Alaska

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Alaska

  1. 1. Alaskan National Wildlife Refuge: What’s the controversy?
  2. 2. What is the Alaskan oil controversy? <ul><li>1987 Treaty with Canada for Caribou Herd conservation </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why is the land special? <ul><li>Continuous biome transition </li></ul>Many endangered species of Mammals including bears, cats, wolves, grazers
  4. 4. How much oil is there anyway? <ul><li>The U.S. consumes about 20 million barrels (3,200,000 m³ daily. If the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge oil reserves were used to supply 5% of the U.S. daily consumption -- most is imported from Canada (19%), Mexico (15%), Saudi Arabia (11.5%), Nigeria (10.5%) and Venezuela (10.5%) [12] -- the reserves, using the low figure of 4.3 billion barrels (680,000,000 m³, would last approximately 4300 days, or almost 12 years . Using the high estimate, the reserves would last approximately 11800 days, or 32 years . If the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge was used to meet 100% of U.S. demand, it would last for 215 days under the low estimate, and 525 days or just 1.4 years if it contained 10.4 billion barrels (1,650,000,000 m³. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Political History <ul><li>Land Reserve under Jimmy Carter </li></ul><ul><li>Clinton administration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Republicans want to drill, Senate Dems filibuster </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Republicans include ANWR in budget, Clinton vetoes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Declines to make ANWR national monument </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bush Administration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2000 House votes to allow, Senate rejects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy bill including ANWR passes House, ANWR removed in committee </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Current Status <ul><li>NPR! </li></ul>
  7. 7. Effects of Drilling on the Environment <ul><li>Road & pipeline construction - habitat fragmentation </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy truck traffic- hurts ground </li></ul><ul><li>Water pollution </li></ul><ul><li>potential </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanization in </li></ul><ul><li>pristine wilderness </li></ul>
  8. 8. Effects of Mining on the environment <ul><li>Erosion </li></ul><ul><li>Ecosystem disruption </li></ul><ul><li>Harmful runoff </li></ul><ul><li>How far will we go? </li></ul>
  9. 9. What is each group’s stake? <ul><li>Conservationists </li></ul><ul><li>State Government of Alaska </li></ul><ul><li>Residents of Alaska </li></ul><ul><li>Oil companies </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Native Alaskan Peoples (Inupiat & Gwich’in) </li></ul><ul><li>What is your stake in this? </li></ul><ul><li>What is your argument? </li></ul>

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