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# 1906 Valparaiso Chile Earthquake

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### 1906 Valparaiso Chile Earthquake

1. 1. By : Jordan C. P.4 11/4/09<br />1906 Valparaiso, Chile Earthquake <br />
2. 2. Wave Definitions…<br />S Wave-Seismic body wave that shakes<br /> the ground back and forth perpendicular<br /> to the direction the wave is (side to side)<br />P Wave-A seismic body wave that shakes<br /> the ground back and forth in the same <br /> direction and the opposite direction as <br /> the direction the wave is moving<br />L Wave-surface wave having a <br /> horizontal motion that is perpendicular<br /> to the direction the wave is traveling<br />
3. 3. Epicenter and focus definitions…<br />Epicenter-the point on the earth’s surface vertically above the hypocenter, the point in the crust where a seismic rupture begins<br />Focus-the point within the earth where an earthquake rupture starts<br />
4. 4. Definitions of Scales…<br />Mercalli Scale- is a number <br /> describing the severity of <br /> an earthquake in terms of <br /> its effects on the earth’s <br /> surface and on humans <br /> and their structures<br />Richter Scale- A method device <br /> that compares the size of <br /> earthquakes <br />
5. 5. My Earthquake…<br />Name-Valparaiso, Chile<br />Date-August 16,1906<br />Time-7:55 p.m.<br />Location-Central Chile<br />
6. 6. Info. On my earthquake…<br />Magnitude- 8.5<br />The cause- The cause of the earthquake was the trench in Chile. It was a strike-split fault.It has been the source of devastating earthquakes for centuries.<br />Type of fault- Strike Split Fault<br />
7. 7. Info. Continued…<br />This terrible earthquake caused 20,000 people to die! It compares to other earthquakes because it caused lots of deaths. The magnitude is also the same as other earthquakes. Anther way that it is like other earthquakes is because it was caused by the trench in Chile and other earthquakes have been caused by the same trench.<br />
8. 8. Bibliography<br />www.picsearch.com<br />www.abag.ca.gov<br />www.earth.northwestern.edc<br />www.brainyhistory.com<br />
9. 9. THE END<br />