ANIS2012 Social Innovation Lab3_Appropriate Technology for Social Innovation _Soo Y Chang

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  • 1. Appropriate Technology for Social Innovation ANIS 2012 2012. 6. 12. Soo Y. Chang Industrial and Management Engineering syc@postech.ac.kr +82-54-279-2198(Office) +82-17-520-3198(Cell) Sharing and Technology Incorporated: STIChristian Forum in Science and Engineering: CFSE
  • 2. In the past,… Application Design Experiments DemandScientific discovery Market Industrialization
  • 3. Today ,… DesignMarket Demand Application Scientific discovery Experiments Industrialization
  • 4. “History is written by the rich, and so the poor get blamed for everything.”"Extreme poverty is the best breeding ground on earthfor disease, political instability, and terrorism."
  • 5. In markets where profits are not possible,recognition is a proxy;where profits are possible,recognition is an added incentive.World Economic Forum 2008:
  • 6. “We are living in a worldthat is no longer facing a shortage of goods,but a shortage of customers.” "Good companies will meet needs; great companies will create markets.”
  • 7. “The leadership competence and managementof the social sector non-profit organizationwill thus largely determinethe values, the vision, the cohesion,and the performance of 21st century society.”Peter F. Drucker, 1909 - 2005
  • 8. whispers in the sound of silenceSocial Enterprise Green Growth Corporate Social Responsibility Sustainable Development
  • 9. Oxymoron?Social Enterprise Green Growth Corporate Social Responsibility Sustainable Development
  • 10. Oxymoron? Development /GrowthSustainability Sustainable Development Green Growth Social Enterprise CSR Profit Public Value Need Want Community Market
  • 11. Embracing incompatibles!Possibility of seemingly impossible! Engineering Design
  • 12. International Development Enterpriseshttp://www.ide-international.org/Established by Paul Polak Services area Technology Development Innovation and testing of pro-poor technologies Farmer-led technology development South-South technology transfers Assessing small-scale irrigation potential Business Development Services Feasibility studies , Sub-sector analysis Assessment of local private-sector capacity Supply Chain development, Micro-enterprise development Technology transfer to the private sector Technology production systems, Customer service training Training in technology operation and maintenance Quality control systems Rural Marketing Market assessment, Marketing and promotional strategies Demonstrations and field trials Production of videos, films, and village theatre Social marketing to change public attitudes and behavior Program Planning Market-based approaches to meet development goals Smallholder-oriented development, Project evaluation
  • 13. Super MoneyMaker PumpInventor: Robert Hyde, Martin Fisher, Mark Butcher,and Adblikadir MusaProducer: KickStart International Kenya, Tanzania, and China,1998 Mild steel, PVC, rubberPlaces: Kenya, Tanzania , Mali, Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda,Burundi, South Africa, Mozambique, and Philippines etc.The Super MoneyMaker Pump is a manual treadle pump thatwill direct water to where it is needed, pulling water from adepth of seven meters and lifting it up fourteen meters abovethe water source. No fuel or electricity is required to operatethe pump. The pump can irrigate a two-acre area over aneight-hour period. Over 50,000 Super MoneyMaker Pumpshave been shipped to customers all over the world, and, basedon KickStart‘s impact-monitoring studies, there are anestimated 35,000 households starting profitable small farmbusinesses using pumps to irrigate their fruits and vegetables Money Maker Pumpduring the dry season. By greatly increasing the yield, growinghigher-value crops, and growing year round, these familieshave increased their net farm income from $110 to $1,100 peryear—lifting themselves out of poverty.
  • 14. Bamboo Treadle PumpDesigner: Gunnar Barnes of Rangpur DinajpurRural Service andInternational Development Enterprises (IDE)NepalManufacturer:Numerous small and medium-sizedlocal workshopsNepal and Bangladesh, 2006Metal, plastic, bambooIn use in: Bangladesh, Nepal, India, Myanmar, Cambodia, ZambiaThe Bamboo Treadle Pump allows poor farmers to access groundwater during the dry season.The treadles and support structure are made of bamboo or other inexpensive, locally availablematerials. The pump, which consists of two metal cylinders with pistons that are operated by anatural walking motion on two treadles, can be manufactured locally by metalworking shops.Over 1.7 million have been sold in Bangladesh and elsewhere, generating $1.4 billion in netfarmer income in Bangladesh alone
  • 15. Drip Irrigation SystemDesigner:International Development Enterprises (IDE) IndiaManufacturer: Multiple workshopsIndia, 2006Plastic tubing and tankDimensions: 2’ h x 2’ w x 8” d (with water); bag can hang from any type of post or support and tailored to any size or shape availableIn use in: India, Nepal, Zambia, ZimbabweIDE’s low-cost Drip Irrigation System was developed so farmers could start small and scale up as theirfinancial capacity and acreage grew. The kits are significantly less expensive than conventional drip systemsused on commercial farms. Studies show that drip irrigation reduces water use by 30-70% andincreases yields by over 50%. There is improved crop quality, crop-per-drop efficiency for agriculturalintensification, and cultivation of high-value marketable crops. The kits, operating under very little waterpressure, are typically used in the production of fruit and vegetable crops, but have also been used for maize,wheat, and cotton. More than 600,000 systems have been sold.
  • 16. LifeStrawInventor: Torben Vestergaard FrandsenProducer: Vestergaard Frandsen S.A.patented activated carbon (interior)Places: Ghana, Nigeria, Pakistan, Uganda About half of the world’s poor suffer from waterborne diseases, and more than 6,000 people, mainly children, die each day by consuming unsafe drinking water. LifeStraw, a personal mobile water-purification tool is designed to turn any surface water into drinking water. It has proven to be effective against waterborne diseases such as typhoid, cholera, dysentery, and diarrhea, and removes particles as small as fifteen microns.
  • 17. Q DrumInventor: P. J. and J. P. S. HendrikseProducer: Kaymac Rotomoulders andPioneer Plastics South Africa, 1993Places: Kenya, Namibia, Ethiopia, Rwanda,Tanzania, Cote d’Ivoire, Nigeria, Ghana, etc.Millions around the world, especially in rural Africa,live kilometers from a reliable source of clean water,leaving them vulnerable to cholera, dysentery, andother water-borne diseases. Water in adequatequantities is too heavy to carry. The Q Drum is adurable container designed to roll easily, and cantransport seventy-five liters of clean and potablewater. Rolling the water in a cylindrical container,rather than lifting and carrying it, eases the burden ofbringing water to those who need it.
  • 18. The Light Up The World Foundation (LUTW) Africa: > Ghana > South Africa Asia: > Papua New Guinea > Tibet > India > Pakistan > Nepal > Philippines > Sri Lanka Middle East: > Afghanistan Latin America: > Costa Rica > Dominican Republic > Ecuador > Mexico > Peru
  • 19. Solar AidDesigner/Manufacturer: Godisa TechnologiesBotswana, 2003UV-resistant ABS plastic, 680-ohm resistor,10-kilo-ohm resistor, 100-ohm resistor, transistor,diode, LED, batteries, solar panel, rubber, screwsDimensions: 4.5”h x 1”w x 3”d (charger)In use in: Angola, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Cambodia,Cameroon, Canada, Columbia, Costa Rica, DemocraticRepublic of Congo, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia,France, Germany, Guatemala, Haiti, India, Israel,Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mexico, Palestine, Paraguay,Philippines, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania,Trinidad and Tobago, United Kingdom, United States,Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, ZimbabweApproximately 10% of the world population has a disabling hearing impairment, and 80% ofthem live in developing countries. The most expensive part of a hearing aid is the battery,which needs to be continually replaced. The Solar Aid solar-powered hearing-aid batteryrecharger, developed in Botswana, helps those with hearing disabilities afford to continuein school and participate in economy activity. More than 7,000 units are in use in SouthAmerica, Central America, Africa, and Asia. And because batteries are generallyexpensive everywhere, Godisa intends to make this affordable technology widelyavailable not just in the developing countries but also in the United States and Europe.
  • 20. Kenya Ceramic JikoInventor:International aid and governmental agencies,local women’s organizations, and craftspeopleProducer: Rural Technology EnterprisesKenya, 1982–83Places: Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Ethiopia, Malawi,Niger, Senegal, Sudan, Burundi, Tanzania,Democratic Republic of CongoThe Kenya Ceramic Jiko is a portablecharcoal stove which, with proper use andmaintenance, can reduce fuel consumptionby 30-50%, saving the consumer money,reducing toxic gas and particulate matter, andresulting in better overall heath for the user.The stove is now used in over 50% of allurban homes and 16% of rural homes inKenya and is spreading to neighboringAfrican countries.
  • 21. Pot-in-Pot coolerInventor: Mohammed Bah AbbaProducer: local pottersNigeria, 1995 Earthenware, sand, waterPlaces: Cameroon, Tchad, Niger,Eritrea, Ethiopia, Burkina FasoThe Pot-in-Pot system consists of two pots, a smallerearthenware pot nestled within another pot, with thespace in between filled with sand and water. Whenthat water evaporates, it pulls heat from the interiorof the smaller pot, in which vegetables and fruits canbe kept. In rural Nigeria, many farmers lacktransportation, water, and electricity, but one of theirbiggest problems is the inability to preserve theircrops. With the Pot-in-Pot, tomatoes last for twenty-one days, rather than two or three days without thistechnology. Fresher produce can be sold at themarket, generating more income for the farmers.
  • 22. D-Lab at MIT, … MIT? Yes, at MIT!http://mit.edu/d-lab/
  • 23. D-Lab, MIThttp://web.mit.edu/d-lab/
  • 24. By CFSE/STI
  • 25. By CFSE/STI
  • 26. Solar cellat a mission center in Cambodia July 2009 By CFSE/STI
  • 27. 2011. 6. 23.Technology @ 36.5 degreeAppropriate Technology
  • 28. “Good” TechnologySovereignty: Less dependenceIndividual/National, Financial, Cultural, Political More option for the poor Priceless! Green Sustainable