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7 clash of empires.
 

7 clash of empires.

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PPT 10/18

PPT 10/18

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    7 clash of empires. 7 clash of empires. Presentation Transcript

    • CLASH OF EMPIRES
      • English population was far greater than French in America
      • Reasons for coming to America
      • Spanish – to conquer
      • English – to establish settlements
      • French – to trade (furs)
      • French gov’t wanted colonies as a line of defense against English
      • Along St. Lawrence River
      • Quebec
      • Montreal
    • Search for Northwest Passage
      • Jacques Marquette – priest
      • Louis Joliet – fur trader
      • Navigated from Lake Michigan down Miss. River –
      • not all way to Gulf
      • La Salle
      • used prior info – to Gulf
      • **Claimed all land drained by Miss R. for France
      • Returned north to plan another trip w/ settlers
      • Missed mouth of river, in TX
      • Built Ft. St. Louis (2 nd flag)
      • Murdered by own men
    • Reasons to settle mouth of Mississippi River
      • Base of attack against Mexico
      • Trading post for furs & ore
      • Keep English from taking control of Miss. River
      • 1718 New Orleans
      • *France controlled 2 access points to interior
      • St Lawrence River – Quebec & Montreal
      • Mississippi River – New Orleans
    • Mississippi River
      • France increases tensions with Spain
      • Both England & France recruited Indian allies
      • England – Iroquois
      • French – Algonquin & Huron
      • English population increases rapidly
      • not the French
      • French built forts around Ohio Valley
    • FRONTIER BRUTALITY
    • ALBANY PLAN OF UNION 1754
      • Benjamin Franklin called for colonies to unite for defense against Indians
      • 1 st political cartoon
      • “ Join or Die”
    •  
      • ***Colonists feared a central government
      • Meant giving up their independence
    • FRENCH & INDIAN WAR
      • Virginia governor sent Geo. Washington to drive French from Ohio valley
      • Ft. Duquesne – Fr. fort at forks of Ohio River
      • Ft. Necessity – British fort – attacked by French
      • 1 st battle of French & Indian War
      • *The defeat of Ft. Necessity cost the British their Indian allies
    • French Advantages
      • Controlled more land in America
      • New France had a single gov’t
      • France sent ships & soldiers to fight
      • France could depend on loyal Indian allies
    • English Advantages
      • More settlers than the French
      • Colonies along coast – easier to defend
      • English willing to fight to defend their homes
      • 2 nd attempt to take Ft. Duquesne
      • General Edward Braddock >
      • Ft. Duquesne
      • French laid ambush
      • 2/3 of army killed
      • Braddock killed
      • Result: French kept control of Ohio Valley
      • 1757 New prime minister
      • William Pitt – planned to win
      • Began winning back the forts
      • Ft. Duquesne taken, renamed
      • Ft. Pitt
    • BATTLE OF QUEBEC
      • City on hill over St. Lawrence River
      • James Wolfe (Br) sneaked 4,000 troops during the night up the hill
      • Next a.m. great battle
      • French lost Quebec –
      • **turning point of the war
      • Montreal was lost later
      • BRITISH VICTORY!
    • Treaty of Paris 1763
      • Ended French & Indian War (also known as the 7 Years War)
      • Britain took:
      • Canada & all land east of Miss. River
      • Not New Orleans
      • Spain took:
      • All land west of Miss. River
      • and New Orleans
      • Pioneers eagerly moved into the Ohio River Valley
      • Indians began to join together to resist the British
      • Pontiac’s Rebellion
      • Indians drove out British
      • British found it was hard to govern large amounts of land