Chopin was born on March 1st.,1810 in ZelazowaWola, Poland. He died in Paris onOctober 17, 1848.
Here, Chopin livedthe first few monthsof his life. His familymoved to Warsawwhere his fatherworked as a collegeprofessor.
In Warsaw Chopin wasconsidered a "second Mozart."By the age of 7 he hadcomposed two polonaises. Thechild prodigy was featured inthe Warsaw newspapers, and"little Chopin" became theattraction at receptions given inthe aristocratic salons ofWarsaw. Chopin gave his firstpiano recital at the age of 8.
The Warsaw Concert Hall, whereChopin gave his first concerts.
Maria Wodzinska was Chopin’sstudent; she painted this portraitand gave it to him. They becameengaged, but her familyconvinced her to break theengament, due to Chopin’s poorhealth. Chopin was devasted,and always kept her letters with ahadwritten note of his saying“My Sorrow”.
Chopin preferred more intimate settings for a recital, like the home of Count andCountess Radziwil, as he didn’t like large concert halls.
While visiting Vienna, heheard about an uprising inWarsaw, and decided not toreturn to Poland. He stayedin Vienna for a few moremonths before visitingMunich and Stuttgart,Germany, where he learnedof Polands occupation bythe Russian army. 1830
Chopin moved to Paris in 1830. He was 20 years old and had already composed many works for the piano, including his two concertos and some of his Études Opus 10.Church of Notredame guardian of the night. Paris.
Notredame Cathedral.In Paris, Chopin formed personal friendships with the artists Franz Lizst, HectorBerlioz, Felix Mendelssohn, and Vincenzo Bellini. Robert Schumann wrote: "Hats off, gentlemen! A genius.
Chopin formed a strongfriendship with Camille Pleyel,owner of the Pleyel pianofactory. From that time on,Chopin’s pianos wheremanufactured by Pleyel.Often Chopin would go to thepiano factory, to explain howhe wanted his new piano.
In 1838 his friend EugèneDelacroix painted thisportrait. Chopin wasalready very ill withtuberculosis, and had togive private classes andperform in public, to supporthimself, having little time forwhat he really wanted to do,compose for the piano.
In 1836, at a party hosted byCountess Marie dAgoult,fiancée of composer and closefriend Franz Liszt, Chopin metAmandine-Aurore Dupin,Baroness Dudevant, betterknown by her pseudonymGeorge Sand, a writer. Franz Lizst
Baroness Dudevant fell in love withChopin, and wanted to take care of him,so that his health would improve, sothat he would dedicate more time tocomposing . Finally, he said “Yes.”They spent long summers in hercountry state, “Nohant.” Very often,she invited several of his friends tospend weekends with them. Frequentvisitors were Franz Lizst, and EugèneDelacroix (1).
Chopin spent long periods of time in Nohant, from 1838 to 1847, where his healthimproved markedly.
In 1845 problems emerged in Chopins relationship with Aurore at the same time of a further deterioration in his health. These problems finally brought an end to their relationship in 1847.Aurore by Eugène Delacroix.
Jane Stirling, Chopin’s student from England, helped him to getsettled in a new apartment located in the Place Vendôme, Paris.
In his new apartment, Chopin composed his last play.
Place Vendôme, place of Chopin’s last residence.
In 1847 Chopin gave concerts inEngland and Scotland with JaneStirling, although he wasseverely ill. He returned to Parisin 1848, but was unable to teachor perform. His sister Ludwikacame from Poland to take carehim at his home in Paris; hedied there on October 17, 1848.
Chopin being cared for by his sister, his doctor, and closest friends.
Chopin requested that Mozarts Requiem be sung at his funeral, at the Church ofthe Madeleine, and attended by nearly 3,000 people; this church didn’t allowfemale singers in its choir,and the funeral was delayed for almost 2 weeks, untilthe church finally granted Chopins final wish. The female singers remainedbehind a black velvet curtain.
Chopin is buried in the PèreLachaise cemetery in Paris; athis own request, his heartwas removed and sent, in anurn, to Warsaw, where it issealed in a pillar in theChurch of the Holy Cross. Hisgrave attracts many visitorsand is always decorated withflowers, even during winter.
The Church of the Holy Cross in 1945,after Warsaw was bombed by the Allies,to free Poland from the Nazis. The pillarwhere Chopin’s heart rests remained The Church of the Holy Cross afterintact. reconstruction.
This is the pillar in theChurch of the HolyCross in Warsaw wherethe urn with Chopin’sheart is sealed. Theexact spot is the smallniche at the bottom,where the little flowerbouquet is placed.