1 groups.pp tintroductionroles_hoffman
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1 groups.pp tintroductionroles_hoffman 1 groups.pp tintroductionroles_hoffman Presentation Transcript

  • The Nature of Groups
  • What defines a group?  Adler and Rodman: a small collection of people who interact with each other, usually face to face, over time in order to reach goals. p. 256
  • Groups…  Interact  Are interdependent  Last over time  Small- 3+  goals
  • All the people in a group… 1. Are aware of each other 2. Share an interdependent purpose 3. Have a sense of belonging 4. Interact with one another 5. Accept the norms Norms are the expectations of the group
  • According to the previous definition, which are groups and which are not? 7 people riding in a train? No 3 boys playing with a softball? Yes Two police officers and a robber? No 5 members in a family? Yes
  • Group verses Individual  Which is better?  It depends on the situation.  1. Problem solving  2. Efficiency  3. Learning  4. Creativity  5. Motivation
  • Rule and Norms  Formal rules-  Explicit: official, stated, guidelines  Implicit: implied, but never stated.  Norms: shared values, beliefs, behaviors, and procedures that govern a groups operation. Group Norms  Social norms (all groups)  Procedural norms  Task norms  --activity--think of a rule and a norm that exists in the classroom or with your family or friends.
  • Activity
  • Rolls  Rolls: define patterns of behavior expected of members  Formal rolls – assigned by an organization or group partly to establish order.  Informal rolls- rarely acknowledged  Task rolls-help the group accomplish its goals  Social rolls- help the relationships among members run smoothly  Dysfunctional rolls- prevent a group from working effectively
  • Deviance  Violation of norms  - norms and rules are maintained through group pressure  - little tolerance= remove member or punished.
  • Perception and Rolls  Our perceptions will shape what roll we think we play as well as what rolls others play  Status: something that is perceived and given by other members  -communication skills effect how others perceive your status