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How did ww2_start

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  • 1. How Did the Second World War Start? A presentation by Miss Hayton
  • 2. It’s all about being friends with each other!
    • Some countries were friends with certain countries and not others!
    • France and Britain were friendly with each other.
    • Germany and Italy were friendly with each other.
  • 3. How did the war start?
    • To find out how the Second World War started we have to look back at the First World War.
    • This map of Europe shows some of the countries involved.
  • 4. How, and why did World War I start?
    • World War I began in 1914 and lasted until 1918. It was supposed to be ‘The war to end all wars’.
    • Countries had formed friendships or alliances with each other.
    • Different countries began to build up their armies and build bigger, more powerful ships.
  • 5. What was the main cause?
    • Germany, Austria and Italy were allies.
    • France, Britain and Russia were allies.
    • A Serbian man called Gavrilo Princip assassinated the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife in Sarajevo.
  • 6. What happened next?
    • Gavrilo Princip was from Serbia, so Austria wanted them to apologise and pay compensation. Serbia refused, so Austria declared war.
    • Russia was Serbia’s ally, so they declared war on Austria.
    • Germany declared war on Russia and Serbia.
    • France declared war on Austria and Germany. Italy declared war on France and Russia.
    • Germany invaded Belgium, so Britain declared war.
  • 7. How long did the war last?
    • The war that was supposed to end by Christmas 1914 only ended on November 11 th 1918.
    • During the war millions of people were killed or injured.
  • 8. How did World War I end?
    • By September 1918 the German High Command realised that the war was lost.
    • The Armistice was signed at 11 a.m. on November 11 th 1918.
    • In 1919 the Treaty of Versailles was signed.
  • 9. What did the treaty do?
    • Many people were determined to stop war happening again.
    • A League of Nations was established to enable countries to keep peace.
    • Germany was made to take the blame.
  • 10. What happened after the war?
    • Germany was made to pay out huge sums of money in compensation.
    • They were also made to give up some land.
    • Germany was also forced to reduce the size of her armies and to sink her ships.
    • As a result the country became bankrupt.
  • 11. What happened next?
    • The country had no money, people had no jobs and were starving.
    • Some people resented the status and money that others, such as Jews had. Jews were persecuted and made to give up their jobs and money
    • Adolf Hitler rose to power with promises to help the German people.
    • He set up youth groups and spoke at rallies.
  • 12. The situation got worse!
    • All over Europe, people began to suffer as jobs disappeared.
    • Germany began to re-build her ships and build up her armies.
  • 13. What did we do?
    • The British Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain believed that he could negotiate with Adolf Hitler.
    • He met Herr Hitler at Munich in 1938 and declared the meeting was successful, ‘Peace in our time’ he said.
  • 14. Was it ‘Peace in our time’?
    • Unfortunately not!
    • Germany, with the support of her allies, continued to invade other countries.
    • In September 1939 Britain issued an ultimatum, after Germany invaded Poland. It was ignored, so war was declared.
  • 15. What happened first?
    • War was declared on September 3 rd 1939.
    • Air raid sirens sounded, but it was a false alarm.
    • The evacuation of children began.