaScharnhorst and Sally Wyatt.The project:The long-established hierarchies and practices of scholarly knowledge production are undergoing change,challenged from within and also by broader social developments. Over the past 50 years, universities havebecome accessible to a wider range of people and many new (inter)disciplines have emerged. National andinternational science and other policy makers have played an increasingly important role in steering andevaluating academic output in both teaching and research. They have also been engaged in promoting particularforms of work organization, by investing in research infrastructures and by encouraging large scale collaborationoften on an interdisciplinary and/or international basis. A wider range of social actors, including for-profitcorporations as well as civil society organizations, are no longer simply the passive recipients of knowledgeproduced elsewhere but are increasingly active in its production.Digital technologies have a role to play in all of these processes, including the facilitation of collaboration,monitoring and evaluation as well as communication of results both within the scientific community as well as towider audiences. The implications of digitization, globalization and commercialization for the natural sciencesand engineering have already received a great deal of attention in the literature. The proposed volume startsfrom the observation that the social sciences and humanities (SSH) are also undergoing profound changes thatbring to the fore the very notion of knowledge. Digital technologies provide a useful probe enabling a deeperunderstanding of the processes affecting SSH. This is not to suggest that these processes are reducible totechnology (which certainly is the suggestion by some policy actors) but rather that analysis of the use oftechnology offers a way into understanding how traditional locations, hierarchies and processes of knowledgeproduction in the SSH are being disrupted. Contributors to this volume analyze changing work practices ofscholars, involvement of new actors in new locations, development and use of new forms of representation, newand hybrid forms of data, as well as the content of research itself.Fields to which the book belongs:Research in this area is by necessity interdisciplinary. Contributors to the volume have a wide variety ofbackgrounds: from physics to history, and including urban studies, policy studies, economics, sociology,communication studies and science and technology studies (STS). The work conducted in the Virtual KnowledgeStudio is informed strongly by recent developments in STS, information science, scientometrics, history ofscience and political economy.Reasons for preparing the book:The Virtual Knowledge Studio for the Humanities and Social Sciences (VKS) was established by the RoyalNetherlands Academy for Arts and Sciences at the beginning of 2006. Its mission is to analyze the use ofinformation and communication technologies (ICTs) in the social sciences and humanities (SSH) in order both tobetter understand the dynamics of knowledge creation and to contribute to policy discussions about thedevelopment of research infrastructures, methods and techniques in SSH.About the editors:All four editors are members of the Management Team of the Virtual Knowledge Studio, and are thusresponsible for its overall intellectual direction. All have previous experience of editing books and/or specialissues of journals.Paul Wouters is programme leader of the Virtual Knowledge Studio for the Humanities and Social Sciences at theRoyal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences in Amsterdam, and professor of Knowledge Dynamics at thedepartment of sociology at the Erasmus University Rotterdam. He is also visiting professor of Cybermetrics at theUniversity of Wolverhampton and member of the Steering Committee of HASTAC—the Humanities, Arts,Science, and Technology Advanced Collaboratory. He is member of the editorial advisory boards of the Journal ofthe American Society for Information Science and Technology, Social Studies of Science, and Cybermetrics. He hasbeen co-editor of a book series (Paul Wouters and Peter Schröder (eds.) The Public Domain of Digital ResearchData, NIWI-KNAW, Amsterdam), a conference book (Paul Wouters and Peter Schröder (2000) (eds.), Access toPublicly Financed Research. The Global Research Village III, Amsterdam 2000 Background Papers, NIWI-KNAW,Amsterdam; and a European research guide (Wouters, P.F., Annerstedt, J., Leydesdorff, L. (1999) The EuropeanGuide to Science, Technology, and Innovation Studies, Brussels; European Commission, DG XII.) He has been guest 36
  • 37. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Groupco-editor of special issues of the journals Scientometrics and Cybermetrics.Anne Beaulieu is Senior Research Fellow at the Virtual Knowledge Studio for the Humanities and Social Sciences(VKS) of the Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences in Amsterdam, and Deputy Programme Leader of the VKS. Sheholds a PhD in STS from the University of Amsterdam. Her research follows two main lines: the role of databasesand networks in knowledge creation, and the development of new ethnographic approaches to study culturaland social phenomena in mediated settings. She has published in STS and social science journals and in anumber of edited collections. She has been guest editor of special issues for the following journals: SocialEpistemology, Journal of Computer Mediated Interaction and Forum Qualitative Research, and is a member ofthe editorial board of the Journal of Biomedical Discovery and Collaboration and of RESET. Recherches ensciences sociales sur Internet. She is also a member of the KNAW Programme Committee on ComputationalHumanities.Andrea Scharnhorst is a Senior Research Fellow at the Virtual Knowledge Studio for the Humanities and SocialSciences at the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences in Amsterdam. She is also visiting professor ofCybermetrics at the University of Wolverhampton, UK. Holding a diploma in physics and a PhD in philosophy, herwork is located at the interface between physics and social sciences/humanities and focuses on mathematicalmodeling of social systems (using models of the physics of self-organization, evolution and complex systems).She is member of the editorial board of Scientometrics. She has recently co-edited a special issue for the Journalof Informetrics on ‘Conceptualizations and Models of Science’ and a volume on Innovation Networks (2009) inthe Complexity Series of Springer.Sally Wyatt is Professor of Digital Cultures in Development at Maastricht University and a senior research fellowwith the Virtual Knowledge Studio for the Humanities and Social Sciences, Royal Netherlands Academy of Artsand Sciences. She has almost 30 years experience in teaching and research about the relationship betweentechnological and social change, focusing particularly on issues of social exclusion and inequality. She has beenco-editor of three previous books: S. Wyatt, F. Henwood, N. Miller and P. Senker, Technology and In/Equality.Questioning the Information Society, (2000, Routledge); N. Wathen, S.Wyatt and R. Harris Mediating HealthInformation. The Go-betweens in a Changing Socio-Technical Landscape (2008, Palgrave); and R. Harris, S. Wyattand N. Wathen Configuring Health Consumers (2010, Palgrave). She has also been guest editor of special issuesof two different journals. Together with Andrew Webster, she co-edits the Health, Technology and Society seriespublished by Palgrave Macmillan.About the contributors:All of the contributors are associated with the Virtual Knowledge Studio as employed researchers. Besides ourrole as editors, we are individually involved as co-authors in five of the seven chapters, thus ensuring greatercoherence of the volume as a whole.About the manuscript:The chapters do not simply report on individual research projects conducted at the VKS over the past years butrather integrate and develop themes that have emerged across projects and other research activities. There arerelatively few chapters, but each is substantial (approx. 11,000-12,000 words each with the exception of theintroduction). References will be integrated into a single list at a later stage. Current word count is about 87,800words, though the final manuscript will be slightly shorter once all the separate reference lists are merged.Contents of Book Preface Introduction – Virtual Knowledge Sally Wyatt, Andrea Scharnhorst, Anne Beaulieu and Paul Wouters Authority and Expertise in New Sites of Knowledge Production Anne Beaulieu, Bas van Heur and Sarah de Rijcke Working in Virtual Knowledge: Affective Labor in Scholarly Collaboration Smiljana Antonijevic, Stefan Dormans and Sally Wyatt Exploring Uncertainty in Knowledge Representations: Classifications, Simulations and Models of the World Matthijs Kouw, Charles van den Heuvel and Andrea Scharnhorst Virtually Visual. The Visual Rhetoric of GIS in Policymaking Rebecca Moody, Matthijs Kouw and Victor Bekkers Sloppy Data Floods or Precise Social Science Methodologies? Dilemmas in the Transition to Data- Intensive Research in Sociology and Economics Clement Levallois, Stephanie Steinmetz and Paul Wouters Openness in Scholarly Communication: Conceptual Framework and Challenges to Innovation Clifford Tatum and Nicholas W. Jankowski 37
  • 38. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group Visionary Technologies: Shaping Research Agendas in Family History Jan Kok and Paul Wouters Bibliography IndexFigures:The book contains a large number of figures. For the sake of readability and portability of this manuscript,figures have been inserted where they should arise in the text, at low resolution. In the final submission, figureswill be sent separately, as high resolution files.Review Process:Chapters have been extensively discussed in the course of two workshops for authors. Editors have providedfeedback and guidance in the revision process, and all chapters have been submitted to external reviewers.External reviewers were sent one chapter and the introduction. The introduction was included to provide thereviewers with context of the book as a whole. We also invited reviewers to send comments on the introduction.Apart from some general, positive comments, such as that below, reviewers confined themselves to commentingon their designated chapters. Thank you very much for the opportunity to read both the Introduction to the volume Virtual Knowledge and the chapter entitled “Visionary Technologies: Shaping Research Agendas in Family History” and to comment on the latter. Let me begin by saying how much I look forward to the publication of the whole volume, especially if the rest is as rich as these two pieces. As I read the introductory piece, I thought about the many ways the volume would be particularly valuable for the course I am currently developing for our history department that will also serve as an introductory course in UCLA’s new Digital Humanities Program.Several of the contributing authors did provide detailed feedback on the introduction. A list of the reviewers,their reports and responses to the reports are included in a separate document.Related material for Virtual Knowledge:Plans are currently being developed for a Web-based enhancement of the book, so that figures, animation,video interviews with authors and chapter presentations will be available.Readership:Virtual Knowledge will be of interest to specialized scholars and of great relevance for teaching in upper-levelundergraduate and post-graduate STS, information science and (new) media courses. It will also be of interest tothose working in history and philosophy of disciplines, and those focused on changing research methodologies.This book will appeal to an international readership. There are six different nationalities amongst the 17contributors. The chapters are international in scope, drawing on empirical material from many advancedindustrialized countries. 38
  • 39. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities GroupAppendix 7: Proposals for Conference PanelsTwo proposals have been submitted to the Oxford Internet Institute (OII) symposium ‘A Decade inInternet Time’. These panels involve authors and editors of the four books elaborated in the first fourWork Packages of this document. It is anticipated that the papers prepared by the three authors ofthis proposal for SURFfoundation Enhanced Publications will be candidate articles for a journal themeissue. This issue is briefly noted in the first of the two proposals noted below. Panel Proposal Scholarly Communication and the Internet: Challenges & Initiatives Panel proposal submitted for consideration to A Decade in Internet Time: Symposium on the Dynamics of the Internet and Society Hosted by Oxford Internet Institute (OII) and Information, Communication and Society (iCS) Venue Social Sciences Manor Road Building University of Oxford 21-24 September 2011Panel Facilitators 1 1 2 1Anne Beaulieu, Nicholas W. Jankowski, Steve Jones, & Clifford Tatum1 Virtual Knowledge Studio for the Humanities and Social Sciences (VKS), Amsterdam, Netherlands2 University of Illinois at ChicagoContact person: Jankowski, email: nick.jankowski@vks.knaw.nlAbstractA broad range of stakeholders - publishers, editors, authors, librarians, university administrators, fundingagencies - have been exploring for years ways to incorporate the potentials of the Web into scholarly publishing.The reasons for this exploration are varied: concern for declining institutional resources, discontent with pricingpolicies by publishers for periodicals, interest in increasing access to scholarship, desire to develop digitalrepositories, reservations regarding conventional peer review procedures, and growing interest in the potentialsof Web and ‘enhanced’ publishing (e.g., incorporation of intertextuality, multimedia, full-color and dynamicvisualizations, accessibility of supplementary materials, author-reader exchange).These concerns are complex and there is little agreement as to how they should best be addressed. Disciplinesacross the sciences and humanities are facing different challenges because of their respective cultures andresources; indeed, disciplines within these broad categories have different needs and solutions. Peer review,sometimes termed the ‘gold standard’ among publishers, is far from problem-free as a procedure fordetermination of scholarly quality. The added communicative features of Web publishing, like those notedabove, come at an economic price; which of the stakeholders is in a position to finance such features? Advocacyof technical innovation and of open access may be attractive, but how can practical solutions be implemented;how can the status and quality of traditional publishing venues be achieved?These points and questions suggest the panorama of topics to be addressed by the members of this panel.Participants include representatives from the above-mentioned stakeholders, as well as scholars andresearchers concerned with the issues, and are listed below. All of these persons are directly associated withinitiatives related to Web-based publishing or are engaged in the study of changes in scholarly publishing andcommunication. Some of the panelists have been involved in the on-going discussion about scholarly publishingthrough articles in a recent theme issue of the Journal of Electronic Publishing on ‘Reimagining the UniversityPress’ and through contributions at the October 2010 conference of the Association of Internet Researchers, 39
  • 40. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities GroupIR11 Roundtable Digital Scholarship. Other panelists have been concerned with long-term exploration ofchanges in scholarly publishing and communication, such as illustrated by studies undertaken at the Center forthe Study of Higher Education at UC Berkeley. This panel provides opportunity to continue the discussion andcontribute to new directions for scholarly publishing and communication within the venue of the OxfordInternet Institute symposium A Decade in Internet Time.The facilitators of the panel intend to prepare a journal theme issue related to the panel topics, consideringpapers by the panelists and other submissions solicited in a separately distributed call. Given the tensionbetween traditional and alternative venues for scholarship, efforts will be made to develop a hybrid model ofpublication, allowing for both the status of traditional print-based periodicals and the innovation possible in anopen access and Web-based publishing environment.In a similar vein, the panel facilitators intend to incorporate Web communicative opportunities into therelatively traditional venue of a conference panel. We will strive to arrange possibilities for online audienceengagement (e.g., live-streaming of the panel session, Twitter and chat channels, audio interventions) byscholars unable to attend the session in person. These features, combined with the panel presentations, areintended to contribute to the on-going discussion of directions suitable for scholarly publishing andcommunication in the Digital Age.Panel Facilitators  Anne Beaulieu: Senior Research Fellow & Deputy Program leader, Virtual Knowledge Studio for the Humanities and Social Sciences (VKS), author ‘From Co-location to Co-presence: Shifts in the Use of Ethnography for the Study of Knowledge ‘, Social Studies of Science (2010).  Nicholas W. Jankowski: Visiting Fellow, Virtual Knowledge Studio for the Humanities and Social Sciences (VKS), co-editor New Media & Society, editor e-Research: Transformation in Scholarly Practice (Routledge, 2009).  Steve Jones: Professor, Department of Communication, University of Illinois at Chicago, co-editor New Media & Society, series editor Digital Formations (Peter Lang).  Clifford Tatum: Digital Scholarship Fellow, Virtual Knowledge Studio for the Humanities and Social Sciences (VKS), co-author ‘Wikipedia as Distributed Knowledge Laboratory: The Case of Neoliberalism’, in e-Research: Transformations in Scholarly Practice (Routledge, 2009).Panelists  Christine Borgman: Professor & Presidential Chair in Information Studies, University of California Los Angeles, author Scholarship in the Digital Age: Information, Infrastructure, and the Internet (MIT Press, 2007).  Kathleen Fitzpatrick: Professor of Media Studies, Pomona College, founding co-editor MediaCommons, developer of open peer review system MediaCommons Press, author Planned Obsolescence: Publishing, Technology, and the Future of the Academy (NYU Press: forthcoming, 2011).  Alex Halavais: Associate Professor of Communications, Quinnipiac University; Vice-President, Association of Internet Researchers, author Search Engine Society (Polity Press, 2008).  Diane Harley: Senior Researcher Center for the Study of Higher Education, UC Berkeley, principle investigator Assessing the Future Landscape of Scholarly Communication (2010).  Tara McPherson: Associate Professor of Critical and Gender Studies, University of Southern California, founding editor Vectors, co-editor International Journal of Media and Learning, editor Digital Youth, Innovation and the Unexpected, (MIT Press, 2007).  Phil Pochoda: Director University of Michigan Press, formerly, V.P. Simon & Schuster, and publisher and editor-in-chief of Prentice-Hall Press; guest editor Journal of Electronic Press theme issue ‘Reimagining the University Press’ (2010).  Rob Procter: Professor and Director of Manchester eResearch Centre (MeRC), co-author ‘Adoption and use of Web 2.0 in scholarly Communications’, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (2010).  Mila Steele, SAGE Publications Acquisition Editor, Coordinator SAGE initiative Communicationspace (2010).  John Willinsky: Professor, School of Education, Stanford University, director Public Knowledge Project, author The Access Principle (MIT Press, 2005).  Paul Wouters: Professor of Scientometrics and Director of the Center for Science and Technology Studies, Leiden University, co-author ‘Critical Accountability: Dilemmas for Interventionist Studies of e-Science’, Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication (2007). 40
  • 41. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities Group PANEL PROPOSAL FOR THE OII CONFERENCE, 22-24 September 2011 (Relevant to theme ‘evolution of digital academe’) Virtual Knowledge: Insights from Research and Prospects for the Future A panel proposed by Anne Beaulieu (NIOD-KNAW), Andrea Scharnhorst (DANS-KNAW), Paul Wouters (Leiden University) & Sally Wyatt* (KNAW) *corresponding organizer (sally.wyatt@vks.knaw.nl)The widespread diffusion of digital technologies has played a key role in drawing attention to the importance ofinformation and knowledge for a variety of contemporary economic and social forms. Scholars, industrialists,politicians and policy makers are all engaged in discussing, analyzing and even promoting knowledge-basedeconomies. This panel focuses on the question of whether there is anything new when knowledge is produced inthe digital age? Does knowledge itself change when the tools of knowledge acquisition, representation anddistribution become digital? Do new actors become involved and/or do traditional actors become less prominentin knowledge production? Are there shifts in power relations around knowledge? Is the essence and nature ofknowledge affected? These questions will be addressed during this panel, in relation to the academic system andscholarly and professional practices. Change is not always for the better thus it is also necessary to raisequestions about what kinds of changes and innovations are desirable and worthy of being promoted, from theperspective of researchers and society more generally. We use the term virtual knowledge to evoke thesequestions.Between 2006-10, the Virtual Knowledge Studio for the Humanities and Social Sciences (VKS) addressed thesecrucial questions. Members of the VKS conducted research about the use of digital technologies in the socialsciences and humanities (SSH) in order both to better understand the dynamics of knowledge creation and tocontribute to policy discussions about the development of research infrastructures, methods and techniques inSSH. In this panel, insights gleaned from this five-year research programme will be presented. The relevance ofthese insights for future research in the area of e-research as an innovative and transformative field will bediscussed; and lessons for future cross-disciplinary and cross-institutional encounters will be drawn.The starting point for the panel discussion is the recognition that long-established hierarchies and practices ofscholarly knowledge production are undergoing change, challenged from within and also by broader socialdevelopments. Over the past 50 years, universities have become accessible to a wider range of people and manynew (inter)disciplines have emerged. National and international science and other policy makers have played anincreasingly important role in steering and evaluating academic output in both teaching and research. They havealso been engaged in promoting particular forms of work organization, by investing in research infrastructuresand by encouraging large-scale collaboration often on an interdisciplinary and/or international basis. A widerrange of social actors, including for-profit corporations as well as civil society organizations, are no longer simplythe passive recipients of knowledge produced elsewhere but are increasingly active in its production.Digital technologies have a role to play in all of these processes, including the facilitation of collaboration,monitoring and evaluation, as well as communication of results both within the scientific community and towider audiences. The implications of digitization, globalization and commercialization for the natural scienceshave already received much attention in the literature. Participants in this panel start from the observation thatthe social sciences and humanities (SSH) are also undergoing profound changes that bring to the fore the verynotion of knowledge. Digital technologies provide a useful probe enabling a deeper understanding of theprocesses affecting SSH. This is not to suggest that these processes are reducible to technology (as some policyactors do) but rather that analysis of the use of technology offers a way into understanding how traditionallocations, hierarchies and processes of knowledge production in the SSH are being disrupted.Following a brief introduction by the panel organizers, six statements will be presented, each of which highlightsan important issue associated with the digitization of SSH. These statements are not simply reports of individualprojects, rather they draw upon a number of projects conducted at the VKS since 2006 in order to integrate anddevelop themes that remain important for future research. Each statement is both theoretically informed andempirically grounded. The statements will be international in scope, drawing on empirical material from manyadvanced industrialized countries. The six themes are: 1. authority and expertise in new sites of knowledge production 2. affective labour in scholarly collaboration 3. uncertainty in knowledge representations, especially classifications, simulations and models 4. transitions to data-intensive research, especially sociology and economics 5. openness in scholarly communication 6. role of ‘new’ technologies in shaping research agendas (in family history) 41
  • 42. Proposal SURF Call Enhanced Publication, VKS / KNAW e-Humanities GroupEach theme will be presented by more than one person. The precise organization will depend on the amount oftime available and the spatial and temporal layout of the conference. The participants have extensive experienceof working together, including in the preparation of innovative forms of physical and digital presentation. Allparticipants were associated with the VKS. Some continue to play a role in the successor programme about e-humanities, also based at the KNAW (Royal Netherlands Academy for Arts and Sciences); others have re-locatedbut continue to be engaged in relevant research. Not all participants are Dutch and nearly all have experience ofworking in other countries.In addition to the panel organizers, the participants are (at Dutch institutes unless otherwise specified):  Smiljana Antonijevic (Roskilde University, Denmark)  Stefan Dormans (Radboud University Nijmegen)  Bas van Heur (Maastricht University) (to be confirmed)  Charles van den Heuvel (Huygens Institute, KNAW)  Nicholas Jankowski (KNAW)  Jan Kok (Radboud University Nijmegen & International Institute for Social History)  Matthijs Kouw (Maastricht University)  Sarah de Rijcke (KNAW)  Stephanie Steinmetz (Universiteit van Amsterdam)  Clifford Tatum (Leiden University)The participants have a wide variety of backgrounds, including physics, history, urban studies, economics,sociology, philosophy, communication studies, and science and technology studies (STS). The work conducted atthe VKS was informed strongly by recent developments in STS, information science, scientometrics, history ofscience and political economy. 42