Alaska
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Alaska

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    Alaska Alaska Presentation Transcript

    • Alaskan National Wildlife Refuge: What’s the controversy?
    • What is the Alaskan oil controversy?
      • 1987 Treaty with Canada for Caribou Herd conservation
    • Why is the land special?
      • Continuous biome transition
      Many endangered species of Mammals including bears, cats, wolves, grazers
    • How much oil is there anyway?
      • The U.S. consumes about 20 million barrels (3,200,000 m³ daily. If the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge oil reserves were used to supply 5% of the U.S. daily consumption -- most is imported from Canada (19%), Mexico (15%), Saudi Arabia (11.5%), Nigeria (10.5%) and Venezuela (10.5%) [12] -- the reserves, using the low figure of 4.3 billion barrels (680,000,000 m³, would last approximately 4300 days, or almost 12 years . Using the high estimate, the reserves would last approximately 11800 days, or 32 years . If the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge was used to meet 100% of U.S. demand, it would last for 215 days under the low estimate, and 525 days or just 1.4 years if it contained 10.4 billion barrels (1,650,000,000 m³.
    • Political History
      • Land Reserve under Jimmy Carter
      • Clinton administration
        • Republicans want to drill, Senate Dems filibuster
        • Republicans include ANWR in budget, Clinton vetoes
        • Declines to make ANWR national monument
      • Bush Administration
        • 2000 House votes to allow, Senate rejects
        • Energy bill including ANWR passes House, ANWR removed in committee
    • Current Status
      • NPR!
    • Effects of Drilling on the Environment
      • Road & pipeline construction - habitat fragmentation
      • Heavy truck traffic- hurts ground
      • Water pollution
      • potential
      • Urbanization in
      • pristine wilderness
    • Effects of Mining on the environment
      • Erosion
      • Ecosystem disruption
      • Harmful runoff
      • How far will we go?
    • What is each group’s stake?
      • Conservationists
      • State Government of Alaska
      • Residents of Alaska
      • Oil companies
      • U.S. Congress
      • Native Alaskan Peoples (Inupiat & Gwich’in)
      • What is your stake in this?
      • What is your argument?