scholarly Publishing, CORE, Tampere

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presentation 'Scholarly Publishing in the Digital Age', CORE Doctoral Program, Finland, 11 Nov.2010

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scholarly Publishing, CORE, Tampere

  1. 1. Scholarly Publishing in the Digital Era Changes, Challenges, Innovations <ul><li>CORE Doctoral Program </li></ul><ul><li>University of Tampere, Finland </li></ul><ul><li>11 November 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Nicholas W. Jankowski </li></ul><ul><li>Visiting Fellow </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Knowledge Studio for the Humanities & Social Sciences ( VKS ) </li></ul><ul><li>Amsterdam, the Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
  2. 2. Preface <ul><li>Qualifier: ‘work-in-progress’ </li></ul><ul><li>Part of ongoing conversations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Long-time concern across: disciplines, contexts, time periods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal: private, one-on-one </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>editor-editor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>editor-publisher </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>author-author </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal: public events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>conference keynote ALPSP </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Publishing seminar, Brill </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IR11 Roundtable </li></ul></ul></ul>Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  3. 3. http://digital-scholarship.virtualknowledgestudio.nl/
  4. 4. Outline <ul><li>Panorama of innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Making sense of changes </li></ul><ul><li>Emerging questions </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion </li></ul>Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  5. 5. Personal Caveats <ul><li>Practitioner of traditional social science scholarship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Centrality of the ‘argument’; embedded in relevant literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contribution to theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Empirical exploration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concluding reflection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Way of reading </li></ul><ul><ul><li>close, critical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>may be ‘deviant’ (see, e.g., Alex Havalais blog post ) </li></ul></ul>Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  6. 6. Arenas of Change / Innovation <ul><li>Publishing process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>editorial processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Submission (e.g., ScholarOne ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reviewing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Correspondence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Production (e.g., SMART, outsourcing copy-editing) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>marketing, distributing, archiving, making accessible </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use: user / reader </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ consuming’ scholarship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>searching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sharing (emailing, social sharing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>annotating, tagging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>commenting </li></ul></ul>Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  7. 7. Illustrations of Innovation ‘sensitizing concepts’: ordering innovations; intertwined <ul><li>Accessibility & searchability </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment (before, during, after publication) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact factor / H-index </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Functionality (online added values) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hyperlinks (internal, external) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visualizations (color, dynamic) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Length </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multimedia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Real-time reference updating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distribution, form of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supplementary materials (e.g., data sets, analyses) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Communicating (social media & Web 2.0) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>signalling, sharing, commenting, discussing </li></ul></ul>Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  8. 8. Procedures (‘Method’) <ul><li>Informal: exploratory, unsystematic </li></ul><ul><li>Selection: personal, non-random </li></ul><ul><ul><li>orientation: new media, Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mainly: social sciences, little humanities, very few STM publications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mainly: journals, some book publishers, some special publishing projects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Illustrations: large variety </li></ul><ul><li>Ways of examining (informal) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>editors & board </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>site functionalities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mission statement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>article presentation </li></ul></ul>Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  9. 9. Accessibility 1: SAGE OnlineFirst Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  10. 10. SJO: NM&S 1 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  11. 11. SJO: NM&S 2 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  12. 12. SJO: NM&S 3 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  13. 13. Shifman: Searching further 1 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  14. 14. Shifman: Searching further 2 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  15. 15. Shifman: into the blogosphere http://survivingmyphd.blogspot.com/2010/10/medium-is-joke.html Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  16. 16. Shifman: excerpts from blog post I think the authors might have missed a sub-genre here, which I'll refer to as &quot;tech-support are idiots&quot; and is represented in the above XKCD comics. It's true there are many jokes about idiot customers, but tech-support personnel is also often mocked.   I would like to thank Dr. Shifman who, at my request, sent me the paper. It has been both entertaining and informative. I wish the authors many citations.   Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  17. 17. Accessibility 2: Repositories (SSRN) Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  18. 18. SSRN: illustration of functions Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  19. 19. SSRN: citation info Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  20. 20. Accessibility 3: Open Access <ul><li>Basic definition: digital, online, free of charge, free of most copyright and licensing restrictions ( Peter Suber ) </li></ul><ul><li>Main versions of OA (research articles) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Golden road : research articles in OA journals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green road : put articles in OA archives or repositories </li></ul></ul>Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  21. 21. Varieties of open access <ul><li>Open Access: overview (2008) </li></ul>Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  22. 22. MediaCommons : Open Access Model Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  23. 23. Open Access Week (18-24 Oct. 2010) Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  24. 24. Assessment : open peer review Shakespeare Quarterly Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  25. 25. Assessment: MediaCommons & SQ Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  26. 26. Assessment: Peer Review Model J. Of Interactive Media in Education ( JIME ) Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  27. 27. Functionality : International Journal of Learning and Media ( IJLM 1) Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  28. 28. IJLM 2 (journal / editors’ site) Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  29. 29. IJLM 3 (publisher site) Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  30. 30. IJLM 4 (most cited) Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  31. 31. IJLM 5 (related articles) Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  32. 32. IJLM 6 (pop up images) Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  33. 33. Functionality : online, multi-media ( IJOC ) Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  34. 34. IJOC: pdf file Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  35. 35. IJOC: tabular data Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  36. 36. IJOC: multimedia Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  37. 37. JIS 1 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  38. 38. JIS 2 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  39. 39. JIS 3 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  40. 40. JIS 4 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  41. 41. JIS 6 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  42. 42. JIS 5 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  43. 43. Functionality : informal scholarly communication, (ECREA list announcement) Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  44. 44. Seminar.net 1 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  45. 45. Seminar.net 2 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  46. 46. Seminar.net 3 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  47. 47. Functionality : informal & formal ASA: SocietyPages , Contexts Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  48. 48. Contexts 1 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  49. 49. Contexts 2 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  50. 50. Contexts 3 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  51. 51. Functionality : Article of the Future, Prototype 1 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  52. 52. Article of the Future: 3 ( Prototype 2 ) Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  53. 53. Article of the Future: 4 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  54. 54. Article of the Future: Initial Reactions to Elsevier Prototypes ( Sept. 2009 ) <ul><li>Nothing new </li></ul><ul><li>Underestimation of editorial investment </li></ul><ul><li>Underestimation of author willingness </li></ul><ul><li>Misguided estimation of reader interest </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Illustrations of comments in blogsphere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online Journalism Blog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the scholarly kitchen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ReadWriteWeb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ptsefton </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>nature network </li></ul></ul><ul><li>And now??? ( Nov. 2010 ) </li></ul>Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  55. 55. Cell Press Roll-out Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  56. 56. Cell Press: video on changes in articles Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  57. 57. Cell : Oct. 2010 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  58. 58. Cell (home page cont.) Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  59. 59. Functionalities : distribution form, University Publishers: Michigan 1 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  60. 60. Distribution form: Michigan 2 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  61. 61. Functionalities : supplementary materials, UC Press: Mark Twain Project Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  62. 62. Functionalities: supplementary materials: Open Folklore Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  63. 63. Communicating : SAGE, communicationspace Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  64. 64. Communicationspace 2 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  65. 65. Communicationspace 3 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  66. 66. Communicationspace 4 Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  67. 67. Communicationspace 5 (group) Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  68. 68. Coming to a Close... <ul><li>Areas of change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information acquisition & presentation (e.g.,search, display) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing, exchanging (e.g. sending, social bookmarks) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicative functions (e.g., blogs, discussion lists, social media) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Change agents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>commercial, publisher-driven (e.g., Elsevier, SAGE, Springer Open Choice ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open access advocates (e.g., PLoS, BePress) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design / visualation proponents (e.g., Vectors ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Attention required: perspective of user / reader / audience </li></ul>Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  69. 69. Questions Remaining... <ul><ul><li>What is the political economy basis for ongoing changes in scholarly publishing, both journals and book-length monographs? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the awareness, use, and assesssment of functionalities available in ‘enhanced publications’, particularly those found in journal articles such as those published in Cell Press titles? </li></ul></ul>Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  70. 70. Further reading 1 Future of the Academic Journal Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era
  71. 71. Further reading 2 <ul><li>http://www.britac.ac.uk/policy/peer-review/contents.cfm </li></ul><ul><li>  Peer Review: the challenges for the humanities and social sciences. A British Academy Report </li></ul><ul><li>September 2007,  The British Academy </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.nhalliance.org/bm~doc/hssreport.pdf </li></ul>Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era http://cshe.berkeley.edu/publications/publications.php?id=351  
  72. 72. Thank You! <ul><li>Scholarly Publishing in the Digital Era Changes, Challenges, Innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Nicholas W. Jankowski </li></ul><ul><li>Visiting Fellow </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Knowledge Studio for the Humanities & Social Sciences ( VKS ) </li></ul><ul><li>Amsterdam, the Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>Scholarly Publishing: Digital Era

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