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# The Great Earthquake Of Eastern Turkey

## on Dec 04, 2009

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## The Great Earthquake Of Eastern TurkeyPresentation Transcript

• The Great Earthquake of Eastern Turkey
Ethan J. P.7
11/4/09
• S-wave and P-wave
S-wave - moves through the body of an object (Secondary Wave(moves side to side).
P-wave - move through the body of an object (Primary Wave(moves up and down).
• L-Wave
L-wave - A surface wave in which the individual particles of the material move back and forth in a horizontal plane perpendicular to the direction of wave movement.(Love Wave)
• Mercalli Scale
Mercalli Scale – measures the intensity describing the severity of an earthquake in terms of its effects on the earth&apos;s surface and on humans and their
structures. It’s a number (written as a
Roman numeral).
• Richter Scale
Richter Scale - developed in 1935 by Charles F. Richter of the California Institute of Technology as a mathematical device to compare the size of earthquakes.
• Epicenter, Focus
Epicenter - the point on the earth&apos;s surface vertically above the hypocenter (or focus), point in the crust where a seismic rupture begins.
The hypocenter is the point within the earth where an earthquake rupture starts.
• Earthquake of Eastern Turkey
Thursday, May 01, 2003
03:27:04 AM
Eastern Turkey - 39.00N 40.44E
• Magnitude, Fault, Cause
This earthquake may have been the result of rupture on the northeast trending East Anatolian Fault. It also may have occurred on the northwest trending Bingol Karakocan fault zone. The Magnitude of the Earthquake was 6.1. It was a transform fault.
http://www.wwnorton.com/college/geo/egeo/flash/2_8.swf
• Fatalities, Compare,
At least 150 people were killed, and more than 1,000 people were injured. It occurred within or near the source of the earthquake of March 13, 1992, which killed hundreds of people and left thousands homeless in Erzincan.
• Resources