Land Reform versus Agrarian Reform Land Reform- refers to the improvement of the farmers’ relationship to the land that theycultivate.Comprehensive terms in Agrarian Reform Concept-it provides land redistribution and appropriate services. It ensures the viability of the beneficiaries as independent small farmer-landowners. Coverage- it covers the private lands, public lands and other lands of the public domain which are classified as agricultural, regardless of the crops planted and tenurial arrangement. Beneficiaries- farmers and landowners stand to benefit. Farmers will own the land they till and landowners will be amply compensated and provided with necessary capital to reinvest industry. Agrarian Reform- the redistribution of lands, regardless crops or fruits produced to farmers,and landless regular farm workers, irrespective of tenurial arrangement, to include the totality offactors and support services designed to lift the economic status of the beneficiaries and all otherarrangements alternative to the physical redistribution of lands. [Sec.3 (a) of the ComprehensiveAgrarian Reform Law of 1988 (R.A. 6657)]Principles behind Agrarian Reform Social Justice- the democratization of income and wealth by equalizing access to land as the basic productive resource. Just Compensation to landowners- the full and fair equivalent of the property taken away from its owner by expropriation. Fair market values are primarily considered in the land valuation process. Fair market value- means the full and fair equivalent of the loss sustained by the landowner.Salient Features of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program July 22, 1987- former Pres. Corazon Aquino signed Proclamation No. 131 instituting CARPas a major program of the government and Executive Order No. 229 with the enactment ofRepublic Act No. 6657 signed by the President on June 10, 1988.Scope, Exemptions and Exclusions Comprehensive and Agrarian Reform Law of 1988 (R.A. 6657) shall cover regardless ofthe tenurial arrangement and commodity produced, all private lands provided in Proclamation No.131dated July 22, 1987, including whenever applicable in accordance with law, other lands of thepublic domain suitable for agriculture.Retention Limit of the LandownerRetention Limit- is the size of the land an individual owner will be allowed to keep or retain,whether he/she is a cultivator or not.