Greek mythology is the body of stories belonging to the Ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes. Also the nature of the world and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. In an attempt to throw light on the religious and political institutions of Ancient Greece and Greek civilization, modern scholars refer to the myths. It explains the origins of the world and details the lives and adventures of a wide variety of gods, goddesses, heroes, heroines and other mythological creatures. Here are some of them.
ZEUS Was the supreme ruler of Mount Olympus and all the gods who resided there. He upheld law, justice and morals. He was a celestial god, a spiritual leader for both gods and men. Also was worshiped as a weather god by the greek tribes.
POSEIDON He is the brother of Zeus. God of the sea, he protects all waters. Was widely worshiped by seamen. He eventually married Amphitrite who was a granddaughter of a great Titan. Theres a story about him trying to impress Demeter by making the first horse because she asked him to make the most beautiful animal the world has ever seen. By the time he made the horse, he didn’t have a passion for Demeter anymore. His weapon is a trident. It could shake the earth and shatter any object. He is second to Zeus in power among the gods.
HADES He is the other brother of Zeus. He was made lord of the underworld after his father had died. He is a very greedy god and mostly concerned of increasing his subjects. He doesn’t let any of his subjects leave either. Due to the precious metals mined from the earth, he is also concidered the god of wealth. He aquires a helmet that makes him invisable and never leaves the underworld. Although he is the king of the dead, death itself is another god.
ATHENA She is the greek virgin goddess of reason, intelligent activity, arts and literature. She is the daughter of Zeus. She is said to sprung out full grown in armor from his forehead which means she has no mother. Only fought in wars to defend the state and home from outside enemies. Also the goddess of city, handicrafts, and agriculture. Some of which she created are the flute, the pot, the trumpet, the rake, the plow, the ship, and the chariot. Is the embodiment of wisdom, reason, and purity. Was her fathers favorite child and was allowed to use his weapons including the thunderbolt. Her favorite city is Athens, tree is the olive, and bird is the owl.
APOLLO Is The son of Zeus and Leto. One of two twins. Is the god of music, and plays a golden lyre. Also of Archer, and shots far with a silver bow. And is the god of healing who taught men medicine, of light, and of truth because he could not tell a lie. One of his more important daily tasks is to harness his chariot with four horses and drag the sun across the sky. He is famous for his oracle at Delphi. People would travel all over greek just to know the future. His favorite tree is the laurel, bird is the crow, and animal is the dolphin.
APHRODITE She is the goddess of love, desire, and beauty. Among her many natural gifts, she has a magical girdle that compels anyone she wishes to desire her. Some say she is the daughter of Zeus and Leto and others say that she appeared from the sea when Uranus was castrated and his genitles were tossed there. She is the wife of Hephaestus. Her favorite tree is the myrtle, birds are the dove, swan, and sparrow. She represents sex, affection, and the attraction that binds people together.
HERMES ARTEMIS Son of Zeus and Maia. Is the cleverest of all the gods and a messenger to all the other gods. He is Zeus’ messenger. He is the fastest of all the gods. He wears winged sandals and a winged hat, and carries a magic wand. He’s the god of theives and commerce. He is the guide for the dead to go to the underworld. He invented the lyre, the pipes, the musical scale, astronomy , weights and measures, boxing, gymnastics, and the care of olive trees. Daughter of Zeus and Leto. One of two twins. Is the goddess of chastity, virginity, the hunt, the moon, and the natural environment. Is known as the lady of the wild things. She’s the protector of the young. Like her brother Apollo, she hunts with silver arrows. She presides over childbirth, which is odd for a virgin but it goes back to when Leto felt no pain when she was born. All wild animals are sacred to her, especially the deer. Her favorite tree is the cypress.