The Effects of Divorce on Children


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Common Feelings Affecting Children and Practical Coping Strategies for Parents

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The Effects of Divorce on Children

  1. 1. Children may experiencestress from:ChangeFear of AbandonmentLoss of AttachmentHostility between Parents
  2. 2. A child maygrieve
  3. 3. ShockDenialAnger
  4. 4. A natural processRestoration of self-confidence
  5. 5. AngerLonelinessShockSurpriseFearReject oneparentAGES 9-12
  6. 6. Practical CopingStrategies
  7. 7. Mutual parental support
  8. 8. … and maintainKNOWLEDGABLE,experienced,INVOVLED andauthoritativeparenting.8
  9. 9. “The longer andmore conflictualthe legalproceedings, theworse theco-parentalrelationship inthe view of bothparents.8”
  10. 10. • Counselors• American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)• Family Nursing Collaborative• Divorce Care:• Divorce support:
  11. 11.
  12. 12.“Help your child healfrom the pain ofdivorce.2”Groups across the US, Canada, theUK, New Zealand, Australia andSouth Africa.This group aims to help your children:• Learn to understand their feelings• Express their emotions appropriately• Feel better about themselves• Develop coping skills• Be introduced to biblical concepts thatwill bring comfort
  13. 13. “Children who blame themselves and have misconceptions orinaccurate attributions about the divorce have been shown tohave more difficulties.4”“Preventive interventions that focus on building effectivecoping styles, ,,have been shown to relate to betteradjustment in school-aged children. 4”
  14. 14. Active coping thatinvolves problemsolving and positivethinking predictedlower depression inchildren andalleviates the effectsof stress on children’sconduct problems.4
  15. 15. One child-focused intervention in an evidence based article is theChildren of Divorce Intervention Program (CODIP), a preventativeschool-based intervention founded on “theories of the prevention ofsocial and emotional difficulties andresearch on factors predicting riskand resilience in children in theaftermath of divorce. 4” is an award winning program since it’s development in 1982. TheCODIP has helped thousands of children in countries around theworld, including the United States, Canada, New Zealand, andAustralia cope more effectively with parental divorce.
  16. 16. 1
  17. 17. References1. Burr, W. R. (1990). Beyond I-Statements in Family Communication. Family Relations , Vol.39, No. 3, pp. 266-273.2. DivorceCare for Kids (2013,April 23). Retrieved from Marlene Clay (2013, April 23). Divorce Happily Ever After. Retrieved from Pedro-Carroll, J. (2001). The promotion of wellness in children and families: Challengesand opportunities. American Psychologist, 56(11), 993-1004. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.56.11.993
  18. 18. 5. Stambaugh, S. E., Hector, M. A., & Carr, A. R. (2011). How I Remember My ParentsDivorce: A Phenomenological Investigation. Issues In Mental HealthNursing, 32(2), 121-130.doi: Warner, H. L., Mahoney, A., & Krumrei, E. J. (2009). When parents break sacred vows:The role of spiritual appraisals, coping, and struggles in young adults’adjustment to parental divorce. Psychology Of Religion And Spirituality, 1(4),233-248. doi:10.1037/a00167877. Weston, F. (2009). Effects of divorce or parental separation on children. BritishSchool of Nursing, 4(5), 237-243. CINAHL Plus with Full Text8. Wright, L. & Leahey, M. (2005). Nurses and Families: A Guide to FamilyAssessment and Intervention. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company