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THE VIETNAMESE GERMAN UNIVERSITY<br />URBAN DEVELOPMENT PLANNING<br />THE RANKING OF GLOBAL IMMIGRANT CITIESLisa Benton-Sh...
CONTENT<br /><ul><li>Key words
Paper description
Overall comments</li></li></ul><li>1. KEY WORDS (1/2)<br /><ul><li>Global immigrant cities</li></ul>Multi-culture, dramati...
Hyper-diverse cities
Globalization from below/bottom-up</li></ul>From microcosm<br /><ul><li>Global urban hierarchy</li></ul>Ranking cities in ...
1. KEY WORDS (2/2)<br /><ul><li>Intensification of global processes</li></ul>Racing of top ranking & global city dynamics<...
Urban immigrant index</li></ul>New variable index (Alpha, Beta, Gamma cities)<br />
2. PAPER DESCRIPTION (1/7)<br />2.1. Previous Approaches <br /><ul><li>Urban study developments:</li></ul>    The past 30 ...
Linkages btw. cities/countries to the global
Self-perpetuation of city status competitions among cities </li></ul>New approach: connection among urbanization, immigra...
2. PAPER DESCRIPTION (2/7)<br />2.2. Necessity of study on urban immigration  <br />Better assessment of how and where imm...
2. PAPER DESCRIPTION (3/7)<br />2.3. Empirical study <br /><ul><li>Methods</li></ul>To Chose pilot cities(150 cities).<br ...
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22. Global city & city marketing prof. huang luixin - g2 - d khoa, t xuan, my y, d quynh

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Subject: Global city & City marketing by Ma. Huang Luixing.
Implemented by group 2: Dinh Khoa, My Y, Thanh Xuan, Dan Qunh.

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  • Eg: Dubai,United Arab Emirates, where 82% of the population was foreign-born in 2002. A closer examination of the data reveals that 61% of the foreign-born came from South Asia (India and Pakistan). Thus, while Dubai is mostly a city of immigrants, it is not that diverse with regards to its immigrants’ countries of origin. Nor is it a country that encourages immigrants to become citizens.
  • Eg: Dubai,United Arab Emirates, where 82% of the population was foreign-born in 2002. A closer examination of the data reveals that 61% of the foreign-born came from South Asia (India and Pakistan). Thus, while Dubai is mostly a city of immigrants, it is not that diverse with regards to its immigrants’ countries of origin. Nor is it a country that encourages immigrants to become citizens.
  • Transcript of "22. Global city & city marketing prof. huang luixin - g2 - d khoa, t xuan, my y, d quynh"

    1. 1. THE VIETNAMESE GERMAN UNIVERSITY<br />URBAN DEVELOPMENT PLANNING<br />THE RANKING OF GLOBAL IMMIGRANT CITIESLisa Benton-Short, Marie D. Price & Samantha Friedman<br />Instructor : Huang Luixin<br />Students: Vo My Y<br />Nguyen ThiThanhXuan<br /> Nguyen DinhKhoa<br /> Nguyen Dan Quynh<br />
    2. 2. CONTENT<br /><ul><li>Key words
    3. 3. Paper description
    4. 4. Overall comments</li></li></ul><li>1. KEY WORDS (1/2)<br /><ul><li>Global immigrant cities</li></ul>Multi-culture, dramatic socio-cultural changes<br /><ul><li>Global city dynamics
    5. 5. Hyper-diverse cities
    6. 6. Globalization from below/bottom-up</li></ul>From microcosm<br /><ul><li>Global urban hierarchy</li></ul>Ranking cities in the past 20 years<br />
    7. 7. 1. KEY WORDS (2/2)<br /><ul><li>Intensification of global processes</li></ul>Racing of top ranking & global city dynamics<br /><ul><li>Foreign-born residents/population</li></ul>People who were born in destination countries<br /><ul><li>Unskilled/Skilled international labor migration</li></ul>Are characteristic of global cities<br /><ul><li>Destinations/Sending city
    8. 8. Urban immigrant index</li></ul>New variable index (Alpha, Beta, Gamma cities)<br />
    9. 9. 2. PAPER DESCRIPTION (1/7)<br />2.1. Previous Approaches <br /><ul><li>Urban study developments:</li></ul> The past 30 years: “world city” hierarchy (economic, financial hubs)<br /> The past 20 years: “networks”, “ranking”, “functional node” <br /><ul><li>Limitations of the previous approaches</li></ul>Imbalanced database & weighs of studies on urban hierarchy/global networks <br />No consistency among studies<br />One dimensional measurements on economy as criteria<br />Informal competition among cities<br /><ul><li>Economic prestige & investment
    10. 10. Linkages btw. cities/countries to the global
    11. 11. Self-perpetuation of city status competitions among cities </li></ul>New approach: connection among urbanization, immigration & globalization<br />
    12. 12. 2. PAPER DESCRIPTION (2/7)<br />2.2. Necessity of study on urban immigration <br />Better assessment of how and where immigration impact on political, economic, social and cultural dimensions of cities. <br />Expand the range of criteria used to assess city ‘globalness’ <br /> Include immigration in world cities research.<br />Ranking immigrant urban destinations <br />Call attention to impacted cities under significant social & demographic change due to immigration.<br />
    13. 13. 2. PAPER DESCRIPTION (3/7)<br />2.3. Empirical study <br /><ul><li>Methods</li></ul>To Chose pilot cities(150 cities).<br />To Collect data/date sourcing.<br />The US Census International Program Center Library outside Washington DC.<br />United Nations Population Division immigration database.<br />Official government websites<br />
    14. 14. 2. PAPER DESCRIPTION (4/7)<br />2.3. Empirical study <br /><ul><li>Methods</li></ul>To characterize the origin countries of the immigrant stock.<br />An = (bn-an)/sn<br />bn: Value of each characteristic<br />an: Avarage<br />sn: Standard deviation<br />Determining the percentage of foreign-born. (b1, a1, s1 A1)<br />Account for the total numbers of immigrants. (b2, a2, s2 A2)<br />Percentage of immigrants not from neighboring countries (relative distance traveled). (b3, a3, s3 A3)<br />Diversity of the immigrant stock (no one group represented more than 25%) (b4, a4, s4 A4)<br />Building up “Z-score” based on the four variables<br />Weighted the level of importance by specific ratio <br />Z = 40%A1 + 30%A2 + 15%A3±15%A4<br />Ranking <br />Base on calculation of Z ranger from -1.1 to 2.1<br />Z = -1.1: less culturally globalized by immigration.<br />Z= 2.1: more culturally globalized by immigration.<br />
    15. 15. 2. PAPER DESCRIPTION (5/7)<br />2.3. Empirical study <br /><ul><li>Findings</li></ul>Ranking cities based on percentage of foreign-born (top 25) arranged based on the format of World City Roaster (next slide)<br />Many major economic centers ≡ important cultural globalization areas (immigration & diversity) (North American & Australian cities)<br />Many cities overlooked & understudied (*) with regard to immigration (Europe & Middle East vs. traditionally North America, Western Europe & Pacific Asia); (*) Latin America, Western Africa, Southern Africa, South Asia7/25 top: Middle East<br />Identify the need to generate, collect & store urban immigration data accessible for scholars & policymakers.<br />Need multi-variable index to better examine the role of immigration in cultural globalization.<br />
    16. 16. 2. PAPER DESCRIPTION (6/7)<br />Comparison of two method ranking <br />
    17. 17. 2. PAPER DESCRIPTION (7/7)<br />2.3. Empirical study <br /><ul><li>Shortcomings</li></ul>Incomparable data (different sources, different data publication, lack of consistent standard of data sources administratively)<br />Over/under counting foreign-born due to legal status of immigrants<br />Gap of quality & detailed of database btw developed countries vs. developing ones<br />Fail to measure the dynamics of immigration via its composition (indirectly criteria 3) & reasons (religion, employment, pull of social networks)<br />
    18. 18. 3. OVERAL COMMENTS<br /><ul><li>New approach of ranking urban </li></ul>(Immigrants – socio-cultural, economic impact) <br /><ul><li>Better understanding of urban diversities, dynamics & intensification </li></ul>(urbanization – immigration – globalization )<br /><ul><li>Establishment of new measurement index: Urban Immigrant Index
    19. 19. Increasing cultural complexity of cities  Globalization beyond economic indicators.
    20. 20. Further studies for standardization of database for the world’s cities in urbanization</li></li></ul><li>THANK YOU<br />
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