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Civil War Battles


Notes 4/11

Notes 4/11

Published in Education
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  • 1. Civil War-Battles 1861-1865
  • 2. Important People
    • Union- President: Abraham Lincoln
    • General: Ulysses S. Grant
    • Confederacy- President: Jefferson Davis
    • General : Robert E. Lee
  • 3. Battles Include:
    • Pre-Cursor: Attack on Ft. Sumter (1861)
    • Battle of Manassas (1861)
    • Battle Of Antietam (1862)
            • Turning Point (burg)
    • Battle of Vicksburg (1863)
    • Battle of Gettysburg (1863)
    • Sherman's march to the Sea (1864)
    • End of the Civil War
    • Appomattox Court House –Surrender (1865)
  • 4. Attack on Ft. Sumter (1861)
    • The South seceded the Union (Separated)
    • First Shots
    • Confederate Forces attacked Ft. Sumter, Federal Fort, in April 1861
    • President Lincoln called on Volunteers to put down the southern rebellion.
    • The Civil War began
  • 5. Battle of Manassas (July 1861) A.K.A-Battle of Bull Run
    • North hoped for a quick victory, wanted to capture Richmond-Confederate Capital.
    • Confederate Troops defeated the Union & forced them to retreat.
    • South thought they had won the war-Lincoln called for an army of 500,000 for 3 years.
    Battlefield of Bull Run Rebel Yell & Stone Wall Jackson
  • 6. Battle of Antietam (Sept. 1862) A.K.A.-Battle of Sharpsburg
    • 25,000 Soldiers Wounded or KILLED
    • Bloodiest single day of war.
    • Confederate Retreated back to Virginia (Lee)
    • McClellan was cautious &Union did not pursue Confederate Forces-
  • 7. Emancipation Proclamation (1862)
    • Lincoln used the Victory @ Antietam to announce the Emancipation Proclamation.
    • This Proclamation-ENDED SLAVERY by the end of the year.
  • 8. Turning Point- (1863)
    • Battle of Gettysburg
    • Battle of Vicksburg
    • Helped the Union defeat the Confederacy
  • 9. Battle of Gettysburg (July 1863)
    • Union forces meet in a small little Village of Gettysburg, PA.
    • Union attacked the Confederate forces, lasted 3 days
    • Confederates lost 28,000 Soldiers-Union lost 23,000
    • Turning Point- Lee’s army never was able to go on the offensive against the North
    • President Lincoln gave the famous: Gettysburg Address
      • 2-Minute Address honoring all Soldiers that fell at Gettysburg.
  • 10. Battle of Vicksburg (July 1863)
    • July 4, 1863, the day the fighting ended at Gettysburg.
    • Union General-Ulysses S. Grant captured Vicksburg, the last remaining Confederate Stronghold on the Mississippi-Cutting the Confederacy into TWO . Cut off their supply route. Confed. surrendered after a month & a half.
  • 11. Sherman’s March to the Sea (Sept. 1864)
    • Grant ordered William Sherman to capture Atlanta, Georgia
    • Georgia-Is the Industrial Center of the Confederacy.
    • He ordered Factories/Railroads to be burned.
    • Destruction occurred
    • Helped Lincoln get re-elected
  • 12. Surrender @ Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia (1865)
    • April 1865, Richmond fell to the Union (Capital of the Confederacy)
    • Lee Surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia.
    • Jefferson Davis Wanted to continue the fight, but Lee sent his soldiers home.
  • 13. War comes to an End
    • Abraham Lincoln was assassinated in Washington D.C.
    • First Am. Pres. To be assassinated
    • South Sympathizer:
    • -Murder:
    • Civil War ENDS!!!
  • 14. Reconstruction Era: 1865-1877
    • Period of “ Rebuilding” after the Civil War.
    • Rebuild:
      • Railroad lines, Cities, Agriculture Plantations (Sherman’s March)
      • Freedman known as “Freed Slaves”, lacked Jobs, Skills, and Money
      • Freedmen’s Bureau-set up to teach job skills & hospitals for blacks.
      • Black Codes- passed by southern states to limit the freedom of former slaves.
  • 15. Reconstruction Amendments
    • 13 th (1865)- Abolished Slavery throughout the United States
    • 14 th (1868)-Guaranteed Civil Rights and equality.
    • 15 th (1870)-African Americans (Slaves) -The Right to VOTE!
    • **For the Southern States to the readmitted into the United States, each confederate state had to approve these amendments.