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    • 1. Designing Institutions for social transformation: models for scaling up inclusive grassroots innovations Anil Gupta, IIMA, Honey Bee Network and NIF anilgb@gmail.com www.nifindia.org www.sristi.org
    • 2. Three Models of inclusive social innovations a)bridges, brokers and benevolent bania (money lender, informal or formal like bank or micro finance) -1987 b)Meeting unmet Needs: Need-felt or unfelt, articulated, not articulated, aggregated or not aggregated, registered or not registered, responded or not responded, 1990 c)Spawning, Sustaining, and Scaling up local or grassroots innovations, 1988-89, Honey Bee Network
    • 3. Honey Bee Network founded in 1987-1988 A nameless, faceless innovator or traditional knowledge holder comes into contact with the Network and gets an identity, voice, visibility and viability of its sustainable vision .
    • 4. Honey Bee Network A network for sharing ideas generated from the most deprived areas by their most ingenious minds A honey bee, which gathers nectar from a flower and facilitates pollination of the other flowers, helps the flowers to bloom The flower does not have any reason to complain! Anil K Gupta Honey Bee Network LH Forum, France September 2013
    • 5. Honey Bee Network The Honey Bee Network's philosophy facilitates the development of a knowledge ecosystem, where the knowledge holder gets acknowledgment and recognition for the development and dissemination of his knowledge/innovation with others This is why social and ethical capital are crucial Anil K Gupta Honey Bee Network LH Forum, France September 2013
    • 6. Honey Bee Network 1: Learning from common people is inevitable 2: Innovations are embedded in the grassroots economy 3: Companies should learn to change their min and engage with people because they’ll lea Anil K Gupta Honey Bee Network LH Forum, France September 2013
    • 7.        Intellectual  capital Social capital Trust, reciprocity and third part sanctions External regulation Natural  capital ( commoditization of resources, stored, sold, exchanged, Intellectual property ( that part of ic from the  commercial applications of which,  one can exclude others for  a  given period of time) Ethical Capital ( internal regulations)        Source: Gupta, 2001
    • 8. Bridging the gaps left unmet by markets and state Values in Vogue: Institutional Pathways for Sustaining Grassroots Innovations for Creating Public Goods Resource allocation rules Boundary rules Governance rules Conflict resolution rules Source: Gupta, 1985
    • 9. GOLDEN TRIANGLE for rewarding CREATIVITY Leadership is to take note of ex ante and ex post transaction costs and deal with them upfront, If not, these are transferred to the weaker partner Innovation Enterprise Investment
    • 10. Overcoming knowledge and power asymmetries • The ex-ante transaction costs have four components: • (i) searching information • (ii) finding supplier, • (iii) negotiating social contract and • (iv) drawing up the social contract.
    • 11. • The ex-post transaction costs include • (i) monitoring and compliance, • (ii) side payments, i.e., concessions which can make the contract enforceable through modified inducements/ discounts, • (iii) resolution of conflicts if any and • (iv) redrawing the contract if none of the above help in going ahead with the contract. • While designing the eco system, the institutions and actors have to reduce their transaction costs if any mediating platform has to have legitimacy.
    • 12. • Generate market for innovations, and inventions to bring in potential buyers and sellers together through licensing ( or even piracy with loss of incentives) • Signaling to society: trends in knowledge economy about where are future demands being estimated, ( uncertainty in domains of knowledge versus uncertainty in domain of applications) • Creates possible knowledge networks • Makes it possible for people to survive only by virtue of their knowledge, brings new kind of entrepreneurs in market place
    • 13. blending Passion, purpose and Performance Through Platforms Sristi, gian, national innovation foundation, techpedia.in, Next: open source multimedia multi-language content for children, cultural creativity, innovations in governance
    • 14. What is missing? The realisation that there are a large number of innovative ideas at grassroots level has not dawned on the policy makers and thinkers YET play If the pervasive existence of grassroots innovations is recognised, should one assume that they could go forward without risk capital?
    • 15. But … … there are thousands of creative people everywhere in the world who are solving social problems through their own efforts without any external help play play
    • 16. From Microfinance to Micro Venture Innovation Finance Micro finance is given for goods and services for which markets do exis some thing neeeds to change :) Micro venture finance is primarily for innovative activities for which demand is yet to be created
    • 17. Why Micro Venture Finance Most ideas developed at grassroots level are at the proof of concept stage They have to be converted into prototype, product/service and later into ut There is no reason that risk capital will not be inevitable for smaller innovations when it is so crucial for IT, BT or other technologies One needs in the jargon of venture capital: pre-angel funds, angel funds and micro venture innovation funds
    • 18. Making strategic breakthroughs Domain characteristics Technological platforms Known Known incremental innovations, adaptive trials, user-led modifications. , incubation   Product Development, Unknown amplify the form, features and functions Unknown   R & D with external experts, new actors and new arrangements     Paradigmatic disruption, discontinuity and non-parameteric approaches , sanctuary model
    • 19. How to reward: Portfolio of Incentives for Innovations Forms of Incentives Material non material material-individual Ipr Target of individual Incentives or non ipr non-material-individual based awards Awards Recognition Honour Memorial R and d grants Endowments collective material-collective non-material-collective Trust funds Policy changes Venture and incubation funds Collective awards Pedagogic changes
    • 20. Transformation is possible Story of : five transformations a)New Chemistry of sustainability equation: circular economy and technology, institutions and cultual alignment b)From initiative to institutionalization c) Frugal, friendly, flexible and futuristic heuristics d) New models of engaging children and youth e) New models of financing and co-creation – techpedia.in, empathetic innovations, inverted model of innovation
    • 21. Dimensions of Inclusion – Spaces – Sectors – Seasons: stable to fluctuating – Social segments – Skills and knowledge Inclusive Innovation
    • 22. Bur why does inertia takes over? Is inertia inherent in the way we govern ourselves or is it just a passing phase?
    • 23. How long? just about 200 years
    • 24. Try to forget the pain of back bending centuries of paddy transplanting Source: https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/view?pq=paddy+transplanting+image&hl=fr&sugexp=gsis,i18n%3Dtrue&cp=31&gs_id=n&xhr=t&q=paddy+transplanting+i
    • 25. Meghalaya Technology is like words, institutions are like grammar and culture is like thesaurus Sustainability equation Three pillars of sustainability
    • 26. Long tail of innovation (only a few innovations achieve scale, a large number sell a few pieces or in a few communities) Room for maneuver Long nose of innovation: Take long time to come into market
    • 27. Third transformation: Institutional heuristics CREATING open source PUBLIC STANDARDS OF EXCELLENCE
    • 28. Recognizing the traditions of Excellence: an eye for detail Leadership is to look for excellence in every day life, all around, even on roadside, AnantNa Jammu and Kashmir
    • 29. Autopoiesis at grassroots for inclusive development creativity, compassion, communication and collaboration anil Honey Bee Network www.Sristi.org/anilg anilg@sristi.org creativity, compassion, anilgb@gmail.com communication and www.nifindia.org collaboration Techpedia.in
    • 30. Just 70 Euro Low Cost Wind mill Stronger, durable version, 900 euro, saves diesel Mehtar Hussain and Mushtaq Ahmad, Assam worth 700 euro in one season of salt making Over 35 units installed in salt farming regions of Gujarat to improve livelihood of poor salt farmers New heuristics: Maximizing output per unit of time and smoothening the flow are not always sustainable Innovation by Mehtar Husain and Mushtaq Ahmed from Assam to Gujarat
    • 31. 1) Artefactual - as a replication of solution level 2) Analogic - metaphor to inspire 3) Heuristic - as a model or principle 4) Gestalt - configurational level Gupta, 2012, Own compilation Learning platforms from concrete to abstract
    • 32. Few Variations of Bullet Santi / Handio
    • 33. Fortune at the Top of the Ethical and Innovation Pyramid Scooter based washing machine Service at your door step Sheikh Jahangir, Jalgaon, Maharshtra Scooter mounted flour mill
    • 34. Compressed air car Mr. Kanak Gogoi, Assam, cost per km, 60 paise
    • 35. Solutions for the poor and the rich, by the poor: but this is not Jugaad, Non stick clay pan: Rs 60 /= Mansukh Bhai Prajapati, Surendra Nagar, Gujarat
    • 36. Mansukhbhai : Mitticool Product Range
    • 37. Automated Circular Kiln that Mansukhbhai made specially for the baking tawas and diyas
    • 38. One of the kiln he uses today
    • 39. Herbal Agricultural Products growth promoters, fruit ripeners, anti-termite products, pesticides formulations for mastitis, bloat, ephemeral fever, diarrohea, rop, lactogogue, etc Community knowledge based herbal plant growth promoters and pesticides sold Kamaal/Clamp – herbal Products the formulation for agricultural throughout country with share use of profit going back Ishwar Singh Kundu, Haryana to the community The product has diffused through sales channels widely in Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, parts of Bihar, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh Herbal Veterinary Products Herbal medication for mastitis Ukhardiyabhai Somabhai Raot, Gujarat Technology is available under the brand name Mastiherb Herbal medication for ephemeral fever Naval Kishore Singh, Bihar Technology is available under the brand name Ephelixin-3D
    • 40. The President of India honours grassroots innovators, launches National Innovation Clubs and hosts an innovation exhibition at the President’s house; NIF becomes an Institute of Department of Science and Technology Initiative to Institutionalisation
    • 41. The former President awards children innovators every year at the IGNITE Award function by NIF at IIMA Initiative to Institutionalisation
    • 42. National Innovation Clubs •Search: Celebrating the decade of innovation by scouting and mapping the creativity and innovations in the hinterland •Spread: Disseminating/Cross-pollinating innovations across spaces, social segments and sectors •Sense or Benchmark: Identifying the roots of persistent problems and the mindsets that trigger their continued tolerance in society to solve problems •Celebrate: Recognising achievers in different social spheres
    • 43. Andhra Pradesh Meghalaya Energy – new heuristics Do we harvest it efficiently? Can our mothers from the North East and Southern India teach us some thing new? Mizoram
    • 44. Three tier system of harnessing energy : Jyoti, Arku Valley, Andhra Pradesh, India Is Frugality Fungible?
    • 45. Curiosity is thy nature, indifference is ours????????? How can we scout innovative ideas from kids , tech students, informal sector and professional individuals?
    • 46. Ignite Recognising creativity of children and nurturing their dreams: thank God, children are much less patient with inertia than us
    • 47. Why pierce skin to get a blood test done? I wish to make a blood testing system that would do the required test by scanning the skin surface or testing the skin excretions :srishti class iv I want to integrate the gait of a person with a mobile. As walking style differ person to person, the software will be able to identify the signals based on the body movements while walking If the mobile will sense a different movement once act will lock itself and send a message about its location predefined number. : anurag rathor 9th class I want a high tech school bus which can give alert signal as it approaches my bus stop. I would not miss my bus this way!!: pallavi, 9th class
    • 48. Nisha Chaube NOIDA Bag with folding seat
    • 49. Arnab from, West Bengal
    • 50. Arnab, west bengal
    • 51. adu tamiln h, Surves
    • 52. Typhoid Fever •Typhoid is one of the most common worldwide bacterial diseases transmitted by ingestion of food and water, contaminated with Salmonella typhi. Poor sanitation conditions promote the occurrence and re-occurrence of typhoid •Symptoms of typhoid includes frequent fever and gastric problems. •Typhoid fever persist for three weeks to a month, which may be fatal if not treated. •Treatment of typhoid includes various chemical drugs such as ampicillin, chloramphenicol, amoxicillin, ciprofloxacin etc •Resistance of causal organism towards these commonly used drugs is one of the major concern worldwide. Typhoid resistance to these drugs are known as Multi Drug Resistant Typhoid (MDR-Typhoid) Herbal Formulation for Typhoid: •Extract and fractions obtained from Shorea robusta was evaluated against causal organism of typhoid and all of them showed good control in in vitro conditions. •Toxicity of the above was also tested in in vivo conditions in Swiss albino mice at different dose and it was found non-toxic even at the oral dose of 1200mg/kg.
    • 53. • a portal by SRISTI (sristi.org) pooling 167,000 engineering projects by 400k students from over 600 institutions • engaging with youth www.techpedia.in
    • 54. Bicyle Refrigerator For Rural Areas Student/ Author : Sagar Chandrakant Gadkar, Amol Raghunath Kachare, Sanjay Shivaji Kachare, Suyog Hanmant Jadhav Guided By : Prof. S. A. Khot College : Padmabhushan Vasantraodada Patil Institute of technology, Budhgaon, Sangli It is a 50 lit capacity, refrigerator which is powered by a rear wheel of bicycle. To achieve the required rpm of compressor we provide a larger pulley of dia 20 inch on rear wheel shaft through which pulley we run the compressor and achieved the required output. Steady paddling of bicycle at 14 km/hr. for 30 minutes at an ambient temperature of 35 C, brings down the temperature in box to 8 C.
    • 55. Shanu Sharma, Vardan, IITK
    • 56. Image, Speech Recognition and Speech Synthesis for people with hearing and speaking disabilities Saurabh Saket and Rahul Ranjan Bhutta College of Engineering & Technology, Ludhiana
    • 57. Exhaust pipe cools drivers cabin, Pune Lpg gas based refrigerator Chintan, Mayank, Biren Mehsana Hot water from fridge Dhruv Mehsana Has any big company given you a fridge that also provides hot water, keeps food warm and consumes less electricity?
    • 58. Vazra, head load carrier by Lohar
    • 59. Database of Published Practices www.honeybee.org
    • 60. Common Property Resource Institutions www.sristi.org/cpr
    • 61. Veterinary: -Calotropis reduces swelling in cattle (Honey Bee 10(3) 15, 1999) -Lice control in poultry (Honey Bee, 13(3): 10, 2002) -Calotropis mixed with ghee for wound healing (Honey Bee: 11(2)13, 2000) -Calotropis as treatment for rabies (Honey Bee, 2(1):21, 1991) Agriculture: -Calotropis as pest control for caterpillar (Honey Bee, 10(4): 12,1999) -Calotropis as secondary plant to avert white ants (Honey Bee, 9(4): 11, 1998) Human: - Healing pain in joints, sprains, swellings and arthritis (Honey Bee, 15(2):13, 2004) Other: -Calotropis latex used for leather tanning (Honey Bee, 7(2):14, 1996) -Calotropis used as griddle for baking bread cakes over burning charcoal (Honey Bee, 9(3):8, 1998) Application of Calotropis Honey Bee Published Practices - www.honeybee.org
    • 62. Mind to Market The Case of Herbavate
    • 63. Herbvate Skin Ointment It is based on the knowledge of seven innovators from six districts: Sabarkanth, Panchmahal, Dang, Mahsana, Patan and Bhavnagar of Gujarat. Herbavate exhibits remarkable properties against eczema and a variety of inflammatory and infectious skin conditions. Communities: The innovators of Herbavate: 1. Amratbhai Shankarbhai Rawal, Mehsana Gujarat. 2. Kunjubhai Kakadiyabhai Bhoya, Dang Gujarat 3. Pujabhai Dabhi, Sabarkantha, Gujarat 4. Karshanbhai Parmar, Sabarkantha Gujarat 5. Laxmanbhai Pagi, Panchmahal, Gujarat 6. Lilabhai Rawal, Patan Gujarat 7. Lakhabhai Becharbhai Khatana, Bhavnagar Gujarat
    • 64. HBN- Incubator of Institutions National level body supported by DST. Govt of India to scale up green grassroots innovations First formal steps, an NGO to support the HBN Regional Technology Business Incubators to augment grassroots innovation through value addition & business development Informal Network of like minded people and organizations. It has no physical address
    • 65. Functions NIF Scouting and Documentation Value Addition & Product Development Enterprise & Business Development IPRs Management Dissemination & Information Technology
    • 66. Current Status • Scouted more than 170,000, ideas, innovations, traditional knowledge practices (Not all unique) • 600 patents filed on behalf of innovators • 550 projects supported for value addition • 179 projects under Micro venture innovation fund • Transferred 68 technologies to 80 licensees
    • 67. g2G grassroots to global Global GIAN – Building a Global Value Chain for the Augmentation of Green Grassroots Innovations
    • 68. Sales made internationally 1. Coconut tree climber- USA (Florida, Massachussets, California, Hawaii etc.) Australia, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Brazil, Mexico, West Indies 2. Pomegranate deseeder - Turkey, USA 3. Garlic peeling machine - Pakistan 4. Arecanut husker - Singapore 5. Milking machine - Phillipines, Uganda, Ethiopia 6. Resin grading machine - Peru 7. Cassava peeling machine - Kenya 8. Herbal growth promoters - Ghana
    • 69. Product queries: Sl no. Innovation/product Countires 1 Coconut/palm tree climbing device USA, United Kingdom, Vietnam, Australia, Sri Lanka, Mexico, Iran, West Indies 2 Entech oil expeller USA, United Kingdom, Australia, Phillipines, Canada, Kenya, Colombia, S. Africa, Switzerland, Poland, Indonesia, Belgium 3 Garlic peeling machine Slovenia, USA, Turkey, Peru, Singapore, Iran , Venezuela, Pakistan 4 Pomegranate deseeding machine USA, Australia, Turkey, Venezuela, Hongkong, Israel, Netherlands, Thailand, UAE, Iran, United Kingdom 5 Cassava peeling machine Congo, USA, Benin, Nigeria, Kenya, UAE, Uganda 6 Aaruni tilting cart Uganda 7 Coconut defibring machine China 8 Coconut dehusker Mexico, New Zealand, USA, Philippines, Bangladesh 9 Lemon cutting machine S. Africa 10 Milking machine Bangladesh, Uganda, Ecuador 11 Palm leaf mat weaving machine Fiji 12 Rain Gun (Chandraprabha) Sudan 13 Tea making machine Bangladesh, 14 Tile making machine Bangladesh, Kenya, Rwanda, Ghana, Zambia 15 Trench digging machine Pakistan 16 Zero head water turbine Egypt 17 Arecanut dehusking machine Chile
    • 70. Culturally Alive India www.sristi.org/cultural
    • 71. Solar Operated Car http://techpedia.in/project_detail.php?project_id=24 Eco-friendly vehicle http://techpedia.in/project_detail.php?project_id=27 Bio-bike http://techpedia.in/project_detail.php?project_id=34 Air-powered car http://techpedia.in/project_detail.php?project_id=38 Green building design http://techpedia.in/project_detail.php?project_id=178 Solar Water Heater http://techpedia.in/project_detail.php?project_id=191 Rain Water Harvesting Umbrella http://techpedia.in/stu_project_detail.php?student_project_id=2 Electricity From Noise Polution http://techpedia.in/project_detail.php?project_id=258 Bicyle Refrigerator For Rural Areas http://techpedia.in/project_detail.php?project_id=261
    • 72. Bicycle based Innovations Rider Induced bicycle Mr. Kanak Das, Assam Bamboo bicycle Mr. Dodhi Pathak, Assam Multipurpose Bicycle Md. Kamruddin, Rajasthan Bicycle based sprayer Mr. Mansukhbhai Jagani, Gujarat Bicycle with gear Mr. Jayanti J Patel,Gujarat Bicycle operated pump Mr. Vikram Rathore, AP Amphibious Bicycle Mohd. Saidullah, Bihar Bicycle based mobile spray pump Subhas Vasantrao Jagtap, Maharastra Bicycle based portable Pump Mr. Nasiruddin Gayen, WB
    • 73. Emerging Models of Innovation a)Building upon what disadvantaged people are rich in: inability to live with problems unsolved – overcoming inertia b) Empathetic innovation: samvedana se srijansheelta, kho kho model of innovation (innovation relay) c) Going beyond long tail, long nose of innovation to turbulent innovation
    • 74. Emerging Models of Innovation d) Inverted model of innovations: children invent, engineers fabricate, and companies commercialize e) Pooling of distributed ideas for innovation and experimentation : uncommon from common f) distributed mind management: www.techpedia.in transcending the limits of frugality g) Moving blackboards: learning from unexpected quarters
    • 75. Minds on the Rethinking logistics for sustainable are margin future not marginal minds learning from grassroots innovators shall we join hands in learning from grassroots green innovators anil Top of the innovation, k gupta ethical, and anilg@sristi.org value pyramid fortune really lies at the thus, poor people are not at the bottom of all pyramids anil k gupta National Innovation Foundation, SRISTI, honey bee network, IIMA www.sristi.org/anilg www.nifindia.org
    • 76. How did it happen: The journey….. The Honey Bee Network, an informal global social movement, started in 1987-88, SOCIETY FOR RESEARCH AND INITIATIVES FOR SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGIES AND INSTITUTIONS (www.SRISTI.org) info@sristi.org GRASSROOTS INNOVATION AUGMENTATION NETWORK (www.GIAN.org) NATIONAL INNOVATION FOUNDATION (www.NIFindia.org) info@nifindia.org anilg@sristi.org
    • 77. Creativity counts Knowledge matters Innovations transform Incentives inspire (not just individual, but also collective, not just material, but also non-material) Join the Honey Bee Network! For rewarding indigenous creativity and innovation www.techpedia.in, www.sristi.org, www.nif.org.in anilgb@gmail.com