Connecting Offshore Wind in the North Sea and the European Supergrid

589 views
491 views

Published on

CIGRE-UK Conference - Stafford
Joe Corbett
21 Sept 2011

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
589
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
32
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Connecting Offshore Wind in the North Sea and the European Supergrid

  1. 1. Connecting Offshore Windin the North Sea and theEuropean SupergridCIGRE-UK Conference - StaffordJoe Corbett21 Sept 2011
  2. 2. Power Demand Europe 2050(Climate Foundation Road Map) Context
  3. 3. Drivers for Change Biomass Waste 2% 1%• GHG Reduction Wind Oil 3% 3% Coal Hydro 26% 15%• Energy Security• Sustainability• Economic Development Gas 24% Nuclear 26% Europe Electricity Fuel Mix 2008 Source: IEA
  4. 4. Debate ?• Remove Coal North Azerbaijan Kazakhstan• Nuclear Debate S. & Cent. America America 0% 1% 2% 1%• Increase Renewables• Secure Supplies Western Europe• Invest in Transmission 35% Russian Federation 33%Constraints• Regulation Middle East• Public Opposition 8% Africa Turkmenistan 2% • Onshore Wind 15% Uzbekistan Europe Gas Sources 2010 3% • Overhead Lines Source: BP
  5. 5. Consensus• Invest in Transmission• Renewable Generation • Offshore Wind • Interconnection • Demand Side Management • Storage Climate Foundation• Vision Roadmap – 60% RE Vision Drives Plans. Not Vice Versa
  6. 6. Scenarios Business as Usual Vision
  7. 7. Phase 1: Feasibility StudyVision without action is merely a dream 7
  8. 8. Phase 1: TUOS v Marginal Cost of Gas Generation TUOS1 45 Gas Price 2015 40 Gas Price 2020 35 30EURO/MWh 25 20 15 10 Grid increasing in size 5 0 Case 1-1 Case 1-2 Case 1-3 Case 1-4 Case 1-5 Case 1-6 Case 1-7 Case 1-8 Case 1-9 36TWh 33TWh 26TWh 19TWh 15TWh 9 TWh 5TWh 2 TWh 0 Costing Sources: ODIS/Pyöry
  9. 9. Enabling Innovation1. Bigger Wind Turbines2. HVDC Transmission Cables3. Supernode / Grid Control & Protection4. Next-Generation Civil Engineering5. Bigger Construction Vessels6. Bigger Ports7. Better ICT8. Materials9. Standards An inevitable transition to Sustainability with 9 Innovation Trajectories
  10. 10. Innovation # 1: Bigger Wind Turbines Bigger, better turbines are needed 10
  11. 11. Innovation # 2: HVDC Transmission Cables Overhead Cables Sea Cables 1500 Three 400 kV 400 kV AC cables AC line Two 320 kV 1000 Power in MW 320 kV DC cables DC line . 500 0 0 200 400 600 800 1000 Distance in km 400 kV AC line 320 kV dc line 400 MW offshore converter 128 km sea cable 75 km land cable 400 MW converter E.ON Netz, Borkum 2, 400 MW HVDC Light 11
  12. 12. Innovation # 3: Supernode SUPERNODE CONCEPT 2.4GW 2 x 500MW 2 x 500MW 400kV 2.4GW ±320kV Converter Station ±320kV 2.4GW 2.4GW 2 x 500MW 2 x 500MW 12
  13. 13. Innovation # 4: Next Generation Civil EngineeringOffshore wind Jack-up Crane Capacity 1 000 tonnes Project Load 7000 – 10 000 tonnes 13
  14. 14. Innovation # 5: Bigger Construction Vessels Bigger Ships for bigger loads 14
  15. 15. Innovation # 6: Ports & Logistics Requirements for UK’s Offshore Plans: • Develop two completely new ports • One on either coast of the UK • More than transport nodes • Focal point for regional development • Centres of excellence for R + D • Training centres for technologists/technicians • New manufacturing centres An entirely new approach to Logistics is needed 15
  16. 16. Innovation # 7: ICT Power Distribution Management Supernode Power ControlsHi-Speed Wireless Communication Surveying & Modelling the Sea Monitoring & Controlling Risk Wind Turbine Control Systems Better ICT will add value throughout the business process 16
  17. 17. Convert Data into Wisdom - ISISOffshore Depth Wrecks Seabed Sub-Strata Mapping Bathymetry Magnetometer Sidescan Sonar Boomer ESA Satellites Data TypesWindMetMast,LidarFoundationsGeotechnics ISISWaves & RiskCurrents ModellingOceanography Prediction & Flora & Mitigation Fauna Ecology Collect DataRegulatory Store DataReports Visualise DataConsultancy Identify Patterns Run Scenarios An Integrated Sea Information System ( ISIS )
  18. 18. Enabling Innovation1. Bigger Wind Turbines2. HVDC Transmission Cables3. Supernode / Grid Control & Protection4. Next-Generation Civil Engineering5. Bigger Construction Vessels6. Bigger Ports7. Better ICT8. Materials9. Standards
  19. 19. Thank YouJoe.corbett@mainstreamrp.comwww.mainstreamrp.comwww.fosg.eu

×