Art of the Ancient Near East Reading: Stokstad, 27-38 Range: 5500-1500 BCE Protoliterate, Early Dynastic Sumerian, Akkadian, Neo Sumerian, and Old Babylonian Terms/Concepts: Mesopotamia, Cuneiform, Cylinder Seals, Register, Bas Relief, Hieratic Scale, Votive, Axial, Bent Axis, Ziggurat, Axis Mundi, Stele, Lapis Lazuli, Monument List
2-2, Anu Ziggurat, Protoliterate Sumerian, 3300-3000 BCE
Neo-Sumerian Old Babylonian Akkadian Kingly Faces
Critical Questions How is religious and political power connected in the cultures of the ancient Near East? How do these connections manifest in their art? What is hieratic scale? How is it used in ancient Near Eastern art? How is the bent axis used in Near Eastern architecture? What is its significance? What is the importance of materials like lapis lazuli and gold? What social institutions and activities do they indicate? What are cylinder seals? What function do they serve? What cultural institutions do they indicate?