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Plurals Powerpoint Plurals Powerpoint Presentation Transcript

  • Plural Rules Part One By Brian Carruthers
  • Plural Rule 1
    • Most words add ‘s’ t o make the plural.
    • one apple two apple s
    • desk -> desk s month -> month s
    • book -> book s train -> train s
    • pen -> pen s name -> name s
    • shop -> shop s friend -> friend s
    • chair -> chair s teacher -> teacher s
  • Try these…
    • pencil ->
    • road ->
    • flower ->
    • girl ->
    • plant ->
    • window ->
    • door ->
    • cake ->
    • banana ->
    • shoe ->
  • Plural Rule 2
    • Add ‘es’ to words ending in ‘ch’, ‘sh’, ‘s’, ‘ss’, ‘x’ or ‘z’ to make the plural.
    • one box many box e s
    • wish -> wish es beach -> beach es
    • cross -> cross es waltz -> waltz es
    • bus -> bus es church -> church e s
    • dish -> dish es loss -> loss es
    • fox -> fox es bunch -> bunch e s
  • Try these…
    • quiz ->
    • pitch ->
    • wax ->
    • class ->
    • gas ->
    • glass ->
    • dress ->
    • bush ->
    • hutch ->
    • watch ->
  • Plural Rule 3
    • When the letter before a ‘y’ is a consonant, change the ‘y’ to an ‘i’ before adding an ‘es’.
    • one baby two bab ies
    • city -> cit ies berry -> berr ies
    • pony -> pon ies family -> famil ies
    • reply -> repl ies lady -> lad ies
  • Try these…
    • daisy ->
    • ferry ->
    • army ->
    • party ->
    • fly ->
    • diary ->
    • cherry ->
    • belly ->
    • jelly ->
    • filly ->
  • Plural Rule 4
    • When words end in ‘ay’, ‘ey’, ‘iy’, ’oy’, and ‘uy’ add an ‘s’ to make the plural.
    • one donkey two donkey s
    • day -> day s boy -> boy s
    • key -> key s delay -> delay s
    • play -> play s guy -> guy s
  • Try these
    • quay ->
    • valley ->
    • tray ->
    • pulley ->
    • toy ->
    • monkey ->
    • trolley ->
    • buoy ->
    • relay ->
    • holiday ->
  • Plural Rule 5
    • When words end in ‘f’ or ‘fe’ change the ‘f’ or ‘fe’ to a ‘v’ before adding ‘es’ .
    • one knife two kni ves
    • leaf -> leaves life -> lives
    • half -> halves hoof -> hooves
    • wife -> wives thief -> thieves
  • Try these
    • wolf ->
    • elf ->
    • loaf ->
    • self ->
    • calf ->
    • shelf ->
    • Exceptions -> cliffs, chiefs, roofs, dwarfs and handkerchiefs.
  • Plural Rule 6
    • When a word ends in an ‘o’ and comes after a consonant, add ‘es’ to make the plural.
    • one tomato two tomato es
    • cargo -> cargoes mango -> mangoes
    • echo -> echoes hero -> heroes
    • volcano ->volcanoes torpedo-> torpedoes
  • Try these
    • potato ->
    • avocado ->
    • mosquito ->
    • domino ->
    • buffalo ->
    • dingo ->
    • Exceptions -> pianos, banjos, solos, radios and Eskimos.
  • Plural Rules 7
    • Sometimes a word may completely change its form when a plural is made.
    • one child two children
    • person ->people goose -> geese
    • man -> men woman -> women
    • cactus ->cacti fungus -> fungi
  • Try these
    • tooth ->
    • dice ->
    • foot ->
    • mouse ->
    • nucleus ->
    • criterion ->
  • Plural Rule 8
    • Sometimes a word may stay the same in both its singular and plural form.
    • one fish many fish
    • tuna -> tuna trout -> trout
    • deer -> deer sheep -> sheep
    • moose moose series -> series
  • Try these
    • aircraft ->
    • species ->
    • offspring ->
    • salmon ->
    • bream ->
    • perch ->
  • Recap and Consolidation
    • The easiest way to learn how to spell a word is to practice! Practice! Practice!
    • Spelling rules are helpful but practice makes perfect.
    • Once you learn how to spell a word you will not forget how to spell it as long as you practice! Practice! Practice!
  • So what did you think of that?