Psychosocial development


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Psychosocial development

  1. 1. Psychosocial Development<br />Erikson’s Psychosocial Adolescent and Adult Stages<br />
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  3. 3. Erikson’s Generativity Versus Stagnation: Parenting<br />Generativity- process of parenting the next generation and helping them through their crises.<br />Stagnation – process where one is unable to focus outward and is still dealing with issues of intimacy or even identity<br />
  4. 4. Parenting Styles<br />Authoritarian Parenting – tends to be overly concerned with rules<br />Permissive Parenting – occurs when parents put very few demands on their children for behavior. <br /> A. Permissive Neglectful<br /> B. Permissive Indulgent<br />Authoritative Parenting – involves combining firm limits on behavior with love, warmth, affection, respect, and a willingness to listen to the child’s point of view.<br />
  5. 5. The Impact of Parenting Styles<br />Authoritarian parenting styles generally lead to children who are obedient and proficient, but they rank lower in happiness, social competence and self-esteem. <br />Authoritive parenting styles tend to result in children who are happy, capable and successful (Maccoby, 1992). <br />Permissive parenting often results in children who rank low in happiness and self-regulation. These children are more likely to experience problems with authority and tend to perform poorly in school.<br />Uninvolved parenting styles rank lowest across all life domains. These children tend to lack self-control, have low self-esteem and are less competent than their peers.<br />
  6. 6. Midlife Crisis<br />A period of personal emotional turmoil and coping challenges that some people encounter when they reach middle age, accompanied by a desire for change in their lives, brought on by fears and anxieties about growing older<br />
  7. 7. Who experience midlife crisis?<br />People who live their lives fulfilling their dreams and with a purpose are less likely to experience a crisis at midlife.<br />People who put little thought into what they want out of life and more thought into taking care of others are more likely to experience a crisis at midlife.<br />
  8. 8. Stages of Midlife Crisis<br />Shock <br />Denial <br />Depression <br />Anger <br />Acceptance<br />
  9. 9. External factors causing midlife crisis to become problematic<br />Stress <br />Childhood Issues<br />Debt<br />Significant Loss<br />Avoidant Personality<br />
  10. 10. Characterisitics of a person having a hard time getting through midlife crisis<br />Unhappy with life and the lifestyle that may have provided them with happiness for many years<br />Bored with people and things that may have been of interest to them before<br />Feels a need for adventure and change<br />Questions the choices, they have made in their lives and the validity of decisions they made years before<br />
  11. 11. Confused about who they are and where they are going<br />Angry at their spouse and blame for feeling tied down<br />Unable to make decisions about where they want to go with their life<br />Doubts that they ever loved their spouse and resentment over the marriage.<br />Desires for a new and passionate, intimate relationship<br />
  12. 12. Differences Between Male and Female Midlife Crisis<br />Men go through midlife crisis because they reach a certain age and realize that life is passing them by. They become afraid of: <br />Changes that come with aging. <br />Becoming ill. <br />Becoming less attractive to the opposite sex. <br />Not attaining goals they have set for themselves. <br />Dying.<br />
  13. 13. Women, on the other hand are thrust into midlife crisis because they reach a certain age and find they finally have the opportunity to do all the things in life she has put off doing while caring for her family. <br />She goes through menopause, which means both biological and psychological changes. The psychological changes a woman experiences at menopause can cause her to question how she has lived her life and whether she should make changes to the way she lives.<br />
  14. 14. Erikson’s Ego Integrity Versus Despair: Dealing with Mortality<br />Erikson believed that at the period of late adulthood, people look back on the life they have lived in a process called life review. <br />Feeling of integrity – a sense of wholeness; final completion of the identity or ego<br />Feeling of despair – a sense of deep regret over things that will never be accomplished because time has run out.<br />