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War of 1812
War of 1812
War of 1812
War of 1812
War of 1812
War of 1812
War of 1812
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War of 1812

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notes 2/7

notes 2/7

Published in: Education, News & Politics
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  • 1. WAR OF 1812 Coach Pokorny United States History
  • 2. Causes of the War of 1812
    • Britain and France remain at war; Britain seizes American merchant ships bound for France
    • U.S. passes Embargo act of 1807 after British attack on the USS Chesapeake (killing 21 and wounding 18) which prohibited trade with other nations.
    • American exports fell drastically that lead to protests and repeal of Embargo Act -1809
    • Britain forces U.S. sailors to serve in British navy a practice known as Impressments.
    • British were interfering and providing weapons to the Indians in uprisings; i.e. Ohio State in 1803
    • Non-Intercourse Act – banned trade w/ France, Britain and their colonies
  • 3.
    • Supporters
    • *War Hawks (?)
    • Regions included southerners and westerners who were land hungry and had a problem controlling the Indians
    • Supporters included : Henry Clay –Kentucky John Calhoun – S. Carolina Felix Grundy - Tennessee
    • Opponents
    • * Federalist party supporters and members
    • *New Englanders who feared that a British blockade would shutdown trade and manufacturing
    Political Debate
  • 4. British Naval Blockades
  • 5. War Ends in 1814 as a Draw
    • Treaty of Ghent-1814
    • - restores status quo
    • British influence in Northwest territories ended
    • Spanish removed from the South
  • 6.
    • Native American tribes in Midwest lost their allies, Britain; quickens westward expansion
    • American manufacturing began to accelerate especially in New England when cut off from European imports.
    • Weakening of Federalist Party which opposed the war
    • New national war heroes in Andrew Jackson (Battle of New Orleans) (Fought 2-weeks, after war ended) and William Henry Harrison
    • Inspiration for writing of Star Spangled Banner (Francis Scott Key)
    Immediate outcomes of War of 1812
  • 7. Hartford Convention
    • Wanted New England to secede
    • Tried to show weakness of Republicans
    • Success of war left Federalists w/ reduced power

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