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12 the constitution-antifederalist
12 the constitution-antifederalist
12 the constitution-antifederalist
12 the constitution-antifederalist
12 the constitution-antifederalist
12 the constitution-antifederalist
12 the constitution-antifederalist
12 the constitution-antifederalist
12 the constitution-antifederalist
12 the constitution-antifederalist
12 the constitution-antifederalist
12 the constitution-antifederalist
12 the constitution-antifederalist
12 the constitution-antifederalist
12 the constitution-antifederalist
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12 the constitution-antifederalist

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  • 1. THE CONSTITUTION
  • 2. CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION <ul><li>Philadelphia – May 1787 </li></ul><ul><li>55 delegates </li></ul><ul><li>“ Founding Fathers” </li></ul><ul><li>Only Rhode Island not there </li></ul><ul><li>G. Washington led the convention </li></ul><ul><li>James Madison kept historical record </li></ul><ul><li>“ Father of the Constitution” </li></ul>
  • 3. <ul><li>VIRIGINIA PLAN </li></ul><ul><li>3 branches of gov’t </li></ul><ul><li> Legislative, executive, judicial </li></ul><ul><li>Congress (legislature) made up of 2 houses </li></ul><ul><li> people elect lower house; </li></ul><ul><li> lower house elects upper house </li></ul><ul><li>Representation based on population </li></ul>
  • 4. <ul><li>NEW JERSEY PLAN </li></ul><ul><li>Legislature with only 1 house </li></ul><ul><li>Each state has same number of representatives </li></ul>
  • 5. <ul><li>GREAT COMPROMISE </li></ul><ul><li>(CONNECTICUT) </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed a bicameral legislature </li></ul><ul><li>House of Representatives </li></ul><ul><li>based on population </li></ul><ul><li>Senate </li></ul><ul><li>2 from each state </li></ul>
  • 6. <ul><li>Three-Fifths Compromise </li></ul><ul><li>5 slaves would count as 3 people </li></ul><ul><li>Taxation and representation </li></ul><ul><li>Electoral College </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect election of president </li></ul><ul><li>Did not trust ordinary people </li></ul>
  • 7. <ul><li>Federal System = Federalism </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing power between central & state gov’ts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only Congress can: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>make treaties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>coin money $ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>tax imports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>declare war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If conflict between national & state, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>states must follow national laws </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Popular sovereignty </li></ul><ul><li>Political authority belongs to the people </li></ul>
  • 8. <ul><li>BRANCHES OF GOV’T </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative – makes laws (Congress) </li></ul><ul><li>House of Representatives (2 yr term) </li></ul><ul><li>Senate (6 yr term) </li></ul><ul><li>Executive – enforces laws </li></ul><ul><li>President & Vice President (4 yr term) </li></ul><ul><li>Limit of 2 terms </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial – interprets laws (Courts) </li></ul><ul><li>(some have life appointments) </li></ul>
  • 9. <ul><li>Separation of Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Keeps each branch from </li></ul><ul><li>becoming too powerful </li></ul><ul><li>Checks & Balances </li></ul><ul><li>Limits power of each branch </li></ul><ul><li>Watches other branches </li></ul>
  • 10. <ul><li>Antifederalists </li></ul><ul><li>Those who opposed Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Too much power in nat’l gov’t </li></ul><ul><li>Feared loss of citizens’ freedoms </li></ul><ul><li>Federalists </li></ul><ul><li>Supported Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Believed citizens’ rights safe because: </li></ul><ul><li>each state had bill of rights </li></ul><ul><li>House of Rep. chosen by people </li></ul><ul><li>Promise of Bill of Rights = ratification </li></ul>
  • 11. <ul><li>Federalists Papers </li></ul><ul><li>85 organized essays </li></ul><ul><li>written by </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander Hamilton – 50 </li></ul><ul><li>James Madison – 30 </li></ul><ul><li>John Jay – 5 </li></ul><ul><li>written to convince the public that the new central gov’t would not overpower the people </li></ul>
  • 12. Anti-Federalist Writings written by people using pen names Patrick Henry Richard Henry Lee Samuel Adams James Monroe written to convince the public of the danger that the new central gov’t would be without a statement of individual rights (Bill of Rights).
  • 13. <ul><li>Ratification – approval </li></ul><ul><li>under Constitution – only 9 states needed </li></ul><ul><li>Some states ratified w/ promise of a bill of rights </li></ul><ul><li>Amendments – way of changing the Constitution </li></ul>
  • 14. <ul><li>Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><li>First 10 amendments </li></ul><ul><li>List of guaranteed rights of individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Restricts gov’t action against citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Any powers not in Constitution are given to states & people </li></ul>
  • 15. <ul><li>National Archives – Washington DC </li></ul><ul><li>Declaration of Independence </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Bill of Rights </li></ul>

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