Gerund phrases
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Gerund phrases

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Gerund phrases Gerund phrases Presentation Transcript

  • Je Cho
  • Phrases introduced bygerund are called gerundphrases/gerundialphrases.
  • A gerund phrase willbegin with a gerund, aning word, and willinclude other modifiersand/or objects.
  • GROUP#3
  • IV-SUNA gerund phrase consists of agerund accompanied by anadjective, an adverb, a directobject, or a prepositional phrase.
  • Gerundial phrases may be use as:1. Subject2. Direct Object *A direct object (DO) answers the questionwhat in an S-TV-DO pattern.3. Subjective Complement4. Object of the Preposition (OP)5. Appositive (A) * An appositive identifies or explains a noun. *Raising the quality of living of all peoples of theworld identifies the noun vision.
  • EXAMPLES:[In the following examples, the gerund is bold and the gerund phrase is underlined.]Flying above the lake at this time of night seemsa little dangerous.FLYING is the subject of the sentence. A subject is a noun. A form of the verb ending in ING and used as a noun isa gerund. FLYING is a gerund.Ethan avoided doing his homework because the Duckswere playing the Cougars.DOING is the direct object of the verb AVOIDED. An object is a noun. A form of the verb ending in ING and used asa noun is a gerund. DOING is a gerund. HOMEWORK is the object of the gerund.
  • Seeing is believing.In the first sentence seeing and believing are bothgerunds. Seeing is the subject of the sentence, whilebelieving is the complement of the subject.
  • Im really not interested instudying biochemistry for the restof my life.[gerund phrase as object of the preposition in ]The best exercise, walking briskly,is also the least expensive.[Gerund phrase as appositive]