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Climate Presentation Brussels Parliament
 

Climate Presentation Brussels Parliament

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    Climate Presentation Brussels Parliament Climate Presentation Brussels Parliament Presentation Transcript

    • Offshore Wind Installations 2010 Source: EWEA http://www.ewea.org/index.php?id=1861
    • Offshore Generation Location up to 2010
    • Foundation Design Evolution
    • Offshore Research • Hywind – Spar Type Floating Foundation  Norway 200m  Statoil • Blue H – Tension Leg Platform (TLP)  Netherlands 100m • Windfloat – Semi Submersible  Portugal 40m • Offshore Wind Accelerator  Carbon Trust + 8 Developers  Wind Analysis  Electrical and Foundation Design  Operation and Maintenance
    • Offshore Trends Turbine Size Trend Source EWEA Principle Power’s Windfloat Design
    • Why the Supergrid?• Move Offshore• Single European electricity market• Security and sustainability of supply• Carbon neutral Europe by 2050
    • Supergrid Phase 1 – Design Drivers• Offshore Wind  25-30 GW 2020 in the North Sea (UK, Germany, Belgium)• UK Network Congested• North Germany – High Wind Penetration• Hydro balance capability
    • Supergrid Phase 1 - CostProject Financing:  €28 billion (2010 value)  30 % RoE  6 year building time, 40 years of operation  23GW of Wind Generation Connected  Capacity factor:  40% - if the wind alone trades on the system  90% - when wind and other energy/service providers use the network TUOS : 1,55 - 4,67 c/kWh Socialised: 0.23 c/kWh
    • Technology Today (2015): • HVDC – VSC  1 GW  Losses < 1.5% • HVDC Cables  XLPE – 300kV  MI (Oil) – 500kV
    • Supergrid Technology (2015):• The SuperNode – Hybrid AC/ DC Design• HVDC based on VSC (Voltage Source Converter) technology
    • Technology Developments• Improved Converter Design  <<< Losses  >>> Power• Cable  >>> XLPE Voltage Capability• Multi-Terminal Wide Area Control System• System Dynamics  Inertia  Fault Performance• DC Switchgear• Onshore Transmission  GIL  Superconductivity
    • Policy and regulatory aspects at a glance • Master Plan: Entso-e • One Operator: ISO • One Grid Code: Entso-e • One Regulator: ACER