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  • Name Vase of the Yale Lekythos Painter. Young woman standing in front of a wooden chest with an open lid, holding a bundled cloth or garment that she is about to put into the chest. The woman wears a chiton and himation; her hair is bound with a fillet and
  • GREEK 5TH BCE A lady tying her sandal, a servant girl brings a box. Red-figured lekythos Inv. CA 254
  • GREEK 5TH BCE A lady tying her sandal, a servant girl brings a box. Red-figured lekythos Inv. CA 254
  • Another Amazon mentioned in mythology is Penthesilea. According to legend, this daughter of Ares accidentally killed her sister Hippolyte while hunting, and went to Troy to seek absolution. This occurs at the time of the Trojan War, so she joins with the Trojans in their fight against the Greeks. When Achilles encounters her in battle, he kills her. However, after the fact, he falls in love with the dead Amazon, and kills another Greek soldier, Thersites, for jeering at Achilles for falling in love with her. For a more detailed account, visit the Perseus Project .

Greek pottery upload Greek pottery upload Presentation Transcript

  • Introduction of Greek Pottery
    • Reading:
    • Stokstad , 117-119, 127-128, 141-142.
    • Range:
    • 600-31 BCE
    • Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic
    • Terms/Concepts:
    • black figure, red figure, white ground, kiln, slip, oxidization, reduction, reoxidization, pinax, slip, kylix, amphora, lekythos, alabastron, krater, symposium, libations, Panathenaic festival, kottabos, hetaira,
    • Monument List:
    • Euphronios (painter) and Euxitheos (potter), Euphronios Krater, Archaic, c. 515 BCE.
    • Exekias, Achilles and Ajax Playing a Game, Black-Figure Amphora, Archaic, 540-530 BCE
    • Priam Painter, Women at Fountain House, Greek, Attic, Black-Figure, ca. 520-510 BCE
    • Red-Figure Lekythos with Domestic Scene, Attica, Greece, Early Classical, 475-450 BCE
    • Niobid Painter, Niobid Krater, Early Classical, 475-450 BCE
  • Why Study Greek Vases?
    • Greek pottery depicts many scenes from everyday life that often go unrecorded.
    • It expands our understanding of paintings on a larger scale.
    • It extensively explores mythology/literature beyond the text.
    • Residue from pots gives valuable insight into the Greek diet.
  • Chronology
    • Euphronios (painter) and Euxitheos (potter), Euphronios Krater, Archaic, c. 515 BCE.
    “ Euphronios painted me ” “ Euxitheos made me ”
  • Digging the Clay Corinthian Pinax, c. 750 BCE
  • Settling the Clay Modern Clay Pits, c. 1960.
  • Forming the Pot Skyphos with Potter’s Wheel, c. 550 BCE
  •  
  • “ Painting” the Pots Red-Figure Bell Krater, Pottery Workshop, Early Classical, c. 480-450 BCE
  • Black Figure Red Ground: made from a black clay that fires black Black Figure: painted on slip that fires black Details: scratched out of the fired slip
    • Exekias, Achilles and Ajax Playing a Game, Black-Figure Amphora, Archaic, 540-530 BCE
    Reddish Pigment: metals mixed with slip.
  • Red Figure
    • Euphronios (painter) and Euxitheos (potter), Euphronios Krater, Archaic, c. 515 BCE.
    Details: painted on slip with a fine brush Black Ground: figures mapped out by the application of slip Red Figure: no slip applied
  • White Ground White Ground: white-firing slip Color: either pigments with white slip or tempera White Ground Lekythos, Woman Playing Lyre, Late Classical, c. 420 BCE * Tempera is a water-based paint with a egg white and/or glue binder * This is much like the buon fresco technique.
  • Black-Figure Hydria, Pottery Workshop, Archaic, c. 550 BCE Feeding the Kiln
  • Firing
    • Oxidation
    • Reduction
    • Reoxidation
    • Cooling
  • The Kiln If you will pay me for my song, O potters, Then come, Athena, and hold thy hand above the kiln! May the kotyloi and all the kanastra turn a good black, May they be well fired and fetch the price aked, Many being sold in the marketplace and many on the roads, And bring in much money, and may my song be pleasing. But if you (potters) turn shameless and deceitful, Then do I summon the ravagers of kilns, Both Syntrips (Smather) and Smaragos (Crasher) and Asbetos (Unquenchable) too, and Sabaktes (Shake-to-Pieces) And Omodamos (Conquereor of the Unbaked), who makes much trouble for this craft. Stamp on stoking tunnel and chambers, and may the whole kiln Be thrown into confusing, while the potters loudly wail. As grinds a horse’s jaw so may the kiln grind To powder all the pots within it. [Come, too, daughter of the Sun, Circe of many spells, Cast cruel spells, do evil to them and their handiwork. Here too let Cheiron lead many Centaurs, Both those that escaped the hands of Heralkles and those that perished. May they his these pots hard, and may the kiln collapse. And may the potters wail as they see the mischief. But I shall rejoiced at the sight of their luckless craft.] And if anyone bends over to look into the spy-hole, may his whole face Be scorched, so that all may learn to deal justly.
  • Decorative Motifs: Key Meander
  • Decorative Motifs: Palmettes
    • Euphronios (painter) and Euxitheos (potter), Euphronios Krater, Archaic, c. 515 BCE.
  • Decorative Motifs: Ivy
  • Decorative Motifs: Egg and Dart
  • Everyday Life: Symposium
  • Everyday Life: Symposium Kobattos
  • Everyday Life: Symposium Hetaira
  • Everyday Life: Symposium Makron (Painter) and Hieron (Potter), Red-Figure Kylix with Symposium Scenes, Greek, Attic, c. 480 BCE. Ivy = Dionysus
  • Everyday Life: Fetching Water
    • Priam Painter, Women at Fountain House, Greek, Attic, Black-Figure, ca. 520-510 BCE
    Architecture is rarely found on vases, except for fountain scenes Fetching water was scene as one of the few public acts of women The hydria was the most practical form for gathering water.
  • Everyday Life: Fetching Water Hydria with Fountain Scene, Greek, Attic, Black-Figure, ca. 510-500 BCE Fountain houses were also places for women to socialize and interact.
  • Everyday Life: Fetching Water Hydria with Fountain Scene, Greek, Attic, Black-Figure, ca. 510-500 BCE Fountain houses were also places where women and children could refresh themselves. *
  • Everyday Life: The Toilette
  • Everyday Life: The Toilette Red-Figure Lekythos with Domestic Scene, Attica, Greece, Early Classical, 475-450 BCE
  • Everyday Life: The Toilette Red-Figure Squat Lekythos with Woman Dressing, Attica, Greece, Early Classical, 475-450 BCE
  • Everyday Life: The Toilette Red-Figure Squat Lekythos with Woman Dressing, Attica, Greece, Early Classical, 475-450 BCE
  • Everyday Life: Theater Theater Scene, Krater, Apulian Red Ware, c. 500 BCE. Theater Mask
  • Everyday Life: Theater Attributed to the Konnakis Group, Calyx-krater depicting a phlyax masquerading as a reveler, Red-figure, Greek, South Italian, Apulian, ca. 400–390 b.c.; Theater Mask
  • Everyday Life: Theater Attributed to the Konnakis Group, Calyx-krater depicting a phlyax masquerading as a reveler, Red-figure, Greek, South Italian, Apulian, ca. 400–390 b.c.; Theater Mask
  • Everyday Life: Panathenaic Festival Panathenaic Amphora with a foot race, Attic Black Figure, Archaic c. 540 BCE
  • Everyday Life: Panathenaic Festival
  • Mythological Scenes: Dionysus and the Pirates Exekias, Dionysus and the Pirates, Attic Black Figure, Archaic, 540 BCE
  • Mythological Scenes: Trojan War
    • Exekias, Achilles and Ajax Playing a Game, Black-Figure Amphora, Archaic, 540-530 BCE
  • Mythological Scenes: Trojan War
    • Exekias, Achilles and Ajax Playing a Game, Black-Figure Amphora, Archaic, 540-530 BCE
  • Mythological Scenes: Trojan War Exekias, The Suicide of Ajax, Black-Figure Amphora, Archaic, c. 540 BCE
  • Mythological Scenes Achilles killing Penthesilea, Attic Black-Figure Amphora, Archaic, 540-530 BCE
  • Mythological Scenes
    • Niobid Painter, Niobid Krater, Early Classical, 475-450 BCE
  • Mythological Scenes
    • Niobid Painter, Niobid Krater, Early Classical, 475-450 BCE
  • Critical Thinking Questions
    • Why are vases an important aspect of Greek art to study?
    • How do the form of the pots correspond to their uses?
    • How is the painted decoration on vases related to their functions?
    • How are Greek vases attributed to some artists?