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  • St. Matthew, Coronation GospelsCarolingianEarly 9th Century

Carolingian and ottonian art upload Carolingian and ottonian art upload Presentation Transcript

  • Carolingian and Ottonian ArtReading, Monument ListStokstad, 438-451.  Equestrian portrait of Charles the Bald (grandson ofRange: Charlemagne)Ninth century.700-1053 CE  Interior of the Palace Chapel of Charlemagne. Aachen, 792-805.Carolingian and Ottonian  Saint Matthew. Folio 18. Ebbo Gospels, from Hautevillers.Terms/Concepts: c.816-835.Carolingian, repousse, scriptorium, o  St. Matthew, Coronationrthodoxy, Gospels,Carolingian, Early 9th Century  Doors, commissioned by Bishop Bernward for Saint Michael’s, 1015
  • The growth of the Islamic world (seventh andeighth centuries) came at the cost of theByzantine Empire.
  • PoitiersIn 732, the Franks, under the leadershipof Charles Martel, stopped the Musliminvasion at Poitiers.
  • The grandson of Charles Martel is Charlemagne [Charles the Great], andhe ruled 768-814. The word “Carolingian” comes from “Carolus” (Latin for “Charles”) Art from Charlemagne’s lifetime and for a while afterwards is known as Carolingian art
  • AachenCharlemagne established his court (seat ofgovernment) in Aachen.
  • Palace Passage between palace and chapel ChapelPlan of Charlemagne’s Palace andChapel, Aachen, 792-805.
  • Cross-sectionRestored plan of the Palace Chapel ofCharlemagne, Aachen, 792-805
  • Entrance.Restored plan of the Palace Chapel of Entrance of the Palace Chapel ofCharlemagne. Aachen. 792-805. Charlemagne. Aachen. 792-805.
  • Throne, Palace Chapel ofCharlemagne, Aachen. Entrance of the Palace Chapel of Charlemagne. 792-805. Aachen.
  • Throne, Palace Chapel ofCharlemagne, Aachen, 792-805.
  • ThroneThrone, Palace Chapel ofCharlemagne, Aachen. Interior of the Palace Chapel of Charlemagne, Aachen, 792-805.
  • Throne AltarOpposite side, Interior of the Palace Chapel of Interior of the Palace Chapel ofCharlemagne, Aachen, 792-805 Charlemagne, Aachen, 792-805.
  • Dome Christ Thron e AltarInterior of the Palace Chapel of Charlemagne. Aachen, 792-805.
  • Altar (1st Christ floor) (dome) Throne Throne EntranceRestored plan of the Palace Chapel of Interior of the Palace Chapel ofCharlemagne. 792-805. Aachen. Charlemagne, Aachen, 792-805.
  • Aachen RavennaCharlemagne visited Ravenna and took away anequestrian statue of an emperor.
  • Restored plan of the Palace Chapel Plan of San Vitale. Ravenna, Italy. c.520-547.of Charlemagne, Aachen, 792-805.
  • Clerestory ClerestoryReconstructed drawing of the PalaceChapel of Charlemagne. Aachen. 792-805. Aerial view of San Vitale. c.520-547. Ravenna, Italy.
  • Saint Matthew. Folio 15.Coronation Gospels, fromAachen. c.800-810.
  • Saint Matthew. Folio 18. EbboGospels, from Hautevillers.c.816-835.
  • Saint Matthew. Folio 15. Saint Matthew. Folio 18. EbboCoronation Gospels, from Aachen. Gospels, from Hautevillers. c.816-835.c.800-810.
  • Angel
  • St. Matthew Writing His Gospel. Saint Matthew. Folio 18. EbboLindisfarne Gospels. From Gospels, from Hautevillers. c.816-Lindisfarne, England. c.715- 720. 835.
  • Psalms 43-44. Folio 25. Utrecht Saint Matthew. Folio 18. EbboPsalter, from Hautevillers. c.825- Gospels, from Hautevillers. c.816-850. 835.
  • Equestrian portrait of Charles the Bald (grandsonof Charlemagne)Ninth century.
  • renovatio imperii Romani renewal of the Roman empireEquestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius. Roman Equestrian portrait of Charles the BaldImperial, Rome, c.176 CE. (grandson of Charlemagne) 9th century.
  • RavennaCharlemagne visited Ravenna and took away anequestrian statue of an emperor.
  • Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius. Roman Equestrian portrait of Charles the BaldImperial, Rome, c.176 CE. (grandson of Charlemagne) 9th century.
  • Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius. Roman Equestrian portrait of Charles the BaldImperial, Rome, c.176 CE. (grandson of Charlemagne) 9th century.
  • Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius. Roman Equestrian portrait of Charles the BaldImperial, Rome, c.176 CE. (grandson of Charlemagne) 9th century.
  • Byzantine emperor receiving orb of power Orb of powerArchangel Equestrian portrait of Charles the BaldMichael, Constantinople, Byzantine, E (grandson of Charlemagne) 9th century.
  • Plaque reads (in Latin): THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWSCrucifixion with angelsand mourningfigures, front cover of theLindau Gospels, FromSaint Gall, c.870-880
  • After Charlemagne, his empire split within decades.German-speaking lands were later ruled by threesuccessive emperors, each named Otto.
  • Ottonian Artnamed after the period corresponding to a dynasty begun by Otto I (ruled 936-973) Otto II (ruled 973-983) Otto III (ruled 983-1002)
  • Saint Michael’s. Hildesheim, Germany.1001-1031.
  • Old Testament New TestamentDoors, commissioned by Bishop Bernward, Abbey Church of St. Michael,Hildesheim, Germany, 1015
  • Creation of Eve and AdamGod introduces Eve andAdam to each other
  • Temptation and FallJudgment The Blame Game (Stokstad 14-24)
  • Expulsion from Garden of Eden Struggling against the land (Stokstad 14-24)
  • Offerings by Abel and Cain Lamb Grain Cain slays Abel CainCain Abel
  • Offerings by Abel and Cain Continuous Narrative Lamb Grain Cain slays Abel CainCain Abel Rebecca and Eliezer at the well. Folio 7 of the Vienna Genesis. Early 6th century.
  • Offerings by Abel and Cain Hand of God Lamb Grain Cain slays Abel CainCain Abel The Parting of the Red Sea (Detail), House Synagogue, Dura Europos, Syria, 244-245.
  • Nativity The AnnunciationMary Gabriel
  • Presentation of Christ in TempleAdoration of the Magi (Wise Men) (Stokstad 14-24)
  • Old Testament New TestamentCrucifixion Judgment of Christ by Pilate (Stokstad 14-24)
  • Ascension Three Marys at the Tomb
  • Gero Crucifix commissioned by ArchbishopGero, Cathedral, Cologne, c.970
  • INRI (Iesus Nazarenus Rex Iudaeorum) – This is the King of the JewsGero Crucifix commissioned by ArchbishopGero, Cathedral, Cologne, c.970
  • Crucifixion with angels and mourning Gero Crucifix. Cathedral, Cologne, c.figures, front cover of the Lindau 970.Gospels. c.870-880.
  • Critical Thinking Questions1. How did Charlemagne present himself as a Roman emperor through his religious and political art?