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ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae
ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae
ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae
ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae
ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae
ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae
ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae
ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae
ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae
ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae
ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae
ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae
ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae
ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae
ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae
ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae
ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae
ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae
ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae
ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae
ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae
ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae
ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae
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ANIS 2012-special session_Junsik Bae

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  • 1. Budget of Seoul City andthe Necessity of Innovation in Public Service 2012.6.13 Seoul Development Institute (Jun Sik Bae) 1
  • 2. Contents1. Fiscal Status of Seoul Metropolitan City2. Essentials for Public Services Innovation3. Case Studies in Public Budgeting and Public Services 2
  • 3. 1. Fiscal Status of Seoul Metropolitan City Seoul Metropolitan Government Population: 10,520,000 3
  • 4. (1) The Budget of Seoul Metropolitan City Reserve Fund 2% Operating Cost 6 % supporting Fund Program Cost 35% 54.3% Debt Redemption 3%  Source : Seoul Metropolitan Statistics(2012)  Units(%) = Ratio of Total Budget 4
  • 5.  Share of Seoul City in National Budget 250,000,000 7.0% 8.4% 7.4% 200,000,000 8.1% 8.2% 7.3% 150,000,000 8.7% 8.8% 9.4% 7.7% 8.4% 100,000,000 7.8% 7.5% 50,000,000 - 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Seoul Citys Budget National Budget  Source : Seoul Metropolitan Statistics(1999-2012)  Units : Million Won, % 5
  • 6.  Structure of Budget Spending in Seoul Metropolitan City 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Administrative Public Safety Walfare Education Environment Culture Development 2008 2009 2010  Source : Seoul Metropolitan Statistics(2008-2010)  Units(%) = Ratio of Total Expenditure 6
  • 7. (2) Tax Revenue of Seoul Metropolitan City Annual Tax Revenue 14,000,000 40% 12,000,000 20% 10,000,000 0% 8,000,000 -20% 6,000,000 -40% 4,000,000 -60% 2,000,000 -80% - -100% 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Tax Revenue Growth Rate  Source : Seoul Metropolitan Statistics, General Accounting (1996-2012)  Units : Million Won,% 7
  • 8.  Annual Gab between Budget and Real Revenue in Seoul 30,000,000 25,000,000 20,000,000 15,000,000 10,000,000 5,000,000 0 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Budget RealTax Revenue  Source : Seoul Metropolitan Statistics(1996-2012)  Units : Million Won 8
  • 9.  Annual Fiscal Gratification of Seoul 40% 140 31.7% 9.9% 20% 8.7% 120 6.4% -4.9% 3.5% -4.2% -0.6% -3.1% -4.3% -6.3% -9.2% -4.4% 0% 100 77 79 -20% 80 72 70 65 66 65 67 60 62 60 61 58 -40% 60 40 -60% 20 -80% 0 -100% 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Fiscal Gratification Growth Rate  Fiscal Gratification(%)=Standard Fiscal Revenue /Standard Fiscal Demand  Source : Seoul Metropolitan Statistics(2000-2012) 9
  • 10. (3) Debts of Seoul Metropolitan City Annual Debts 4,500,000 110% 75% 4,000,000 36% 60% 3,500,000 19% 2% 13% 3,000,000 -11% -4% 18% 10% 2,500,000 -33% 2,000,000 -6% -40% 1,500,000 1,000,000 -90% 500,000 0 -140% 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Debts Growth Rate  Source : Seoul Metropolitan Statistics (2000-2012)  Units : Million Won,% 10
  • 11.  Annual Financial Independent Rate 100% 95% 95% 95% 95% 95% 95% 93% 90% 90% 89% 89% 89% 86% 83% 85% 80% 75% 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012  Financial Independent Rate = (Ordinary tax + Objective tax- Debts) / Total revenue  Source : Seoul Metropolitan Statistics(2001-2012) 11
  • 12. (4) Welfare and Budget of Seoul City Annual Growth Rate of Welfare Budget in Seoul 60,000,000 40% 35% 33.6% 50,000,000 31.3% 30% 25% 40,000,000 20.8% 20% 18.3% 15% 30,000,000 12.8% 9.0% 10% 7.3% 5% 20,000,000 -0.4% 0% 10,000,000 -5% -8.8% -10% 0 -15% 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Walfare Budget Growth Rate  Source : Seoul Metropolitan Statistics (2004-2012)  Units : Million Won, % 12
  • 13.  Annual Welfare Investment of Seoul 8,000,000 7,225,797 7,000,000 6,198,364 5,923,746 6,000,000 5,238,599 5,000,000 4,702,265 4,000,000 3,000,000 2,000,000 1,000,000 0 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015  Source : Seoul Metropolitan Statistics (2012)  Units (%) = Million Won 13
  • 14.  Tax Revenue vs Welfare Budget 40% 35% 30% 31.3% 20.8% 22.8% 33.6% 25% 20% 12.8% 13.6% 15% 8.0% 7.3% 9.0% 18.3% 10% 4.6% 10.6% 5% -0.4% -8.8% 0% 3.3% -5% -0.5% -7.0% -10% -10.2% -15% 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Growth Rate of Tax Revenue Growth Rate of Welfare Budget  Source : Seoul Metropolitan Statistics (2004-2012)  Units (%) = Growth Rate 14
  • 15. 2. Essentials for Public Services Innovation What is Necessary? Financial Fiscal Soundness Decentralization Doing Together Motivation 15
  • 16. (1) Financial Soundness Financial soundness is one of important facing problems for innovation of pubic services Requisites for financial soundness  Introduce the fiscal rule  Maximize cost-effectiveness  Prevent reverse spillover effect 16
  • 17. (2) Fiscal Decentralization Reform the decentralization system for 25 autonomous districts in Seoul Metro City Give greater financial autonomy to 25 districts  Reform tax system between Seoul Metropolitan Government and 25 districts in Seoul  Alleviate financial inequality among 25 districts  Change paradigm of decentralization ☞ Improve fiscal monopolism by upper level government 17
  • 18. (3) Doing Together Encourage community involvement Promote private organizations to participate in public services  CSR(Corporate Social Responsibility) ☞ Provide advantages for CSR in public procurement  Invigorate local communities 18
  • 19. (4) Motivation Compensate districts for the efforts for public services innovation Improve the incentives of Arbitration Subsidy Program  Present 3 measures for subsidy incentives ☞ Financial Stability, Soundness & Efficiency  Add public services innovation as a measure 19
  • 20. 3. Case Studies : Public Service Innovation Seoul Public Investment Service Ondol-Welfare Project 20
  • 21. (1) Seoul Public Investment Service Seoul Public Investment Service was established by Seoul Metropolitan Government in 2012  Analysis of project feasibility in public investment project  Support private investment projects  Study and education for public officers 21
  • 22. (2) Ondol-Welfare Project in Seoul Ondol-welfare project refers to share hopes with the local communities  Develop local network  Construct social safety net  Welfare plan with community map and on-line 22
  • 23. Thank you 23

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