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10.04.04 on historical sociology
 

10.04.04 on historical sociology

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    10.04.04 on historical sociology 10.04.04 on historical sociology Presentation Transcript

    • What is Historical Sociology?
      Nick Wilson—Berkeley Sociology
      Soc 5—Evaluation of Evidence
      April 13, 2010
      1
    • Roadmap
      Introduction
      Data
      Substance
      Analysis
      Explanation
      Coda
      2
    • Roadmap
      Introduction
      Data
      Substance
      Analysis
      Explanation
      Coda
      3
    • What is Historical Sociology?
      Simple answer:
      The sub-discipline of sociology that attempts to mount social-scientific analysis of the human past
      Begs the question
      Why would you want to?
      4
    • Why Care?
      All of the founders of the discipline were historical sociologists
      Weber
      Durkheim
      Marx
      5
    • Max Weber (1864-1920)
      6
    • Emile Durkheim (1858-1917)
      7
    • Karl Marx (1818-1883)
      8
    • Karl Marx (1818-1883)
      9
    • Groucho Marx (1890-1977)
      10
    • Richard Marx (b. 1963)
      11
    • Karl Marx (1818-1883)
      12
    • Why Care?
      All of the founders of the discipline were historical sociologists
      Weber
      Marx
      Durkheim
      Conservative count: 7 of the last 12 years of the ASA Best Book award have gone to historical sociology
      13
    • Lecture Themes
      Complexity
      Instead, family resemblance
      What do things we call historical sociology share?
      Hybridity
      Science
      Gathers generalizeable knowledge about the social world
      Humanities
      Uncovers the meaning of being human
      Particularity/Generality
      Particular events?
      The American Revolution as a singular event
      General patterns?
      Revolutions in general, with the American Revolution as an example
      14
    • Roadmap
      Introduction
      Data
      Substance
      Analysis
      Explanation
      Coda
      15
    • Sources
      Two major families
      Primary Data
      Produced by the historical actors or during the episode under study
      16
    • Magna Carta (1215 C. E.)
      17
    • East India Company Court of Director’s Patronage Ledger (19th Century, India Office Records, London)
      18
    • John Speed World Map (1626?)
      19
    • James Cape
      20
    • James Cape’s Slave Narrative, Transcribed during the Federal Writer’s Project, 1936-1938
      21
    • Sources
      Two major families
      Primary Data
      Produced by the historical actors or during the episode under study
      Usually found in archives
      22
    • 23
    • Sources
      Two major families
      Primary Data
      Produced by the historical actors or during the episode under study
      Usually found in archives
      Secondary Data
      Produced after the historical episode by scholars.
      Historical monographs
      Specialized texts exploring an episode in great depth
      Usually found in libraries
      24
    • How Are Sources Used?
      Scholars read primary and secondary texts for information about the past
      Judging what the text says and doesn’t say
      Construct as accurate a picture of possible of past events
      25
    • 26
    • Roadmap
      Introduction
      Data
      Substance
      Analysis
      Explanation
      Coda
      27
    • Substance (I): Focal Object
      Western
      Capitalist
      Modernity
      28
    • Substance (II): Capitalism
      29
    • Substance (III): The State
      30
    • Substance (IV): Civil Society
      31
    • Substance (V): Science and Culture
      32
    • Substance (VI): Civility and the Self
      33
    • 34
    • Roadmap
      Introduction
      Data
      Substance
      Analysis
      Explanation
      Coda
      35
    • Analysis: Time Matters!
      The passage of time is analytically central
      The past gives more data about rare events
      Example: Revolutions
      The past constrains the present
      QWERTY keyboards
      Events in the past constrain AND enable
      The French revolution
      36
    • Roadmap
      Introduction
      Data
      Substance
      Analysis
      Explanation
      Coda
      37
    • Methods of Explanation
      Causal Narrative
      Teleology
      Experimental-Comparative
      Conjuncture
      38
    • Methods of Explanation
      Causal Narrative
      Teleology
      Experimental-Comparative
      Conjuncture
      39
    • Causal Narrative
      Secondary Cause
      Secondary Cause
      Primary Cause
      Historical Event
      40
    • Methods of Explanation
      Causal Narrative
      Teleology
      Experimental-Comparative
      Conjuncture
      41
    • Methods of Explanation
      Causal Narrative
      Teleology
      Experimental-Comparative
      Conjuncture
      42
    • Method of Agreement
      [Cause 1, Cause 2, Cause 3] = Positive Outcome
      [Cause 2, Cause 3, Cause 4] = Positive Outcome
      43
    • Method of Agreement
      [Cause 1, Cause 2, Cause 3] = Positive Outcome
      [Cause 2, Cause 3, Cause 4] = Positive Outcome
      44
    • Method of Agreement
      Cause 2 + Cause 3 = Outcome
      45
    • Method of Difference
      [Cause A, Cause B, Cause C] = Positive Outcome
      [Cause A, Cause B, Cause D] = Negative Outcome
      46
    • Method of Difference
      [Cause A, Cause B, Cause C] = Positive Outcome
      [Cause A, Cause B, Cause D] = Negative Outcome
      47
    • Method of Difference
      Cause C = Outcome
      48
    • Methods of Explanation
      Causal Narrative
      Teleology
      Experimental-Comparative
      Conjuncture
      49
    • Conjunctural Explanation
      Cause
      Cause
      Cause
      Historical Event
      Causal Conjuncture
      50
    • Roadmap
      Introduction
      Data
      Substance
      Analysis
      Explanation
      Coda
      51
    • 52