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The structure of the constitution 11

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Presentation on Structure of US Constitution - may be used for completing foldable assignment

Presentation on Structure of US Constitution - may be used for completing foldable assignment

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  • 1. The Structure of the Constitution
    (the blueprint of US Government)
  • 2. The Preamble
    WE, the people of the United States, in order to… (PURPOSES)
    Form a more perfect union
    Establish justice
    Ensure domestic tranquility
    Provide for the Common Defense
    Promote the General Welfare
    Secure the blessings of liberty for ourselves and our posterity
    Do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
  • 3. Article I: Legislative Branch
    Sets up Congress (Bicameral)
    House of Representatives (number of members per state determined by population) = 435 members
    Senate (2 for every state) = 100 members
    Lists powers of Congress
    ENUMERATED POWERS
    Collect taxes
    Coin money
    Regulate interstate trade/commerce
    Raise an army
    Declare war
    Create post offices
    ELASTIC CLAUSE (NECESSARY AND PROPER CLAUSE)
    IMPLIED POWERS
  • 4. C. Lists powers denied to Congress
    Cannot deny writ of habeas corpus (must be brought before judge and told of the charges against them.
    Cannot pass bills of attainder(law that would punish someone without a trial)
    Cannot pass ex post facto laws (law that would punish someone for an action committed before it was illegal)
    Article I: Legislative Branchcontinued…
  • 5. Article II: Executive Branch
    Qualifications for President
    • 35 years old
    • 6. Natural born citizen / live in US 14 years
    Describes powers & duties of President
    1. Commander in Chief (military)
    2. Appoint individuals to federal jobs
    3. Give State of the Union address
    4. Carry out laws
    Describes electoral college system
    D. Describes impeachment (formal accusation of wrongdoing)
  • 7. Article III: Judicial Branch
    Names highest court in nation (Supreme Court)
    Allows Congress to set up more federal courts as needed
    Determines jurisdiction(which cases can be heard by Supreme Court)
    • Original jurisdiction = only cases involving ambassadors or state suing another state
    • 8. Appeals – cases involving CONSTITUTIONAL issues
  • Full Faith & Credit Clause -
    States must respect laws, court decisions of other states
    Requires extradition of accused criminals
    States must send accused people back to state where crime occurred
    Article IV: Relationships Between States
  • 9. Article V:Amendment Process
    Change must be proposed by EITHER:
    • 2/3 of Congress
    -OR-
    • 2/3 of all states
    Change ratified by EITHER:
    • ¾ state legislatures
    -OR-
    • ¾ of state conventions
  • Article VI: Supremacy Clause
    Constitution = Supreme Law
    National government always above states in power
  • 10. Article VII: Ratification Process
    Required 9 out of 13 states for ratification (approval)
    Was ratified only after Bill of Rights was promised to Anti-Federalists