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ANIS2013_Social Innovation Led by Technology_Vipin kumar

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  • 1. National Innovation Foundation - India Grassroots Innovations for Sustainable Development- Honey Bee experience Dr. Vipin Kumar National Innovation Foundation-India
  • 2. National Innovation Foundation - India Why have the basic needs of the majority of people remained unmet: Is it because people lack imagination, ideas, innovations or is it because the institutions which can convert their ideas into enterprises – social or economic, individual or collective or missing? Economically poor people are potentially rich in Knowledge, creativity and innovation for survival, Ethics and values, Institutions (common property institutions, other social arrangements for using natural or other resources), Kinship networks and cultural communication channels
  • 3. National Innovation Foundation - India What are the resources in which economically poor people are potentially rich: • Knowledge, creativity and innovation for survival • Ethics and values • Institutions (common property institutions, other social arrangements for using natural or other resources) • Kinship networks • Cultural communication channels
  • 4. National Innovation Foundation - India What are the resources they lack: 1. Institutions (like gian.org, nifindia.org) providing handholding support at their doorstep 2. Access to local or nearby labs and workshops to add value to their knowledge or fabricate tools for meeting their need 3. Access to local language multimedia tools / databases of traditional knowledge or grassroots innovations by other communities in the region or around the world (such as Honey Bee database, sristi.org)
  • 5. National Innovation Foundation - India 4. Flexible access to natural resources governed by state or large private owners 5. Access to micro venture capital and support for new product development 6. Linkage with formal sector scientific labs for validating and valorising their knowledge of herbal healing and other technological claims 7. Lack of low transaction costs system of IP protection without preventing people to people learning but ensuring benefit sharing with corporations
  • 6. National Innovation Foundation - India From sink to source: – Are poor only the consumer or can they also be the provider of idea, innovations and institutional values – Are common people at the Bottom of all kinds of Pyramids? – Can we not say that many poor people are actually at the Top of The Innovation, value and ethical pyramids, Ways of knowing, feeling and doing: Tip of the Iceberg
  • 7. Honey Bee Network (HBN) : an odd ball network National Innovation Foundation - India A nameless, faceless innovator or traditional knowledge holder comes in contact with the Network and gets the identity Mining the Minds of Masses
  • 8. Values and basic principles of HBN National Innovation Foundation - India Knowledge Sharing in local language Recognition, Respect & Reward Benefit Sharing
  • 9. National Innovation Foundation - India Developed seven paddy varieties – HMT, DRK, Vijay Anand, Nanded Chinur, Nanded 92, Deepak Ratna and Nanded Hira Dadaji Khobragade, Maharashtra HMT variety included as a standard reference for thinness by PPVFRA, diffused over 1 lac acres across Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Karnataka Supported under MVIF for packaging and marketing of HMT variety NIF filed application under the PPVFR Act 2001 (REG/2008/138)
  • 10. National Innovation Foundation - India Improved varieties of Paddy, wheat, mustard and pigeon pea Prakash Singh Raghuvanshi, Uttar Pradesh The varieties are resistant to major pests and diseases and have seeds with good flavour and taste; distributes seeds free of cost to farmers National Award in NIF’s 5th National Award Function; Supported under MVIF for marketing of varieties; NIF facilitated trials and application under the PPVFR Act 2001 (REG/2009/220, REG/2009/219, REG/2009/322, REG/2009/323) NIF facilitated trials of different varieties at NRCRM-Bharatpur, IIPR-Kanpur and CSUATKanpur
  • 11. National Innovation Foundation - India Richa 2000- perennial pigeon pea variety Raj Kumar Rathore, Madhya Pradesh Seeds sold to famers across the country Award in 5th National Award Function NIF filed application under the PPVFR Act 2001 (REG/2009/326) Supported under MVIF for marketing of variety
  • 12. National Innovation Foundation - India Reaper windrower - reducing manpower requirement and drudgery involved in harvesting Bhagwan Singh Dangi, Madhya Pradesh Award in NIF’s National Award Function, patent (677/MUM/2011) filed in the name of innovator
  • 13. National Innovation Foundation - India Cotton stripper machine – reducing drudgery and increasing profit Mankushbhai Patel, Gujarat Removes cotton from shell efficiently from indigenous varieties Patents granted (India: 198755, USA: 6543091), Supported for value addition, Award in NIF’s National Award Function
  • 14. Biomass Gasification System Innovator : Shri Rai Singh Dahiya, Jaipur, Rajasthan • Unique gasification unit and filtering mechanism. (Feedback of scientists from TERI) • Gasification Efficiency 60 70 % (indicative), Thermal efficiency: 25% (tested by MNIT, Jaipur) • Available in capacity 5 -100 kVA, single and three phase – (with or without canopy). • Over 150 units have been sold in different parts of country including Eight units exported to South Africa, Kenya, Germany, Italy and Singapore. • Price : INR 500,000 and 625,000 (5 kVA) with and without canopy, respectively. National Innovation Foundation - India
  • 15. Multipurpose Processing Machine Innovator National Innovation Foundation - India Shri Dharamveer, Yamuna Nagar, Haryana • Capable of processing various herbs like juice and gel of aloe vera, juice of amla, jamun, mango, tomato, orange, etc. and extracting essence of flowers and other herbs. • Variants 50 and 150 lph capacity • Price: Rs 70,000/- to 150,000/• Over 200 units sold in India and one unit exported to Kenya.
  • 16. Rapid Compost Maker National Innovation Foundation - India Innovator: Shri Gurmel Singh Dhonsi, Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan • Tractor mounted machine which can aerate, humidify and mix the bio wastes. • Can process 400 ton biomass/h
  • 17. Manual Milking Machine Innovator • • • • • National Innovation Foundation - India : Shri Raghava Gowda, Dakshin Kanada, Karnataka Time for milking cow: 3 to 4 min (15 lit); for milking buffalo 6 to 8 min. Price : Rs 15000/Has sold over 3500 units in different parts of country and abroad including Sri Lanka, New Zealand, Nepal and Namibia. Average 700 machines being sold per month presently Has also developed battery operated and electricity operated variants
  • 18. National Innovation Foundation - India Five key lessons from the NIF and Honey Bee Network a) Building a regional, national, and international registry of innovations may help in reducing transaction costs of the potential entrepreneurs, investors, fellow learning communities and even traders;
  • 19. Transaction costs National Innovation Foundation - India Searching information: biodiversity leads, opportunities for investment, value addition Ex -ante finding suppliers negotiation Drawing up a contract Monitoring and enforcing compliance Ex -poste Side payments Conflict resolution Redrawing the contract if nothing else works
  • 20. National Innovation Foundation - India Prior Informed Consent and Benefit Sharing b) Compliance with the Prior Informed Consent of the innovators to respect their knowledge rights for eventual benefit sharing, keeping in mind the share of not only individual knowledge holders, but also their communities, nature conservation, and the ones who add value and augment innovations/ Traditional knowledge etc., in a transparent manner;
  • 21. National Innovation Foundation - India How to reward: Portfolio of Incentives for grassroots innovations Forms of incentives Material non material material-individual non-material-individual Target Of individual Incentives collective Ipr or non ipr based awards Awards R and d grants Recognition Honour Memorial Endowments material-collective Trust funds Venture and incubation funds Collective awards Supp for Institution building endowments non-material-collective Policy changes Pedagogic changes
  • 22. National Innovation Foundation - India
  • 23. Biennial award functions National Innovation Foundation - India Hon’’ble President of India conferred the National level awards on innovators, traditional knowledge holders, students and representatives of communities.
  • 24. The innovation exhibitions were organized in March 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013 at the Mughal Garden where grassroots innovations were displayed for the public. The events were inaugurated by Hon’ble President herself and was visited by many dignitaries National Innovation Foundation - India
  • 25. National Innovation Foundation - India IGNITE The national competition of school students’ original technological ideas and innovations
  • 26. National Innovation Foundation - India c) pooling the best traditional practices and grassroots innovations where necessary to develop new natural products for diffusion through commercial and non commercial channels. These could be through small and medium scale enterprises, having benefit sharing contracts with small or medium scale corporations; even large corporation, cooperatives and other forms of economic initiatives Innovations Enterprise Investment
  • 27. National Innovation Foundation - India
  • 28. National Innovation Foundation - India d) development of lateral or horizontal markets instead of reliance only on verticals; so that many of the self help micro finance groups move towards micro-venture finance based entrepreneurial groups e) Open source technology banks as well as IP protected knowledge base to support livelihood options of disadvantaged communities
  • 29. Traditional food festival National Innovation Foundation - India
  • 30. National Innovation Foundation - India Shodh yatra : learning walk
  • 31. National Innovation Foundation - India Technology Acquisition Fund •Compensating innovators by paying one-time license fee. •Diffusion at low or no cost to as many small enterprises as possible and for larger social good
  • 32. National Innovation Foundation - India Sale of grassroots technologies in six continents: Grassroots to Global
  • 33. National Innovation Foundation - India Journey of augmenting grassroots innovations continues …….. THANKS vipin@nifindia.org