War of 1812

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War of 1812

  1. 1. WAR OF 1812 Coach Pokorny United States History
  2. 2. Causes of the War of 1812 <ul><li>Britain and France remain at war; Britain seizes American merchant ships bound for France </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. passes Embargo act of 1807 after British attack on the USS Chesapeake (killing 21 and wounding 18) which prohibited trade with other nations. </li></ul><ul><li>American exports fell drastically that lead to protests and repeal of Embargo Act -1809 </li></ul><ul><li>Britain forces U.S. sailors to serve in British navy a practice known as Impressments. </li></ul><ul><li>British were interfering and providing weapons to the Indians in uprisings; i.e. Ohio State in 1803 </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Intercourse Act – banned trade w/ France, Britain and their colonies </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Supporters </li></ul><ul><li>*War Hawks (?) </li></ul><ul><li>Regions included southerners and westerners who were land hungry and had a problem controlling the Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Supporters included : Henry Clay –Kentucky John Calhoun – S. Carolina Felix Grundy - Tennessee </li></ul><ul><li>Opponents </li></ul><ul><li>* Federalist party supporters and members </li></ul><ul><li>*New Englanders who feared that a British blockade would shutdown trade and manufacturing </li></ul>Political Debate
  4. 4. British Naval Blockades
  5. 5. War Ends in 1814 as a Draw <ul><li>Treaty of Ghent-1814 </li></ul><ul><li>- restores status quo </li></ul><ul><li>British influence in Northwest territories ended </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish removed from the South </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Native American tribes in Midwest lost their allies, Britain; quickens westward expansion </li></ul><ul><li>American manufacturing began to accelerate especially in New England when cut off from European imports. </li></ul><ul><li>Weakening of Federalist Party which opposed the war </li></ul><ul><li>New national war heroes in Andrew Jackson (Battle of New Orleans) (Fought 2-weeks, after war ended) and William Henry Harrison </li></ul><ul><li>Inspiration for writing of Star Spangled Banner (Francis Scott Key) </li></ul>Immediate outcomes of War of 1812
  7. 7. Hartford Convention <ul><li>Wanted New England to secede </li></ul><ul><li>Tried to show weakness of Republicans </li></ul><ul><li>Success of war left Federalists w/ reduced power </li></ul>

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