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  • http://mapofrome.net/
  • Transcript

    • 1. Roman Imperial Art:Sculpture
      Reading:
      Stokstad, 186-215.
      Range:
      14-400 CE
      Roman Imperial
      Terms/Concepts:
      spoils, spolia, triumphal arch, schematic, apotheosis, continuous narrative, clemency, paxromana, spandrel, roundel.
      Key Monuments:
      • Arch of Titus, Roman Imperial, c. 81 CE.
      • 2. Column of Trajan, Forum of Trajan, Roman Imperial. 113-116 or after 117 CE
      • 3. Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius, Roman Imperial, c. 176 CE.
      • 4. Arch of Constantine. Roman Imperial. 312-315 CE.
      • 5. The Tetrarchs. Roman Imperial. c. 300 CE.
    • When Are We?
      Etruscans: c. 800-300 BCE
      Roman Republic: 509 BCE – 27 BCE
      Augustus: 27 BCE—14 CE
      Julio-Claudians: 14 CE – 68 CE
      Flavians: 69 CE – 96 CE
      The Five Good Emperors: 96 CE- 180 CE
      Severans: 193 CE – 217 CE
      Soldier Emperors: 217 CE – 284 CE
      Tetrarchy: 284 CE – 313 CE
      Constantinian: 317 CE – 364 CE
    • 6. Arch of Titus

      Sacked Jerusalem in 79 CE
      Titus  79-80 CE
    • 7.
    • 8. Arch of Titus
      Sacred Way
    • 9. *Triumphal Arch
      Arch of Titus, Rome, c. 81 CE.
    • 10. The Senate and the Roman People
      to the Divine Titus, Vespasian Augustus, son of Vespasian.
      Arch of Titus, Rome, c. 81 CE.
    • 11. Arch of Titus, Rome, c. 81 CE.
    • 12. Coffer
      Relief
      Arch of Titus, Rome, c. 81 CE.
    • 13. Apotheosis of Titus
      Arch of Titus, Rome, c. 81 CE.
    • 14. Eagle = Jupiter
      Apotheosis of Titus, Arch of Titus, Rome, c. 81 CE.
    • 15. Triumph of Titus, Arch of Titus, Rome, c. 81 CE.
    • 16. The Senate granted a triumph, or an event in which victorious troops left weapons outside the city and paraded through Rome
      Winged Victory
      Titus
      Triumph of Titus, Arch of Titus, Rome, c. 81 CE.
    • 17. *Also paraded through the city was the booty of military conquests
      Standards
      Standards
      Standards
      Menorah
      Sacred silver trumpets that are sounded at Rosh Hashanah
      Spoils from the Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem, Arch of Titus, Rome, c. 81 CE.
    • 18. Spoils of War
      Spoils from the Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem, Arch of Titus, Rome, c. 81 CE.
    • 19. Column of Trajan
      Dacia
      Trajan  98-117 CE
    • 20. Column of Trajan
    • 21. Approx. 130 feet tall
      Column of Trajan, Forum of Trajan, 113-116 or after 117 CE
    • 22. River God (typically a reclining and perhaps monumental figure)
      Danube River
      Column of Trajan, Forum of Trajan, 113-116 or after 117 CE
    • 23. River God (typically a reclining and perhaps monumental figure)
      Column of Trajan, Forum of Trajan, 113-116 or after 117 CE
    • 24. Column of Trajan, Forum of Trajan, 113-116 or after 117 CE
    • 25. Column of Trajan. Forum of Trajan. 113-116 or after 117 CE. (Stokstad 6-43)
      Trajan
    • 26. Column of Trajan. Forum of Trajan. 113-116 or after 117 CE. (Stokstad 6-43)
      Augustus of Primaporta. Copy of a bronze original of c.20 BCE.
      Trajan
    • 27. Roman
      Roman Parthian
      Dacian
      Battle between Romans and Dacians, Column of Trajan, Forum of Trajan, 113-116 or after 117 CE
    • 28. Originally, a statue of Trajan, but now a statue of St. Peter, the first Bishop of Rome
      Battle between Romans and Dacians, Column of Trajan, Forum of Trajan, 113-116 or after 117 CE
    • 29. Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius
      Barbarians
      Marcus Aurelius  161-180 BCE
    • 30. Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius
      Possible Location of the Equestrian Statue
    • 31. Marcus Aurelius. c. 161-180 CE.
      Hadrian.
      c. 117-138 CE
    • 32. Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius, Rome, c. 176 CE.
    • 33. Vanquished enemy
    • 34. Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius, Rome, c. 176 CE.
    • 35. Caracalla and the 3rd Century Crisis
      Caracalla  c. 211-217 CE
    • 36. Caracalla. c. 211-217 CE.
      Marcus Aurelius. c. 161-180 CE.
      Hadrian.
      c. 117-138 CE
    • 37. Caracalla (211-217 CE)
      Schematic
    • 38. The Tetrarchs. Venice. c. 300 CE.
    • 39. The Tetrarchs. Venice. c. 300 CE.
    • 40. The Tetrarchs. Venice. c. 300 CE.
    • 41. Colossal Head of Constantine. Rome. c. 312-315 BCE.
      The Tetrarchs. Venice. Porphyry. c. 300 CE.
    • 42. The Arch of Constantine
      Constantine the Great  307-337 CE
    • 43. Arch of Constantine
      The Arch of Constantine
    • 44. Arch of Constantine (south side). Rome. 312-315 CE.
    • 45. Arch of Titus. Rome. c.81 CE.
      Arch of Constantine (south side). Rome. 312-315 CE.
    • 46. Trajan
      Marcus Aurelius
      Hadrian
      Hadrian
      Arch of Constantine (south side). Rome. 312-315 CE.
    • 47. Arch of Constantine (south side). Rome. 312-315 CE.
    • 48. Hadrian
      Arch of Constantine (south side). Rome. 312-315 CE.
    • 49. Arch of Constantine (south side). Rome. 312-315 CE.
    • 50. Triumphal arch
      Triumphal arch
      Constantine
      Oration Scene, Arch of Constantine. Rome.312-315 CE.
    • 51. Constantine
      Arch of Constantine (south side). Rome. 312-315 CE.
    • 52. Marcus Aurelius
      Hadrian
      Constantine
      Arch of Constantine (south side). Rome. 312-315 CE.
    • 53. Imperial procession. Detail of the relief on the south frieze of the AraPacisAugustae. Rome. c. 19 BCE
      Arch of Constantine. Rome. 312-315 CE.
    • 54. Critical Thinking Questions
      How are gestures important to the communication of emperorship in Imperial Rome?
      What is a triumph? What are some essential aspects of a triumph scene?
      What are some of the important shifts in the grooming of emperors? How does this indicate a different conception of rulership?
      What is spolia? To what effect has it been used in imperial political art?