Open Infrastructure for Tomorrow’s Cities

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  • 1. openplans.orgOpen Infrastructure for Tomorrow’s Cities Nick GrossmanDirector of Civic Works, OpenPlans | @nickgrossman American Planning Association National Conference April 9, 2011 Boston
  • 2. Photos: Mike Frumin, http://frumin.net
  • 3. Image: The Matrix
  • 4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 OpenPlans
  • 5. OpenPlansPhoto: eyeheartnewyork http://tumblr.eyeheartnewyork.com/post/1208761606/nyc-hacks-hackers-meetup-at-the-openplans
  • 6. OpenPlans NYC nonprofit tech & media organization Founded in 1999, now 50 peoplePhoto: eyeheartnewyork http://tumblr.eyeheartnewyork.com/post/1208761606/nyc-hacks-hackers-meetup-at-the-openplans
  • 7. OpenPlans NYC nonprofit tech & media organization Founded in 1999, now 50 people Livable Cities, Open Government Software & JournalismPhoto: eyeheartnewyork http://tumblr.eyeheartnewyork.com/post/1208761606/nyc-hacks-hackers-meetup-at-the-openplans
  • 8. OpenPlans NYC nonprofit tech & media organization Founded in 1999, now 50 people Livable Cities, Open Government Software & Journalism Incubator for civic technology initiativesPhoto: eyeheartnewyork http://tumblr.eyeheartnewyork.com/post/1208761606/nyc-hacks-hackers-meetup-at-the-openplans
  • 9. OpenPlans NYC nonprofit tech & media organization Founded in 1999, now 50 people Livable Livable Cities, Open Government Cities Software & Journalism Incubator for civic technology initiatives “Gov 2.0” “Open”Photo: eyeheartnewyork http://tumblr.eyeheartnewyork.com/post/1208761606/nyc-hacks-hackers-meetup-at-the-openplans
  • 10. A standard for real-worldcollaborative issue-tracking
  • 11. We are building open infrastructurefor livable, sustainable cities source: graphserver.org
  • 12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Opportunity
  • 13. “I spend most of my time assuming the world is not ready for the technology revolution” -- Eric Schmidt, Chairman, Google
  • 14. 5 Exabytes* * = 5 billion GigabytesSource: http://techcrunch.com
  • 15. 5 Exabytes* Amount of data created between the dawn of time and 2003 * = 5 billion GigabytesSource: http://techcrunch.com
  • 16. 5 Exabytes* 5 Exabytes Amount of data created between the dawn of time and 2003 * = 5 billion GigabytesSource: http://techcrunch.com
  • 17. 5 Exabytes* 5 Exabytes Amount of data created Amount of data that between the will be created dawn of time and 2003 in the next two days * = 5 billion GigabytesSource: http://techcrunch.com
  • 18. Graphic: GOOD
  • 19. Source: Wired Magazine
  • 20. Source: http://sanfrancisco.crimespotting.org
  • 21. Image: http://graphserver.sourceforge.net
  • 22. Source: MySociety
  • 23. Source: New York Times
  • 24. Source: http://blavish.com
  • 25. What other datastreams can inform sustainable urbanization?
  • 26. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Leverage
  • 27. A little information goes a long wayPhoto: Sam Lin - http://www.sldesigns.ca/photoblog/archives/2009/02/17/waiting-waiting
  • 28. A little information goes a long way OneBusAway Seattle, WA
  • 29. A little information goes a long way “I no longer sit with pitted stomach wondering where is the bus. It’s less stressful simply knowing it’s nine minutes away, or whatever the case” 44% of respondents reported being much more satisfied Source: OneBusAway
  • 30. A little information goes a long way “While my work usage was pretty much on a fixed schedule, OneBusAway has made impromptu trips much more convenient.” Non-commuters reported the highest increase in usage Source: OneBusAway
  • 31. A little information goes a long way“Having the ability to know when my buswill arrive helps me decide whether or not to stay at a bus stop that I mayfeel a little sketchy about or move on to a different one. 21% of respondents reported feeling safer Source: OneBusAway
  • 32. Relatively minorinvestments in IT can have majorsustainability impacts
  • 33. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Openness
  • 34. Real-time Server
  • 35. Mobile, web & other apps Real-time Server
  • 36. Closed Model Mobile, web & other apps Real-time Server
  • 37. Closed Model Open Model Mobile, web & other apps Real-time Server
  • 38. Closed Model • Single end-to-end solution • One user interface • “Black box” that can’t be customized • Reliance on single vendor (i.e., “lock-in”)
  • 39. Closed Model
  • 40. Open Model• Modular, open solution• Layers communicate via open data/standards• Components can be swapped out easily
  • 41. Open Model• Modular, open solution• Layers communicate via open data/standards• Components can be swapped out easily DATA
  • 42. Hardware layer Open Model
  • 43. Server layer Open Model • Open source software • Easily customized • No vendor lock-in OneBusAway • Community of supporters
  • 44. App layer Open Model OPEN DATA
  • 45. BusTalk BusFinder
  • 46. Governments are starting to thinkless like app developersand more like platform providers
  • 47. CHALLENGES Change in control dynamics Community management Data integrity Licensing
  • 48. TAKEAWAY Openness provides flexibility and fosters innovation
  • 49. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Sharing & Collaboration
  • 50. Boston
  • 51. Boston NYC
  • 52. Boston NYC Portland
  • 53. Boston NYC Portland Pittsburgh
  • 54. San Francisco BostonWashington D.C. New York City And many more (including int’l)
  • 55. San Francisco BostonWashington D.C. New York City And many more (including int’l)
  • 56. Ideas Apps Needs PoliciesDevelopers Citizens Data Governments
  • 57. Ideas Apps Needs PoliciesDevelopers Citizens Data Governments
  • 58. CHALLENGES Venues for collaboration Licensing Procurement
  • 59. TAKEAWAY Sharing open technologies will require dedicated effort (but it’s worth it)
  • 60. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Looking Ahead
  • 61. ?Image adapted from http://servopuff.com
  • 62. Image adapted from http://servopuff.com
  • 63. Next generation planners should:Image adapted from http://servopuff.com
  • 64. Next generation planners should: • Learn to work with “big data”Image adapted from http://servopuff.com
  • 65. Next generation planners should: • Learn to work with “big data” • Learn to code (even just a little bit)Image adapted from http://servopuff.com
  • 66. Next generation planners should: • Learn to work with “big data” • Learn to code (even just a little bit) • Study IP (licensing)Image adapted from http://servopuff.com
  • 67. Next generation planners should: • Learn to work with “big data” • Learn to code (even just a little bit) • Study IP (licensing) • Become advocates for open systemsImage adapted from http://servopuff.com
  • 68. Next generation planners should: • Learn to work with “big data” • Learn to code (even just a little bit) • Study IP (licensing) • Become advocates for open systems • Be students of the internetImage adapted from http://servopuff.com
  • 69. Thanks! Nick Grossman nick@openplans.org @nickgrossman on twitter openplans.orgcodeforamerica.org civiccommons.org