ANIS2013_Why Technology for Social Innovation_Zhou Hongyun


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ANIS2013_Why Technology for Social Innovation_Zhou Hongyun

  1. 1. Role of Government in Social Innovation: Chinese Case Based on China Social Innovation Award Program Zhou Hongyun China Center for Comparative Politics & Economics The 4th ANIS· Bangkok· Thailand· 10/08-10/10-2013
  2. 2. China Social Innovation Award • Launched in 2010; • First academic and civil(unofficial) Award; • Two years for one round(first year: selection of finalists and winners; Second year: research on SI) • Publication: Blue Book on SI; Case study on SI; SI forum and SI index • • • • Two rounds till now; 410 applicants 40 finalists 20 award winners
  3. 3. Three Parts I. Understanding SI in Chinese context II. Role of Government in SI III. Some Findings
  4. 4. I. Understanding Social Innovation in Chinese context • • • • • Background facts Meaning of SI in China Number and categories of CSOs Institutional environment for SI Recent development of SI in China
  5. 5. Background In China, currently • Social reform is priority reform for Chinese government. • Social innovation has become an important way to solve social problems, to meet the needs of the community, to promote the development of society; • Impetus of SI in the social arena, such as poverty reduction, environment protection, education, disadvantaged groups and disaster.
  6. 6. Meaning of SI • 1. Government innovation in Governing Social affairs or Social Management Innovation(社会管理创新), or Government innovation in social governance • 2. Innovation in civil society or social organization’s innovation
  7. 7. Number & categories of CSOs official definition : social organizations (446,000,by the end of 2010) Civil non-enterprise Social associations organizations (245,000) (198,000) (社团) (民办非企业单位) Foundations (2200) (基金会)
  8. 8. Academic estimate
  9. 9. Institutional Environment for SI • Party and governmental policies • Legal framework for CSOs: No CSOs’ law • Current working system for CSOs: Dual Management system • Macro level: encourage • Micro level: Strong administrative control
  10. 10. Social Innovation Categories Sources: China Social Innovation Award(2010-2013)
  11. 11. What did SI do? Taking a role in social management Taking a role in social service delivery 1. Supporting and fostering NGOs: Such as NPI; CCPG 6.poverty-reduction 2. Rural governance: 7. post-disaster reconstruction 3.Community governance 8. Helping vulnerable Groups 4.Environment protection and philanthrophicial advocacy 9. Volunteer service 5. Social stability 10. Disability and disease
  12. 12. 1. “Loving Heart Package”,China Foundation for Poverty Alleviation
  13. 13. 2. “A Reciprocal and Mutual-Assisting Network for the HIV Carriers in Remote Ethnic Minority Areas” , Center for the Development of the Female and Children, Ruili City, Yunnan Province
  14. 14. 3. “Social Enterprises Hatcher for the Disabled” , Canyou Group of Shenzhen, Guangdong Province
  15. 15. 4. “Participatory Governance in Urban Communities”, Shining Stone Community Action Center, Dongcheng District, Beijing City
  16. 16. 5. “Gardener for Civil Society” (Amity NGO Development Centre, Amity Foundation, Nanjing City, Jiangsu Province)
  17. 17. 6.“Guard of Huaihe River” ,Research Center for the Ecologic Protection of Huaihe River, Shenqiu County, Zhoukou City, Henan Province)
  18. 18. 7. “Ecology Preservation in Rural Communities” ,Research Center for Ecology and Poverty of Dabashan Area, Tongjiang County, Bazhong City, Sichuan Province
  19. 19. 8. “Consoling Angel” (Shanghai Hand in Hand Life Care Developing Centre, Pudong New District, Shanghai City)
  20. 20. 9. “New Model on Integrating New Immigrants” ,Promotion Association of Social Integration, Ningbo City, Zhejiang Province)
  21. 21. 10. “Gesang Flower Education Assistance” ,Gesang Flower Education Assistance Association, Xining City, Qinghai Province)
  22. 22. II Role of Government in SI Central level •Current reform priorities; •Social organization management system reform; Local level • Local government innovations which favor to the development of SI in China Grassroots level • Community development and grassroots innovation
  23. 23. Central/national level • • • • • Social construction Social development Social management Social governance Governmental responsibilities devolution, etc
  24. 24. Social reform on the central level • Dual management system reform: such as direct registration system for trade associations, register system for social organizations on community level • Getting rid of the administrative reform • Supporting and fostering social organizations reform • government purchase service delivered by social organizations • Tax system reform: Tax preference/deduction • Transparency reform: keep the public informed of the financial affairs • Assessment system reform
  25. 25. Four models on local level Guangdong case: governmental responsibilities devolution Zhejiang case: focus on community social organizations development shanghai case: partnership between government and social organizations Sichuang case: social issue-oriented
  26. 26. Roles of Government in SI • Providing institutional environment for SI • Providing financial support for SI • Providing technological support for SI • Building partnership between Gov’t and civil society on social service delivery
  27. 27. III. Some Findings • 1. Social Innovation is a common interest for government, enterprises and civil society in China; in other word, there has been a consensus in social reform.
  28. 28. Common Interests of Government and Civil Society in the Fields of Innovations
  29. 29. • 2. Social reform would be a prelude of further political reform. • 3. Social organizations in China are playing increasingly important role in the next further reform in China; in other word, a civil society with Chinese characteristics has been emerging and exerting role increasingly.
  30. 30. 4. Successful social innovation depends on good cooperation between civil society, market system and government. Most applicants were featured with substantial cooperation among governments, social organizations, media and enterprises. 5. Much more dynamic of social innovation in the local rather than in the central; in civil society rather than in government; in eastern China where economically more developed rather than in western China.
  31. 31. • 6. Social innovation is facing a lot of challenges such as its dynamics and sustainability. For more information: www.
  32. 32.