Phrases introduced bygerund are called gerundphrases/gerundialphrases.
A gerund phrase willbegin with a gerund, aning word, and willinclude other modifiersand/or objects.
IV-SUNA gerund phrase consists of agerund accompanied by anadjective, an adverb, a directobject, or a prepositional phrase.
Gerundial phrases may be use as:1. Subject2. Direct Object *A direct object (DO) answers the questionwhat in an S-TV-DO pattern.3. Subjective Complement4. Object of the Preposition (OP)5. Appositive (A) * An appositive identifies or explains a noun. *Raising the quality of living of all peoples of theworld identifies the noun vision.
EXAMPLES:[In the following examples, the gerund is bold and the gerund phrase is underlined.]Flying above the lake at this time of night seemsa little dangerous.FLYING is the subject of the sentence. A subject is a noun. A form of the verb ending in ING and used as a noun isa gerund. FLYING is a gerund.Ethan avoided doing his homework because the Duckswere playing the Cougars.DOING is the direct object of the verb AVOIDED. An object is a noun. A form of the verb ending in ING and used asa noun is a gerund. DOING is a gerund. HOMEWORK is the object of the gerund.
Seeing is believing.In the first sentence seeing and believing are bothgerunds. Seeing is the subject of the sentence, whilebelieving is the complement of the subject.
Im really not interested instudying biochemistry for the restof my life.[gerund phrase as object of the preposition in ]The best exercise, walking briskly,is also the least expensive.[Gerund phrase as appositive]