Russia

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Russia

  1. 1. <ul><li>By Elena Garib & Artem Chlegov </li></ul>
  2. 2. Myth 1: Bears on streets
  3. 3. <ul><li>Myth 2: </li></ul><ul><li>Russia – most alcoholic country in the world </li></ul>Moldova Moldova
  4. 4. Myth 3: It is always cold Sochi, Russia
  5. 5. Myth 4: Beautiful women TRUE!
  6. 6. How big are we? - Largest in the world: Total area 17,075,200 sq km It could contain: 5 Indias 14 South Africas 934 Fijis 10 hours of flight 9 time zones 1 week by train
  7. 7. Where are we? In Europe – 40% In Asia – 60%
  8. 8. We have 4 seasons: How about climate? ) 1.Winter (December, January, February) 3.Summer (June, July, August) 2.Spring (March, April, May) 2.Autumn (September, October, November) Global warming? Only in media
  9. 9. Which alcohol drink is most popular in Russia? Quiz 1: or
  10. 10. 862 1237 1547 862 What was in the past? Kievan Rus’ Rurik
  11. 11. w 862 1237 1547 862 What was in the past? Mongol invasion Batu Khan
  12. 12. 862 1237 1547 862 What was in the past? Ivan The Terrible
  13. 13. 862 1237 1547 862 What was in the past? Peter I The Great
  14. 14. 1861 1917 1926 1941 What was in the past? Peasant Emancipation Alexander II the Liberator
  15. 15. 1861 1917 1926 1941 What was in the past? Vladimir Lenin & Russian Revolution
  16. 16. 1861 1917 1926 1941 What was in the past? Josef Stalin
  17. 17. 26 600 000 soviet people died 1861 1917 1926 1941 What was in the past? Second World War
  18. 18. 1946 1961 1985 1991 What was in the past? The Cold War
  19. 19. 1946 1961 1985 1991 What was in the past? Yuri Gagarin - first man in space
  20. 20. 1946 1961 1985 1991 What was in the past? Michael Gorbachov & Perestroika
  21. 21. 1946 1961 1985 1991 What was in the past? Boris Yeltzin - First President Of Russia
  22. 22. Who is the leader? Tandem: PM Vladimir Putin & President Dmitry Medvedev
  23. 23. How long does it take to cross Russia by the train from east to west? Quiz 2: About 1 week
  24. 24. Which Russians are famous?
  25. 25. Any brands?
  26. 26. Who are we? 80% of us - russians But also we are: Tatars (3,8%) Ukrainians (3%) buryats chuckchas jews And many others: Chuvash Belarusians Mordovians Germans   Chechens Avars Armenian Bashkirs Altai Khakassia Yakuts Kabardins Adygea Circassians Chechens Ingush Avars Lezgins Ossetins Finnish Karelians Komis Saami , Mari Khanty Mansi Nenetses Evenks Chukchi Buryats Kalmyks
  27. 27. Average age = 38.7 Normal Russian family consists of 3-5 people Who are we? Average life expectancy = 65.5 years old 135 in the world Men = 42 % Women = 58% 2/3 lives in cities 1/3 in villages 48   Mexico 76.2 85   Mauritius 72.8 95 Armenia 72.0 117   Belarus 69.0 119 Fiji 68.8 126   Uzbekistan 67.2 135   Russia 65.5 139 India 64.7 140   Laos 64.4 148   Myanmar 62.1 151 Ghana 60.0 154   Gambia 59.4 168   Namibia 52.9 178   South Africa 49.3 183 DRC 46.5 188   Afghanistan 43.8 Russian cross Future Russians?
  28. 28. Who are we? Anyway, official language is Russian Almost official religion is Russian Orthodox Nevertheless , we have also: islam buddism hinduism Saint Petersburg Mosque Ivoginsky Datsan, Buryatia Omkar Shiva Dham Ashram, Omsk Region
  29. 29. How many people? 145 million Same as Bangladesh It is 1/8 of India’s population
  30. 30. Quiz 3: Who was the first President of Russian Federation? Boris Yeltzin Michael Gorbachev Yuri Gagarin
  31. 31. On the picture – flag & arms Hymn of Russian Federation is sounding A little bit about politic Type of our government - federation Political system - sovereign (managed) democracy Vladislav Surkov – main manager
  32. 32. Also we have a lot of radio stations , internet news portals and few federal news agencies . 90% - non-state About mass media We have 93 000 of them Television Most popular media since USSR Most controlled by government since Y2K About 27 000 daily & weekly newspapers Newspapers Komsomolskaya pravda has largest circulation - 735 000 (84 th in world) We have about 330 TV Channels Other media
  33. 33. <ul><li>In 2010 Reporters Without Borders ranked Russia 140th out of 175 in the Press Freedom Index </li></ul>Any media freedom? Indeed! But mostly in internet 22 Namibia 27 Ghana 38 South Africa 65 Mauritius 101 Armenia 119 Nepal 122 India 125 Gambia 136 Mexico 140 Russia 147 Afghanistan 148 DRC 149 Fiji 154 Belarus 163 Uzbekhistan 168 Laos 174 Myanmar
  34. 34. Taboo topics in traditional press <ul><li>Corruption in Kremlin </li></ul><ul><li>Private life of Vladimir Putin </li></ul><ul><li>Vladimir Putin’s wealth speculation </li></ul><ul><li>Special forces activities </li></ul><ul><li>Human rights violation in North Caucasus etc . </li></ul>
  35. 35. Bloggers can violate taboo now
  36. 36. Development in press? Depends on event On regular basis usually only in government press And only about plans and what’s already have been done
  37. 37. Which Russian mobile company works on Indian ITC market? Quiz 4:
  38. 38. Everything about money Special for Ghana: Our currency is Russian Rubl 1$ = 32.1 1 € = 43.4 1 = 1.53 RS
  39. 39. Everything about money GDP GDP per capita G ross D omestic P roduct $ 2.230  trillion $ 15,612 per capita 1   United States 14,526,550 4   India 4,057,787 6   Russia 2,230,954 11   Mexico 1,564,872 25   South Africa 525,806 60   Belarus 131,535 75   Uzbekistan 86,103 77   Myanmar 76,839 82   Ghana 64,584 98   Nepal 35,759 107   Afghanistan 27,443 115   DRC 23,186 125   Mauritius 18,185 129   Armenia 16,826 130   Laos 15,766 156   Fiji 3,988 1   Qatar 88,222 53   Russia 15,612 60   Mexico 14,406 62   Mauritius 14,194 63   Belarus 13,874 79   South Africa 10,518 100   Namibia 6,935 114   Armenia 5,100 120   Fiji 4,481 129   India 3,408 133   Uzbekistan 3,048 136   Ghana 2,725 140   Laos 2,449 148   Gambia, The 2,032 163   Burma 1,256 173   Afghanistan 909 183   DRC 329
  40. 40. Everything about money GNP per capita G ross N ational I ncome $ 1.404  trillion $ 19,190 per capita (at   purchasing power parity) 1   Luxembourg 63,850 32   Russia 19,190 39   Mexico 15,010 44   Belarus 14,020 48   Mauritius 13,670 61   South Africa 10,280 79   Namibia 6,580 86   Armenia 5,450 98   Fiji 4,490 106   India 3,560 118   Laos 2,300 134   Ghana 1,600 138   Gambia 1,270 141   Nepal 1,200 160   DRC 310
  41. 41. Natural resources 22% of the world’s total forest cover - Oil - Gas - Ferrous & non-ferrous metals - Coal - Wood - etc. Russia is a leading producer and exporter of minerals, gold, and all major fuels. FL &quot; On Continental Shelf Development “: some sections of important mineral resources are passed for development without any contests and auctions What do we have? <ul><li>8th largest oil reserve in the world </li></ul><ul><li>17% of all the world’s natural gas in 2008 was Russian </li></ul><ul><li>22% of the world’s total forest cover </li></ul><ul><li>World’s second largest coal reserves  </li></ul><ul><li>Russia is one of the world’s largest diamond producers </li></ul>And many other resourses On the one hand it is good On the other hand not too well Our economy is too dependant on nature resources That’s why USSR was defeated in the Cold War
  42. 42. What do we do? services 59.1% Agriculture 4%, industry 36.8%
  43. 43. В России находится 10 % всех пахотных земель мираПо данным на начало 2010 года, Россия находится на 3-м месте в мире по экспорту зерновых (после США и Евросоюза) и на 4-м месте в мире по экспорту пшеницы (после США, Евросоюза и Канады). [6 What do we grow? <ul><li>Grain </li></ul><ul><li>Sugar beet </li></ul><ul><li>Sunflower </li></ul><ul><li>Potato </li></ul><ul><li>Flax </li></ul>
  44. 44. What do we grow? <ul><li>Cows </li></ul><ul><li>Pigs </li></ul><ul><li>Horses </li></ul><ul><li>Chicken </li></ul><ul><li>Sheeps </li></ul><ul><li>Deers </li></ul>
  45. 45. What do we produce? <ul><li>Chemical products </li></ul><ul><li>Precious stones and metals </li></ul><ul><li>Aircrafts </li></ul><ul><li>Spaceships </li></ul><ul><li>Weapons and military machines </li></ul><ul><li>Power plants </li></ul><ul><li>Pulp and paper </li></ul><ul><li>Cars </li></ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Road and agriculture machines </li></ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Cloth </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic </li></ul>
  46. 46. What about our industry? <ul><li>Most of factories depend on ministry of defense orders </li></ul><ul><li>Most of factories still have only USSR technologies which are too old </li></ul><ul><li>It is more profitable to produce in India, China, Taiwan etc. </li></ul><ul><li>We haven’t enough foreign investments because of our corruption and politics </li></ul>
  47. 47. What is the main economical reason of the USSR collapse? Sharp falling down of oil prices. Quiz 5:
  48. 48. What do we serve ? The IT market is one of the most dynamic sectors of the Russian economy <ul><li>Amount of active users: 219,5  million </li></ul><ul><li>Cellular penetration level: 167,3% </li></ul><ul><li>Gain: $24 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Problem: frequencies used by military </li></ul>Россия, Украина, Казахстан, Армения, Грузия, Киргизия, Узбекистан, Таджикистан, Вьетнам, Камбоджа, Лаос, Алжир, Бангладеш, Пакистан, Бурунди, Зимбабве, Намибия, Центрально-Африканская Республика, Италия Белоруссия, Италия Канада Cellular companies in 20 countries belong to Russian mobile operators. ( India, Armenia, Belarus, Uzbekistan, Laos, Namibia )
  49. 49. What do we serve ? <ul><li>Internet penetration: 48% </li></ul><ul><li>Gain: $2,02 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Only 39% belongs to company controlled by government. </li></ul>Now this company, Rostelecom, going to envelope every village by broadband ADSL connection next few years
  50. 50. A little bit more about Russian business
  51. 51. How do we move ? <ul><li>Trains are the most popular intercity transport </li></ul><ul><li>The second largest network (after US) in the world with 85,200 km of track ( 43,100 km are electrified) </li></ul>Longest in the world ( 9,259 km ) Attracts many foreign tourists. Trans-Siberian Railway
  52. 52. Other tourist attractions 23 UNESCO World Heritage Sites But high prices and not very developed service
  53. 53. How about foreign relations? Russia is a member of: <ul><li>Group of Eight ( G8 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Permanent seat with veto power on the  Security Council of the United Nations </li></ul><ul><li>BRICS </li></ul><ul><li>Shanghai Cooperation Organization ( SCO ) </li></ul><ul><li>Collective Security Treaty Organization ( CSTO ) </li></ul><ul><li>Custom Union of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan </li></ul><ul><li>Commonwealth of Independent States ( CIS ) </li></ul><ul><li>Union of Russia and Belarus </li></ul><ul><li>Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe ( OSCE ) </li></ul><ul><li>  North Atlantic Cooperation Council </li></ul><ul><li>  NATO -Russia Council  </li></ul><ul><li>Has an partnership and cooperation agreement with European Union </li></ul>Main antagonists of Russian authorities : <ul><li>Georgia </li></ul><ul><li>United Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>USA </li></ul><ul><li>World Trade Organisation membership </li></ul><ul><li>EU-Russia visa-free regime </li></ul><ul><li>Repair Russian dominance in the World </li></ul>Main wishes of Russian authorities :
  54. 54. About international trading 429.4 247.7 <ul><li>Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Natural gas </li></ul><ul><li>Metals </li></ul><ul><li>Timber </li></ul>Primary exports: <ul><li>European Union </li></ul><ul><li>USA </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Turkey </li></ul><ul><li>Ukraine </li></ul>Primary exports partners:
  55. 55. About international trading Primary imports: <ul><li>Machinery </li></ul><ul><li>Transport equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Plastics </li></ul><ul><li>Medicines </li></ul><ul><li>Iron and steel </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer goods </li></ul><ul><li>Meat </li></ul>Primary imports: <ul><li>EU </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Ukraine </li></ul><ul><li>Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Belarus </li></ul>Primary imports partners :
  56. 56. Russia and India Military Relations <ul><li>India is the second largest market for the Russian defense industry </li></ul><ul><li>In 2004 , more than 70% of the Indian Military's hardware came from Russia </li></ul>? 1955 Russia and India T-90S Bhishma Akula-2 Mil Mi-17 MiG-29 MiG-35 INS Vikramaditya
  57. 57. Energy Sector Sakhalin-1 Project Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project
  58. 58. Economic Relations 30% of medicine in Russia was made in India Indo-Russian trade is about US$10 billion The India-Russia Inter-Governmental Commission on Trade, Economic, Scientific, Technological and Cultural Cooperation ( IRIGC )  India-Russia Forum on Trade and Investment 
  59. 59. Cultural Exchange <ul><li>2003 Days of Russian Culture </li></ul><ul><li>2005 Days of Indian Culture in Russia </li></ul><ul><li>2008 Year of Russia in India </li></ul><ul><li>2009 Year of India in Russia </li></ul>
  60. 60. Russia in the list of developing countries with high human development Human Development Index But most of people in Russia consider country as developed 58   Mexico 63   Belarus 67   Russia 74   Mauritius
  61. 61. Women in decision-making But only 10% of Russian parliamentarians are women Valentina Matvienko Elvira Nabiullina Tatiana Golikova Natalia Komarova
  62. 62. <ul><li>Poverty : 10.2% </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty line (living wage): $ 190 per month </li></ul><ul><li>Homeless: from 1,5 to 4,2 million people (to 3% of population) </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment rate: 6,5% </li></ul>How about poverty?
  63. 63. About literacy <ul><li>Definition :   age 15 and over can read and write </li></ul><ul><li>Total literacy :   99.4% (2002) </li></ul><ul><li>Male:  99.7% </li></ul><ul><li>Female:  99.2% </li></ul>
  64. 64. About education <ul><li>Russian educational system still: </li></ul><ul><li>mostly free </li></ul><ul><li>widespread </li></ul><ul><li>in-depth </li></ul><ul><li>predominantly provided by the state </li></ul><ul><li>97% of children receive 9-year or 11-year education </li></ul><ul><li>More than half of the adult population has attained a tertiary education </li></ul><ul><li>Russia has more academic graduates than any other country in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>The most popular professions: law, economics and management, finance and credit, and advertising . </li></ul><ul><li>  Russia has 658 state-owned and 450 private civilian university-level institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Government wants to reduce this amount merging institutions to federal universities </li></ul>
  65. 65. <ul><li>Russia has more physicians, hospitals, and health care workers than almost any other country in the world on a per capita basis. </li></ul>How about health system? <ul><li>Russia has a system of obligatory medical insurance . </li></ul><ul><li>For better quality of medical aid it is necessary to implement non obligatory medical insurance </li></ul>Indicator Year Value Hospital beds per 100000 2006 966 Physicians per 100000 2006 431 Total health expenditure as % of gross domestic product (GDP), WHO estimates 2008 5
  66. 66. Common causes of death 57% 14%
  67. 67. How about HIV? <ul><li>The HIV epidemic in Russia continues to grow , but at a slower pace than in the late 1990s. </li></ul><ul><li>Russia has 940,000 people (less, than 1%) living with HIV </li></ul><ul><li>Country has a Federal AIDS Program for 2007 - 2011 </li></ul>
  68. 68. Famous Russian writers Vladimir Nabokov Feodor Dostoevsky Anton Chehov Leo Toltoy
  69. 69. Famous Russian composers Alexander Borodin Dmitry Shostakovich Peter Tchaikovsky Igor Stravinsky
  70. 70. ` Famous Russian painters Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin El Lisitzky Nicholas Roerich Boris Kustodiev Kazimir Malevich
  71. 71. Awarded Russian Movies
  72. 72. Traditional Russian house Izba
  73. 73. Russian Banya (sauna) t of air = 50-70 C
  74. 74. How about sport?
  75. 75. Ballet
  76. 77. Ethnic Russian clothes
  77. 78. Favorite Russian dishes: pancakes with honey, sour cream or fish roe, borsch (beetroot and cabbage soup), pelmeni (forcemeat in dough), Russian food Pelmeni Bliny (pancake) Borsch Buckwheat kasha Kvass
  78. 79. Russian symbols Matryoshka Valenki Balalaika Samovar
  79. 80. Any questions?

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