Civil War Battles

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Civil War Battles

  1. 1. Civil War-Battles 1861-1865
  2. 2. Important People <ul><li>Union- President: Abraham Lincoln </li></ul><ul><li>General: Ulysses S. Grant </li></ul><ul><li>Confederacy- President: Jefferson Davis </li></ul><ul><li>General : Robert E. Lee </li></ul>
  3. 3. Battles Include: <ul><li>Pre-Cursor: Attack on Ft. Sumter (1861) </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Manassas (1861) </li></ul><ul><li>Battle Of Antietam (1862) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Turning Point (burg) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Battle of Vicksburg (1863) </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Gettysburg (1863) </li></ul><ul><li>Sherman's march to the Sea (1864) </li></ul><ul><li>End of the Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>Appomattox Court House –Surrender (1865) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Attack on Ft. Sumter (1861) <ul><li>The South seceded the Union (Separated) </li></ul><ul><li>First Shots </li></ul><ul><li>Confederate Forces attacked Ft. Sumter, Federal Fort, in April 1861 </li></ul><ul><li>President Lincoln called on Volunteers to put down the southern rebellion. </li></ul><ul><li>The Civil War began </li></ul>
  5. 5. Battle of Manassas (July 1861) A.K.A-Battle of Bull Run <ul><li>North hoped for a quick victory, wanted to capture Richmond-Confederate Capital. </li></ul><ul><li>Confederate Troops defeated the Union & forced them to retreat. </li></ul><ul><li>South thought they had won the war-Lincoln called for an army of 500,000 for 3 years. </li></ul>Battlefield of Bull Run Rebel Yell & Stone Wall Jackson
  6. 6. Battle of Antietam (Sept. 1862) A.K.A.-Battle of Sharpsburg <ul><li>25,000 Soldiers Wounded or KILLED </li></ul><ul><li>Bloodiest single day of war. </li></ul><ul><li>Confederate Retreated back to Virginia (Lee) </li></ul><ul><li>McClellan was cautious &Union did not pursue Confederate Forces- </li></ul>
  7. 7. Emancipation Proclamation (1862) <ul><li>Lincoln used the Victory @ Antietam to announce the Emancipation Proclamation. </li></ul><ul><li>This Proclamation-ENDED SLAVERY by the end of the year. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Turning Point- (1863) <ul><li>Battle of Gettysburg </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Vicksburg </li></ul><ul><li>Helped the Union defeat the Confederacy </li></ul>
  9. 9. Battle of Gettysburg (July 1863) <ul><li>Union forces meet in a small little Village of Gettysburg, PA. </li></ul><ul><li>Union attacked the Confederate forces, lasted 3 days </li></ul><ul><li>Confederates lost 28,000 Soldiers-Union lost 23,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Turning Point- Lee’s army never was able to go on the offensive against the North </li></ul><ul><li>President Lincoln gave the famous: Gettysburg Address </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2-Minute Address honoring all Soldiers that fell at Gettysburg. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Battle of Vicksburg (July 1863) <ul><li>July 4, 1863, the day the fighting ended at Gettysburg. </li></ul><ul><li>Union General-Ulysses S. Grant captured Vicksburg, the last remaining Confederate Stronghold on the Mississippi-Cutting the Confederacy into TWO . Cut off their supply route. Confed. surrendered after a month & a half. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Sherman’s March to the Sea (Sept. 1864) <ul><li>Grant ordered William Sherman to capture Atlanta, Georgia </li></ul><ul><li>Georgia-Is the Industrial Center of the Confederacy. </li></ul><ul><li>He ordered Factories/Railroads to be burned. </li></ul><ul><li>Destruction occurred </li></ul><ul><li>Helped Lincoln get re-elected </li></ul>
  12. 12. Surrender @ Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia (1865) <ul><li>April 1865, Richmond fell to the Union (Capital of the Confederacy) </li></ul><ul><li>Lee Surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia. </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson Davis Wanted to continue the fight, but Lee sent his soldiers home. </li></ul>
  13. 13. War comes to an End <ul><li>Abraham Lincoln was assassinated in Washington D.C. </li></ul><ul><li>First Am. Pres. To be assassinated </li></ul><ul><li>South Sympathizer: </li></ul><ul><li>-Murder: </li></ul><ul><li>JOHN WILKES BOOTH </li></ul><ul><li>Civil War ENDS!!! </li></ul>
  14. 14. Reconstruction Era: 1865-1877 <ul><li>Period of “ Rebuilding” after the Civil War. </li></ul><ul><li>Rebuild: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Railroad lines, Cities, Agriculture Plantations (Sherman’s March) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedman known as “Freed Slaves”, lacked Jobs, Skills, and Money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedmen’s Bureau-set up to teach job skills & hospitals for blacks. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Black Codes- passed by southern states to limit the freedom of former slaves. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Reconstruction Amendments <ul><li>13 th (1865)- Abolished Slavery throughout the United States </li></ul><ul><li>14 th (1868)-Guaranteed Civil Rights and equality. </li></ul><ul><li>15 th (1870)-African Americans (Slaves) -The Right to VOTE! </li></ul><ul><li>**For the Southern States to the readmitted into the United States, each confederate state had to approve these amendments. </li></ul>

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