Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
1 groups.pp tintroductionroles_hoffman
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

1 groups.pp tintroductionroles_hoffman

45
views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Health & Medicine

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
45
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. The Nature of Groups
  • 2. What defines a group?  Adler and Rodman: a small collection of people who interact with each other, usually face to face, over time in order to reach goals. p. 256
  • 3. Groups…  Interact  Are interdependent  Last over time  Small- 3+  goals
  • 4. All the people in a group… 1. Are aware of each other 2. Share an interdependent purpose 3. Have a sense of belonging 4. Interact with one another 5. Accept the norms Norms are the expectations of the group
  • 5. According to the previous definition, which are groups and which are not? 7 people riding in a train? No 3 boys playing with a softball? Yes Two police officers and a robber? No 5 members in a family? Yes
  • 6. Group verses Individual  Which is better?  It depends on the situation.  1. Problem solving  2. Efficiency  3. Learning  4. Creativity  5. Motivation
  • 7. Rule and Norms  Formal rules-  Explicit: official, stated, guidelines  Implicit: implied, but never stated.  Norms: shared values, beliefs, behaviors, and procedures that govern a groups operation. Group Norms  Social norms (all groups)  Procedural norms  Task norms  --activity--think of a rule and a norm that exists in the classroom or with your family or friends.
  • 8. Activity
  • 9. Rolls  Rolls: define patterns of behavior expected of members  Formal rolls – assigned by an organization or group partly to establish order.  Informal rolls- rarely acknowledged  Task rolls-help the group accomplish its goals  Social rolls- help the relationships among members run smoothly  Dysfunctional rolls- prevent a group from working effectively
  • 10. Deviance  Violation of norms  - norms and rules are maintained through group pressure  - little tolerance= remove member or punished.
  • 11. Perception and Rolls  Our perceptions will shape what roll we think we play as well as what rolls others play  Status: something that is perceived and given by other members  -communication skills effect how others perceive your status

×