Late antiquity upload

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  • Spoils ReliefArch of Titus81 CE
  • Jewish CatacombVilla Torlonia, Rome3rd century CE
  • Good Shepherd, Orants, and the Story of JonahCatacomb of SS. Peter and Marcellinus, RomeLate 3rd-Early 4th century
  • Sarcophagus with Endymion (top)Early 3rd Century CESarcophagus with Jonah (bottom)c. 270 BCE
  • Good Shepherd, Orants, and the Story of JonahCatacomb of SS. Peter and Marcellinus, RomeLate 3rd-Early 4th century
  • (left) The Good ShepherdTurkey (?)Late Third Century CE(right) Hermes KriophorosCrete620 BCE
  • Good Shepherd, Orants, and the Story of JonahCatacomb of SS. Peter and Marcellinus, RomeLate 3rd-Early 4th century
  • Plan of Dura Europos with House Church, House Synagogue, and Mithraeum3rd century CE
  • Plan of Dura Europos with House Church, House Synagogue, and Mithraeum3rd century CE
  • Torah Niche, House SynagogueDura Europos244-45
  • Torah Niche, House SynagogueDura Europos244-45
  • The Parting of the Red SeaTorah Niche, House SynagogueDura Europos244-45 CE
  • Plan of Dura Europos with House Church, House Synagogue, and Mithraeum3rd century CE
  • Reconstruction of the Baptistery House ChurchDura Europos244-245 CE
  • Good Shepherd Leading His FlockBaptistery, House ChurchDura Europos244-245 CE
  • Christ Healing the ParalyzedBaptistery, House ChurchDura Europos244-245 CE
  • Plan of Dura Europos with House Church, House Synagogue, and Mithraeum3rd century CE
  • Reconstruction of the MithraeumDura Europos240 CE
  • Slaying the Mithran BullMithraeumDuraEuropos210 CE
  • Church of SantaCostanza PlanRomec. 350 CE
  • Church of SantaCostanza PlanRomec. 350 CE
  • Wine Making MosaicChurch of SantaCostanza PlanRomec. 350 CEDionysus Seated Among VinesHouse of the Masks, DelosLate 2nd Century BCE
  • Late antiquity upload

    1. 1. The Art of Late AntiquityReading: Key Monuments:Stokstad, 217-233  Jewish Catacomb, Villa Torlonia, Rome, 3rd century CERange:  Good Shepherd, Orants, andc. 200 CE-476 CE the Story of Jonah, Catacomb of SS. Peter andLate Antique Marcellinus, Rome, Late 3rd- Early 4th centuryKey Terms/Concepts:  The Parting of the Redsyncretism, catacomb, narrative Sea, Torah Niche, Houseimage, iconic image, orant, torah Synagogue, Duraniche, baptistery, chi- Europos, 244-45 CE.rho, basilica, centrally  Parting of Abraham andplanned, spolia, Christianity, Juda Lot, Santa Mariaism, Mithraism, proselytizing, Maggiore, Rome, c. 422-432 CE.
    2. 2. Rome100 CE 200 CE 312 CEof 60 million people of 60 million people of 60 million people nofewer than 10,000 about 200,000 were more than 5.5 millionwere Christians. Christians. people were Christians.
    3. 3. Menorah TrumpetsSpoils Relief, Arch of Titus, Rome, 81 CE
    4. 4. Menorah Ark of the Covenant MenorahJewish Catacomb, Villa Torlonia, Rome, 3rd century CE
    5. 5. Narrative Image Jonah PeterGood Shepherd, Orants, and the Story of Jonah, Catacomb ofSS. Peter and Marcellinus, Rome, Late 3rd-Early 4th century
    6. 6. Jonah given to the whale Jonah being cast up Jonah resting under the arborFigures from the Story of Jonah, Turkey (?), Late Third CenturyCE
    7. 7. Sarcophagus with Endymion, early 3rd Century CESyncretism is the conscious or unconscious adaptation ofimages from one tradition to another, giving the image a newmeaning. Sarcophagus with Jonah, c. 270 BCE
    8. 8. Iconic Image “The Lord is my shepherd: therefore can I lack nothing. He shall feed me in a green pasture: and lead me forth beside the Good Shepherd waters of comfort […] Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me […] thy loving-kindness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house ofPeter the Lord for ever.”Good Shepherd, Orants, and the Story of Jonah, Catacomb ofSS. Peter and Marcellinus, Rome, Late 3rd-Early 4th century
    9. 9. Syncretism is the conscious or unconscious adaptation of images from one tradition to another, giving the image a new meaning.The Good Shepherd, Turkey Hermes Kriophoros, Crete, 620(?), Late Third Century CE BCE
    10. 10. Iconic Image PeterGood Shepherd, Orants, and the Story of Jonah, Catacomb ofSS. Peter and Marcellinus, Rome, Late 3rd-Early 4th century
    11. 11. Orant FiguresOrant Figure Man with raised(Jonah), Turkey (?), Late arms, Arlon, Belgium, c.Third Century CE. 3rd century CE
    12. 12. Dura Europos, Syria
    13. 13. Dura Europos, Syria, Aerial View.
    14. 14. Dura Europos Mithraeum House Synagogue House ChurchBuilt c. 300 BCE Inhabited until 256 CE.
    15. 15. Dura Europos Mithraeum House Synagogue House ChurchBuilt c. 300 BCE. Inhabited until 256 CE.
    16. 16. House Synagogue (Exterior), DuraEuropos, Syria, 244-245.
    17. 17. Assembly RoomHouse Synagogue (Plan), DuraEuropos, Syria, 244-245.
    18. 18. Torah NicheTorah Niche, House Synagogue, DuraEuropos,244-45.
    19. 19. Torah Niche, Dura Europos, c. 244-245 CETorah Reading, Congregation Beth Israel.
    20. 20. Prophets The Aaron at his Temple ofMiraculous Closed Temple Temple Dagon WellElijah reviving Mordechai being led to Torah Samuel a Child Achashverosh Niche anointing Adoption of Moses DavidTorah Niche, House Synagogue, DuraEuropos,244-45.
    21. 21. Hands of God *Continuous Narrative Egyptian Soldiers Egyptian Soldiers Moses MosesThe Parting of the Red Sea, Torah Niche, HouseSynagogue, Dura Europos, 244-45 CE
    22. 22. Dura Europos Mithraeum House Synagogue House ChurchBuilt c. 300 BCE. Inhabited until 256 CE.
    23. 23. Christian House Church, DuraEuropos, Syria, c. 244-245 CE
    24. 24. Baptistery, House Church, Dura Europos, 244-245 CE
    25. 25. Reconstruction of the Baptistery, House Church, DuraEuropos, 244-245 CE
    26. 26. Good Shepherd Leading His Flock, Baptistery, HouseChurch, Dura Europos, 244-245 CE
    27. 27. Reconstruction DrawingChrist Healing the Paralyzed, Baptistery, HouseChurch, Dura Europos, 244-245 CE
    28. 28. Dura Europos Mithraeum House Synagogue House ChurchBuilt c. 300 BCE. Inhabited until 256 CE.
    29. 29. Reconstruction of the Mithraeum, DuraEuropos, 168-210 CE
    30. 30. Shrine to Mithras, Mithraeum, DuraEuropos, 168-210 CE
    31. 31. Reconstruction of theShrine, Mithraeum, Dura Europos, 168-210
    32. 32. Slaying the Mithran Bull, Mithraeum, DuraEuropos, 210 CE
    33. 33. Constantine and Christianity *Constantine legalizes Christianity by signing“Under this the Edict of Milan in 313 CEsign, conquer.”
    34. 34. Constantine and ChristianityLicinius also stopped *This is seen as a land conflict but also ahonoring the Edict ofMilan, persecuting defense of the Christians by Constantine.Christians in his lands.
    35. 35. Constantine and ChristianityConstantine converted *Throughout his reign Constantine financiallyto Christianity on hisdeathbed in 337. supported both pagan and Christian building projects.
    36. 36. BasilicasBasilica of Trajan, Rome, 112 Aula Palatina, Trier, 300-325
    37. 37. Aula Palatina, Trier, 4th century CEBasilica Ulpia, Forum of Trajan, Rome, 112-117, dedicated 117 CE.
    38. 38. Centrally Planned ChurchesChurch of Santa Costanza Mausoleum ofPlan, Rome, c. 350 CE Augustus, Rome, c. 14
    39. 39. Mausoleum of Augustus, Rome, c. 14 CEChurch of Santa Costanza, Rome, c. 350 CE
    40. 40. Church of Santa Costanza Plan, Rome, c. 350 CE
    41. 41. Dionysus Seated AmongVines, House of theMasks, Delos Late 2nd CenturyBCEJohn 15:1-17 “I am the true vine, and myFather is the vinedresser…”Wine Making, Church of Santa Costanza, Rome, c. 350 CE
    42. 42. Christianity under Theodosius 395 CE Theodosius divides the Roman Empire into Eastern and Western regions. *Theodosius I asserted Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire in 380 and ordered the dismantlement of all pagan temples and monuments inTheodosius I (379-395) 391.
    43. 43. Christianity after Theodosius 395 CE Theodosius divides the Roman Empire into Eastern and Western regions. Byzantine Empire *The successors of Theodosius I continued to strengthen Christianity as a powerful force in both the East and the West.Honorius I (395-423)
    44. 44. Church of Santa Sabina, Rome, c. 422-432.
    45. 45. SpoliaChurch of Santa Sabina, Rome, c. 422-432.
    46. 46. Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome, c. 432-440.
    47. 47. Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome, c. 432-440.
    48. 48. Parting of Abraham and Lot, Santa MariaMaggiore, Rome, c. 422-432.
    49. 49. The Sack of Jericho, Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome, c. 422-432.
    50. 50. The Virgin Crowned as Queen of Heaven, Santa MariaMaggiore, Rome, Apsidal Mosaic redone in 1294 by Jacopo Torriti.
    51. 51. The Fall of the Western Empire 395 CE Theodosius divides the Roman Empire into Eastern and Western regions. 402 418 476 410 Byzantine Empire *By 476, all of Italy was under the control of the Ostrogoths.
    52. 52. The Conquest of the West Byzantine Empire“An able Goth wants to be like a Roman; only apoor Roman would want to be like a Goth.” –Theodoric, King of the Visigoths
    53. 53. Critical Thinking Questions1. What role did Constantine and Theodosius play in the art and religion of the late Roman Empire?2. What is syncretism? How is it used in early Christian and Jewish art?3. What is spolia? How does it manifest in Late Antiquity?4. How does the basilica change in Late Antiquity?

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