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Early medieval art upload
 

Early medieval art upload

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  • Vellum is considered finer than parchment. The skin of freshly killed animals was soaked for days in water and lime, a caustic alkali that softens and loosens the hairs on the skin. The skin was then rinsed and stretched on a frame.
  • Once stretched tight, the skin was scraped to remove the hairs and then thinned to the desired thickness, using a moon-shaped blade to avoid a point tearing the skin. Next it was trimmed into sheets and folded into folios, and the edges were cut to make pages.
  • St. Matthew from the Book of Durrow Celtic 660-680
  • St. Matthew from the Book of Durrow Celtic 660-680
  • St. Matthew, Lindesfarne Gospels, 710-25
  • Gelasian Sacramentary Merovingian 8 th century
  • Gelasian Sacramentary Merovingian 8 th century
  • Gelasian Sacramentary Merovingian 8 th century

Early medieval art upload Early medieval art upload Presentation Transcript

  • Early Christian Art of Europe
    • Reading
    • Stokstad, 429-437
    • Range
    • 600-1100 CE
    • Anglo-Saxon, Hiberno-Saxon, Norse, Merovingian
    • Terms/Concepts
    • Vellum, parchment, Genesis, Pentateuch, Gospels, Evangelist, Carpet Page, Incipit Page, illumination,
    • Monument List
    • St. Matthew from the Book of Durrow, Hiberno-Saxon, 7 th Century CE.
    • The Evangelist Matthew, Lindisfarne Gospels, Hiberno-Saxon, 710-725 CE.
    • Chi-Rho Page, Book of Kells, Hiberno-Saxon, 9 th Century
    • Page with the beginning of Matthew’s Gospel, Lindisfarne Gospels, Hiberno-Saxon, 710-725 CE.
    • Carpet Page, Book of Durrow, Hiberno-Saxon 7 th Century CE
  • Byzantine Empire “ An able Goth wants to be like a Roman; only a poor Roman would want to be like a Goth.” – Theodoric, King of the Visigoths
  • Early Medieval Art in the West
  • DANES (c. 960) NORSE (c. 970-1025) Areas Christianized, 900-1100
  • The Medieval Manuscript Parchment : Lambskin prepared as a surface for writing or painting. Vellum : Calfskin prepared as a surface for writing or painting.
    • Preparation of parchment
    • Placed on a stretcher
    • Then it was scraped
  • In some instances, the animal ’s skin is then sanded.
  • Purple Dye = Murex Shell Blue = Lapis Lazuli Green = Verdigris Gold Leaf
  • Genesis Rebecca at the Well, Vienna Genesis , 6 th Century CE. Captain Marvel Origin Story, 1973.
  • Pentateuch Story of Adam and Eve, from the Ashburnham Pentateuch, 6 th Century CE. Abel tending his flock Cain working the land Cain Murdering Abel
  • Gospels Ascension, Rabbula Gospels, 6 th century CE. Matthew, the Man Luke, the Ox Mark, the Lion John, the Eagle
  • The British Isles Durrow Carpet Page, Book of Durrow, Hiberno-Saxon 600-660 CE
  • Gospel Page Carpet Page Incipit Page Book of Durrow, Hiberno-Saxon, 660-680
  • Man (symbol of St. Matthew) Eagle (symbol of St. John) Ox (symbol of St. Luke) Lion (symbol of St. Mark) Book of Durrow, Hiberno-Saxon, 660-680
  • St. Matthew from the Book of Durrow, Hiberno-Saxon, 660-680 Detail from the Purse Cover, Sutton Hoo, Anglo-Saxon, 7 th century.
  • St. Matthew from the Book of Durrow, Hiberno-Saxon, 660-680 Detail from the Purse Cover, Sutton Hoo, Anglo-Saxon, 7 th century.
  • St. John from the Book of Durrow, Hiberno-Saxon, 660-680 Detail from the Purse Cover, Sutton Hoo, Anglo-Saxon, 7 th century.
  • Mirror, Desborough, Anglo-Saxon, 1 st century BCE Carpet Page, Book of Durrow, Hiberno-Saxon 600-660 CE
  • Book of Durrow, Hiberno-Saxon, 660-680
  • Lindesfarne The British Isles Carpet Page, Lindisfarne Gospels, Scotland 710-725 CE.
  • Lindisfarne Monastery, Scotland.
  • Gospel Pages, Lindisfarne Gospels, Scotland 710-725 CE. Gospel Page Carpet Page Incipit Page
  • Gospel Pages, Lindisfarne Gospels, Scotland 710-725 CE. Matthew Luke Mark John
  • The Evangelist Matthew, Lindisfarne Gospels, Scotland 710-725 CE. Ezra Repairing the Gospels, Codex Amiatinus, 680-715.
  • Carpet Page, Lindisfarne Gospels, Scotland 710-725 CE.
  • Incipit Page, Lindisfarne Gospels, Scotland 710-725 CE.
  • The British Isles Chi-Rho Page, Book of Kells, 9 th Century CE Iona
  • Book of Kells, Hiberno-Saxon, 9 th Century CE. Gospel Page Carpet Page Incipit Page
    • St. Matthew, Book of Kells, Hiberno-Saxon, 9 th Century
  • Carpet Page, Book of Kells , Hiberno-Saxon, 9 th Century CE.
  • Beginning of Matthew, Book of Kells , Hiberno-Saxon, 9 th Century CE.
  • Chi Rho Iota Page, Book of Kells , Hiberno-Saxon, 9 th Century CE. Chi-Rho, San Vitale Ravenna, 547 CE
  • Two Cats Catching Mice Wafer
  • Gelasian Sacramentary, Merovingian, 8 th century Alpha Omega The beginning and the end.
  • Gelasian Sacramentary, Merovingian, 8 th century Fish = Ichthus I esous Ch ristos Th eou U ios S otor
  • Gelasian Sacramentary, Merovingian, 8 th century Visigothic Eagle Fibulae, Spain, 5-6 th century CE
  • Stave Church, Urnes, Norway, 12 th Century
  • Stave Church, Urnes, Norway, 12 th Century CE
  • Detail of Carving, Oseberg Ship Burial, Osberg, Norway, 825 CE. Stave Church, Urnes, Norway, 12 th century
  • The Secret of Kells, 2009.
  • The Secret of Kells, 2009.
  • The Secret of Kells, 2009.
  • ç The Secret of Kells, 2009.
  • The Secret of Kells, 2009.
  • Critical Thinking Questions
    • How are both classical and northern traditions present in early Medieval manuscripts?
    • Why was the entire Bible not commonly reproduced? What types of book were produced instead?
    • How is “barbarian” metalwork significant to the history of northern manuscript painting?