Alaskan National Wildlife Refuge: What’s the controversy?
What is the Alaskan oil controversy?
1987 Treaty with Canada for Caribou Herd conservation
Why is the land special?
Continuous biome transition
Many endangered species of Mammals including bears, cats, wolves, grazers
How much oil is there anyway?
The U.S. consumes about 20 million barrels (3,200,000 m³ daily. If the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge oil reserves were used to supply 5% of the U.S. daily consumption -- most is imported from Canada (19%), Mexico (15%), Saudi Arabia (11.5%), Nigeria (10.5%) and Venezuela (10.5%)  -- the reserves, using the low figure of 4.3 billion barrels (680,000,000 m³, would last approximately 4300 days, or almost 12 years . Using the high estimate, the reserves would last approximately 11800 days, or 32 years . If the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge was used to meet 100% of U.S. demand, it would last for 215 days under the low estimate, and 525 days or just 1.4 years if it contained 10.4 billion barrels (1,650,000,000 m³.
Land Reserve under Jimmy Carter
Republicans want to drill, Senate Dems filibuster
Republicans include ANWR in budget, Clinton vetoes
Declines to make ANWR national monument
2000 House votes to allow, Senate rejects
Energy bill including ANWR passes House, ANWR removed in committee
Effects of Drilling on the Environment
Road & pipeline construction - habitat fragmentation