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  • Video Tours of Persepolishttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3fdJNjF0lcYhttp://www.persepolis3d.com/frameset.html
  • Soldiers from the Tomb of Emperor Shihuangdi, Qin Dynasty, 210 BCE
  • Height above river 160’. Width of road bed on lower arcade is 20’.
  • Crowned Head of a King, Ife, Yoruba, 12th-15th Century CE

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  • 1. Art and PowerReading: Key Monuments:Nigel Spivey, “Art and Power”  Palette of Narmer, Earlyfrom When Art made the Dynastic Egypt, 2950 BCEWorld, 155-195.  Stele of Naram Sin, Akkadian, 2254-2218 BCETerms/Concepts:  Tomb of the First Emperor,divine right, hieratic scale, Shihuangdi, Shaanxiapadana, legalism, Provence, China, c. 210 BCE  The Augustus Primaporta, Roman Imperial, 1st century CE (possible copy of 20 CE original).
  • 2. Instruments of Power1. Divinity2. Empire/Buildin g3. Faces of Power4. Kingly Deeds
  • 3. Instruments of Power1. Divinity Size = Importance  Rulers seen as the most2. Empire/Buildin imposing figure. g  Ancient kings were often seen as “larger3. Faces of Power than life.”  Size is often linked to4. Kingly Deeds the divine nature of the ruler.
  • 4. Egypt
  • 5. Hathor, the cow goddess, is the nurturer of kings. Horus, the falcon god declares Narmer the rightful king. Narmer is the biggest and strongest. Hieratic Scale is the method of using size and position to emphasize importance.Palette of Narmer, Early Dynastic Egypt, 2950 BCE
  • 6. Akkad(Modern day Iraq)
  • 7. Sunbursts represent the gods. Naram Sin is the largest and highest figure, therefore the most important. Horned crown is usually worn by a god.Stele of Naram Sin, Akkadian, 2254-2218 BCE
  • 8. Babylon(Modern day Iraq)
  • 9. Hammurabi Shamash “My words are unrivalled…Let any oppressed man, who has a cause, come before my image as king of righteousness!”Stele of Hammurabi, Old Babylonian, 1792-1750 BCE
  • 10. Instruments of Power  Building projects1. Divinity showed the strength and wealth of a ruler.2. Empire/Buildin  Palaces communicate g the power of a king to his subjects.3. Faces of Power  Buildings could mark the far reaches of4. Kingly Deeds empires, showing who was in charge.
  • 11. Persepolis(Modern day Iran)
  • 12. Reconstruction of Persepolis, c. 518-460 BCE
  • 13. *The Apadana is the audience hall where Darius met with his subjects.2-17, Apadana of Darius and Xerxes, Achaemenid Persian, 518-460 BCE
  • 14. Lion attacking an Antelope, Apadana, Persepolis, Apadana, 518-460 BCE
  • 15. Stairs and Processional Friezes, Apadana, Achaemenid Persian, 518-460 BCE
  • 16. Stairs, Apadana, Achaemenid Persian, 518-460 BCE
  • 17. Processional Friezes, Apadana, Achaemenid Persian, 518-460 BCE
  • 18. Processional Friezes, Apadana, Achaemenid Persian, 518-460 BCE
  • 19. Darius and Xerxes Receiving Tribute, Achaemenid Persian, 491-486 BCE
  • 20. Near XianShaanxi, China
  • 21. Tomb of the First Emperor, Shihuangdi, QinDynasty, Shaanxi Provence, China, c. 210 BCE
  • 22. Tomb of the First Emperor, Shihuangdi, QinDynasty Shaanxi Provence, China, c. 210 BCE
  • 23. Near Nimes, France
  • 24. • Aqueduct: An artificial channel for transporting water from a distant sourcePont du Gard, Nîmes (France). Latefirst century BCE.
  • 25. • Aqueduct: An artificial channel for transporting water from a distant sourcePont du Gard, Nîmes (France). Latefirst century BCE.
  • 26. Pont du Gard, Nîmes (France). Latefirst century BCE.
  • 27. Pont du Gard, Nîmes (France). Latefirst century BCE.
  • 28. Instruments of Power  The way a king looked1. Divinity was supposed to embody how a king2. Empire/ ruled.  Kings were supposed to Building look physically capable of ruling.1. Faces of Power  Kings were often concerned with eternal2. Kingly Deeds youth and permanence.
  • 29. Giza(Near Modern day Cairo)
  • 30. Cult Statue of Khafre, Old Kingdom, 2520-2465 BCE
  • 31. Akkad(Modern day Iraq)
  • 32. Head of Akkadian Ruler, Akkadian, 2340-2180 BCE
  • 33. Rome, Italy
  • 34. The Augustus Primaporta, Roman Imperial, 1stcentury CE (possible copy of 20 CE original).
  • 35. Ife(Modern day Nigeria)
  • 36. 1. Ifarahon (or visibility): bold features and fine detail 2. Didon (or luminosity): smooth sheen 3. Gigun (or straight): strong posture and features. 4. Odo (or “prime of life”): the proper age 5. Tut (or serenity): stoic expression 6. Ashe: Life Force 7. Iwa: Creativity 8. Ara: Evocative PowerCrowned Head of a King, Ife, Yoruba, 12th-15thCentury CE
  • 37. Instruments of Power Feats of Bravery1. Divinity  Kings were required to2. Empire/ prove their physical strength. Building  Kings were expected to be fierce warriors.3. Faces of Power  A ruler’s military4. Kingly Deeds prowess was linked to their right to rule.
  • 38. Assyria(Modern day Iraq)
  • 39. Assurnasirpal II Killing Lions, Assyrian, 875-860 BCE
  • 40. Lion Hunt, from the throne room of Assurbanipal, Nineveh, 647 BCE
  • 41. Lion Hunt, Palace of Assurbanipal, Assyrian, 647 BCE
  • 42. Dying Lion, Throne Room of Ashurbanipal, Nineveh, 647 BCE
  • 43. Dead Lion, Throne Room of Ashurbanipal, Nineveh, 647 BCE
  • 44. Rome, Italy
  • 45. Sol (Sun) on achariot Luna (moon) Roman standard with sculpture of eagleRoman soldier Parthian soldierApollo on agriffin Diana on a stag Personification of Cornucopia Bounty