Erikson’s Generativity Versus Stagnation: Parenting Generativity- process of parenting the next generation and helping them through their crises. Stagnation – process where one is unable to focus outward and is still dealing with issues of intimacy or even identity
Parenting Styles Authoritarian Parenting – tends to be overly concerned with rules Permissive Parenting – occurs when parents put very few demands on their children for behavior. A. Permissive Neglectful B. Permissive Indulgent Authoritative Parenting – involves combining firm limits on behavior with love, warmth, affection, respect, and a willingness to listen to the child’s point of view.
The Impact of Parenting Styles Authoritarian parenting styles generally lead to children who are obedient and proficient, but they rank lower in happiness, social competence and self-esteem. Authoritive parenting styles tend to result in children who are happy, capable and successful (Maccoby, 1992). Permissive parenting often results in children who rank low in happiness and self-regulation. These children are more likely to experience problems with authority and tend to perform poorly in school. Uninvolved parenting styles rank lowest across all life domains. These children tend to lack self-control, have low self-esteem and are less competent than their peers.
Midlife Crisis A period of personal emotional turmoil and coping challenges that some people encounter when they reach middle age, accompanied by a desire for change in their lives, brought on by fears and anxieties about growing older
Who experience midlife crisis? People who live their lives fulfilling their dreams and with a purpose are less likely to experience a crisis at midlife. People who put little thought into what they want out of life and more thought into taking care of others are more likely to experience a crisis at midlife.
Stages of Midlife Crisis Shock Denial Depression Anger Acceptance
External factors causing midlife crisis to become problematic Stress Childhood Issues Debt Significant Loss Avoidant Personality
Characterisitics of a person having a hard time getting through midlife crisis Unhappy with life and the lifestyle that may have provided them with happiness for many years Bored with people and things that may have been of interest to them before Feels a need for adventure and change Questions the choices, they have made in their lives and the validity of decisions they made years before
Confused about who they are and where they are going Angry at their spouse and blame for feeling tied down Unable to make decisions about where they want to go with their life Doubts that they ever loved their spouse and resentment over the marriage. Desires for a new and passionate, intimate relationship
Differences Between Male and Female Midlife Crisis Men go through midlife crisis because they reach a certain age and realize that life is passing them by. They become afraid of: Changes that come with aging. Becoming ill. Becoming less attractive to the opposite sex. Not attaining goals they have set for themselves. Dying.
Women, on the other hand are thrust into midlife crisis because they reach a certain age and find they finally have the opportunity to do all the things in life she has put off doing while caring for her family. She goes through menopause, which means both biological and psychological changes. The psychological changes a woman experiences at menopause can cause her to question how she has lived her life and whether she should make changes to the way she lives.
Erikson’s Ego Integrity Versus Despair: Dealing with Mortality Erikson believed that at the period of late adulthood, people look back on the life they have lived in a process called life review. Feeling of integrity – a sense of wholeness; final completion of the identity or ego Feeling of despair – a sense of deep regret over things that will never be accomplished because time has run out.